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LITTLE RHODY.

Where could thy lover's head

Find such a glorious bed, Of all the true host that New England can boast,

As with the deathless dead
From down by the sea to the highland,

Nobly laid low?
No State is more true or more willing to do,
Than dear little Yankee Rhode Island,

Arm, for the holy war!
Loyal and true little Rhody!

Arm, in behalf of law !
Bully for you, little Rhody!

Give heart and hand,
Governor Sprague was not very vague,

Glad to pour loyal blood When he said, “Shoulder arms, little Rhody !" For our dear country's good,

Forth in a cleansing food, Not backward at all at the President's call,

Over the land. Nor yet with the air of a toady,

Strong hearts of north and west, The gay little State, not a moment too late,

Let treason never rest,
Sent soldiers to answer for Rhody,

Even for breath.
Loyal and true little Rhody!

Fair Freedom's royal name,
Bully for you, little Rhody!

Traitors have brought to shame,
Governor Sprague was not very vague,

Arm ! to redeem her fameWhen he said, “ Shoulder arms, little Rbody !"

Fight to the death ! Two regiments raised, and by every one praised, God leads our loyal host; Were soon on the march for headquarters ;

God is our people's boast; All furnished firstrate at the cost of their State,

God speed the right.
And regular fighting dread-naughters !

March with undaunted heart;
Loyal and true little Rhody!

Act well the soldier's part;
Bully for you, little Rhody!

Make the oppressor smart,
Governor Sprague was not very vague,

Arm for the fight! When he said, “ Shoulder arms, little Rhody !"

Heaped up by shot and shell Let traitors look out, for there's never a doubt Hills of brave dead will swell That Uncle Abe's army will trip 'em;

Red on your sight. And as for the loud Carolina crowd,

Faint not! the end shall be
Rhode Island alone, sir, can whip 'em!

Triumph for liberty!
Loyal and true little Rhody!

Arm! march to victory!
Bully for you, little Rhody!

God leads the fight!
Governor Sprague is a very good egg,
And worthy to lead little Rhody!
-N. Y. Saturday Mercury.

RULE SLAVEOWNIA.
THE NATIONAL HYMN OF THE CONFEDERATB

STATES.

WAEN first the South to fury fanned,
TO ARMS.

Arose and broke the Union's chain,
BY H. A. MOORE.

This was the charter, the charter of the land,

And Mr. Davis sang the strain : WAKE! wake! long-slumbering north ! Rule Slaveownia, Slaveownia rules, and raves Pour thy brave legions forth,

“ Christians ever, ever, ever have had slaves." Årmed for the fight. Hark! 'tis our country's cry

The Northerns, not so blest as thee, “Brave men for liberty

At Aby Lincoln's foot may fall, Now must not fear to die!"

While thou shalt flourish, shalt flourish fierce God speed the right!

and free

The whip that makes the nigger bawl. Sons of heroic sires,

Rule Slaveownia, Slaveownia rules, and ravegTurn from your homestead fires,

“ Christians ever, ever, ever should have slaves." Short farewells said; True sword and musket take;

Thou, dully savage, shall despise Forth from your mountains break,

Each freeman's argument, or joke; Make hill and valley shake

Each law that Congress, that Congress thought ’Neath your mailed tread.

so wise,

Serves but to light thy pipe for smoke. Mother, give up thy son !

Rule Slaveownia, Slaveownia rules, and ravesWife, bind his armor on

“ Christians ever, ever, ever must have slaves." Who is thy stay! Sister, thy brother yield !

And trade, that knows no god but gold, Child, speed thy sire a-field !

Shall to thy pirate ports repair ; God is the patriot's shield

Blest land, where flesh-where human flesh

is sold, In the wild fray.

And manly arms may flog that air. Maiden, hold back the tear,

Rule Slaveownia, Slaveownia rules, and ravesUtter no word of fear,

“ Christians ever, ever, ever shall have slaves." Stifle thy woe.

-Punch, Apr. 20.

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may !

APRIL 19, 1775.-1861.

Not behind the rest in zeal,

Hear Ohio's thunder-peal, ONCE more, our dear old Massachusetts !

Forward ! How the thought comes over us—and well it

From Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, Of the drops wherewith that ancient green was

Comes the same awakening strain, reddened

Forward ! It is six and eighty years this very day.

Old Connecticut is here,

Ready to give back the cheer,
Six and eighty years—and it seemed but a

Forward !
memory-
Little left of all that glory so we thought- Minnesota, though remote,
Only the firelocks hung on farmhouse chimneys,

Swells the free, inspiring note,
And rude blades by the village blacksmith

Forward! wrought.

Iowa and Michigan,

Both are ready to a manOnly here and there a white head that remem

Forward ! bers How the Frocks of Homespun stood against Not the last in honor's race, King George

See Wisconsin come apaceHow the hard hands stretched them o'er scanty

Forward ! embers When the sleet and snow came down at Val- Delaware, New Jersey, rise ley Forge.

And put on their martial guise,

Forward ! Ah me, bow long we lay, in quiet and in error,

Onward ! on! a common cause Till the snake shot from the coil he had folded

Is yours,-your liberties and laws, on our hearth,

Forward ! Till the dragon-fangs had sprouted o'erhatched of hate and terror,

Forward, in your strength and pride. And hell in armèd legions seemed bursting God himself is on your side ! from the earth.

Forward!

- Boston Transcript. Once more, dear brother State ! thy pure, brave

blood baptizes Our last and noblest struggle for freedom and for right,

THE DEPARTURE. It fell on the cruel stones! but an awful nation

The gallant young men of Rhode Island In the glory of its conscience and the splen- Full girded for strife, they are hazarding life

Are marching in haste to the wars ;
dor of its might!

In defence of the Banner of Stars.
-Hartford (Conn.) Press.

That flag is in danger from treason,

Disowned and dishonored by States,

Whose blazon of stars may be turned into scars,
THE GATHERING.

If the great Northern Legion but waits.
FORWARD ! onward ! far and forth ! O eyes that are weary with weeping,
An earthquake shout awakes the North, For husbands and brothers and sons
Forward !

Who are marching away, for many a day,

To face that which no true hero shuns ;
Massachusetts hears that cry-
Hears, and gives the swift reply,

Look up to the Star Spangled Banner;
Forward !

Shall one ray of its glory be lost?

Then dry every tear, change weeping to cheer, Pennsylvania draws her sword,

For the brave men whose swords have been Echoes from her hills the word,

crossed. Forward ! Brave New York is up and ready,

In the patriot oath to defend it

From treason and faction's wild lust; With her thirty thousand steady,

Be proud they are true to their flag and to you, Forward !

And in them and their God, put your trust.
Small Rhode Island Aies to arms,
Shouting at the first alarms,

Look on to the day when, returning
Forward !

With victory crowned, from the fray,

Their shouts shall burst forth—“O'er the south Illinois and Indiana

and the north Shriek, as they unroll our banner

Waves the Star Spangled Banner for aye!” Forward

-Providence Evening Press.

No. 910-9 November, 1861.

CONTENTS.

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1. Death of Silvanus Miller,

N. Y. Evening Post, 2. Arms and Armor for Ships,

British Association, 3. John George Watts,

Examiner, 4. The Rescued Infant.--A Chinese Story, Dublin University Magazine, 5. Personal Recollections of the Rev. George Croly, Examiner, 6. Suttee in China,

All the Year Round, 7. English Feeling towards America,

Economist, 8. Speech of Sir E. B. Lytton on America, 9. The Czar and Sir E. B. Lytton on America, Spectator, 10. The Works of Charles Lamb,

Saturday Review, 11. Free Labor in the West Indies, 12. False Shame,

PAGL. 242 243 253 255 264 265 269 272 274 277 281 284

66

POETRY.-Unrest, 268. Southern Treason, 268. Lyon, 287. John C. Fremont, 287. Army Knitters, 287. Secession Song, 288. Wooed, 288.

SHORT ARTICLES.—Paper made from Wood, 242. The Perfume of Flowers, 252. A Variegated Oak, 252. Silver Mirrors, 264. Good Derived from Suffering, 276. Oaths of Allegiance, 276. Hatching Young Ostriches, 280. Collodion, 280. Astronomical Insects, 283; Invita Minerva, 283. Magneto-electric, 286.

NEW BOOKS. CHEAP Cotton by FREE LABOR; by a Cotton Manufacturer. Boston : A. Williams & Co. This pamphlet is a collection of many facts in relation to the cultivation of Cotton-proving that it may be profitably raised by freemen, whether black or white. We understand that the author is Edward Atkinson, Iisq., of Boston.

CONTENTS OF THE LIVING AGE. This is a reprint of sixteen of the pages which have appeared on our covers. Price, twenty-five cents.

Official Map of the State of Virginia. By J. T. Lloyd. New York.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY LIT TELL, SON, & CO., BOSTON.

For Six Dollars a year, in advance, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually forwarded free of postage.

Complete sets of the First Series, in thirty-six volumes, and of the Second Series, in twenty volames, handsomely bound, preked in neat boxes, and delivered in all the principal cities, free of expense of freight, are for sale at two dollars a volume.

ANY VOLUME may be had separately, at two dollars, bound, or a dollar and a half in numbers.

ANY NUMBER may be had for 13 cents; and it is well worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly enhance their value.

From The New York Evening Post, 16 Oct. York delighted to honor. Few persons have

DEATH OF SILVANUS MILLER. had a larger number of personal acquaintSILVANUS MILLER, an old citizen of New ances and private friends, during the course York, died at his residence this morning, at of a long life, than Judge Miller. This fact the age of eighty-nine years. He was a na- was owing to his personal qualities; he was tive of the State of New York, and was eminently social and genial in his temper never absept one year altogether from his and disposition, easy and often brilliant in native state during his long life. At an conversation, full of sprightliness and huearly age he was graduated at Columbia mor, ready, quick, and keen in repartee; he College in this city; here he studied the was the life of every domestic or social cirlegal profession; here he entered upon the cle which he entered, and his highest gratipractice of that profession, and here he fication, at home or abroad, was in beholdlived a conspicuous actor on the stage of life ing happy human faces. for nearly four score years and ten. He Judge Miller early took a lively interest was a living witness of many changes in this in public affairs. He was an active and arcity, and had personal knowledge of most dent politician, a ready and forcible political of the conspicuous men of his day. Pos- writer in the early contests between the Fedsessed of keen powers of observation and eral and Republican parties, to the latter of an uncommonly retentive memory, Judge which he belonged. He filled a number of Miller has not left behind him a more full public offices, the most important of which and faithful chronicler of those changes and was the office of Surrogate of this city, which the characteristics of the men whom New he held for more than twenty years.

AMONGST the multitude of materials which portion thus removed, which resembles lint or have been proposed for the manufacture of pa- flax, is then treated with chlorine, etc. Speciper, perhaps wood has been suggested the great- mens have thus been made consisting of a mix. est number of times. On more than one occa- ture of eighty per cent of wood-pulp, and twenty sion the manufacture has been actually carried per cent of rag-pulp, and sheets have been tried out, and we saw some years ago really good by printers, lithographers, and others, with very paper for printing purposes produced from deal satisfactory results. It is the unanimous opinshavings by the patent of J. & C. Watt. It is ion of the engravers and lithographers who have now said that a French lady has succeeded in used it, that paper made according to this manufacturing excellent paper from wood, and method, from wood, and which costs only £16 at a price much lower than that made from rags. per ton, is quite equal to the China paper, Her method consists chiefly in the use of a new which costs £214 per ton. It is confidently exkind of machinery for reducing the wood to fine pected that experiments upon a larger scale fibres, which are afterwards treated with the will confirm the results already obtained. alkalis and acids necessary to reduce them to The most ingenious method of disintegrating pulp, and the composition is finally bleached by the fibre of wood which we have yet heard of is a the action of chlorine. By means of a series of Yankee “notion.” Wood is placed in a canparallel vertical wheels, armed with fine points, non, the mouth of which is plugged up. Highwhich are caused to pass over the surface of the pressure steam is then forced in through the wood in the direction of its fibres, the surface of touch-hole, and when the pressure rises !o suffithe wood is marked, and the outer layer is cient degree, the plug, together with the wood, formed into a kind of net, without woof, com is blown out, the latter being reduced to the apposed of separate threads. This layer of fine pearance of wool by the expansive force of the threads is afterwards removed by means of a steam, with which its pores have been filled plane, which is passed across the wood, and the whilst in the cannon.- London Review.

From The Athenæum.

tect the guns and gunners with a shield of ARMS AND ARMOR FOR SHIPS.

iron plate, also at an angle of 45°. The MEETING OF THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION, 14 SEPT. shape of the fort would be a truncated cone

Section G.-Mechanical Science. on a cylinder, like an extinguisher upon a MR. EDDY read “A Proposal for a Class candlestick. A second cupola he believed of Gunboats capable of engaging Armor- might be added, and this would give an arplated Ships at Sea, accompanied with Sug- mament of four guns, which, if concentrated gestions for fastening on Armor-Plates.” upon one point at short range, must have a He considers that the monster iron-clad ves- crushing effect. But, to be of any use, the sels which we and our neighbors were build- smaller vessel must be enabled to approach ing might be successfully assailed by ves- her large antagonist without risk of having sels of very inferior size especially designed a shot sent through her bottom from the for the purpose. The first essential condi- enemy's depressed guns. The manner in tion of such vessels was superiority of speed, which he proposed to fortify the gunboat and so protected as to approach them with was by keeping all the vital parts well beout being crippled ; and he believed that one low the water-line, and covering them with such vessel with a couple of heavy guns a deck which would deflect upwards any shot might so harass a larger vessel as to paralyze that might reach it. As the boat was only inher movements, and that two such vessels tended to attack ships, not forts, he presumed might even engage with advantage ; and, if there was no need to apprehend a shot strikthis was so, might not a flotilla of these ing her at a larger angle with the horizon than small vessels advantageously engage a fleet |7o. Still at this angle, to protect the sides of of the large iron-plated ships ? To obtain the vessel effectually, the armor must be carsuperior speed, we must either sacrifice ried at least four feet above water and three weight of metal or increase the size. He feet below, possibly more; but as this inpreferred the former, and by reducing the volved a weight of three hundred tons in platarmament to a very few guns—two or four, ing alone, some other method of protection —and those of the powerful kind now manu- must be sought. He hoped he had found this factured, he thought we might obtain the desideratum in a plan which aimed at carryrequired speed within moderate dimensions; ing out thoroughly the principle of deflexion. and he hoped to show that, by a peculiar ad- His plan consisted of an arched deck of inch justment of material, we might gain all the iron resting upon two courses of timber, protection required, without immoderate the extremities of the arch being tied, so as weight. Much of this problem had indeed to neutralize the outward thrust. He probeen worked out by Capt. Coles, of whose posed that this should spring at the sides cupola, the conical fort, with revolving shield, from three feet below the water-line, and in the model produced, was a modification. that the crown should rise amidships up to A speed of sixteen knots an hour would, he the water-line, the crown being kept tolerabelieved, be sufficient for present purposes, bly flat, the object being to present so small and he took it that this speed might be se- an angle that even a flat-headed bolt should cured without difficulty in a vessel of fine glance off. The space above the deck and lines, and of certain proportions, without between it and the water-line he proposed tremendous size. Dr. Eddy proceeded to to pack with some tough and resilient but describe from a model the kind of gunboat light fibre, and these qualities he found comhe proposed to build. The dimensions, he bined in the cocoa-nut fibre, which could be said, were calculated from one datum; easily rendered incombustible by sal-ammonamely, the least elevation above water at niac. This fibre would offer a considerable which the guns could advantageously be laid, amount of resistance to the penetration of a which he took to be eight feet. In this po- shot, and in proportion to the resistance sition, then, he would place two of the heavi- would tend to deflect the shot. The exact est Armstrong guns, with their muzzles four amount of resistance which this mode of and a half feet apart, on an inclined slide, packing would afford could not be ascerupon a turn-table placed within a fixed con- tained without experiment, but the trial ical fort, armor clad, the sides of which sloped would not be expensive. He might be met at an angle of 45°. Above this, for a per- with the objection, that steel or iron was the pendicular height of four feet, he would pro- 'substance which offered the greatest amount

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