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POETRY.-Fairy Children, 290. Fallen Leaves, 290. The Republic, 335. The Warriors to the Women, 336.
SHORT ARTICLES.—Use of Naphtha in Increasing the Lighting Power of Coal Gas, 318.
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| Ah me! we men respectable and portly,
Whom none suspect of having souls at all; FROM a quaint book of simple fairy lore, I hold remembrance of an ancient story,
Who speak dull platitudes in accents courtly, How tricksy Mab or sweet Titania boro
Or mouldy truths sententiously and shortly ; Brave children, in the golden days of yore,
Whose young romance seems dead beyond
recall; To some proud knight renowned for deeds of glory.
We ancient fogies, whom the youngsters think Brave children - daughters pure and gentle- Whose only functions are to eat and drink,
Mere pulpy husks with no informing kernel, hearted,
Write cheques alive, make wills upon the brink A troop of sons bigh-honored and strongsouled ;
Of death-we have our mysteries internal. For whose sweet sake the father would have The bird doth not betray its nest, but flutters parted
Afar. Thus we our fairy broods conceal ; With all his earthlier children, and have marted, Closing o'er conscious eyes opaquest shutters, To dower these, his fame and lands and gold. Locking set lips, through which a tied tongue
Inutters But these brave bastard children, strange to
The opposites of what we really feel. say (Though human-souled) in outward form and We live an inward life that shows no sign; feature,
We have a sense beyond the outward senses, Were incorporeal like their mother-fay; Which recognizes essences more fine Impalpable to touch of grosser clay,
And subtle than the senses five combine Invisible to eyes of earthly creature.
To render through the dull exterior fences. By some sixth sense, some strange clairvoyant We have our fairy children, still the dearer power,
That we have reared the bantlings from their Our knight was conscious of this fairy brood; birth And watched his spotless daughters bud and In silence, babbling to no careless hearer flower,
The sacred secret of a kindred nearer His sons to fullest moral stature tower ;
Than those most loved who bear our name on And kept the sacred secret as he could.
- Once a Week. And still, methin in these prosaic days Like wonders happen. Many a sober mortal,
FALLEN LEAVES. Whom none suspects of such improper ways, Holds stolen assignations with the fays WEARY, the cloud droopeth down from the sky, In some heart-chamber with a secret portal.
Dreary, the leaf lieth low;
All things must come to the earth by-and-by, Heart-chamber? Heart establishment! more
Out of which all things grow. stately
Let the wild wind shriek and whistle Than Belgrave mansions where the matrons
Down aisles of the leafless wood; dwell. Mab driveth in her tiny brougham sedately;
In our garden let tho thistle
Start where the rose-tree stood;
Let the rotting mass fall rotten
With the rain-drops from the eaves ; Here are the fairy children born and bred
Let the dead Past lie forgotten King Priam's self had never such a nursery :
In his grave with the yellow leaves, How they are bathed and swathed, and put to Weary, the cloud droopeth down from the sky,
bed, With what ambrosial pap the rogues are fed,
Dreary, the leaf lieth low:
Out of which all things grow.
Shall blossom sweet in the spring;
And again the nightingale What little strength they had to those still In the long blue nights shall sing ; breathing,
And seas of the wind shall wave So that the remnant lustier wax thereby.
In the light of the golden grain ;
But the love that is gone to the grave Here these love-children dwell, and day by day Shall never return again. From stage to stage, like earthlier children, growing
Weary, the cloud droopeth out of the sky, First word, first step, each progress on the way Dreary, the leaf lieth low; That all must tread who have a touch of clay— All things must come to the earth by-and-by, They set their father's pride in triumph glow
Out of which all things grow. ing.
-All the Year Round.
From The Christian Remembrancer. and that each particular act of iniquity per1. History of the Life and Times of Edmund petrated under the auspices of uncontrolled
Burke. By Thomas Macknight. Vol. power, thousands of miles away, could be III. London: Chapman and Hall. brought under the cognizance and condem1860.
nation of the British Legislature. That 2. Recollections and Private Memoirs of there was something theatrical and unreal
Washington. By his adopted soul, in the display was not Burke's fault, but in-
and the same may be said for the unexamWe join these two volumes under one no- pled prolixity of the proceedings, and the tice, rather for the contrast, than for the re- final vagueness of the result. The trial itsemblance between them ; because, that is, self seems scarcely to hare been projected the two heroes of them were so very unlike, by Burke. We are told that he did not bethough each a thorough representative of the lieve it possible to convict Hastings, or that Anglo-Saxon
race, and their fortunes so very it would ever have come to an impeachment. unequal, though the genius of each was, in He only wanted to have his charges supits kind, equally pre-eminent. Because, fur- ported by a respectable minority in the Comther, the one book, being a fair sample of mons, and this seemed to him a sufficient the school of biography, which assumes it to justification. And so it seems to us; and, be merely a special portion of history, is well also, that “all the conjectures about his written, and yet tells us so little; the other wishing to avenge on Hastings the downfall (the American), a specimen of the more of the Coalition Ministry, and thus retrieve personal and anecdotal kind, is faulty in the fortunes of the field, are not supported style, and yet tells us so much.
by facts." • Mr. Macknight's third and concluding Yet, in the conduct of the case, his devolume embraces the period of Burke's life meanor appears to us open to the gravest marked by his efforts against Warren Hast- censure. We do not think, with Mr. MacIngs, and the progress of the French Revo- knight, that when the Opposition endeavlution. Our generation, which has forgotten ored to force into the number of its manhis labors for purging Parliament of its agers, Francis, the late Governor's deadly place and pension mongering scandals, and enemy, it was a weak reply of Pitt to Windhas received from the somewhat ungrateful ham, that “ however gentlemen might reaWhig party but very slender intimations of son, there was a feeling against appointing his less public task of cementing that party, a man who had certainly been an enemy of under the auspices of Lord Rockingham, Hastings, and had met him in mortal conand of teaching it what its principles really flict, one of his public prosecutors ;” on the were and must grow into, still is attracted contrary, Burke's persistency in demanding by, and inquires into his part and standing- such a selection was grossly indecent; and point in those mighty events.
the argument, that the Commons were not The great achievement of Burke's career judges, but simply prosecutors, merely sois popularly considered to be the prosecution phistical, it being altogether opposed to the of Warren Hastings ; he himself seems to practice and spirit, if not to the letter, of have so esteemed it. It was, indeed, the ordinary law, to have for an advocate darling of his old age, when he was now against the accused his own personal foe. losing authority, and sometimes even respect, Exception should, on yet deeper principles in the House of Commons. It was the last of justice, be taken to the statesman's congreat occasion on which, when now disowned duct during the progress, and on the conclualmost by his old disciples of the Whig sion of the prosecution. What possible party, he once more stood forward as their right could a prosecutor have to retort even acknowledged leader. In the features of the an insult to himself, by branding the accused case there was something grandly poetical as “that wicked wretch, that scourge of Inand, also, apparently practical. It was to dia, that criminal ; ” or, still further, to be shown by the trial, that a nation could struggle against the design of reimbursing kindle with the sentiment of compassion the acquitted statesman the cost of his deand the love of justice, like an individual; fence. It appears to us the most apparent
BURKE AND WASHINGTON. equity, that when a public servant had been great offences had been perpetrated against absolved, after many years of the most ago- that British theory of the morality of gornizing anxiety, and after having been for ernment, which no Englishman has a right all that time proposed as a mark for the wit to disavow on the shallow principle that the and declamation of the greatest, and, if we corresponding duties of subjects are not think of Sheridan, we may say, not always recognized in the East ; and we certainly the most conscientious of orators, and de- shall not worry our readers with repetitions clared to be innocent of every wickedness of this crambe repetita any more than with laid to his charge, the nation in whose cause prolix disquisitions on the authorship of he had incurred the odium-which the same Junius. But the question of the propriety people, by its highest court of judicature, of Burke's obstinate resistance to the gracehad pronounced to be baseless-should at ful act of parliamentary benevolence, in penleast make the small atonement in its power, sioning the victim of the inherent lengthiby paying debts which, but for services per- ness of a prosecution for the misgovernformed on its behalf, he would never have ment of a great empire, is one of a very accumulated. It may be said (Burke, in- different nature. deed, was always assuming it) that, though Mankind have become pardonably weary acquitted, he was guilty. We think this of hearing of this trial, which had no direct not at all improbable ; but how is such an result, and the use of which in history seems allegation to the point ? It is not allowed rather too like that of an exhibition of waxin the interest of ordinary plaintiffs in civil works, to introduce, that is, a fine pageant disputes, it is equally unnatural in criminal of great names and sounding titles, not to causes, first to confirm and recognize the illustrate the character of their bearers, or authority of judges, by bringing the matter of their times. The one point of interest in before them, and as soon as a sentence con- it is any light which may possibly be thrown trary to one's wishes has been uttered, to from it upon the character of the great oradisclaim it. Either no verdict against Hast- tor whose energy in reality created it. His ings could have been fairly carried into exe- fervid imagination, we doubt not, was influcution, or a verdict for him should have enced by the splendid spectacle, equally been allowed by the prosecutors to have with the spectators who made part of it, and been effectual. The theory of a trial is, those who now read of it in Macaulay's nothat the accusers—in this case, the managers ble essay ; but it was assuredly not for the for the House of Commons-believe a crime sake of a grand occasion for display that he to have been committed, and by a particu- took the front rank in the solemnity. The lar person, but that by carrying the thing ardor of his fancy must not be confounded before a court, they make it an umpire be- with vanity; it maddened him when he tween them and the accused. When the probed into the intricacies of statesmanship sentence of acquittal was given by this court, in an Asiatic dependency; so that, Mr. it was entirely illogical in Burke to argue Macknight confesses, his temper grew worse that the minister's report to the House of with the anxiety of the impeachment, and Commons—to carry into effect, as it were, he showed himself, “ on many occasions, the sentence, by putting the late governor more violent and intemperate than any of into the same position pecuniarily as he was his political associates.” The details of desin before the proceedings commenced—was potism were so vividly present to his mind, “a kind of censure upon the managers of that he could not understand how, except the impeachment, and a practical contradic- from guilty obstinacy, they did not work the tion to the vote that an impeachment same effect of wrath against the offender in should be conducted; that is, a vote, not the hearts of all his contemporaries. But that Hastings was guilty, but that there was this was no new feature in his character, or sufficient appearance of guilt to warrant a even his conduct. As his biographer obsolemn judicial inquiry into it. This is a serves of the harshness of the “ Letter to a point to which, we believe, not enough atten-noble Lord,” so now, it was the grief ittion has been generally directed. We con- self which produced the bitterness,"—the cur with the common conclusion of our grief of seeing himself virtually abandoned times, and, indeed, of contemporaries, that I by his old associates, and admired only for
the philosophic faculty of theorizing which of any effect. The phenomenon, however, men of theory themselves so very commonly of a man of great genius coveting and asare the most inclined to despise. But it serting the possession of practical ability was only in degree that any change in his when he has it not, is by no means so undemeanor can be allowed to have taken common as to afford reasonable room for place at this time. Robert Hall was right the mistake so often made by their admirers in declaring that those who had studied in assenting to their pretensions. Burke carefully Burke's earlier works, had little clearly saw the faults of a system : the fault reason for astonishment at his subsequent of the Tories in continuing an useless conconduct. He was at all times a Cassandra, Alict with the colonies ; the fault of the Radpreaching without result: and the true icals of the era of the French Revolution in causes of this phenomenon in his fortunes their wild doctrine of universal equality. may be traced in his disposition. He him- His vision was so clear, that he felt himself self was ever fond of saying, that he "hated an inspired opponent of these errors of parthe very sound of an abstract principle;” ties; but it naturally escaped his observathat he was no enthusiast, but a sober, tion, that, as his adversaries had gone wrong reflecting man ;” and of holding himself by consulting their prejudices, so he had deout, so far as accordant with morality, as a tected their aberrations by the aid of counprofessor of expediency. Yet this was the ter-prejudices in himself, and which, suffered man who harangued powerfully against the to stray uncontrolled, would have led a war with America, for the condemnation of statesman, with real power in his hands, Warren Hastings, for a war with the French into equally dangerous extremes. It would Revolutionists, and whose plans and argu- be paradoxical to deny him the possession ments on all three occasions proved, in ap- of judgment altogether, for an acute critical pearance, conspicuously without issue. The power, in relation both to men and measures, truth is, that he had a great genius for the is one of his most distinguishing characterphilosophy of statesmanship, and great in- istics; but what he failed in, was the habit, sight into human character, but very little and perhaps the faculty, of applying this power of sifting the relation between the critical sagacity to himself. He might prenature of particular individuals and of the side at the council of war, and give the circumstances in which they were to act. It watchword; but a much cooler head, a man was with him, as it might be with a chemist who could see the strong as well as the weak in a dyeing factory: the man of science points in an enemy's defences, was needed could well expound the general effects of a to command in action. Inconsistency, it is special application, but not apply the rule true, cannot fairly be imputed to him ; at to an individual object as skilfully as the least, not that inconsistency which can in workman to whom practice has given a new any way diminish men's opinion of a statesinstinct of sight and touch. The fact that man's good faith. As we look back from his pleadings produced so little effect must this vantage-ground of almost a century onhave been apparent enough to the orator ; ward, we perceive that Burke was right in but he always refused to refer this to any opposing Grenville's administration on their defect in his own tactics.
American policy, not so entirely without a Mr. Macknight appears to concur thor- defence for aiding in the formation of the oughly in Burke's own estimate of his prac- Coalition Ministry, right in his attacks on tical skill. Because he forced the House of the exercise of royal prerogative by which Commons to vote the impeachment of the that cabinet was shattered, and right again late governor-general of India, he thinks he in attacking the assaults upon royal prerogwas completely successful, though the trial ative in France and in England by advanced ended in the acquittal of the accused. On Radicals. But is this circumstance, viz., the same principle, Lord George Gordon that inconsistency cannot be brought home might claim to be released from the limbo to a man, by itself evidence of great statesof lunatic enthusiasts, in which he is still man-like powers? If statesmanship consists confined by the verdict of posterity, on the in governing men, it certainly is not. Beground that he succeeded in raising an agi- sides many other qualities, it is not suffitation, though he could not make it fruitful I cient merely to support the opinion on the