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lead to manor houses. A few miles out the valley branches into three parts, and high on a hill, at the junction of the Arques with its tributaries, stands the famous Château d'Arques, one of the most imposing ruins in France. Here is the spot where Henri IV won the decisive victory over the Ligue which established the Bourbon dynasty on the throne. We climbed from the town of Arques to the castle, and looked inland over three valleys and a great forest. Seaward were the spires and chimneys of Dieppe. But the sea view was shut off by the cliffs, almost as high as our lookout.

The walk to Arques through the valley of the river takes one to the east of Dieppe. In the other direction, following the coast, through small plages, less than two hours brought us to the Manoir d'Ango, where the merchant

prince of Dieppe entertained w

François I four hundred years ago. Most of the manor house remains, and it is easier here, perhaps than anywhere in


cations in architecture in the

generation following the disDieppe has the delightful feature com covery that gun powder could be used mon to Normandy plages of an imme to throw huge balls against stone walls. diate hinterland rich in historic memo The time had arrived when castles were ries and beautiful walks. You find an no longer strongholds. Accepting this agricultural country with woods and fact, Ango and his contemporaries began valleys and hills, wild flowers and hedges the building of a new type of home, inovergrown with honeysuckle along the fluenced by the palaces of the Italian roads, and frequent vantage points for Renaissance. views of land and sea.

The peasant

Our week was nearly up. Two days in homes are every one of them pictures, the town, two in the country, and a with thatched barns and lean-tos, weath- Sunday at the courses, where jumping er-beaten cider presses, set in a semi was the feature, had left little time for circular background of orchards. Sudden the Artist's first suggestion-a study of drops in the river are marked by dams the English in Dieppe. But we had seen and mills. Avenues of elms and poplars their traces each day in our rambles.


During the Hundred Years' War, we nally. Traditional animosity does not were told, Dieppe had been destroyed exist. It is the seemingly hopeless inseven times by the English, which was equality between the people living on given as a reason why no church in the the two sides of the English Channel town dates back before the latter half that stirs up the Norman. English and of the fifteenth century. During the French were allies in a common war, wars of religion in the sixteenth century fought for a common cause. After the Dieppe suffered further. At the end of war, French shipping is in a chaotic the seventeenth century the English state, French money goes to pot, and fleet stopped off Dieppe for a day and there is no help from, no mercy shown bombarded the town and castle. The by, the more fortunate ally and neighruins on the hill are witness of the carry bor. I do not sponsor the French attiing power in those early days of English tude. I simply state it. Owing to the guns. At the end of the eighteenth cen nearness of Dieppe to England, the tury a fire, started by the bombardment maritime basis of Dieppe's prosperity, of another English fleet, swept the town. and especially her interest in coal at At the beginning of the nineteenth cen reasonable prices, the Dieppois are exertury, after Trafalgar, Dieppe was block cised over what they believe is a crying aded for several years, and lost all her injustice. trade to the English. The Germans? But they do not show it to the sumYes, they came in 1870, and occupied mer people, and, as I have said, the the city until Paris surrendered. Al English are not in a habit of bothering though the Germans did not come by about what other people think of them. land or sea in the recent war, the Diep At home or abroad they have the kind pois suffered more from the fighting of of a time they want to have, which is a 1914–18 than from all the centuries that good time after their fashion. If they went before. So they think, at least. were not having it in Dieppe, nothing is Recent memories are the most vivid. more certain than that they would not But it may well be so, for the toll of be in Dieppe. No English watering place human life in army and navy

and mer

has the natural beauty of Dieppe, and, chant marine was so large and wide- although the beach is more pebbly than spread that even now the list of names one would choose, the promenade makes to go on the new monument of those up for it. And if there is anything finer morts pour la patrie is not yet completed. than the walk through the Rue de I was told that Dieppe lost two thousand Sygogne, and around the huge cliff at of her sons. If we cut the figure in half the western end of the plage, I do not it means more than twenty per cent of know where to find it in Normandy or her mobilized manhood.

in England. One passes under the castle There is feeling against the English and along the road unexpectedly in(against all foreigners, in fact) in post- habited. Houses? No. There is no bellum Dieppe. It is not shown openly. place for them. Homes are made by But by those who are thinking that digging into the cliffs, for the most part it must be there it is quickly sensed. on two levels. The front yard, fenced in Englishmen, however, are not in the with rope, for children and chickens is habit of worrying about what others upstairs. Below the lobsterman has his think of them. They would be surprised place of business, a dugout for his tackle to learn that the Dieppois resent the and pots, his baskets and crates, his shipping situation, and are bitter over sails and rope, and a lean-to against the the price of British coal. No Dieppois rock for his boat. This example of thinks anything of the centuries of French ingenuity, just around the corner struggle between Norman and English- from the Casino, is not a good object man, in which his city suffered so sig- lesson for the Englishman. If he thinks

VOL. CXLIV.-No. 862.-60

at all, he probably says to himself that dependent upon their own efforts seem
none needs to worry about the economic to have been that


many years. future of a people that knows so well Their clothes are sporting, but they wear how to take care of itself. These cliff them in too masculine a way. The cigadwellers, they manage. And Dieppe? rette in a holder is intended to be chic, Knocked out by bombardments God and the knitting to show that one is only knows how many times, and yet domestically inclined, although a good it's a thriving town, with the inhabi fellow. How they are able to think they tants happy in an unnecessarily noisy. are bait is beyond my comprehension. way.

I said so to the Artist. But I added that, No, the Englishman is not worrying being English, they would probably pull at Dieppe, but he ought to be not it off. How they do believe in themabout other people, but about himself. selves, and get away with it! The fishermen of Dieppe work no harder “You forget,” answered the Artist, for their catch than do English mothers “that their intended victims are Engand older bachelor girls in the Rue lish, too, and that makes catching them Aguado hotels and on the beach. The a man's job. You think they don't see mothers have in many cases first-class their danger. But isn't there an English bait to fish with. But the girls who are proverb about muddling through?"

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You may remember scenes in other lands;

Bright caravans that pass across gray sands,

Or singing peasants on the Appian Way.
But I shall all my life remember this

As my most clear and cherished memory:
Two children drinking deep of God's own bliss,

Watching the sunset far across the sea.
You may remember perfumes rich and rare;

Incense that comes when some jeweled censer sways;
The scent of blossoms that have drunk dim air;

Exotic odors that are swift to fade.
But I who have been poor shall always know

The smell of sea-enamored winds that crawl
Over the bluff to talk with flowers that grow

In bright array against my moss-flecked wall.
You may remember luxury and ease;

The touch of silken cushions, soft and cool.
The taste of fruits plucked from dark-fronded trees

By hands that laved in some warm eastern pool.
But I'll remember struggle-flavoring peace;

The roughness of my cottage small and bare;
The taste of fish I fry in bubbling grease;

And little hands that set the table there.

But who can tell which memories will be dearer,
And who shall care if they bring youth the nearer?




ITHIN the past twelve months a As a natural consequence of these in

definite reaction against spiritu- fluences the “market” in spiritualism alism has been evident both in America was soon glutted, and suffered not only and Great Britain, a reaction that is from excess of superfluous and spurious comprehensible and, from the point of material, but also from overadvertiseview of all earnest workers in this field, ment. For when advertisement oververy welcome. For five years or so

steps a certain limit it invariably overspiritualism became a "craze." The reaches its object and produces distaste. enthusiasts had an abundance of new Finally, another cause for the reaction material of many kinds and used it with can be found in the gradual consolation out discretion. Some of this material of those who had suffered losses in the was valuable, but much of it was worth war, and who are ceasing to haunt the less. Moreover, when the demand for consulting rooms of mediums in the hope wonders increased, wonders were inev of a message from their dead. itably invented to supply the market. Now, as I have said, this reaction is And the invented wonders were often exceedingly valuable from the point of more thrilling than the real. Also, an view of those who are truly interested in other class of material came to fill the the investigation of psychical phedemand. This was neither real nor de nomena. It is valuable for two reasons. liberately invented; it was imagined. The first is that the invented and imagHysterical subjects who had been soak- ined wonders will cease to be supplied; ing themselves in the abundant litera and many of them were so ingenuous ture of spiritualism, and particularly in and intriguing that even the specialist that more sensational side of it which was deceived and spent valuable time in was so prominent in the press, began to exploring them. The second reason is have visions on their own account, and that the "craze” was doing much harm many of them passed beyond the stage at to the cause of spiritualism among which they could be content to keep thoughtful people. The sensation seekers those visions to themselves as a secret and the credulous, the members of that solace. The next step for these neuro majority of the public mainly catered paths was the well-known stage of the for in the yellow press, were sometimes desire for recognition, though how far harmfully affected, and the sufferers they actually deceive themselves when have been frequently instanced in the they begin to produce their pseudo- pulpit and in medical and psychological phenomena it is impossible to say. In journals as representative of the effects any case the phenomena were produced, of spiritualism. Furthermore, the ecstataking, for example, such a shape as the cies and posturings of these lighterpretended haunting of a house by pol- minded people filled the thoughtful with tergeists, à peculiarly easy marvel to a disgust for the whole subject. It was imitate. Indeed, one such case held the almost impossible to dissociate the subpublic in thrall for over a fortnight in ject from the futile claims and extravaEngland in the summer of 1920, being gances of those who so abundantly prodressed up day by day on the middle fessed their belief in it. And the result pages of most of the important journals. upon the intellectuals was necessarily a

strong swing of the pendulum toward able to materialize the perfect body of a incredulity and contempt.

tiny, nude woman, which moved with We may most sincerely hope, there all the material actions of life, was visifore, that the "craze" has spent itself, ble to the whole circle, and stood for a and what we now speak of as a reaction few moments on the hand of one of the will fade into inanition. For below all this sitters. This amazing phenomenon was superficial froth of exaggeration and fool described at some length by Madame ishness the real work of investigation has Bisson at the Copenhagen Congress last been steadily going on, and the under- August. lying contention that actuates all re I do not, however, propose to deal search of this kind-the contention that further with the evidence afforded by the consciousness and personality of the materializations in the present article. individual survives the death of the body Personally, I am now convinced by the

was never so near scientific proof as it abundance and corroborative nature of is to-day.

the experiments that we must accept the In the May number of Harper's possibility of the extension and materiMagazine for 1919 I described the ex alization into visible, tangible, and ponperiments of Schrench-Notsing, Doctor derable form of some as yet unknown Geley, and Madame Bisson with the matter in the human body. But, while medium Marthe Beraud — generally this fact is of the greatest scientific interknown as “Mlle. Eva”—and made cer est and psychical significance, it would tain large claims on behalf of the not in itself demonstrate the certainty amazing results they had obtained. And of survival, even though it were acknowlI should like now to revert to those edged by the Royal Society. I have claims for a moment, if only to prove referred to it in this place partly because that they were neither ill-founded nor I wish all those thinking people who have exaggerated. Since that article was recently turned away from the whole written Schrenck-Notsing's book has subject with some feeling of disgust to been published; the material has been realize that the quiet, steady work of further confirmed in Doctor Geley's research still goes on, adding fact to fact admirable work entitled From the Uncon with patience and persistence-and scious to the Conscious; and Marthe using none of it for sensational purposes Beraud has given sittings to a select in the press. The best evidence for the committee of the Society for Psychical survival of the personality does not find Research in London, in the course of its way into the newspapers. which sittings, although no new results And it is further evidence of this sort were obtained, certain of the familiar that is the theme of the present article, phenomena were produced under condi- evidence which, unlike that for materitions that practically excluded the pos alization, seems if it be accepted to sibility of fraud. (Incidentally, it is demonstrate the fundamental contention worthy of mention that members of that we have set out to prove. It is, at committee to whom I have spoken were least, a considerable advance toward unanimous in their belief in the absolute that final conclusion which will be posgood faith of Madame Bisson, the real sible when a sufficient body of attested crux in this case. For if, as now seems facts has been brought together to almost certain, she is entirely to be frame the last incontestable argument. trusted, the possibility of trickery may The chief witness to this new material be excluded from the whole range of is the Rev. C. Drayton Thomas, a minthese experiments.)

ister of the Wesleyan Methodist Church, Lastly, Marthe Beraud has lately been who has received the strange series of the instrument of new and intensely in "tests" from a spirit claiming to be teresting phenomena, as she has been his father (a Nonconformist divine),

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