페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

stronger in any particular case, our foresight | ities which seemed to impede a successful would have been at fault had we not antici- prosecution of the war have been, for the pated this. To take the particular instance moment laid aside. The race which defied in point.

even the control essential to social order, has We all know that the North has not put the strengthened the hands of Government with slavery question forward officially. All of almost imprudent zeal. Men who for a cenus who care to study the subject know why tury have resisted the regular police, now this has not been done. Many of us think sanction domiciliary visits, approve arrests, the policy unwise, and the reasons wholly and applaud the wholesale removal of susinsufficient. We may think and say that, if pected officers. Politicians whose arowed persisted in, it will ruin the cause of the theory has been that “ government at best North, that it has already given an enormous was a necessary evil," urge on the Executive advantage to the Secessionists. But this is to acts a European Government would only quite another thing from crying out, over defend on the plea of necessity, advocate and over again, “it is naught, it is naught. passports, defend the suspension of the haThese Yankees are, after all

, only fighting beas corpus, and discuss with an approving for tariffs and hurt vanity.” It was our duty, smile projects of conscription to which the as the nation which has taken the lead in the balloting for the militia is mild. Classes abolition of slavery, to have borne all things usually inimical to the commonest order as from, and hoped all things for, those who an interference “with the liberty of citihad gone down into the lists with the great zens,” vote for men who have supported slave power ; to have given them credit for martial law in disaffected districts, and purwhat they could not, or dared not, yet avow; chase papers which clamor for martial law to have encouraged them to go bravely on in directed against themselves. Free interthe path they had taken, let it lead them communication seemed to Americans like where it might. We have not done this. free breath, a privilege without which life Our press has chosen to take the other course. was impossible or worthless; but the instant to impute the lowest motives, to cull out and free communication conflicted with public exult over all the meanness, and bragging, safety, it was given up. The Government, and disorder which the contest has brought yesterday so weak, now controls the rail. out, and while we sit on the bank to make ways, the posts, the ports, the telegraphs, no allowance for those who are struggling in questions whom it will, arrests at discretion, the waves. The consequence is the state of violates inconvenient “State rights” with feeling we see now in all loyal Americans entire impunity. The better class Ameritowards England.

cans detested politics, but it is they and I am, yours truly,

not the politicians who are now so rapidly THOMAS HUGHES. strengthening the Executive. They avoided

military service except in command; but,

says Mr. Russell, the Irish and Germans in From The Spectator, 21 Sept. the new army are only auxiliaries. If there THE PROSPECTS OF THE NORTH. was one feeling which seemed universal in THESE Americans retain one quality at the North, it was dislike of the Federal army. least of their English blood. They know Time after time West Point was only saved how to repair disaster. From the day of from wild reductions by Southern votes. their defeat at Bull's Run they have dis- The "people ” exulted in their right to make played an energy, a calm colleeted persist- military officers, and talked nonsense incesence in re-organization which has taken those santly about volunteers in Mexico. Since who judged them by the Irish mob of New 21st July the same men have called incesYork wholly by surprise, and is already ex- santly for “trained ” officers, and the volercising its effect on European opinion. unteer commandants of local influence, able With that wonderful quickness which the tongues, and no idea of discipline, have been American shares with the French intellect, removed in scores. The "insubordinate" they have apprehended the causes as well as soldiery have submitted to orders which the occasion of their defeat, and set them- menace death for writing private letters, selves at once to their removal. Even qual- death for drunkenness, and death for insult

to an officer. The sternest commander the and the slow drift of events, so much more troops had had in command is the idol of the important than any single action, begins to army. Drinking, quarrelling, uproar, are set in steadily on the Northern side. Mr. things of the past, and though the men are Russell, who is from experience almost as still troublesome about food, so are all sol- prejudiced in favor of discipline as the regdiers on earth, British Guardsmen excepted. ulars themselves, allows that General MeThe American nation, in short, moved by a Clellan is strong enough to govern. There great cause, and with its volatile hauteur is silence and order in the camp, and the softened by a great defeat, has submitted admirable physique of the rank and file, no itself to the discipline it contemned. If the longer concealed by wretched clothing, careGovernment need still larger powers they less drill, and half-drunken slovenliness, will obtain them, for the people are in the strikes observers accustomed to the British mood when self-denial seems almost an ex- line. The works for the defence of Washpiation. It is trash to talk of all this as a ington are admitted to be excellent, and reign of terror. There is not a soldier in McClellan is in a better position to move forNew York or Massachusetts who is not of ward than his enemy. There is still a cry the people actuated by every popular im- for men, but he has a hundred and fifty thoupulse, sensitive to every breeze of popular sand troops under his orders, who, in disciopinion. That there are many set-offs to be pline and drill, are rapidly becoming an reckoned against this strange phase of pub- army; the commissariat is plentifully suplic feeling we willingly admit. Part of it, plied, and the means of carriage strike even no doubt, is mere ephemeral impulsema war Mr. Russell, accustomed as he is to the imfeeling, such as has led Englishmen to sub-perial lavishness of Indian quartermasters, scribe unasked loans for a revolutionary war, with a feeling of surprise. If the cold or drill the whole population into a national weather is allowed to come on without a seguard. No doubt, too, the upper classes are rious engagement, and no epidemic breaks only too rejoiced at any opportunity of se- out in camp, a danger of which Mr. Olmcuring the strong executive for which they stead, the Sanitary Commissioner, entertains have long pined, delight in a police which, serious dread, the army, in November, ought if arbitrary, can at least hang rowdies, and to be equal to an invasion of the South in a passport system which keeps out the scour- force. An army once formed, may be reing of Irishmen and Germans. Above all, cruited largely without impairing its disciit is undeniable that many strong acts of the pline, and the rest must depend on generalGovernment are partly or wholly indefensi- ship. The force necessary to the work the ble. There is too much disposition to pay Government already possesses. off old scores, to suppress instead of regu- On the East, the Northern States have relating the press, to despise the guarantees organized their strength, and in the West of personal rights, to open letters and inter- their position is altogether new. General cept despatches. But the very excesses of Fremont has arrived in his command, and the popular spirit prove its reality, and show already the influence of his somewhat unwith startling plainness, that the American scrupulous energy is felt in every direction. people can perform the one act of self-denial Upon his arrival he found the State of Miswhich seemed inconsistent with their char- souri in a condition of anarchy, ravaged by acter, can make personal privilege subordi- armed bands from both sides, who levy reqnate to the private weal. Even the right of uisitions, burn villages, and treat quasi allies growling has been temporarily laid aside. rather worse than enemies. He adopted the It is a noteworthy fact that General Scott, only alternative left, and by proclaiming loaded with insult while supposed invincible, martial law, established a system which, has since his failure never been attacked, however terrible, is at least legitimate and and that McDowell, general of a beaten understood. His order, enfranchising all army, though removed by Government, has slaves in the hands of Southern partisans never been seriously assailed by the people i.e., all slaves, for it is the freesoilers who for losing their first engagement.

support the Union—though not perhaps so As a natural consequence of this new long a step towards abolition as some of its spirit, the nation is recovering its strength, admirers imagine, frightfully embarrasses his foes. The slaves will not rise, but they two it seemed as if the Federal marine were will fly, and the order in itself inspires all crippled. Popular energy, however, supslave-owners with an ineradicable distrust, plied all defects. The fleets were summoned and sends them and their white dependants home. Every thing that would float was put away from the Southern army to watch over in commission. Every ship that could be their plantations. A flotilla of armed boats, expected to carry an armament, or keep broad boats, as we understand them, each afloat in an hour's engagement—a very limwith one gun, and to be towed by steamers, ited class, the Americans not possessing our has been collected, and General Fremont vast list of sea-going packets built under the was by the last accounts ready to descend packet system with an eye to possible warthe river. An army, it is added, will at the fare-was purchased, and at the present mosame time march down each bank, but this ment the Government have a fleet which inreport, we are convinced, is a New York de- cludes eighty-seven armed vessels, besides lusion. The Mississippi is a tropical river, several distinct flotillas. The recruiting for with banks covered with forest, and cleft at this fleet proceeds rapidly, as the suspension every succeeding mile or two by deep bay- of trade drives sailors from the merchantous, along which an army could not move it- men, and already it has achieved one conself a mile a day, and could not carry artil- siderable success. The attack on Hatteras lery at all. The flotilla must convey the is not quite the brilliant victory which the army to be landed where needful, and al- Americans in their not unnatural exultation though we are a little distrustful of a de- at the turn of the tide declare it to be, but scent as far as Orleans-a feat which might it was a decided, and, for the means embe performed in steamers, but certainly in ployed, an important success. Two forts and no other mode-General Fremont will at the six hundred men surrendered to the Federal worst be able to effect a most important di- force. The most important outlet of the version. Any approach to an earnest effort system of navigation, which, in the Southto conquer the debatable land on the part of East States, extends within the outer coast the South is impossible while he is in mo- line, and affords inexhaustible shelter for tion, and he will at once threaten five States, privateers, is stopped up, and will be perand clear the river for the ascent of a force manently closed during the war by a deposit adequate to retain its command. He is not of stone. Above all, one Southern district by any means as yet master of the situation has been set free from coercion, and already in the West, but he has completely checked the inhabitants are hurrying in to take the Southern advance, and is gradually collect- oath of allegiance, and declare themselves ing a command which it will require all the overborne by sudden legislation and an irstrength of the River States effectually to resistible popular force. The last result is impede. To paralyze them is to beat them, one which, if it be correctly reported, imfor they can render no assistance to the mensely improves the position of the Federal East, and it must never be forgotten that in Government, and, indeed, makes the retenthis war, time, the best of political aids, is tion of the South by force an evident possithe ally of the richer and more numerous bility. The incident will give new spirit to population.

the movements of the marine, and the states At sea the tide has turned even more de- in which secession feeling is strongest are cisively. The Southern plans for disarming precisely those which lie most exposed to the fleet of the Republic were laid with con- attack from the seaboard. siderable care and skill. The Southern With its Eastern army re-organized under planters have served well at sea, and for a new and stronger discipline, its Western years the fleet has been filled with Southern position so improved that it has become the officers. During the official conspiracy which attacking instead of the resisting force, with preceded the revolt the most efficient ships a fleet collected, and put successfully in mowere despatched to China, the Pacific, and tion, with the people surrendering their dearthe Mediterranean, and the few vessels in est prejudices in order to strengthen the exdock left scarcely ready for service. The ecutive, and with the crusading spirit slowly seizure of the Norfolk Yard cost the Gov- but distinctly gaining ground among its supernment its best reserve, and for a month or porters, the Federal Government has no reason to despair of its cause, or to doubt its average subscription from each family to the own ability to learn the lesson which pre-extent of three months' wages is certainly cedes military success. If it can but find not beyond the bounds of possibility, and money, it is strong enough for the work it that alone would amount to fifty millions. has to do, and with all due deference to the Even should specie fail, there remains the financiers who so roundly declare that money resource of subscriptions in army stores, of cannot be obtained, we must maintain that revenue devoted solely to military purposes, on this point nothing is yet decided. We of a requisition upon the states as they are know, indeed, that Europe will lend nothing occupied, and of assignats secured upon the for the war. We know that the American Federal lands. Quarrels have never been banks cannot long keep pace with the enor- stopped yet by lack of money, and the mous demands now made on them. But we Americans are in the mood when men disdo not know, cannot with any reasonable ac- cover that money is only the second necescuracy even guess, what the effect of open sity, that war can be made now as Attila loans may be. The savings of a thrifty na- made it, “whose exchequer bills were never tion form often a colossal reserve. France at par,” and that with bread and iron one can has over and over again responded to de- get to China. The party which looks to mands of this kind as if subscription were a financial difficulties to solve the problem of privilege instead of a tax, and the stocking- the states reckons without taking into aofeet of American farmers hold more than the count the first figure in all political calculaearthen pots of the French peasantry. An tions,--the roused passions of mankind.

AUTUMN.

A SUMMER NIGHT.

THERE is a beautiful spirit breathing now

'Twas day! But now, few, large, and bright,

The stars are round the crescent moon! Its mellow richness on the cluster'd trees,

And now it is a dark, warm night, And, from a beaker full of richest dyes,

The balmiest of the month of June. Pouring new glory on the autumn woods,

A glowworm fallen, and on the marge remountAnd dipping in warm light the pillar'd clouds.

ing Morn, on the mountain, like a summer bird,

Shines, and its shadow shines, fit stars for our Lifts up her purple wing; and in the vales

sweet fountain ! The gentle wind — a sweet and passionate

COLERIDGE. Kisses the blushing leaf, and stirs up life Within the solemn woods of ash deep crimson'd, And silver beech, and maple yellow-leaved, — Where Autumn, like a faint old man, sits down PREDICTED EFFECTS OF CÆSAR'S ASSASSINABy the wayside, a-weary.

Wooer

TION.
LONGFELLOW.

Marc Antony. A curse shall light upon the

limbs of men ;
Domestic fury and fierce civil strife

Shall cumber all the parts of Italy :
THE POWER OF VIRTUE.

Blood and destruction shall be so in use,

And dreadful objects so familiar, So Virtue blooms, brought forth amid the That mothers shall but smile when they behold

Their infants quartered with the hands of war; Of chill adversity; in some lone walk

All pity chok'd with custom of fell deeds :
Of life she rears her head,

And Cæsar's spirit, ranging for revenge,
Obscure and unobserved ;-

With Até by his side, come hot from hell,
While every bleaching breeze that on her blows, Shall in these confines, with a monarch's voice,
Chastens her spotless purity of breast,

Cry Havoc, and let slip the dogs of war,
And hardens her to bear,

That this foul deed shall smell above the earth
Serene, the ills of life.

With carrion men, groaning for burial.
HENRY KIRKE WAITE.

- Julius Cæsar, Act III.

storms

BY L. L WELD.

BY CAROLINE A. MASON.

" QUI TRANSTULIT SUSTINET.” “Blood Tubs” and “ Plug Uglies,” and others

galore (The Motto on the Coat of Arms of the State of Are sick for a thrashing in sweet Baltimore; Connecticut.)

Be jabers ! that same I'd be proud to inform Dedicated to the Connecticut Volunteers. Of the terrible force of an Irishman's arm.

Erin, mavourneen ! _Columbia, agra!

E pluribus unum! Erin go bragh! " Qui Transtulit Sustinet !motto of light ! 'Neath the folds of that banner we strike for the Before you the tyrant assembles his band, right;

And threatens to conquer this glorious land ; Connecticut's watchword o'er hill and o'er plain, But it wasn't for this that we traversed the sea, “ The Hand that transplanted, that Hand will And left the Green Isle for this land of the free! sustain.”

Erin, mavourneen! Columbia, agra!

E pluribus unum ! Erin go bragh! Qui Transtulit Sustinet ! On the broad fold Of Connecticut's banner this motto's enrolled, Go forth to the tyrant, and give him to know And flashed to the sunlight on morning's bright That an Irishman holds him his bitterest foe; wings,

And his sweetest delight is to meet him in fight,
A promise of glory and honor it brings, To battle for freedom with God and the right!
The promise of One who ne'er promised in vain, Erin, mavourneen! Columbia, agra !
The Hand that transplanted, that Hand will E pluribus unum! Erin go bragh!

sustain.”
Ay, and surely it well has sustained us thus far,
In peace and in plenty, in want and in war.
When the foe has attacked us in battle array,

THE WILL FOR THE DEED.
Then Connecticut's sons have stood first in the

fray; And faith in that watchword inspires us again, No sword have I, no battle blade, For “He who transplanted will ever sustain !" No shining spear; how shall I aid

My country in her great crusade ? And now, in the darkness of treason's black night,

I cannot sow with gold the sod, 'Neath the folds of that banner we strike for the

Like dragon's teeth, and from the clod

See armed men rise battle-shod. right! For the Right! 'Tis OUR COUNTRY we're I may not stand in mart or hall, marching to save,

And shout aloud at Freedom's call, The dear flag of The Union in triumph shall “Come to the rescue, one and all ! "

wave! Faith swells in each heart; hope fires every

I am a woman, weak and slight, vein!

No voice to plead, no arm to fight, And thou who transplanted, oh, always sus

Yet burning to support the right. tain !"

How shall I aid my country's cause ? Hartford (Conn.) Homestead, Apr. 18.

How help avenge her trampled laws ?
Alas, my woman's heart makes panse.

With oil and wine I may not go,
THE SONG OF THE IRISH LEGION.

Where wounded men toss to and fro,
Beneath th' invader's hand laid low.

My little child looks up to me, " E Pluribus Unum." "Erin Go Bragh."

And lisps a stronger, mightier plea; YE boys of the sod, to Columbia true,

God wills where he is I should be. Come up, lads, and fight for the red, white, and

Ah, well ;-I am not needed! He blue !

Who knows my heart, perchance for me Two countries we love and two mottoes we'll Has other work than now I see.

share, And we'll join them in one on the banner we They also serve who stand and wait,”

O golden words! and not too late! Erin, mavourneen! Columbia, agra ! My soul accepts her humble fate. E pluribus unum! Erin go bragh!

Content to serve in any way, Upon them, my lads ! and the rebels shall know Less than the least, if so I may How Erin can fight when she faces the foe;

But hail the dawning of the day, If they can't give us arms, sure we needn't de

When my beloved land shall rise, With a sprig of shillelagh we'll open the way. And shout as one man to the skies, Erin, mavourneen! Columbia, agra !

LO! freedom lives, and treason dies ! E pluribus unum! Erin go bragh !

-Salem (Mass.) Register.

BY JAMES DE MILLE.

bear;

lay;

« 이전계속 »