페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

or

them. She accordingly made her way to the evening, all combined to produce an ineffacelaughing country girls, who opened their able impression on my mind, and I cannot great eyes with wonder, and getting up upon to the present day hear Madame de Krudea bench, she thus obtained a commanding ner's name mentioned without being reposition, from whence she addressed a hom- minded of that scene." ily to those present, of which I perfectly re- Madame de Krudener only excited public member the principal points.

attention once more after this; it was when “What are you doing there p' she cried she went to St. Petersburg to plead the cause out in the dialect of the country people, and of the Greeks. This active Philhellenism with a loud voice.

met, however, with a very poor success with The girls looked at one another laugh- government, which politely invited her to ingly, and replied that they were washing quit the capital and take herself off to the linen.

Crimea-thereby indicating the course of her * Very good,' replied Madame de Kru- travels. Unfortunately, while at the old dener, ' you are washing your body linen; capital of the Tartar Khans–Karasu Bazar but do you think of the stains that lie on “the market on the Blackwater," she your consciences, of the spots on your celes- caught a pestilential fever, of which she died tial clothing, that will drive you cne day into on the 13th of December, 1824. confusion and despair, if you appear before Madame Hommaire de Hell, who travGod without having washed them ? You elled with her husband in Southern Russia open your great eyes, and you appear to ask and the Crimea in 1838–39, gives a someme with surprise how I can know that there what different account of the fate of this reare any stains on your celestial vestments ? markable woman :Believe me that I know it most indubitably.

“Every one is aware of the mystic influThe souls of all of us are similarly circum-ence which Madame de Krudener exercised stanced, and the best and noblest have their for many years over the enthusiastic temstains; that is why we are ordered to inces- perament of the Emperor Alexander. This santly keep watch over our purification, and lady, who has so charmingly portrayed her to wash off the spots fronı our souls, as you

own character in Valérie,' who was predo those from the linen. Neglect to do this, eminently distinguished in the aristocratic and God will punish you in heaven, as your and her position as an ambassadress, who

salons of Paris by her beauty, her talents, master will punish you on earth if you neg- was by turns a woman of the world, a herolect the other. But the punishments of God ine of romance, a remarkable writer, and a are as much more terrible than those of man prophetess, will not soon be forgotten in as heaven is higher than the earth.' France. The lovers of mystic poetry will

" And thus the discourse was prolonged, read • Valérie,' that charming work, the apin a style that was at once familiar and yet pearance of which made so much noise, notmystical, but always borrowing its meta- (for it appeared in the most brilliant period

withstanding the bulletins of the grand army phors from circumstances of daily life, and of the Empire); those who delight in grace, that were within reach of the simplest minds. combined with beauty and mental endowThe effect was prodigious. As Madame de ments, will recall to mind that young woman Krudener spoke on, these poor girls passed who won for herself so distinguished a place from a state of stupid astonishment to gath-in French society; and those whose glowering up fragments, and then following every ing imaginations love to dwell on exalted sentence of the address, and as they did so, the most lively faith, cannot refuse their

sentiments and religious fervor, united to their former boisterousness changed into an admiration to her who asked of the mighty aspect of modest decency. Gradually they of the earth only the means of freely exerleft their work, went up to the old lady, and, cising charity, that evangelical virtue, of falling on their knees, they wept, whilst she, which she was always one of the most ardent elevated above, smiled with the smile of apostles. love, and stretched forth her hands to bless

'“ The Lettres de Mademoiselle Cochelet'

made known to us with what zeal Madame them.

de Krudener applied herself to seeking out “The calmness of the spot, a cloudless and comforting the afflicted. Her extreme sky, the inspiration of her words, which were goodness of heart was such that she was carried away by the enbalmed breeze of the I called, in St. Petersburg, the Mother of the

Poor. All the sums she received from the cused of being held in leading-strings by emperor were immediately distributed to the three half-crazed women, the emperor signed wretched, and her own fortune was applied the warrant for their exile, to the great joy in the same way, so that her house was be- of the envious courtiers. The victims besieged from morning till night by mujiks and held in the event only the manifestation of mothers of families, to whom she gave food the divine will, that they should propagate both for soul and body.

the faith among the followers of Mahomet. “With so much will and power to do good, In a spirit of Christian humility they deMadame de Krudener by and by acquired so clined receiving any other escort than that great an influence in St. Petersburg, that the of a non-commissioned officer, whose duty government at last became alarmed. She should be only to see to their personal safety, was accused of entertaining tendencies of too and transmit their orders to the persons emliberal a cast, religious notions of no orthodox ployed in the journey: Their departure prokind, extreme ambition cloaked under the duced a great sensation in St. Petersburg ; guise of charity, and therewith too much com- and every one was eager to see the distinpassion for those miserable mujiks of whom guished ladies in their monastic costume. she was the unfailing friend. But the chief The court laughed, but the populace, always cause of the displeasure of the court was the sensitive where religion is concerned, and baroness' connection with two other ladies, who, besides, were losing a most generous whose religious sentiments were by all means protectress in Madame de Krudener, acexceedingly questionable. They were the companied the pilgrims with great demonPrincess Galitzin and the so-called Countess strations of respect and sorrow to the banks Guacher.

of the Neva, where they embarked on the “The publicity which these ladies affected 6th of September, 1822. in all their acts could not but be injurious to “ The apparition of these ladies in the Crithe meek Christian enterprise of Madame de mea threw the whole peninsula into commoKrudener. The princess was detested at tion. Eager to make proselytes, they were court. Too superior to disguise her opin- seen toiling in their béguine costume, with ions, and renowned for her beauty, her caus- the cross and the Gospel in their hands, over tic wit, and her philosophic notions, she had mountains and valleys, exploring Tartar vilexcited against her a host of enemies, who lages, and even carrying their enthusiasm to were sure to take the first opportunity of in the strange length of preaching in the open juring her with the emperor. As for the air to the amazed and puzzled Mussulmans. Countess Guacher, her rather equivocal posi- But as the English consul had predicted, in tion at the court furnished a weapon against spite of their mystic fervor, their persuasive her, when, suddenly issuing from the extreme voices, and the originality of their enterretirement in which she had previously lived, prise, our heroines effected few conversions. she became one of Madame de Krudener's They only succeeded in making themselves most enthusiastic adepts.

thoroughly ridiculous, not only in the eyes “ When the Princess Galitzin returned to of the Tatars, but in those also of the RusSt. Petersburg after a journey to Italy, the sian nobles of the vicinity, who instead of emperor, who sincerely admired her, took seconding their efforts, or at least giving upon himself to make two ladies acquainted them credit for their good intentions, rewhom he thought so fitted to appreciate each garded them only as feather-witted illumiother. As he had foreseen, a close intimacy natæ, capable at most of catechizing little grew up between them, but to the great children. The police, too, always prompt to mortification of the court, this intimacy was, take alarm, and having besides received through Madame de Krudener's influence, special instructions respecting these ladies, the basis of an association which aimed at soon threw impediments in the way of all nothing less than the conversion of the whole their efforts, so that two months had scarcely earth to the holy law of Christ.

elapsed before they were obliged to give up “ At first the scheme was met with deri- their roving ways, their preachings, and all sion, then alarm was felt, and at last, by dint the fine dreams they had indulged during of intrigues, the emperor, whom these ladies their long, and painful journey. It was a had half made a proselyte, was forced to sore mortification to them to renounce the banish them from court, and confine them hope of planting a new Thebaid in the mounfor the rest of their days to the territory of tains of the Crimea. Madame de Krudener the Crimea. It is said that this decision, so could not endure the loss of her illusions ; contrary to the kind nature of Alexander, her health, already impaired by many years was occasioned by an article in an English of an ascetic life, declined rapidly, and newspaper, in which the female trio and his within a year from the time of her arrival in imperial majesty were made the subjects of the peninsula, there remained no hope of most biting sarcasms. Enraged at being ac- saving her life. She died in 1823, in the arms of her daughter, the Baroness Breck- / versed in the literature and the arts of heim, who had been for some years resident France, speaking the language with an enon the southern coast, and became possessed tire command of all that light, playful railof many documents on the latter part of a lery that made it so formidable of yore; life so rich in romantic events; but unfortu- having been a near observer of all the events nately these documents are not destined to and all the eminent men of the empire; see the light.

possessing, moreover, a power of apprehenPrincess Galitzin, whose religious sen- sion and discernment that gave equal varitiments were perhaps less sincere, thought ety and point to her conversation ; a man in no more of making conversions after she had mind and variety of knowledge, a woman in installed herself in her delightful villa on the grace and frivolity, the Princess Galitzin coast. Throwing off forever the coarse bé- belonged by her brilliant qualities and her guine robe, she adopted a no less eccentric charming faults to a class that is day by day costume, which she retained until her death. becoming extinct. It was an Amazonian petticoat, with a cloth "Now that conversation is quite dethroned vest of a male cut. A Polish cap trimmed in France, and exists only in some few sawith fur completed her attire, that accorded lons of Europe, it is hard to conceive the well with the original character of the prin- influence formerly exercised by women of cess. It is in this dress she is represented talent. Those of our day, more ambitious in several portraits still to be seen in her of obtaining celebrity through the press than villa at Koreis.

of reigning over a social circle, guard the "The caustic wit that led to her disgrace treasures of their imagination and intellect at the court of St. Petersburg, her stately with an anxious reserve that cannot but manners, her name, her prodigious memory, prove a real detriment to society. To write and immense fortune, quickly attracted round feuilletons, romances, and poetry, is all very her all the notable persons in Southern Rus- well; but to preside over a drawing-room, sia. Distinguished foreigners eagerly cov. like the women of the eighteenth century, eted the honor of being introduced to her, has also its merit. But we must not blame and she was soon at the head of a little the female sex alone for the loss of that sucourt, over which she presided like a real premacy which once belonged to French sosovereign. But being by nature very capri- ciety. The men of the present day, more cious, the freak sometimes seized her to shut serious than their predecessors, more occuherself up for whole months in total soli- pied with positive, palpable interests, seem tude. Although she relapsed into philosoph- to look with cold disdain on what but lately ical and Voltairean notions, the remembrance commanded their warmest admiration." of Madame de Krudener inspired her with occasional fits of devotion that oddly con- The so-called Countess Guacher, who trasted with her usual habits. It was during shared the exile of Princess Galitzin and of one of these visitations that she erected a Madame de Krudeper, and who died in obcollossal cross on one of the heights commanding Koreis. The cross being gilded is scurity in 1823, was the Countess de Lavisible to a great distance.

mothe, who had been whipped and branded “ Her death in 1839 left a void in Russian on the Place de Grève as an accomplice in society which will not easily be filled. Reared the scandalous affair of the diamond neckin the school of the eighteenth century, well lace.

“No Pent-UP UTICA." - Everybody has heard the lines “No pent-up Utica contracts our powers,

But the whole boundless continent is ours." But very few people know the author, or in what poem they occur. They were written by Jonathan Mitchell Sewell, a New Hampshire poet, as an epilogue to Addison's play of Cato, on the occasion of its performance by an amateur company in Portsmouth in 1788. The whole production was one of decided power. The spirit of the Revolution entered into every expression. We give a few lines :“And what now gleams with dawning rays at

home

Once blazed in full-orbed majesty at Rome.
Did Rome's brave Senate nobly strive top-

pose
The mighty torrent of domestic foes,
And boldly arm the virtuous few, and dare
The desperate perils of unequal war ?
Our Senate, too, the same bold deed has done,
And for a Cato armed a Washington!

“Rise, then, my countrymen, for fight prepare,
Gird on your swords, and fearless rush to war!
For your grieved country nobly dare to die,
And empty all your veins for liberty;
No pent-up Utica contracts our powers,
But the whole boundless continent is ours!”

- Independent

From Fraser's Magazine. eral principles are asserted on the evidence HOMEOPATHY.

of the most doubtful and scanty facts; and A LETTER TO J. S. S., ESQ. BY SIR BENJAMIN the reasoning on them for the most part is BRODIE, BART.

thoroughly puerile and illogical. I do not DEAR SIR,—You desire me to give you ask you to take all this for granted, but my opinion of what is called Homæopathy. would rather refer you to the books themI can do so without any great labor to my- selves ; being satisfied that any one, though self, and without making any exorbitant de- he may not be versed in the science of medmand on your patience, as the question icine, who possesses good sense, and who really lies in very small compass, and what has any knowledge of the caution with which I have to say on it may be expressed in very all scientific investigations should be confew words.

ducted, will arrive at the same conclusions as The subject may be viewed under differ- myself. ent aspects. We may inquire, first, whether But, subordinate to the rule to which I Homeopathy be, of itself, of any value, or have just referred, there is another, which, of no value at all ? secondly, in what man- by some of the Homeopathic writers, is ner does it affect general society ? and held to be of great importance, and which thirdly, in what relation does it stand to the is certainly the more remarkable one of the medical profession ?

two. The doses of medicine administered I must first request of you to observe that, by ordinary practitioners are represented to whatever I may think at present, I had origi- be very much too large. It is unsafe to have nally no prejudice either infavor of or against recourse to them, unless reduced to an althis new system : nor do I believe that the most infinitesimal point; not only to the members of the medical profession gener- millionth, but sometimes even to the bilally were in the first instance influenced by lionth of a grain. Now observe what this any feelings of this kind. The fact is, that means. Supposing one drop of liquid medthe fault of the profession for the most part icine to be equivalent to one grain, then, in lies in the opposite direction. They are too order to obtain the millionth part of that much inclined to adopt any new theory or dose, you must dissolve that drop in thirteen any new mode of treatment that may have gallons of water, and administer only one been proposed ; the younger and more inex- drop of that solution ; while, in order to obperienced among them especially erring in tain the billionth of a grain, you must disthis respect, and too frequently indulging solve the aforesaid drop in 217,014 hogsthemselves in the trial of novelties, disre- heads of water. Of course, it is plain that garding old and established remedies. For this could not practically be accomplished, myself, I assure you that, whatever opinion except by successive dilutions; and this I may now hold, it has not been hastily would be a troublesome process. Whether formed. I have made myself sufficiently it be at all probable that any one ever unacquainted with several works which profess dertook to carry it out, I leave you to judge. to disclose the mysteries of Homeopathy, At any rate, I conceive that there is no reaespecially that of Hahnemann, the founder sonable person who would not regard the of the Homeopathic sect, and those of Dr. exhibition of medicine in so diluted a form Curie and Mr. Sharpe. The result is, that, as being equivalent to no treatment at all. with all the pains that I have been able to But however this may be, I may be met take, I have been unable to form any very by the assertion that there is undoubted evidistinct notion of the system which they pro- dence that a great number of persons refess to teach. They all, indeed, begin with cover from their complaints under Homæolaying down, as the foundation of it, the pathic treatment, and I do not pretend in rule that similia similibus curantur ; or, in the least degree to deny it. In a discourse plain English, that one disease is to be addressed by myself to the students of St. driven out of the body by artificially creat- George's hospital, in the year 1838, I find ing another disease similar to it. But there the following remarks : “ There is another the resemblance ends. Hahnemann treats inquiry which should be always made, before the subject in one way, Dr. Curie in another, you determine on the adoption of a particuand Mr. Sharpe in another way still. Gen- / lar method of treatment; what will happen in this case, if no remedies whatever be em- | athy. But other circumstances occur every ployed, if the patient be left altogether to now and then, from which, when they do nature or to the efforts of his own constitu- occur, it profits to a still greater extent. tion? ... The animal system is not like a Humanun est errare. From the operation clock or a steam-engine, which, being bro- of this universal law medical practitionken, you must send to the clockmaker or ers are not exempt, any

more than engineer to mend it; and which cannot be statesmen, divines, lawyers, engineers, or repaired otherwise. The living machine, any other profession. There are cases in unlike the works of human invention, has which there is a greater chance of too much the power of repairing itself; it contains than too little being done for the patient; within itself its own engineer, who, for the and if the patient under such circumstances most part, requires no more than some very becomes the subject of Homeopathic treatslight assistance at our hands.” This truth ment, this being no treatment at all, he acadmits, indeed, of a very large application. tually derives benefit from the change. If the arts of medicine and surgery had In a discourse to which I have already alnever been invented, by far the greater num- luded, I thought it my duty to offer the folber of those who suffer from bodily illness lowing caution to my pupils : “ The first would have recovered nevertheless. An ex- question which should present itself to you perienced and judicial medical practitioner in the management of a particular case is knows this very well ; and considers it to be this : Is the disease one of which the patient his duty, in the great majority of cases, not may recover, or is it not? There are, inso much to interfere by any active treatment, deed, too many cases in which the patient's as to take care that nothing should obstruct condition is so manifestly hopeless, that the the natural process of recovery; and to fact cannot be overlooked. Let me, howwatch, lest in the progress of the case, any ever, caution you that you do not in any in. new circumstance should arise which would stance arrive too hastily at this conclusion. make his active interference necessary. If Our knowledge is not so absolute and certain any one were to engage in practice, giving as to prevent even well-informed persons his patients nothing but a little distilled being occasionally mistaken on this point. water, and enjoining a careful diet, and a This is true, especially with respect to the prudent mode of life otherwise, a certain affections of internal organs. Individuals number of his patients would perish from have been restored to health who were supthe want of further help; but more would posed to be dying of disease in the lungs or recover; and Homeopathic globules are, I mesenteric glands.”... “It is a good doubt not, quite as good as distilled water. rule in the practice of our art, as in the

But this does not account for all the suc- common affairs of life, for us to look on the cess of Homeopathy. In this country there favorable side of the question, as far as we is a large proportion of individuals who have can consistently with reason do so." I plenty of money, combined with a great might have added that hysterical affections lack of employment; and it is astonishing are especially a source of error to not very to what an extent such persons contrive to experienced practitioners, by simulating imagine diseases for themselves. There is more serious disease ; seeming to resist for no animal machine so perfect that there may a time all the efforts of art, and then all at not at times be some creaking in it. Want once subsiding under any kind of treatof exercise, irregularity as to diet, a little ment, or, just as well, under none at all. worry of mind-these, and a thousand other Now, if it should so happen that a medical causes, may occasion uneasy feelings, to practitioner, from want of knowledge, or which constant attention and thinking of from a natural defect of judgment, makes a them will give a reality which they would mistake in his diagnosis, and the patient not have had otherwise; and such feelings whom he had unsuccessfully treated afterwill disappear as well under the use of glob- wards recovers under the care of another ules as they would under any other mode of practitioner, it is simply said “Dr. A. was treatment, or under no treatment at all. mistaken ;” and it is not considered as any

What I have now mentioned will go far thing very remarkable that the symptoms towards explaining the success of Homeop-1 should subside while under the care of Dr.

« 이전계속 »