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Egbert felt a wave of compassion. Of McQuaill, rather inconsequentially. course he understood. Naturally. Still, “Won't you give me a cup of tea somelike Pharaoh, he hardened his heart. He where or other. ... I'm-er-I'm feelreflected for a moment, and then he said, ing rather" loftily:
“Well, I ought to pack," Egbert re“Well, I suppose I'd-er-I'd better marked, with immense private satisfacbe getting back to the hotel. I've got to tion, “but”-he assisted Miss McQuaill pack."
into the taxi with great politeness, and Everything seemed to be as dismal as then glanced at her, smiling radiantlyever. In fact, things were worse-much "but," he continued, briskly, "I won't." worse-than ever. “I suppose I ought to explain.”
And he didn't, either that afternoon “Oh, not at all," said Egbert, politely. or the next.
Besides, he really ought to pack; he As a matter of fact, when the Olympic was, of course, sailing the end of the sailed at the end of the week that very week. Thank God! And then he felt a happy young man's name did not appear very desperate, hopeless feeling, as if the on the large and distinguished first-class bottom happened to be falling out of passenger list; he was having tea (for everything. Explanations are singularly the fourth consecutive afternoon) with difficult sort of things.
Miss McQuaill in the most comfortable He hailed a passing taxi. “Here you corner of the McQuaill library. are," he said.
Explanations are very difficult sort of “It is hot, isn't it?” observed Miss things, anyhow.
BY MARGARET WIDDEMER
You never could be friends with anyone
And love and praise, till praise and love were done.
And sang and leaped before us like a child
And stamps with rage when she is not beguiled.
You watched the world give lightly everywhere
The things your proud pains could not buy nor keep-
Must hear your angry sobbing in your sleep.
Still one small gift, too proud, you held apart,
You never stooped to offer men your heart.
WISE MEN FROM THE EAST AND WISE MEN
FROM THE WEST
BY ABRAHAM MITRIE RIHBANY
THERE is an Oriental mind
The Oriental mind cannot be said to there is an Occidental mind. They be utterly unchangeable. It is flexible are two distinctive types of mind. and can imitate when it wills. But it The twain may meet, but they never seems, during its inconceivably long can be so joined together that they history, to have tried “all things” and cannot be put asunder. The difference firmly decided to be conservative, or at between them is like the difference least not to allow itself to be tossed to between the metals; it is constitutional. and fro by every wind of doctrine that
It is, of course, possible to Orientalize blew from the yet youthful and restless an Occidental and to Occidentalize an West, Oriental by permanently transplanting The Oriental mind is essentially subhim in early youth to the new environ missive and contemplative, while the ment and thus giving him a new birth Occidental mind is essentially aggressive and nurture. But you cannot change and experimental. Whether in the deep the fundamental traits of a race by or shallow places of life, the Oriental simply subjecting that race to the “in lives in a mystical world. Nature to fluences” of another. For many cen him is a hive of living powers and is full turies the East has been invaded by the of surprises. He has always reveled in West and intermittently placed under his mystical contemplation of it, and its dominion. In successive waves the never faced it as a scholar to whom "superior culture" of the West has nothing is too awful, too sacred to be flowed over the more ancient and passive investigated. Such temporary things East. The Greeks, the Romans, the as forms of government have never Crusaders, and the more recent im- seriously engaged his attention. The perialistic Gaul and Saxon colonizers ruler, or king, has been to him a transient have, all of them, sought to awaken the symbol of divine authority. In a East from its deep slumber and lead political sense the Oriental has never it to the fresher springs of their own cried, “Give me liberty, or give me respective civilizations, but to little death.” His liberty was to be achieved purpose. The horse has been led to
in the inward man. Whenever he has the water, but could not be made to cried against the oppression of rulers drink. In the process of the centuries his voice has been directed “unto the that hoary Orient threw off the thin Lord,” and not unto the people. veneer of alien civilizations as a healthy It is not possible within the scope person throws off a cold, and resumed of this article to present an exhaustive the even tenor of its way. India, Syria, comparison between the Oriental and Egypt, and the other North African the Occidental modes of thought and countries of to-day will no more effec life. To the East, life on the whole has tively yield their souls to their modern been an inheritance; to the West, an "civilizers" than their predecessors evolution induced by persistent personal yielded their inner being to Greece and effort. The one has been a mystical Rome.
contemplator of what is, as it is revealed
by the creative power; the other, an him in touch with his home, his church, inquirer into nature's laws and a dis and his friends. His little shop, and sector of its body. As a result the often his home, is his "factory." In Easterner has become the religious that humble abode friendly intercourse teacher of the whole world, and the goes hand in hand with labor. The Westerner its political and intellectual shop is never so inviting as when the liberator. The civilization of the one friends are there beguiling the hours rests on agriculture and religion, the with gossip, parable, and story. civilization of the other on industry Westerners often say that you never · and education. The further result has tire looking at a rug, a piece of embroidbeen that for many millenniums of civ ery, carved wood, or beaten brass of ilized existence the Oriental has by Oriental make. No, you never do. It thought and act maintained religion is like looking at a waterfall, or a floweras the center of his individual and col dotted meadow. The fruits of the lective life, while with the Occidental, Oriental's labors are the fruits of his especially the Teuton and the Anglo- soul. In his handiwork centuries of Saxon, religion is slowly becoming one domesticity and prayer are reflected. of life's interests and is in danger of Patience, repose, skill, sorrow, laughter, becoming one of life's minor interests. are there, also. “In the name of God”
In this pre-eminently industrial and he begins his task, and with “praise be political age it may be sufficient for me to God” he ends it. He is never harto compare the Oriental with the Occi ried by “rush orders" nor lashed by the dental with reference to the age's most demands of the “merit system," nor absorbing interests, and finally to ven distracted by the smell of factory oil ture an opinion as to how the East and and the growling whir of machinery. the West may, to their mutual benefit, His leisurely labor is an extension of become partners in the building up of a soul and transference of personality. true civilization.
This is why fine Oriental wares seem Perhaps it was because of ecstatic more like human companions than devotion to his dreams and visions that material possessions. the Oriental has succeeded in setting The Oriental has never classified bounds and limits to his inventive genius pleasure and duty in a specialized sense and, consequently, to his material wants. and on the basis of priority. PleasThroughout his long and significant urable living has always been a duty history he has been a tool user. He with him, and duty that which at any has known almost nothing of machinery. given moment tended to make more His own hands fashioned his tools for singable the poetry of life. He works him, and the products of his simple to live, and decidedly hates to think for industry have been manifestations, even a moment that he lives to work. The extensions, of his perscnality. The way in which the storekeepers of my foundation of his civilization has been native town transacted business is one agriculture. The thought of "the pos of the romantic memories of my youth. sible failure of the iron and coal depos- At times when I was sent on an errand its” has never invaded his mind or dis to the chief store in the town I would turbed his repose. So long as the earth find it closed. The storekeeper had yields him food, and heaven visions, he guests on that day and he was at home feels that the strength of the hills is his. entertaining them. The gain of trade
Machinery with all it brings in its was good, yet utterly insignificant when train has never existed for the son of the compared with the joy of having his East to draw him away from his quiet, friends gathered under his roof and meditative life. His simple and intense around his table. ly human occupations have always kept Thus, with no perpetual economic
adjustments and readjustments to cram genius of his education is revolutionary. his life with vexing cares and problems, Wherever he sets his foot he proceeds the son of the East has succeeded for to change the face of the earth and to these many centuries in maintaining build, not on the ancient foundations, religion as the center of his home and but according to his most recent vision the simple social order in which he lives. of what ought to be. With him the past For more than a hundred centuries his is forever forced forward. No sooner religious festivals have provided him does he discover a law of nature than with intellectual, social, and religious he uses it so as to compel nature to stimuli. His ruler has been to him a yield him more riches and power. He transient symbol of divine authority, has objectified his knowledge in huge the skilled worker an outlet of the divine cities of a most complex life, in great mind, the educated man a repository of and varied industries, and vast systems spiritual wisdom. The function of the of transportation and communication. learned man is not simply “to be fit to His inventive genius has placed in the do something” in a technical or com centuries' line of succession the great mercial sense, but to be “a guide to "age of machinery.” And machinery the blind, an instructor of the foolish, has relieved toil of much of its drudgery, a teacher of babes.”
made possible man's many brilliant Unlike this has the Occidental's course victories over nature, on earth, sea, been in history. His aggressive ten and in the air, revealed the hidden dencies have blossomed in every field riches of the earth, greatly facilitated the of endeavor. His delight has been that diffusion of knowledge, brought the of the militant explorer, rather than the nations of the earth closer together and subjective thinker; the dauntless as worked for physical cleanliness in home sailant of life's obstacles, rather than and city. So in place of the Oriental's the passive suppliant before Heaven. slow-going camel, ox, and ass, the West And while he has by no means been has put the soulless, but lightninglike unmindful of the inner life and the railway train, automobile, and airplane; "house not made with hands, eternal in place of leisurely wielded hand tools, in the heavens," he has given his made still slower by the pleasant intergreater energies to the subduing of the ruptions of visiting friends, the flashing earth. In contemplating the wrongs of shafts of machinery; instead of germlife he has not given himself wholly to infested homes and towns, a sterilized patience and prayer. His compara environment; instead of a few handtively short history, especially that of written scrolls, hosts of finely printed the Anglo-Saxon, has been a record of books which no man can number; in persistent resistance to what he has place of dreams and visions, calculating considered to be evil. As a nation intellectual alertness. builder the Anglo-Saxon has the whole Certainly there is a vast difference world in his debt. For at least six between the Oriental mind and the hundred years he has been the leader Occidental mind. Compared with the of the seekers of political freedom. He latter the former seems decidedly primihas signally triumphed in making the tive. The great achievements of the foundation of the State rest on the Occidental in the tangible world are legitimate, God-given rights of man, dazzling, even to the passive Oriental. woman, and child, and secured the He also feels at first tempted to consider safety of commerce and the freedom those achievements as the elements of of education and of worshop.
true civilization. And well might he The Occidental has been and is a man suspect that the Occidental has outdisof many inventions. The forces of tanced him in the expansion of his mind nature have become his tools. The and the enlargement of his personality.
VOL CXLIV.-No. 859.-11
Yet speculative argument as to which The Occidental is a man of many civilization is the better one, the Occi inventions, but with the increase of his dental or the Oriental, is of little value. inventions the center of his life is steadThe common ground of thought and ily shifting from the religious to the ecodeduction here is the fact which is nomic. With him intellectual alertness accepted by both the East and the West, and commercial prudence are constantnamely, that the real value of human ly gaining on the spirit of true piety. life is to be found in its spiritual tenden With no organized opposition to recies and achievements, and in no other. ligion on his part, he is losing touch The progress of civilization must forever with it because his hands are full of be measured, neither by tools nor by other things. The upbuilding and permachinery, necessary as these may be, fecting of the agencies of true civilizabut by the greatness and perfectness of tion—the home, the church, the school, those agencies which tend to make the and other spiritual institutions--are no spiritual life lovable and attractive. longer his chief concern and his “mediWhen the achievements of the mind in tation day and night.” He has high the fields of education, industry, and ? regard for them, but is too busy to serve ? commerce tend to make firmer the them devotedly. The man, even in spiritual foundation of life, individual, this country, which traditionally is domestic, and social, and enable men neither indifferent nor opposed to the increasingly to give themselves to spirit spiritual verities, is very little in the ual culture, then we have true civiliza church, the home, and the school. He tion. Otherwise we have only big div is in business. He is more ready to idends; we are not growing better, we serve those great and indispensable are simply going faster.
institutions with his money than with The Oriental, as I have already inti his person. He has turned them over mated, cannot escape being dazzled by to the woman, and is in grave danger of the Occidental's great achievements. the folly of believing in the possibility Nor does he consider them to be wholly of a one-sex religion and a one-sex civiland grossly materialistic. He sees in ization. At present Business is the them a revelation of heroism, eagerness central word in his vocabulary. He for knowledge, and a strong and deep even is strongly inclined to measure passion for freedom, law, and order. national greatness by the yield of the Before such accomplishments the son fields and the mines and the output of of the East feels himself to be insignifi- industry. Human skill, the schools, cant. He is led to believe that he has the government, the press, and what been asleep for these many centuries, not exist to promote technical knowlthat while his submissiveness to the edge and business progress. “Interheavenly vision has been an unspeak- national understandings” must be proable gain to him and to the world at moted in order to prepare the way for large, his passive attitude toward this more business, the League of Nations tangible world has been a decided loss. must be established for the purpose of Yet a clearer view of the tumultuous “stabilizing international business,” and activities of the aggressive Westerner even war and peace negotiations are gives the Easterner pause.
being used by him as cataclysmic means perceives that ceaseless battling with for the opening of new markets and the this material world, however heroic it greater extension of business. may be, is not an unmixed blessing; Thus through deeper reflection the that excessive aggressiveness, like its high admiration on the part of the opposite, tends in the end to thwart its Oriental for the achievements of the own purpose, and the will to conquer, un
Occidental mind is sobered. He sees less its goal is spiritual, leads to defeat. that the Westerner's fine, systematic