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digo-planters chose to consider this drama as It is possible that the insinuations or a malicious libel upon them, and put forward charges in the play were wholly false ; but one of their number to prosecute Mr. Long that is not the point at issue. Mr. Long, it for publishing it. Incredible as it may ap- appears, has also translated from the Hinpear, Mr. Long was tried upon the charge, dostanee attacks by native philosophers upon found guilty, and sentenced to a month's the fundamental truths of Christianity, and imprisonment in the common gaol, and to has circulated them among the clergy of the pay a fine of one thousand rupees. Established Church, the officials of the Gov

The presiding judge, Sir Mordaunt Wells, ernment, and the leading Europeans in Inin passing sentence, dwelt severely upon the dia, besides sending copies to London ; and insinuations in the play against the charac- in so doing he has rendered good service to ter of planters' wives in India, and asked the the cause of the Gospel, by thus giving every jury“ to consider in their verdict whether missionary who, like himself, may design to the insinuation was not a reproach against spend his life in the conversion of the nathe whole middle class of the women of Eng- tives of India to a purer faith, an opportunity land," and whether it "could have been of confuting statements of the existence of published by a clergyman of the Church of which they might otherwise have been ignoEngland, with a bonâ fide and conscientious rant. To know and understand the current belief that it would forward the interests of of the native mind in questions of theology, society ?” The jury were of the same mind is necessary for every teacher of religion, if as the judge, and found the defendant guilty; he would combat error and clear away mison which the judge pronounced the astound-conception ; and it seems to us that Mr. ing sentence above mentioned.

Long might have been prosecuted for blasEvidently the indigo-planters must have phemy, for translating and circulating such sore consciences if they cannot endure as a tracts among educated and zealous Chrisbody charges which were not levelled against tians, with as much reason as he has been any individual among them. Their attempt prosecuted for libel for circulating among to sacrifice Mr. Long, for rendering both the same classes the play of " Nil Durpan.” them and the Government of India the ser The fine levied upon Mr. Long was, it apvice of showing them what the native popu- pears, paid into court as soon as inflicted, lation thought of them, whether rightfully by a wealthy native ; and there will be, we or wrongfully, will recoil upon themselves. hear, no lack of funds to carry the case A sentence so utterly preposterous cannot, through every court in the empire, if need we should hope, be allowed to stand; but if be, until it reaches the highest. We may it lead, as we trust it will to a thorough in- therefore expect to hear more of it at some vestigation, on appeal in this country into future time; and, unless a very different the true relations subsisting between the in- color be given to the case, it is plain that digo-planters and the peasantry of India, justice will not be satisfied by a reversal of and (if the report of the trial be correct, as the decision, without the dismissal of the we presume it to be) to a rigorous inquiry judge, whose charge to the jury and whose into the conduct of the presiding judge, and sentence on the defendant shows a spirit of into the administration of justice in India, partisanship which is never witnessed on the it will not have been passed in vain, and Mr. bench of England and cannot be tolerated in Long's condemnation will have aided the her dependencies. cause of truth and justice.

Aich's Metal. - The composition of this siderably bent without cracking or breaking, celebrated alloy for cannon, with which such whilst its absolute and relative resistance exvaluable results have been obtained in the Aus- ceeds that of iron of good quality. Recent extrian marine arsenals, has hitherto been kept a periments assign to it the composition of 60 secret. It possesses a high degree of tenacity; however, supposed by some that the iron is of

parts copper, 38-2 zinc, and 1.8 iron. It is, it can be puddled, hammered, and worked, like no real value, being only useful in diminishing the best forged iron, and when cold can be con- the net cost of the alloy.- London Review.


From The Saturday Review. | is however, much to be lamented, that the THE GOLDEN TREASURY. *

wholesale insertions and restorations of overMR. PALGRAVE's volume is no ordinary zealous collecting editors should have tainted book of extracts for schoolroom consump- many of our finest examples with undue sustion, jumbled together without rhyme or picion. In the first and second books, which reason, and where Dr. Watts' invariable should to all intents include the whole class busy bee alternates with a platitude of Mrs. chronologically (excepting, of course, Barbauld. Our author confines himself to mediæval specimens), we can only find “O lyrical pieces by dead poets. He does not waly waly up the Bank," “ Fair Helen of commence before the Elizabethan era, which Kirconnell,” and “ The twa Corbies,” deexcludes Chaucer, “the morning star" of signedly printed together. These three English song, and others of whom we would specimens are, it is true, as good as are to gladly see specimens, as rendering the col- be found, but we are dissatisfied at the ablection more complete in an historical aspect. sence of others, and could even afford to The first Book comprises the ninety years ter- oust some of the Celias and Lucastas (not minating with 1616. The second takes us the one with the nunnery metaphor) to make down to 1700. The third to 1800. The room for them. Take, for instance, the fourth includes the deceased poets of this “ Bonnie Bairns," with the requisite central century. These Books are named from idea developed strongly enough into an exShakspeare, Milton, Gray, and Wordsworth quisite ballad, considerably more lyrical than respectively.

the average of its class. Or, should we here To our author's definition of lyrical poetry suspect some modern touches of Allan Cunwe are not disposed to except, especially as ningham, it might be inserted a century later. it is advanced with hesitation and modesty. The religious character of the piece is not “Lyrical has been here held essentially to sufficiently strong to warrant exclusion, if imply that each poem shall turn on some compared with “The Ode on the Nativity." single thought, feeling, or situation. In Now that the works of Mr. Tennyson are cordance with this, narrative, descriptive, becoming so thoroughly classical, it might and didactic poems-unless accompanied by be interesting to his contemporaries, as it rapidity of movement, brevity, and the col- certainly will be to future commentators, to oring of human passion-have been exclud- observe the influence of the second ballad, ed.” Certainly nothing can well be more “Fair Helen,” p. 87, on his “ Oriana." vague than the changes and combinations Wordsworth's success, we may remark, in which the term “ lyrical" has lately under- versifying this fine relic was in nowise notgone on wrappers and title-pages of sensi-able. Mr. Palgrave has given us further on tive minor poets as yet ungathered to fame. two comparatively modern variations on the Yet we conceive that by stretching a little its uncertain original text of the “Braes of original meaning into “suitable for music,” Yarrow,”—one anonymous, the other by Loor “ fit to be sung,” we can get a rough but gan,-besides printing Wordsworth's “ Yarsufficient test for working purposes, without row unvisited and visited." Among this analyzing so deeply as our author what the abundance on one particular theme, we venterm is intended to imply. There must oc- ture to regret the absence of, to our minds, cur a good deal of debatable land between the best version of all—that by William lyrical and narrative rhyme in the real old Hamilton of Bangour, published about 1760, ballad poetry, as opposed to its most suc- according to Percy. This Mr. Palgrave, in cessful modern imitations, such as “Lord a note, considers inferior to what he has Ullin's daughter” or “Rosabelle.” It is given. At any rate, Wordsworth chose the probably on this score that so many genuine version which we prefer for imitation. Comballads are here excluded, that we are in- pare, for instance, one of Hamilton's verses clined to consider this kind of composition with any thing in our author's ballad of pp. as somewhat too slenderly represented. It 118–120 :

* The Golden Treasury of the best Songs and Lyrical Poems in the English Language. Selected and

“ Curse ye, curse ye, his useless, useless shield, Arranged, with Notes, by Francis Turner l'algrave,

The arm that wrocht the deed of sorrow, Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford. Cambridge : The fatal spear that pierced his breast, Macmillan and Co. 1861

His comely breast, on the Braes of Yarrow.”


We admire and applaud Mr. Palgrave's difficulties of his task ; yet in most cases we courage in admitting a thoroughly typical should prefer to print the first line of the and honest ballad of a totally different tone extract, for to give a new title is a kind of and manner, “ Sally in our Alley," the fresh- retouching pro tanto, and a modern Shakness and genuine feeling of which will out- sperian heading generally looks like a reslast many more showy productions. It toration in an Elizabethan structure—that is, abounds with a most quaint expression of very rarely of a piece with the rest. Carpe real and deep pathos, yet one can scarcely diem especially has an Epicurean echo about repress a rising inclination to smile at every it totally foreign to the more real philosoother line.

phy and more earnest atmosphere of the We do not doubt that Mr. Palgrave has quotation. We also suggest that one specifound the task of selection from among the men at least of the many mad songs once sonnets of Shakspeare difficult enough. He so curiously current in this country, and, we warns his readers, with great justice, that believe, almost peculiar to it, might be added these pieces are not to be mastered or under- to the volume. stood offhand. Indeed, we know nothing A well-arranged and conscientiously sewhich requires tougher study or thought. lected collection like that before us is peculAmong the smaller lyrical fragments out of iarly valuable as conducive to and encourthe plays, we are glad to find an old favorite aging a more expansive appreciation of the of ours, seldom quoted and almost unknown poetry of different schools and centuries. as compared with “Crabbed Youth and Age,” Such universality of taste is but little curor “ When Icicles hang by the Walls." It rent at the present day. There is an inoccurs in the Twelfth Night:

creasing tendency to swear by some partic“ What is love? 'tis not hereafter;

ular poetic master and to hate and deny all Present mirth hath present laughter ;

merit to the rest. Thus the lover of ShakWhat's to come is still unsure; speare must be the hater of Pope ; and the In delay there lies no plenty ;

reader of Byron shall hold no converse with Then come kiss me, sweet-and-twenty, Wordsworth or Coleridge. We suggest, no Youth's a stuff will not endure."

doubt, extreme cases, but to speak roughly This we take to be perfect quintessence of and in all generality, Pope, Wordsworth, Shakspeare, and yet it is often passed over and Mr. Tennyson may be said at the presunnoticed. For exhaustive statement, preg- ent moment to be the suppliers of ideality nancy of meaning, and closeness of thought, to old age, middle age, and youth respectit is seldom equalled. The words are all of ively. These parties of verse-readers interthe commonest, or even homeliest descrip- changeably hate each other's gods, and tion; and the ideas at first sight seem al- thereby much after-dinner discussion is promost trivial. Shelley and Keats might have moted and no very tangible result ensues. studied such an extract with advantage. It is, however, about equally probable that We miss in Mr. Palgrave's work, however, a ploughboy should come to be lord chanone verse out of Hamlet which, unlike the cellor utterly without talent, as that any man former, is justly celebrated, and claims, we should raise himself to be the poet of his suggest, admission in this collection, as being own or any subsequent age without some more essentially lyrical than the great pro- intrinsic merit of the highest character. portion of the Shaksperian extracts already Granting this, the fault will be in ourselves admitted therein. It is the well-known and not in their verses if we cannot discern “ Why, let the stricken deer go weep,

their excellence. It is therefore folly to inThe hart ungalled play:

sist upon proselytizing every one to that parFor some must watch, while some must sleep! ticular style of composition which may suit Thus runs the world away."

our individual age or temperament. Mr. Palgrave has headed the Twelfth Another advantage of such a collection of Night extract with “Carpe diem.He miscellaneous pieces is, that chances of comapologizes, once for all, in a note for the va- parison and more extended reputation are rious titles he has prefixed on his own re- thereby afforded to the poets of one poem, sponsibility. No doubt he has bestowed whose single work is often only accessible in much thought on this, as on other incidental such volumes. Charles Wolfe, who wrote

the “ Burial of Sir John Moore,” is theject to manufacture new headings, it is not most remarkable type of the class we allude unfair to ask him to prefix an old one when to; for although his literary remains were tolerably expressive. In one collection of published, and to a certain extent known, songs we have seen, the perverse delicacy of his whole fame rests on these few stanzas. the editor has softened this to "swelling But besides Wolfe, and putting out of sight breeze." all the anonymous pieces, equal to the best, We are glad to observe that our author where all record of the hand that wrote them has printed a remarkable piece called “Tohas been lost, we have only to turn over the morrow” (p. 163), of the author of which, it pages of Mr. Palgrave's Treasury to find de- appears, nothing has survived except his tached poems of the highest excellence by surname, Collins. We had also seen this authors whose very names many will proba- song before in a manuscript version, with bly meet with there for the first time. As some trifling differences from the present. of the poet, so of any particular work-con- Mr. Palgrave's note here is to the point, and tinued popularity would undoubtedly, in a suggests a novel and unexplored direction of very great proportion of instances, presup- criticism :pose certain merit; but in reviewing a lyr- “ It is a lesson of high instructiveness to ical collection, we may in all justice qualify examine the essential qualities which give this conclusion by observing that the pres- firstrate poetical rank to lyrics such as “ Toervation of some songs to the present day morrow,” or “Sally in our Alley," when commay have resulted entirely from their lyrical pared with poems written (if the phrase may success,—that is, because they were songs,

be allowed) in keys so different as the subtle and not from their excellence as poetry. gent readers will gain hence a clear under

sweetness of Shelley, etc., etc. . . . IntelliMore than this, the personal reputation of standing of the vast imaginative range of some favorite vocalist of the time may have poetry-through what wide oscillations the earned them undeserved popularity. Thus, minds and the taste of a nation may passany song which Mr. Robson takes in hand how many are the roads which truth and nawould have an excellent chance of street ture open to excellence." success. These remarks arise from our find- In conclusion, we thank Mr. Palgrave for ing Gay’s “Black-eyed Susan ” among the a pleasant and instructive volume. In the fortunate candidates for admission into Mr. arrangement and carefully considered juxtaPalgrave's exclusive volume. We confess position of the different extracts, it is certo suspecting that the popularity of this tainly superior to any book of the class we poem is, in a great measure, to be thus ac- have yet seen. With his evident knowledge counted for. To our minds, there is a stage of the subject, our author has modestly conmarine flavor about it, redolent of later Dib- fined himself to four pages of preface, and a dinism, if we are allowed the expression. A very moderate amount of notes at the end really perfect specimen of the genuine sea of the work. In other respects, he is consong is given us here, at p. 201, withoạt tent to retire into the background, and let title. This is by Allan Cunningham, and each poem speak for itself; but whenever we have always heard it called “The Snor- Mr. Palgrave does speak, it is sensibly and ing Breeze.” As Mr. Palgrave does not ob- without pretension.

Jewish MARRIAGES.-What is the reason fourth day, because the assembly of the Twentythat most Jewish marriages, mentioned in the three meet on the fifth; so that if the husband newspapers, take place on a Wednesday? Is should find his wife unworthy, he may have rethere some religious reason in favor of that course to the consistory in the heat of his disday?

pleasure, and procure just punishment accord.

ing to law.-Vide Dr. Lightfoot's Works, ed. (Among the Jews a virgin marries on the 1684, ii. 534.)-Notes and Queries.

No. 909.—2 November, 1861.


1. Secret History of the Court of France, Louis XV., Examiner, 2. Virginie de Leyva,

Athenæum, 3. Leaders of Public Opinion in Ireland,

Examiner, 4. Comets,

Press, 5. Snubbing,

Saturday Revier, 6. Private Correspondence of Thomas Raikes, Examiner, 7. Emperors and Empires—differ from Kings, etc. ? Saturday Review, 8. An Emperor out of Harness,

Robin Goodfellowo, 9. Un-English Wishes for America,

Spectator, 10. Contingency of Servile Insurrection, 11. The Saturday Review on Mrs. Stowe, 12. The Prospects of the North, .

PAGE. 195 199 205 207 212 216 222 226 229 231 233 234

POETRY.—The Bells at Spire, 194. Stand by the Flag, 194. No more Words, 194. Shakspeare on this War, 211. Charity, 211. General Lyon, 215. Hora Novissima, 215. Extract from Har 225. Autumn, 237. The Power of tue, 237. A Summer Night, 237. Cæsar's Assassination, 237. “Qui Transtulit Sustinet,” 238. The Song of the Irish Legion, 238. The Will for the Deed, 238. Little Rhody, 239. To Arms, 239. Rule Slaveowniá, 239. April 19, 1775.—1861, 240. The Gathering, 240. Thé Departure, 240.

Short ARTICLES.-National Savings-Banks in England, 198. Consumption by the Sea-side, 204.


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