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Stand by the flag !—it is a holy treasure ;
Though wrong may dim some stars which

should be light,
A steady, gentle, and persistent pressure,

Kindly exerted, yet will make them bright.
IN Spire's last hovel, poor and mean,
An old man lies in death-pangs keen ; Stand by the flag !--though death-shots round it
His covering, rags, and hard his bed

rattle, Ah, many tears those dim eyes shed !

And underneath its waving folds have met,

In all the dread array of sanguine battle, There's none to watch his failing breath, The quivering lance and glittering bayonet. His sole attendant-bitter death! As on that heart He sets his seal,

Stand by the fag ! - all doubt and treason Suddenly rings a wondrous peal!


Believe, with courage firm, and faith sublime, The bell that tolls for dying kings,

That it will float until the eternal morning Untouched by mortal ringer, swings

Pales, in its glories, all the lights of time ! And great and small, in perfect time, Rings out each bell to swell the chime.

In Spire, and far and wide they say

The emperor is dead to-day ;
The emperor died, the emperor died !

No more words;
Knows no one where the emperor died ?

Try it with your swords !

Try it with the arms of your bravest and your II.

best !

You are proud of your manhood, now put it to In Spire, that royal city old,

the test; The emperor on his couch of gold,

Not another word; With weary hand and weary eye,

Try it with your sword. Henry the Fifth lies down to die!

No more notes ; In haste and fear the servants crowd,

Try it by the throats The rattle in his throat is loud,

Of the cannon that will roar till the earth and As on his heart death sets his seal,

air be shaken; Suddenly rings a wondrous peal !

For they speak what they mean and they cannot The little bell so long unswung,

be mistaken ;

No more doubt;
Only for some poor sinner rung ;-

Come fight it out.
Rings out alone, and ringeth long,
No other bells the peal prolong.

No child's play!

Waste not a day; In Spire, and far and wide they say ;- Serve out the deadliest weapons that you know; Some criminal is judged to-day,

Let them pitilessly hail on the faces of the foe; Who may the wretched sinner be,

No blind strife; And prithee, where's the gallows-tree?

Waste not one life. Albany.

L. E. P.

You that in front

Bear the battle's brunt

When the sun gleams at dawn on the bayonets STAND BY THE FLAG.


Remember 'tis for government and country you Stand by the flag !—its stars like meteors gleam

contest; ing,

For the love of all you guard, Have lighted arctic icebergs, southern seas,

Stand and strike hard. And shone responsive to the stormy beaming

You at home that stay Of old Arcturus and the Pleiades.

From danger far away, Stand by the flag !—its stripes have gleamed in Leave not a jot to chance while you rest in quiet glory,

ease ; To foes a fear, to friends a festal robe, Quick! forge the bolts of death ; quick ! ship And spread in rythmic lines the sacred story

them o'er the seas; Of Freedom's triumph over all the globe.

If war's feet are lame,

Yours will be the blame.
Stand by the flag !-on land and ocear: billow,
By it your fathers stood unmoved and true,

You, my lads, abroad,
Living defended-dying, from their pillow,

“Steady!” be your word : With their last blessing passed it on to you.

You, at home, be the anchor of your soldiers

young and brave; Stand by the flag !-immortal heroes bore it Spare no cost, none is lost, that may strengthen Through sulphurous smoke, deep moat and

or may save; armed defence,

Sloth were sin and shame, And their imperial shades still hover o'er it

Now play out the game. A guard celestial from omnipotence.

- Boston Transcript.

From The Examiner.

war against Hungary in 1744. Four years The Secret History of the Court of France before Maria Theresa, heiress of the house

under Louis XV. 'Edited, from Rare and of Austria, had been placed in the greatest Unpublished Documents, by Dr. Challice. peril by Frederic the Great, the new king of In Two Volumes. Hurst and Blackett.

Prussia; and in a foolish moment, Louis THERE is reason in Dr. Challice's com- XV. had pledged himself to join in the strife. plaint that French history, as read in Eng- He had done so mainly through the influence land, is too full of scandal. The greater part of his then mistress, the Duchess of Châteauof what is told is true ; bit other truth, roux, and when, after a little hard fighting, pleasanter and better deserving of study, is he received, as it was thought, his death too little heeded. “Such injustice is un- wound, the popular execrations against her worthy of a time that boasts of progress, and were loud and furious. Soon the king reof England which proclaims universal toler- covered; but the duchess, startled by a sudation and free inquiry.” Therefore this book den access of joy to her mind, long tormented has been written. Having inherited some by private grief and national insult, fell down valuable manuscripts prepared by two Eng- dead. Straightway, we are told, “ the highlishmen, father and son, who were resident est ladies in the land were rivalling each in Paris at the time, Dr. Challice has col- other in their endeavors to supply to the lated them with all other available authori- monarch the loss of his favorite." The forties, and especially with a mass of unprinted tunate one is the heroine of these volumes. document in the British Museum, and worked The daughter of a woman famous even in the whole into readable shape, with the main that dissolute time, for her utter viciousness, object of giving a truer and more favorable she had been married, while yet a girl, to a account than is elsewhere presented of Ma- financier named d'Etioles. In her very childdame de Pompadour, and her surroundings. hood, a fortune-teller, struck by her strange

Handling his subject with enthusiasm - beauty, had predicted that she should become an enthusiasm, we may note in passing, "part and parcel of the king,” and she never which, in its intensity, sometimes breaks forgot the words. To her friend Voltaire she through the rules of grammar, and does det- used to say, “ I believe in my destiny," and riment to a style which, with a little curbing, she satisfied her husband with the promise, would be unusually good,-he often, in avoid- " I will never be unfaithful to you, save for ing error on one side, inclines to error on the king of France." Yet she was better the other. It is right to vindicate the fa- than the average of women in her day. It mous mistress of Louis XV. from the asper- was a day of reckless perversion of all sacred sions of her enemies ; but she is not exactly laws, and most of all of the law of marriage. the woman whom we care to see canonized. Whenever a true wife was found, she was Nor is French society in the eighteenth cen- accounted a saint, and mocked at accordtury entitled to a great deal of favor. This, ingly by the philosophical atheists of the indeed, is readily admitted by Dr. Challice. age. Madame d'Etioles knew that she was In removing many grievous charges from his floating down a stream which issued in foul heroine, he has had to transfer them to waters, and she made some effort to save other individuals, or to the whole degraded herself. She might have been saved had nation. Everywhere there was a heavy and not a mere accident placed within her reach unsightly burden of vice that pressed down, the glittering prize promised to her from almost stifled the goodness yet remaining in childhood. the land. All that can be done is to pick The king being out hunting one day, it out the worthiest exceptions to the rule chanced that he shot a stag while it was of degradation, and give them the justice speeding past the gate of the financier's dwellwhich is their due. That this has been ing, and etiquette required that the antlers of attempted in right manly spirit, and has to a victim so slain should be presented to the a great extent been affected in the volume master of the house. He therefere entered, before us, we readily acknowledge.

and there for the first time saw the lady of In the score of years here traversed there whose wit and beauty he had heard. Before is certainly no lack of interest. The story long Madame d'Etioles, then in her twentyopens with the commencement of the French second year, was installed at Versailles with the new title of La Marquise de Pompadour, gay, and showered down benefits on those and her accommodating husband was a royal who could entertain the king and herself, pensioner, free to live gayly wherever he but her protection sheltered the old, the liked, provided only he came not too near

decrepit, and the unfortunate. There was

Crébillon the elder, who had written fine to the court. When the news was conveyed tragedies, but who was now broken down to the new favorite's mother, at that time on by infirmity, whom she revived by the magic her death-bed, she ejaculated, “ I have noth- of her kindness in obtaining for him the ing more to wish for!”

honor of a gratuitous impression of his works It is curious to follow the marchioness to at the Imprimerie Royale, and for this grand the court and observe her demeanor there. edition (of the Louvre) herself engraving Strangest of all was the friendship formed the illustrations. When the good old Crébetween her and the queen of France. For, this, he was half mad with joy, and started

billon, then eighty-one years old, heard of of course, there was a queen, and one of at once to Choisy to thank the marquise, who whom her rival could write thus approv- was ill there. She gave orders for the aged ingly: “She has laid at the foot of the author's admission, and even permitted him cross her domestic troubles. Far from mur- to seat himself near the balustrade by which muring at a destiny which would have filled her bed was surrounded. In a transport of the days of one less excellent with bitterness, gratitude the old man caught the hand of she rather regards it as a trial to her con- wit of Crébillon was startled into fresh life

the marquise, just as the king entered. The stancy which will find its recompense in an- by the occasion. “Ah, madame,' he cried other life.”

in mock terror, ‘we are lost; the king has When mothers could rejoice upon their surprised us !! death-beds at their daughters' infamy, and

"The king himself laughed heartily at this when queens could accept the friendship of exclamation, and, approaching the marquise, their husbands' concubines, a good deal of gallantly raised her hand to his own lips, in allowance must be made for a young and appreciation of her kindness to his subject.” beautiful woman, covetous alike of love and In her honest patronage of literature and of power, led on as she thought by the star art, and in her encouragement of them by of destiny, and tempted as cunningly as was her own example, the royal mistress only Madame de Pompadour. And undoubtedly, followed her old predilections. But it was as far as it might be, the influence which not long before she learned a new art. Became with her to Versailles was a healthy ginning with a mere wish to know every one. If a woman was needed to preside thing which interested the king, whom she over France, and if adultery was the neces- really enough loved, she applied herself to sary stepping-stone to power, a better choice the study of politics, taking careful note, so could hardly have been made. The king she has recorded, of the past as well as of the had hitherto given himself to gambling; one present, and sparing no pains to be thorof madame's first conquests was the curing oughly expert in the theory of government. him of this vice and the obtaining of an Or- Her next work was to practise it. We need der in Council which forbade all games of not follow her into this public and best chance. In her modest home she had been known portion of her life. Very soon the famous for her splendid powers of mind; she king learned to seek and implicitly to follow now inspired the king with something of her her guidance on all affairs of state. Every own liking for music, painting, and the thing that was good and much that was bad drama, and won his patronage for her for- in the administration of France during fifmer literary and artistic friends. Montes- teen years are traceable to her bold mascuquieu and Voltaire, Marmontel and De line mind. She it was who sent the Young Bernis received especial favor, and an in- Pretender to Great Britain and planned the tellectual stimulus was imparted to the whole invasion of English America; who treated nation. She possessed, says her last biog- haughtily with Maria Theresa in her time rapher, "plenty of head but still more of power, and who was held out against the heart.”

machinations of Frederic of Prussia. If “ The latter never failed her where true France could have been regenerated, she merit was

pining for recognition. Thus, she would have effected the work. In attempt. not only drew around her the brilliant and \ing it she neglected nothing. Let one illus

tration of her policy be quoted from Dr. real thoughts. “The charm is broken, and Challice

I find in my heart nothing but an immense " Not contented with those vast buildings void which cannot be filled. The world is which have survived the storm of the Revo- a liar: it promises a happiness which it canlution, and stand as monuments to her zeal not give.” “It is now I know that kings and genius, she elaborated even the fan- can weep like other men,” she said elsetaisies of art so as to give employment to where. “For myself, I often weep over the hundreds, to carry the adornment of taste ambition that has brought me here, and over into the homes of thousands, and to afford the weakness which retains me.” And again, a fresh source of revenue to the state. The

“I feel alone in the midst of this crowd of French Government, at her instigation, had for some time past encouraged attempts to small grandees, who hate me and whom I rival the celebrated Dresden china. These despise." attempts had succeeded so far as to justify Hated, indeed, she was. Against her, her recommending to the king to establish and against the king who loved her, such a a manufactory, or school, for this delicate combination was formed as it needed all her branch of art at the Château of Vincennes. The choice of place was in itself a fine trib- strength of mind to meet and baffle. Perute to peace and the progress of civilization. haps she was honest in saying that, but for Afterwards, when the plan of this manufac- the sake of France, she would have given up tory was developed by a lucrative result, it the battle. But in seeking to do her justice was transferred to Sèvres. The marquise we must not yield more than was her due. there bought a building which belonged to She loved power, and for its sake would bear the company of the farmers-general, who,

a great deal of misery herself, or cause a truth to say, were generally at the head of industrial improvement. This building, sit- great deal to others. In the time of her greatuated above the village of Sèvres, and tow- est power the temptation to use it recklessly ering above the woods of Meudon, she caused was strong. Yet all along there was a certo be reconstructed on a comprehensive plan tain honesty, a desire to act rightly, and of her own, for which she, as usual, drew the towards the end of her life, when the body appropriate designs. Considering that the broke under troubles which could not weaken manufacture, which she desired should equal her mind, when the hollowness of her posithat of China and Japan, would employ not tion and the worthlessness of her ambition only workmen, but artists, she caused this vast building at Sèvres to represent under a

became most apparent, there is most ground palace-like exterior a grand republic, where for our sympathy. each, from the highest to the lowest engaged

“Suffering in body herself, she yearned to in the work, co-operated according to his enlarge and humanize the public hospitals. capacity for the glory of the general result. She fain would soothe pain, but the world “ This important branch of ornamental

was full of fire and blood. In vain she cast manufacture was attempted, and had failed, her worldly goods to the Treasury; in vain in the reign of Louis XIII., but under the di- she strove to increase national resources by rection of the Marquise de Pompadour in works of internal manufacture and art. In that of Louis XV. it succeeded, and that at vain she wrote through the hours of the a time when the people had most need of night, her head fluttering with pain, weariemployment, and the king of wholesome distraction from his gloomy thoughts, sensual and to redeem the past while she had time.

ness, and sickness, to do good to the king temptations, and the petty dissensions of his In vain, her bright fancy struggling through kingdom of which he was the victim."

the lowering clouds, caught at the rays of vicBut for all this, Madame de Pompadour's and Glory of France to posterity. The tide

tory and devise how to vindicate the Genius life was a miserably unhappy one. She had

was too strong against her. not been three years raised to her false great- “ The cross was laid most heavily upon ness before she seemed to have drunk all its her when she had reached the very summit pleasure to the dregs, and to have nothing of power, and had attained the goal of hubut wretchedness left to her. It is the old, man ambition. It pierced her in every diold tale of sin where conscience is too strong the king's waning energy and wavering hu

rection. Envy ;-Hatred ;-Detraction ;to be stifled. “ The pomp, the grandeur,

mor in Council, the knowledge of his fanatithe pleasures of this world enchant me no cal weakness and private vices, the continued longer,” she wrote in 1747 to one of the few strife against him of the Parliament, and friends to whom she ventured to speak her the unceasing quarrels that disgraced the name of religion between the Jesuits and though in queenly robes, chose to receive their opponents; the increasing want of the last sacrements of the Church. “After funds at home and abroad, the ever-dreaded me the deluge,” was her saying sometime news of fresh losses of war on land and on before death; and already the heavens were the sea. “ All this the marquise had to bear."

darkening for the hideous deluge of blood which was to fall in the French Revolution,

the inevitable retribution for all that heapedHer last work, the procurement of the ban- up wickedness and deep-sunken depravity ishment of the Jesuits, by whom long ago she which made it natural for an adulteress to had been excommunicated, was completed take foremost place as the patroness of litin November, 1764. She died in the pre-erature and art, the promoter of social revious April, at the age of forty-two. From form, and the champion of political greatthe Cure of the Madeleine, she a Magdalen, ness and of religious liberty in France.

NATIONAL SAVINGS BANKS. On Monday so that, beyond multiplying as far as practicable three hundred post-office savings banks will be such excellent establishments in opposition to opened for the deposits of the public. This an- the man traps to which we have alluded, we nouncement may probably not strike the reader hardly see that more could possibly be done to as one of a very important nature, but the new

encourage habits of thrift amongst those classes

of the public who are the first to suffer on the system which will be thereby inaugurated is one approach of evil times, such as a want of emcalculated to have the very best possible influ. ployment, or a hard winter like our last. The ence in engendering thrifty and provident habits forms which the depositor will have to go amongst the poorer classes of the community. through are exceedingly simple, and will occupy Hitherto, the savings bank has been an institu- little or no time, and certainly ought never to be tion which the people, for whom it was originally productive of delay, in observing them. It will and expressly intended, have been either unable only be necessary to give his address and occuor else ashamed to approach. The grand im- pation to the postmaster; to deposit his money posing-looking building was open perhaps twice and sign his name, as every stranger has to do a week, and then only for a few hours in the on opening an account in any bank; and to remiddle of the day, when the laboring man or hisceive his deposit book, with the entry duly wife, could not attend to deposit their week's made, and attested by the postmaster's signaaccumulation, which was, therefore, generally ture. The next day the depositor will receive squandered upon an object either unnecessary from the district office an acknowledgment of or else positively harmful. Thus, instead of the the sum lodged at the local office; and if such money being laid by for a rainy day, it generally acknowledgment should not be received within found its way, before it could possibly be depos- ten days, or if it should when received be found ited in safety, into one of those flaring brazen inaccurate, the depositor will have to notify man traps which everywhere abound in our the same to “The Controller, Savings Bank

But the banks which are now to be Department, General Post Office.” Should the opened in connection with the post-offices will experiment justify the expectations formed of it, be ready to receive deposits all day, and every of which there can be little doubt, the system day in the week, so that the artisan may, even will hereafter be extended so as to embrace up to eight o'clock on Saturday night, instead every money-order office in the kingdom, when of walking into the gin palace, put away in the instead of the three hundred now to be opened post-office what he does not require of his week's there will be, in addition to the savings banks wages, with the certainty of being able to receive previously in existence, twenty-five hundred the money so saved whenever he requires it. Post-office Savings Banks. Such a system canAnother of the great advantages which this sys- not but be attended by the best wishes for its tem will possess over the old one is, that the de- success of every thoughtful man in the country, positor will have the express security of govern. as calculated, almost beyond any other social ment for the payment both of his principal and cause, to introduce the highest possible degree interest. In short, the utmost facility will be of happiness, contentment, and prosperity into afforded to him in depositing his money, and the the homes of our laboring classes. -Press, 14 best possible guarantee given for its repayment; 1 Sept.


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