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We sat up till three in the morning, dis has become the policy of wise and farcussing the future. That night I re seeing men in all departments of life. solved to dedicate my life to the cause It is, so to speak, in the air, and we are of co-operation. And I think I can being borne along on the current of a honestly say that from that hour I world movement. To-day I think we have never swerved from the path I had can say that we, as a profession, have chosen. There have been ups and learned the lesson-so obvious once it downs, there have been failures, there has been learned, but so difficult, apparhave been dark times, but in the black- ently, for men to grasp and apply, that est hour I never lost sight of the vision union is strength, that competition that came to me that night in my means waste and weakness and defeat, father's room.

You will understand while co-operation spells power, effithen why I am deeply stirred when I ciency, success. In laying this lesson to look out over this great gathering and heart and making it the very nerve and realize who the men are who compose corner stone of our common professional it and why they have come here to life, we are simply following the example night. For I see before me he ful of the world around us. In government, fillment of the hopes of a lifetime. The in industry, in business, in finance, in dream, I repeat, has come true. And science, yes, even in religion, wherever it is indeed hard for me to believe that men are progressive, you find the one this mighty organization has developed great principle at work, the principle to from such tiny and insignificant begin- which all of us here are dedicated. What nings. For of course we began in a is the idea behind the League of Namodest way. First, a small and enthusi tions? Co-operation. Behind the Washastic group in my home town. Then ington Conference? Co-operation. Beas our principles, and still moreour results, hind the Manufacturers’ Association? became known, similar groups sprang up Co-operation. Behind the labor union? in towns near by. Soon the big men in Co-operation. Behind the Inter-Church the cities began first to notice us and World Movement? Again I answer, then to imitate our methods. And so it co-operation. went. The main stages in our growth “Yes, gentlemen, co-operation must must be still fresh in your minds. At last be the slogan of all live men to-day. wefound ourselves where we stand to-day. It is the key which will unlock all doors,

“Progress, of course, was not always the panacea for all our ills, the passport as fast as it might have been. The to the frontiers of the future. The professional mind is notoriously con future! I have used the word with servative and we were no exception to deliberate intent, for I should not like the rule. Not so long ago it was no any of us to leave this room to-night uncommon thing to find members of our with the feeling that this occasion marks profession in cities as close as Syracuse the attainment of our goal and that we and Rochester carrying out a policy of can now lie back and contemplate what cutthroat competition among them we have done. The greatest task lies selves, or to find men in San Francisco before us. Just as the process by which operating with antiquated methods, in families combined to form the tribe, bland ignorance of the epoch-making and tribes united to form the state, will developments in technical knowledge reach its proper end only in the world and skill on the part of the men in state, so we cannot rest content until Chicago and New York who ought to our organization is not merely nation have been their colleagues.

wide but world wide, until we can look “In the last ten years, however, we into the eyes of our fellow workers of have been advancing by leaps and whatever creed or color or nation they bounds, largely because co-operation may be and greet them as brothers. Do

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not let us recoil from the task as beyond "A BRAVE LITTLE WOMAN” our powers. We know what we have

BY PHILIP CURTISS already accomplished; we know that world forces are working with us. us go forward with faith, with courage,

which, to me, at least, is singularly with earnestness to realize the destiny exhausting. This is the type which is to which we are called."

commonly known as "a brave little Speech delivered at the first annual

woman." "A capable little woman banquet of the National Association

was the term formerly used, for either of Burglars.

phrase signifies nothing more than the

willingness of the woman concerned to CRITICISM

do her own housework, and it is only in

recent years that this in itself has been BY ARTHUR GUITERMAN

recognized as an act of unusual heroism. THE Poet arose and he caroled a lay Peggy Marshall is the “brave little That was blithe as a breeze and as merry

woman of our town and quite approas May.

priately, for “brave little women are

always named Peggy or Betty or someThe Critic demurred in the blackest of ink That a Poet should write for The People thing of that kind. The name, in fact, Who Think!

seems to be the real origin of their repu

tation. There is something startling in The Poet intoned a reverberant swell the idea that a girl named Peggy or That was wise as an owl and as deep as a well. Betty could ever be anything except

dainty and useless. A girl named HanThe Critic complained that the song was too nah Scroggs, for example, might be as drear;

brave as Leonidas, as capable as Henry What a Poet should bring was a Message of

Ford, and as little as Col. Tom Thumb, Cheer.

but no one would ever think of calling

her "a brave little woman." The Poet presented a Monument built Of ballad and sonnet and lyrical lilt.

Peggy Marshall's claim to this title

lies wholly in the fact that she keeps a The Critic pronounced that it couldn't be spotless house and raises a spotless child worse!

on an income of two hundred and fifty A Poet should write in the freest of verse. dollars a month. Within our town limits


suppose, at least three or The Poet declaimed of the Soul and its Woes

four hundred women who do all their In fetterless lines of irregular prose.

housework and raise from one to nine The Critic affirmed that the book was a

children on less than three dollars a day.

There are, indeed, right in Peggy's own crime! For Verse must have Melody, Rhythm, and

set, a dozen women who do just as much Rhyme.

work as she does and do it exactly as

well, but none of them ever gets even The Poet implored, “In your critical view, honorable mention. What, O Critic divine! is the thing I should Peggy, in short, has two infallible do?”

qualities for capturing public attention.

First, she is pretty and small-that is to And the Critic replied in his critical wont,

say, she looks quaint and piquant in the “Why, the thing you should do is whatever

part; and, second, she has the priceless

dramatic gift of making a given feat So the Poet dissolved in a river of tears, appear more difficult than it really is. And the Critic lay down in the shade of his For bringing roars of applause from the

audience, these two qualities are just as

there are,

you don't!”



effective in the household as they are on always conscious of the frail little the vaudeville stage.

woman whose shoulders are carrying the Peggy Marshall captivates the public whole burden. Somehow, at the imagination as a housekeeper for exactly Marshalls' the conversation never gets the reason that Georges Carpentier cap very far from that perfect housekeeping tivated the public imagination as a prize and how wonderful Peggy is to bear up fighter both of them look so unex

under the strain, until you yourself get pected in the role. A stiff punch from to feeling brutish and unjust for sitting a man who “looks like a gentleman” is there and not doing anything about it. much more dramatic than one from a Several times in an evening Peggy's husman who looks like a slugger. One band or one of the women present will mediocre potato from Peggy's white turn to where Peggy is sitting wistfully hands is much more arresting than two in her armchair and ask, "Tired, dear?" perfect beauties from the red hands of The answer, of course, is always a faint, some Hannah Scroggs.

long-drawn, "N-no,” which makes evSo far as this quality goes there eryone present feel more brutish than is much to be said for a brave little woman.' If all of us could have cooks Peggy never asks any one of her guests in our kitchens as dainty as Peggy to do anything, but every time that she Marshall, we should, I am sure, be gets up from her chair every man in the content with quite moderate rations. room instinctively knows that she is Peggy, however, like most “brave little about to do something beyond her women,” has gained her reputation as strength and leaps up to do it for her. such largely by use of a more deadly The result is that, in an evening at the talent—the talent for making her audi- Marshalls', no friendly discussion ever ence share her sufferings while she goes quite reaches its climax, no story is ever through her performance. Peggy, in her quite told, no cigar is ever quite finished. home, is like some great emotional actress The entire company spends the whole on the stage. All the time chatting diffi- evening in making things lighter for the dently, she nevertheless subtly allows brave little woman. her audience to know that, beneath the Of course, from one point of view, the surface, body and mind have about means are justified by the end. Peggy reached the point of collapse. She is like really is “a magnificent housekeeper." one of those football players, known to Her "dainty little dinners" are all that every college field, who always manage her fame has announced them to be, to get a little more mussed than anyone but, after watching her going through else, who can always be seen, after all the ceremony of preparing one of crucial moments, “limping gamely” them (brave and efficient) and after seeback into the play. It is not conscious ing her at the head of her table (now "grand-stand work” on Peggy's part just a little tired, but still smiling) and any more than it usually is on the part of after hearing her out in the kitchen such players. With both it is a native washing the dishes (after having gamely instinct to dramatize the heroism of their beaten back the offers of the entire comgrim parts in the battle.

pany to help her), I confess that perI would not leave the impression that sonally I am absolutely exhausted. WithPeggy ever complains or allows herself out having done a stroke of work myself to bear signs of the daily struggle. No, I have, nevertheless, quite the effect of indeed. It is part of the public wonder having sat through one of those frightful that her own appearance is always as

vaudeville turns in which the music fresh and immaculate as that of her per- stops abruptly, the snare drum begins to fect domestic establishment; but as you roll warningly, and the spot light sudsit in that perfect establishment you are denly concentrates on the figure of a


slender, delicate girl in pink tights who incased, as it were, makes the life of then proceeds to lift an enormously primitive man seem free and unreheavy weight or slowly writhe over and strained by fears. “I daresn't” is conover on a trapeze until the wrinkles stantly on her lips, and she has a way of appear on her bare shoulders and both rolling her eyes which shows complete arms become dislocated in their sockets. abhorrence when wrongdoing by neigh

Women performing such feats always bors and friends is under discussion. It remind me of Peggy Marshall. They is her own proud boast that never, since have just that same look of sweet, smil taking her first communion, has she ing resignation on their faces, as if they tasted meat on a Friday or during Lent. and she were in possession of the same

Moreover, she has, since the age of secret, as, to be candid, I believe that eighteen, burned candles regularly before they are.

patron saints, but, as punctiliously as a

modern feminist, she always chooses AFTER EINSTEIN BY FLORENCE GUY WOOLSTON

“If you want to get what you pray

for,” she explained, “don't ask them (RS. HARRIGAN did not attend

men saints.

It's the blessed women the Einstein lectures when that that look out for other women. upsetter of fixed laws was in America.

Her great favorite is Saint Anne, who, In fact, it is probable that her only she says, has never once gone back on association with the name was that of her, and small wonder. “Some folks the corner clothing store. In practice, are stingy when they ask for things. I however, she certainly antedated the never miss a Sunday that I don't give discoverer of relativity, applying her her ten cents for her own use, the sweet idea, not in such removed spheres as thing.” chemistry and physics, but in live prob Mrs. Harrigan had a fat on Third lems of conduct and morality.

Avenue, which she occupied with a Mrs. Harrigan started life in quite a boarder, named Jack. He was a sailor fixed attitude. The letter of the law in the open season, but in cold weather appealed to her-tremendously, and in he butchered. Jack was a generous that particular her conception was more donator of choice steaks, the makings like Newton's absolute doctrine. But of glorified Irish stews, and, on holidays, Einstein, no less than Mrs. Harrigan, fresh-killed fowl. Also he had domestic undoubtedly began from accepted stand- inclinations, and often, when Mrs. Harards. In the end, to be sure, Mrs. Har- rigan returned from work, she found rigan's advanced relativity and her con a good dinner all prepared. In her eyes servative absolutism, came at odds, for Jack had but one failing. During his it is a yet unupset principle that two

many years as a seaman he had learned contrary forces cannot continuously to while away time by making patchoccupy the same space or person. work. And although she admired the

In her capacity as laundress Mrs. quilts he fashioned into marvelous deHarrigan slops soapsuds over the kitchen signs of stars and octagons, she was floor, and when, as cleaner, she power never quite happy when he brought fully attacks the rest of the house, she his sewing bag from the chest of sea leaves every picture awry and a toll of treasures. breakage. Nevertheless, her conversa One Sunday evening last winter, tion is so charming that we cannot give after a quiet and comfortable day of up her weekly visits. Although fat, carpet slippers and newspaper supplesmiling, and easy-going, by nature she ments, Jack took out his patchwork. is a moralist, almost a puritanical one. "It's Sunday," protested Mrs. HarThe series of taboos in which she is rigan, remembering her fixed laws.

“What's that to me?” said Jack, who Consider the problem of honesty. A had always been relative in his morals. textbook of current practice would have

“It's wrong to sew on Sunday,” de to be made up of exceptions, footnotes, clared Mrs. Harrigan, firmly.

and appendices. There is Mrs. White, “Quit your kidding,” Jack replied. whose husband is a Baptist minister in

This was the simple and totally unex Connecticut. She frequently visits New pected beginning of a tragedy. One York, bringing her little girl, who is old word led to another, the argument grew enough for a full railroad fare, but small intense. Finally Mrs. Harrigan issued for her age. Mrs. White always buys a an ultimatum. Jack could choose be half-fare ticket for Muriel. She knows tween sewing on Sunday and leaving her that it is cheating, but she believes that house. He chose to go, and went she has a right to defraud the New York, immediately, taking with him his little New Haven & Hartford Railroad bebag of odds and ends of bright-colored cause her husband is underpaid, as calico and gingham.

are most moral leaders. Besides, she Mrs. Harrigan told me the story next says the little girl doesn't occupy any morning, between sobs. She was heart

more space than a younger child. Then, broken. Jack was the romance of her I have a Socialist acquaintance who has life, and although—here practicing her a remarkable technic for avoiding fares relativity—she lived with him without on the Fifth Avenue stages. She does benefit of clergy in what is popularly it as a matter of principle, to get even known as a free union, it was to her a with the capitalist system. Another mating. She did not believe in divorce, person, who came from New England, and by ill luck Jack had a wife, although, where consciences are popularly supgeographically speaking, he did not know posed to grow, swears off enough items where she was.

on her income tax to pay her contribu“I don't feel like I could ever go back tion to a day nursery. to the flat,” she said, tearfully. “It's In the matter of high finance, where that lonesome. He was a lovely man. morals are most obviously pragmatic, But I can't take him back. I am a good the situation has been summarized in a woman and I won't have no one-not song which has many verses about a even him--sewing in my house of a certain rich gentleman, with a chorus Sunday. It's wrong! I daresn't!”

which runs something like this: Only a follower of Einstein can fully grasp Mrs. Harrigan's view of virtue. He goes to church on Sunday, and passes It is based entirely upon the new doc round the contribution box, trine, and none but an uncompromising But catch him in his office on a Monday, he's believer in set standards can sense her

as cunning and as cruel as a fox. moral struggle. It has made me realize

On Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, how difficult it would be to write an

Saturday he's doing everybody that authoritative textbook on

the new

But he goes to church on Sunday, so they morality. There is the matter of telling

say that he's an honest man. the truth, for instance. In Sunday school it is taught that falsehoods are It is this same question of virtue in wicked, but everybody knows that there relation to relativity which makes it so are times and occasions when even the difficult for our literary and dramatic best people feel that a lie is necessary. censors. Perhaps that is why the soMrs. Harrigan summed it up in this way: cieties seeking to suppress vice in novels

“What I say is this—it's all right to and plays are chiefly cognizant of sin lie when it's necessary. But there ain't as portrayed in bedrooms. They are no use making up lies just for fun. concerned with episodes rather than That's wrong."

with the whole effect. It may also be

he can,

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