페이지 이미지

same candor that gave rise to it. I think you will do well to persevere as you propose. I have no doubt that every letter from you, which Sir James sent home, will be found in Mr. Peel's office, as the established practice there is, to bind the despatches and incisures, yearly, up together. Sincerely wishing you every success, I am most faithfully yours,

(Signed) H. W. RYLAND.


Lord Liverpool's Despatch to Sir George Prevost, with its inclosures. SIR, Downing Street, September 16th, 1811.

Mr. Henry, who will have the honor of delivering this letter, is the gentleman who addressed to me the memorial, a copy of which I herewith transmit, and to whom the accompanying letter from Mr. Peel was written by my direction.

In compliance with his request, I now fulfil the assurance which I have given of stating to you my opinion of the ability and judgment which Mr. Henry has manifested on the occasions mentioned in his memorial, and of ihe benefit the public service might derive from his active employment in any public situation in which you should think proper to place him. I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant.


Accompanying Lord Liverpool's Despatch to Sir George Prevost.

Document No. 1.

Extract of the official letter of Sir James Craig, referred to in the


Most secret and confidential.
MY DEAR SIR, Quebec, 2fith January, 1809.

The extraordinary situation of things at this time in the neighboring states, has suggested to the governor in chief, the idea of employing you on a secret and confidential mission, provided an arrangement can be made to meet the important end in view, without throwing an absolute obstacle in the way of your professional pursuits.

The information and political observations heretofore receivedfrom you were transmitted by his excellency to the Secretary of State, who has expressed his particular approbation of them, and there is no doubt that your able execution of such a mission as I have above suggested, would give you a claim not only on the Governor General, but on Ids Majesty's ?mnisters, which would eventually contribute to your advantage. At present it is only necessary for me to add, that the governor would furnish you with a cypher for carrying on your correspondence, and in case the leading party in any of the states wished to open a communication with this government, their views might be communicated through you. I am, Sic.


To John Henry, Esq.

Accompanying Lord Liverpool's Despatch to Sir George Preyost
Document No. 2.

Extract from general instructions, referred to in the Memorial.
SIR, Quebec, 6th February, 1809.

As you have so readily undertaken the service which I have suggested to you as likely to be attended with much benefit to the public interests, I am to request that with your earliest conveniency you will proceed to Bcston.

The principal object that I recommend to your attention is, the endeavour to obtain the most accurate information of the state of affairs in that part of the Union, which, from its wealth, the number of its inhabitants, and the known intelligence and ability of several of its leading men, must naturally possess a very considerable influence over, and will, indeed, probably lead the other eastern states of America in the part that they may take at this important crisis. I shall not pretend to point out to you the mode by which you will be likely to obtain this important information. Your own judgment and the connexions which you have formed must be your guide.

In the general terms which I have made use of, to describe the objects which I recommend to your attention, it is scarcely necessary to observe, that I include the state of public opinion, both with regard to the internal politics and the probability of a war with England. The comparative strength and views of the two great parties into which the country is divided; and the views and designs of that which may ultimately prevail.

If the federalists of the eastern states should be successful in obtaining that decided influence which may enable them to direct the public opinion, it is not impossible that rather than submit to a continuance of the difficulties and distress to which they are now subject they will exert that influence to bring about a separation from the general union. The earliest information on this subject, may be of great consequence to our government, as it may also that it should be informed how far they would in such an event look up to England for assistance and be disposed to enter into a connexion with us. These I leave to your judgment and discretion. (Signed) ' J.H.CRAIG.

[The letter of instructions is long. The above are the principal points in it, except as to secrecy.]

Copy of Mr. Henry's Memorial accompanying Lord Liverpool's Despatch.

To the right honorable the Earl of Liverpool, the undersigned most respectfully submits the following Memorial.

Long before, and during the administration of your Lordship's

predecessor, the undersigned bestowed much personal attention to

the state of parties and political measures in the United States of

America; and had an * opportunity * * • • •

• •*•••• • * # »

* * • *•• » *

and to write the **#**•»*

• » » * * • » *

the information transmitted by the undersigned to Sir James Craig, and by him to Lord Castlereagh, met with his Lordship's approbation;^ and when the hostile preparations in the United States suggested to Sir James Craig the necessity of making corresponding arrangements of precaution and defence for the security of his majesty's colonies, he applied to the undersigned to undertake a

secret and confidential mission to the northern states, to *

• ••• • •••••

the party already mentioned, to direct their operations, and transmit regular information of the same, and to endeavor to render their plans subservient to the interests of Greatf Britain. The undersigned readily undertook the mission, and spent five months in

the active and zealous discharge of the duties connected with it

• •• * » • • . •

**#*»•» »**»>

which deterred the general government from the purpose already mentioned, and from a coalition with France;|| while the information which he transmitted to Sir James Craig probably saved the trouble and expense of arming the Canadian militia. All this the undersigned performed without ever showing his commission, or appearing as an authorized agent, from a thorough conviction, that a discovery of his mission would furnish the French party with the means of destroying the influence of the party adhering to Great Britain, in every quarter of America, and enable the general government to go to war upon popular and tenable ground.

In the application of Sir James Craig to the undersigned, to undertake the mission aforesaid, he says, " The information and

* See the letters of Mr. Henry addressed to the'Secrctary of Sir James Craig, and by him transmitted to lord , in the month of April, 1808.

f See document No. 1, herewith submitted.

\ See documents No. 1 and 2, herewith submitted.

§ See letter No. 1, of the series transmitted by Sir James Craig to the colonial department, under date Feb. 14,1809.

|| See the remainder of the aforesaid series of letters.

political observations received from you heretofore mere all transmitted to the Secretary of State, ivko has expressed his particular approbation of them, and there is no doubt that your able execution of such a mission as I have above suggested, would give you a claim not only on the governor general, {of British America) but on his Majesty's ministers, &c*

The undersigned being now in England, on his private affairs, and on the eve of departure for America, most humbly and respectfully submits his claims, under the stipulations aforesaid, to the earl of Liverpool, in the confident expectation that his lordship will treat them with that justice and liberality, which upon investigation, they may be found to merit.

It may not be superfluous to add, that the undersigned has never received, in any shape whatever, any compensation or patronage for the services he has rendered. This fact, Mr. Ryland, the secretary of Sir James Craig, now in London, can vouch for; as well as for the truth of all the matters set forth in this memorial. I have the honor, &c.

(Signed) J. HENRY.

27 Leicester Square, June 33d, 1811.


Mr. Peel to Mr. Henry, accompanying lord Liverpool's despatch to Sir George Prevost.

SIR, Downing Street, 28tb June, 1811.

I have not failed to lay before the earl of Liverpool the memorial, together with its several inclosures, which was delivered to me a few days since by general Loft, at your desire.

His lordship has directed me to acquaint you in reply, that he has referred to the correspondence in this office, of the year 1808, and finds two letters from Sir James Craig, dated 10th April and 5th May, transmuting the correspondence that had passed during your residence in the northern states of America, and expressing his confidence in your ability and judgment; but lord Liverpool has not discovered any wish, on the part of Sir James Craig, that your claims for compensation should be referred to this country; nor indeed, is allusion made to any kind of arrangement or agreement that had been made by that officer with you. Under these circumstances, and had not Sir James Craig determined on his immediate return to England, it would have been lord Liverpool's wish to have referred your memorial to him, as being better enabled to appreciate the ability and success with which you executed a mission, undertaken at his desire; lord Liverpool will, however, transmit it to Sir James Craig's successor in the government, with an assurance, that from the recommendations he has received in your

* See document No. 1, herewith submitted. Vol. III. App. 2 X

favour, and the opinion he has formed on your correspondence, he is convinced the public service will be benefhed by your active employment in a public situation.

Lord Liverpool will also feel himself bound to give the same assurance to the marquis Wellesley, if there is any probability that it will advance the success of the application which you have made to his lordship. I am, &c.


Accompanying Lord Liver/iool't despatch to Sir George Prevost.

Extracts of letters of recal from the mission, in consequence of the arrange- ments entered into between Mr. Erskine and the American government.

Quebec, May, 1809. "The news we have received this day from the United States, will, I imagine, soon bring you back to us. The last letters received from you arc to the 13th April. The whole are now transcribing to be sent home, where they cannot fail of doing you great credit, and, eventually, contribute to your permanent advantage'*

(Signed) H. W. RYLAND.

John Henry, Esq.

May 4,1809.

I am now formally to intimate to you our hope of your return; as the object of your mission seems, for the present at least, to be at an end.

Sincerely wishing you a safe and speedy journey back to us, I am, &c.

(Signed) H. W. RYLA«ND, Sec'ry.

John Henry, Esq.

The committee of Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the President's Message of the 9th inst. covering co/iies of certain documents communicated to him by a Mr. John Henry beg leave to reftort in part,

That, although they did not deem it necessary or proper to go into an investigation of the authenticity of documents communicated to congress on the responsibility of a co-ordinate branch of the government; it may, nevertheless, be satisfactory to the house to be informed, that the original papers, with the evidences relating to them in possession of the Executive, were submitted to their examination, and were such as fully to satisfy the committee of their genuineness.

The circumstances under which the disclosures of Henry were made to the government, involving considerations of political ex

« 이전계속 »