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of seeing a boy act his part with precocious gency, Providence, he piously tells us," chose gravity, and exhort his elders with confi- better for me than I should have chosen for dence, unction, and thunder. Before Angell myself;" and he considers that he was diJames was twenty he was sent as a “supply" rected from above to choose a plain woman, to Birmingham, or, as it is expressed, to the older than himself, but with position, money, “ Church-meeting in Carr's-lane,” where he and the home he wanted :made his debut with a coolness which he af

“I had been one day most earnestly prayterwards wondered at, considering the age ing for divine direction in this important and gravity of his audience. He so charmed step, and during prayer Frances Smith octhem, however, that in a very short time curred with such force to my mind, that I they pressed him to stay amongst them :- considered it an indication of Providence

that my attention should be directed to her.” It was a rather peculiar and striking Without such interposition he implies that scene, and a trial of his humility, to see a youth of nineteen surrounded by seven ven- he might have overlooked her high qualities erable men, who were tendering to him the in favor of more open attractions; for, he oversight of their own souls, and that of the tells us, “this dear eminent woman had few Church which they represented.”

personal charms ; " " she had little sprightOne of these ancients might be supposed to liness or vivacity;” “ her demeanor was have placed his head on those young shoul- grave, but by no means gloomy.” Such ders, to judge by the weight and preternatural early prudence of choice gave great satisgravity of manner with which these offers are faction to his congregation, and to all parties acceded to, both vivâ voce and by an epistle. except the lady's friends, and the marriage It is altogether a new phase of human nature proved a very happy one during the ten years to those who know boys mainly as turned it lasted. He may well exhort young minout by public schools and universities. The isters by his example against “ hasty illconnection thus early formed lasted for life. formed matches.” Three years after the He was pastor of the same place for more death of this lady we have the account of his than fifty years, with increasing popularity, second marriage, and his first experience a centre for the Congregationalists both of served so prudent a man as a precedent in England and America. This tells well for his next choice, for here again he does not the Voluntary system, of which he was a appear to have chosen by mere dictate of warm advocate ; but he was not one to


press any system to an extreme, and he seems “By God's good Providence I was diearly to have discovered the best way to rected to one in every way worthy to be the make it answer—by rendering himself, that successor of my first wife, and this is saying

much. The widow of Mr. Benjamin Neale, is, as little dependent on it as possible. It is not in nature to resist a smile over by many, but she was reserved for me.

of St. Paul's Churchyard, had been sought the simple straightforward history of his two His widow was left without family, and in marriages. If there was any step in his ca- the possession of property (subject to some reer which he regarded with unmixed satis- charitable bequests, which she liberally carfaction, both for the motive and the accom- ried out) to the amount of £20,000. plishment, it was having secured for himself Possessed of a masculine understanding, in succession two rich wives, and he writes great public spirit, equal liberality, and emifor readers on whom he securely depends for tion into which Providence now brought her.

nently prudent, she was well fitted for the staan undoubting approval. Under the circum- She had her failings ; but they were very stances we do not withhold ours, but the light and small compared with her many and world will not the less have lost its romance eminent virtues.” when the reign of Congregationalism sets in. Again he recommends his example to young Our hero found himself at twenty with a ministers :“ Church” and a small pittance, but without a home. A wife was a very natural idea

“It has long been my opinion that the comto enter into any youth's head at such a mo- their public career is owing to unsuitable

parative failure of many of our ministers in ment, and he began to give much thought to marriages. They are in haste to be married, this “momentous matter.” In this emer-I and often make most unwise selections. ...


It is but rarely that a student makes a wise “I find it difficult to explain the idiosynchoice. The result is, a frivolous, weak, crasy under which I labor. It is something moneyless, thriftless woman becomes his like this : I make a promise to preach ; after wife-a young family comes on- n–difficulties awhile I am somewhat poorly ; I wake up increase—a small stipend, hardly sufficient in the night--the promise comes up like a to obtain necessaries, is all they have to de- spectre before me; it is a trifling concernpend upon, the spirit of the husband and the no matter, it is a concern, it is a future. I father is broken, and he wears out a life in cannot sleep; I rise uncomfortable, and conmoving from church to church, without being tinue so through the day, I go to bed dreaduseful anywhere.”

ing I shall not sleep; the prediction verifies

itself. Then I calculate there are so many This is all very well; but what becomes weeks to intervene, and that I shall not sleep of the Voluntary system if it needs the assist- comfortably till it is over; and how can I ance of rich wives? Again, he is congratu- the matter has got hold of me, and neither

endure broken rest so long? By this time lated by his congregation upon " his most

reason nor religion can throw it off; and interesting and honorable connection.” A where others would find that which they rich London widow, the friend of Rowland would never think about for a moment till Hill, would represent wealth, rank, and fash- the time comes, I find that which darkens ion to the “ church in Carris-lane.” Per- every moment till it is past. It is not, obhaps it might have cast a shade over their serve, a dread of the service itself, bu expectations had they known that this aus

dread that I shall not sleep till it is over." tere female was entering on her sphere This is strange in a man who could commit “i resolving to do her utmost to discourage a sermon two hours long to memory withworldliness among the more wealthy people out misplacing a word, and hold his immense in her husband's congregation,” and that audience in breathless attention till it was from her arrival their tea-parties would lose over. the distinction of their honored pastor's We have commented on topics occupying presence. Nothing, indeed, is unmixed gain but a small fraction of the book, which enin this world, and we cannot but suspect that ters largely on his public labors—his controthe severity of this lady's views, and her versies with our Church—his correspondence masculine power of carrying them out, was with American ministers—his efforts to get almost too much for her husband; and that up Revivals in England after their example possibly a more dependent wife, though with his great work, The Anxious Inquirer, less money, might have suited his nervous which was the fruit of this movement-his system better. It does not seem a right curious scheme for converting China by state of things for the asceticism to be on the throwing into that country a million of Teswife's side. For about twenty years of his taments, as it were from the cloudsand his life the popular preacher was afflicted with originating the Evangelical Alliance. The such a nervous affection as obliged him grad- volume concludes with a chapter by his son ually to give up all engagements away from on his home life, written with a truth, candor, home. It became a mania, which he thus and graphic skill which give it a very hondescribes to a friend :

orable place amongst religious biographies.

Erfect of Music ON THE SICK.-The ef- the piano-forte, with such instruments as have fect of music on the sick has been scarcely at all no continuity of sound, have just the reverse. noticed. In fact its expensiveness, as it is now, The finest piano-forte playing will damage the makes any general application of it out of the sick, while an air like®“ Home, sweet home,” question. I will only remark here that wind or“ Assisa al pie d'un salice," on the most orinstruments, including the human voice, and dinary grinding organ, will sensibly soothe stringed instruments, capable of continuous them-and this is quite independent of associasound, have generally a beneficial effect-while tion.-Florence Nightingale.

From Chambers's Journal. the ape. One of our ablest ethnologists has SCIENCE AND ARTS FOR AUGUST. just returned from a journey to Denmark, Now that it is settled that the new For- during which he searched some of the soeign Office shall be Palladian, and not called “ kitchen-middens"-ancient refuseGothic, to the disappointment of those who heaps, containing bones, shells, and flint prefer the picturesque pointed style; that implements of various kinds, which, judging Birmingham talks of building an exchange, from appearances, were thrown aside as ruband Boston, in New England, of establish- bish by the early tribes of the stone period. ing a zoological garden ; that locomotives The antiquaries of Copenhagen have come can cross the Rhine by a handsome railway to some very important conclusions from the bridge at Kehl; that Lieutenants Smith and relics discovered in these primeval “midPorcher of the royal navy have dug up fine dens," which may tend to elucidate yet a statues in ancient Cyrene, and are prosecut- little more the early history of mankind. ing their search for more ; that Lord Somers Mr. Archibald Geikie, after careful examinapoints out Cilicia as a promising region to tion of the shores of the Firth of Forth, explore for remains of early Christian art; concludes that an upheaval has taken place that Mr. Lough has shown what a noble me- within the historical period, or since the morial of George Stephenson he will one day Roman invasion. In one locality, this uperect at Newcastle; that Sheffield has set up heaval amounts to as much as twenty-five a statue to James Montgomery ; that H.M.S. feet; and the inference from the facts is, Icarus is pursuing her fishery-protection that if such a change could occur without cruise round the coasts of the kingdom ; attracting notice during its slow progress, that the “Gorilla controversy" has ended former changes could in like manner occur, for the present by a purchase of certain of and that many great ones have taken place the monsters for £500 for the British Mu- since the appearance of man on the earth.scum; that holiday-time has come to Par- Mr. Bryson brings forward further evidence liament as well as people: now that all this to the aqueous origin of granite, and deis done or doing, Manchester, fertile in re- monstrates the fact by instrumental means. sources, has made up its mind that the In common with Mr. Sorby, whose interestforthcoming meeting of the British Associa-ing researches into this subject we have tion within its walls shall not be in any way already noticed, he finds fluid cells in all the backward; and as Mr. William Fairbairn is specimens of granite which he has hitherto president, and will deliver the thirty-first examined.—Another geological fact worthy annual address, we may be sure that me- of notice is that, according to the report of chanical science, at least, will have due con- the explorers who surveyed the American sideration. That good work wiil be done continent from Canada to the Rocky Mounby the sections, is confidently anticipated : tains and Vancouver's Island, there is abunastronomy has made progress, and now that dance of lignite in certain localities, which the spectroscope is available for observation has long been worked as fuel by the Hudof the sun, the communications on that sub- son's Bay Company, and is in request for ject will be unusually interesting. The Earl steamers on the Pacific. Moreover, it is of Rosse has made further observations of the convertible into gas, as may be proved at nebulæ, and discovered that the spiral form some future day by the towns of New Columis the most prevalent in those far-remote bia.—This mention of American exploration and mysterious objects. He finds reason to reminds us that Captain Parker Snow has believe, moreover, that they move, having been making preparations, though with some some sort of rotation, so that the study of doubt as to the means of completing them, the nebulæ appears to be at present richer to sail in the discovery yacht Endeavor, to in promise than at any previous time. carry out, if possible, his scheme of discor

Interesting facts in geology and ethnology ering further relics of Sir John Franklin's may also be looked for, and additional par- expedition. It is his design, should the ticulars on a question which has been some- state of the ice in Bassin's Bay favor quick what vexed of late ; namely, the comparative progress, to replenish his stores from those anatomy of the brain as between man and left on Beechey Island by former expeditions, and push on to winter in King Wil- of gums by artificial means.—By treating liam's Land, which, in his opinion, las antimony in a certain way, Dr. Stenhouse been by no means sufficiently searched. has discovered that it can be converted into

A member of the Horticultural Suciety at what is now known in the market as Patent Paris, after a series of experiments, has dis- Antimony Paint, which possesses none of covered a process by which the blossom of the deleterious qualities of white-lead, and the purple lilac can be made to appear costs less. Besides being lower in price white, by preventing the development of the than the lead, a given quantity will cover natural color. The process is to plant the one-fourth more of surface ; while, for outtrees in a hothouse which, facing the north, door work, it is much more durable. Dr. receives no direct rays from the sun, but Stenhouse is known for his fruitful reonly a diffused light, until the buds and searches into the chemical constituents of blossoms are about to burst, when the light various vegetable products; he has now is completely excluded by shutters, except- added to the list by discovering that a white ing now and then a faint ray introduced crystalline substance can be extracted in through a narrow slit. In this condition of considerable quantities from the bark of the darkness, the coloring principle is kept in larch. This substance is pleasantly aroabeyance, and the flowers come forth per- matic; but what its economical uses are, fectly white; but the leaves having been in remains to be investigated.-It appears that a more advanced state than the blossom at there is now something in common between the time of seclusion, retain their natural crockery and carpentry, for silicate of potcolor. By similar treatment, red roses may ash is found to be an excellent material for be changed to white, and other flowers will rejoining broken earthenware, glass or stone, probably be found susceptible of the same and with such strength, that the articles will influence; a curious interference truly with not break a second time in the same place ; the ordinary operations of nature.

while carpenters and joiners may use it as a A simple remedy for the grape disease has substitute for glue, and with especial adbeen successfully tried for three successive vantage in constructions exposed to the years by a cultivator in the wine-producing weather.-" The army is not what it used to districts of France. He had noticed the be,” is the desponding remark of a few perefficacy of lime in preventing the accumula- sonages of the old school, who see in change tion of moss on the bark of trees, and pre- a confession of weakness; but those who serving wheat from the rot, and he gave a think and see otherwise will learn with satiscoat of whitewash to all his vines, particu- faction that a professorship of Tropical Medilarly to the young wood, and found that the cine as well as of Hygiene has been establishbranches lost the red spots indicative of the ed in the Army Medical School at Chatham. malady, and recovered their normal color. We trust that one consequence will be a He now applies the whitewash immediately diminished mortality among our troops at after the pruning, whereby the trouble is stations between the tropics in the next offidiminished ; and referring to this year's op- cial report on the health of the army.—The erations, he says the difference between the Medical Society of Boston (Massachusetts) appearance of his vines, which were limed offer a prize for a paper on the accidents within the first two weeks of March, and his that ensue from the use of ether and chloroneighbors', which were not limed at all, was form ; on their nature, and on the means of astonishing. Moreover, the coat of white- prevention.—The Croonian Lecture of the wash protected the young leaf-buds from the Royal Society, delivered by Dr. E. Brownearly spring frosts.

Séquard, “On the Relations between MusM. Frémy has been inrestigating the cular Irritability, Cadaveric Rigidity, and composition and manner of production of Putrefaction,” set forth a number of intergums in the vegetable organization ; a sub-esting physiological facts. Popularly exject but little inquired into, yet fraught with plained, the term irritability is to be underimportant results. Seeing that with a com- stood as signifying full power or vigor ; and bination of lime and an acid it is possible to with this in mind it will be easy to compreproduce a sort of gum-arabic, we shall per-hend the main argument of the lecture ; haps hear of the production of other kinds namely, that the less of muscular irritability


in the body at the time of death, whether in tion is beyond question, saw no lines whatman or animals, the more rapidly does pu- ever. Mr. De la Rue endeavored to obtain trefaction set in. It was noticed at Solferi- a photographic image of it, but though he no, that the corpses of those killed in the focused the comet for full fifteen minutes, morning, when the muscular system was not the slightest effect was produced. And vigorous, decomposed after a longer interval yet the illuminating power was great, for it than those killed in the evening, exhausted threw a light upon the sea equal to that of a with the fatigues of the day. For the same young moon. reason, the flesh of overdriven cattle becomes Some time ago, in his annual report to the very soon tainted and unfit to be eaten. Board of Visitors of the Greenwich Observa

From a series of observations carried on tory, Mr. Airy recommended that as the at Manchester, Dr. Thomas Moffat is of minor planets had become numerous, much opinion that diseases of the nervous centres time and labor would be saved, if instead of are more likely to occur in stormy seasons, the places of the whole number being calcu- . especially storms of hail and snow, than at lated annually by each observatory in Euother times. The diseases referred to are rope, an arrangement could be made for a apoplexy, epilepsy, paralysis, vertigo, diar- division of labor. The subject was further rhæa, vomiting, and cramps; and many per- discussed by the congress of German astronsons will perhaps be able to remember cases omers which met last year at Berlin ; and which seem to bear out the theory; but we we believe that a distribution of the small think that long-continued observations in planets among certain observatories will ere places wide apart would be required before long be made. The necessity for the distriit could be established that there is, in real- bution becomes every year greater by reason ity, an intimate connection between hail of the increasing number, which is at presand snow showers, stormy weather and elec- ent seventy. It is not unworthy of record, tricity, and certain forms of disease.” that twelve of these threescore-and-ten were

Astronomers are now pretty well agreed, discovered at the late Mr. Bishop's observathat the comet which took them by surprise tory in the Regent's Park. The congress on the 30th of June last, is not the famous above mentioned meet this month at Drescomet of Charles V., nor any one of those den, to deliberate on a further distribution ; mentioned in the annals of their science. In —namely, the observations of fixed and a communication to the Academy of Sciences variable stars and nebulæ among the obserat Paris, M. Leverrier explained how this vatories best fitted for the work ; also to conclusion was arrived at. Three observa- devise some arrangement whereby comets tions of a comet, made twelve or twenty-four and planets, when noted in future, may be hours apart, according as the motion is fast followed and calculated systematically. or slow, enable the observer to calculate the One of our ablest photographers, considcomet's orbit, a task which occupies about ering that it would be easy to detect forgetwenty-four hours. The orbit once calcu- ries of bank notes by taking photographic lated, can be compared with other known copies of the suspected notes, and examining orbits, and whether a comet be an entire them under the stereoscope side by side with stranger, or a former one re-appearing after genuine notes, concludes, and not without a long absence, is thereby ascertained. of reason, that with stereoscopic pictures of the comet of 1861, it may be said that no double stars, whose motion is doubtful, asman knows whence it came, or whither it tronomers would be able to detect the smallgoes; and not till some very exact calcu- est displacement. Mr. Warren de la Rue lations shall have been finished, shall we has all the means and appliances for testing know whether it will ever again come within this ingenious notion, and we hope he will sight of the earth. Of course some attempts do so. As a case in point: M. Liais writes were made to investigate the physical con- from Brazil, that he has determined the latstitution of the comet ; some observers with itude of a place in that country by photothe spectroscope think they saw certain dark graphs of the eclipse of 1858. lines; others, whose carefulness of observa

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