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lously it must be owned, ending with, “I find Hogarth, who is said to have succeeded think myself a very polite man!"
his brother-in-law, John Thornhill, the son It was to Mr. Ramsay's house—No. 67 of Sir James, appointed in 1757, while Mr. Harley Street—that Mr. Boswell sent a let- Shackleton did not die until 1767, when, as ter for his friend : “My dear sir,-I am in Mr. Cunningham relates the story of the great pain with an inflamed foot,”—why not London studios, he died of a broken heart say plainly " the gout,” Mr. Boswell ?—"and on learning that Ramsay was appointed in obliged to keep my bed, so am prevented his stead. This was certainly about the date from having the pleasure to dine at Mr. of Ramsay's appointment to be painter to Ramsay's to-day, which is very hard, and the king. And now there grew to be quite my spirits are sadly sunk. Will you be so a rage for portraits by Ramsay—there was a friendly as to come and sit an hour with me run upon him as though he had been a sinkin the evening?"
ing bank. He was compelled to call in the And it was from Ramsay's house the kind aid of all sorts of people, painting the old man sent his rather stiff reply: “Mr. heads only of his sitters with his own hand ; Johnson laments the absence of Mr. Boswell, and at last abandoning even much of that and will come to him."
superior work to his favorite pupil, Philip After dinner the doctor goes round to the Reinagle. So that in many of Ramsay's invalid, laid up in General Paoli's house in pictures there is probably but a very few South Audley Street, and brings with him strokes of Ramsay's brush. The names of Sir Joshua Reynolds, whom it is pleasant to certain of his assistants have been recorded. find is a frequent guest at his great rival's Mrs. Black, “ a lady of less talent than good hospitable board.
taste.” Vandyck, a Dutchman, allied more Ramsay prospers—his reputation increases in name than in talent with him of the days -he is largely employed, not only in por- of Charles the First. Eikart, a German, traiture, but in decorating walls and ceilings. clever at draperies. Roth, another German, He has a staff of workmen under him. A who aided in the subordinate parts of the second time he visits Rome, making a stay work. Vesperis, an Italian, who was emof some months; and journeys to Edin- ployed occasionally to paint fruits and flowburgh, residing there long enough to estab-ers. And Davie Martin, a Scotchman, a lish, in 1754, “The Select Society.” He favorite draughtsman and helper, and congrows wealthy too. Poor Allan Ramsay scientious servant. Mr. Reinagle probably senior dies much in debt in 1757 ; the furnished Mr. Cunningham with these parpainter takes upon himself his father's lia- ticulars. It will be noted that the English bilities, and pensions his unmarried sister, artist's employment of foreign mercenaries Janet Ramsay, who survived to 1804. He was considerable. This must have been is possessed, it is said, of an independent either from the fact of such assistance being fortune to the amount of £40,000; and this procurable at a cheaper rate, or that the old before the accession of King George the notion still prevailed as to the necessity of Third, and his extraordinary patronage of looking abroad for art-talent. the painter.
Ramsay succeeded at court. He was made The office of painter to the crown is one of more yielding materials than Reynolds ; of early date. In 1550, Antonio More was assumed more the airs of a courtier-hupainter to Queen Mary. For his portrait of mored the king. Perhaps like Sir Pertinax the queen sent to her intended husband, he had a theory upon the successful results Philip, he was rewarded with one hundred of " booing and booing." He never contrapounds, a gold chain, and a salary of one dicted ; always smiled acquiescence ; listened hundred pounds a quarter as court-painter complacently to the most absurd opinions to their majesties. There is some obscurity upon art of his royal master. Reynolds was about the appointments of painters to the bent upon asserting the dignity of his proking during the reign of George the Sec-'fession. He did not scruple to conceal his ond. Jervas was succeeded by Kent, who appreciation of the fact that as a painter, at died in 1748. Shackleton succeeded Kent. any rate, he was the sovereign's superiorYet it is probable that the king had more he would be, to use a popular phrase, "cock than one painter at the same time. For we on his own dunghill.” When the painter's
friends spoke on the subject to Johnson, heton, as eye-witnesses have described her later said stoutly “ That the neglect could never in life-called on Mrs. Garrick one day at prejudice him: but it would reflect eternal Hampton Court, and found the widow of the disgrace on the king not to have employed Roscius very busy pealing onions for pickSir Joshua.” But Reynolds received only ling. “ The queen, however, would not sufone royal commission: to paint the king fer her to stir, but commanded a knife to be and queen, whole-lengths, for the council- brought, observing that she would peel an room of the Royal Academy, “ two of the onion with her, and actually sat down in the finest portraits in the world,” as Northcote most condescending manner and peeled declared. The king, who was an early riser, onions." The king, interrupting his sittings sat at ten in the morning. The entry in to dine off his favorite boiled mutton and Reynolds' pocket-book is-“ Friday, May 21 turnips, would make Ramsay bring easel and (1779), at 10—the king.” The queen's canvas into the dining-room, so that they name does not occur till December. The might continue their conversation during king, who was near-sighted, and looked the royal meal. When the king had finished, close at a picture, always complained that he would rise and say, “ Now, Ramsay, sit Reynolds' paintings were rough and unfin- down in my place and take your dinner.” ished. But Reynolds heeded not. Be sure When he was engaged on his first portrait Ramsay and West were careful to paint of the queen, it is said that all the crown smoothly enough after that. Northcote said jewels and the regalia were sent to him. that the balance of greatness preponderated The painter observed that jewels and gold of on the side of the subject, and the king was so great a value deserved a guard, and acannoyed at perceiving it; and disliked ex- cordingly sentinels were posted day and tremely the ease and independence of man- night in front and rear of his house. His ner of Reynolds—always courteous, yet al- studio was composed of a set of rooms and ways unembarrassed-proceeding with his haylofts in the mews at the back of Harley likenesses as though he were copying mar- Street, all thrown into one long gallery. ble statues. “Do not suppose,” adds his He kept an open house and a liberal table, pupil, “ that he was ignorant of the value of but more it would seem for his friends' pleasroyal favor. No. Reynolds had a thorough ure than his own ; for though fond of deliknowledge of the world, he would have cate eating, and as great a consumer of tea gladly possessed it, but the price would have as Dr. Johnson, he had little taste for cost him too much."
stronger potations, and we are told that The court-painter had soon enough to do, “even the smell of a bottle of claret was for the king had a habit of presenting por- too much for him.” The doctor entertained traits of himself and his queen to all his am- different opinions : he spoke with contempt bassadors and colonial governors. He sat, of claret. “A man would be drowned by too, for his coronation portrait, as it was it before it made him drunk,” adding, “ Poor called, in Buckingham Palace. The bland, stuff! No, sir, claret is the liquor for boys: obsequious, well-informed Ramsay became a port for men: but he who aspires to be a great favorite. He always gave way to the hero must drink brandy!” Most toper senking_would have sacrificed his art to his timents! But Ramsay did not stint his advancement any day. And he was almost guests, and these were constantly of a noble the only person about the court, except the order. Lord Bute, the Duke of Newcastle, servants who could speak German, and the Lord Bath, Lord Chesterfield, and the Duke queen was especially fond of chatting with of Richmond were often at the painter's tahim in her native language. Their majes- ble, discussing all sorts of political questions ties soon gave over being dignified. Indeed, with him. Every man was a politician in few persons were more prone to forget their those days, especially after dinner. But grandeur, although they did not like any- Ramsay was not content to be simply a talker body else to do so. With his own hands upon the topics of the day—he became also the king would help West to place his pic- a writer. Many clever papers by him upon tures in position on the easel. The queen- history, politics, and criticism were published plain, snuff-taking, her face painted like a at various times under the signature “Inmask, and her eyes rolling like an automa- I vestigator," and were subsequently reprinted and collected into a volume. Upon the ques- working most painfully, and supporting as tion which had agitated London for some he best could his right arm with his left. He months, as to the truth of the charge brought declared it to be the finest portrait he had against the gypsey woman, Mary Squire, of ever painted; and his friends echoed his aiding in the abduction of the servant girl, opinion. But it was the last he was ever to Elizabeth Canning, Ramsay wrote an ingen- put his hand to. ious pamphlet. The same subject had also His constitution yielded ; his spirits left employed the pen of no less a person than him; his shoulder gave him great pain ; his Henry Fielding. Ramsay corresponded with nights were sleepless. The painter to King Voltaire and Rousseau, both of whom he George III. was evidently sinking. Yet he visited. His letters, we are told, were ele- lingered for some years—a shattered invalid. gant and witty. The painter to the king was Again he visited Rome, leaving his pupil, a man of society.
Reinagle, to complete his long list of royal A third time he visits Rome, accompanied commissions. Reinagle's style was so adon this occasion by his son, afterwards to mirably imitative of his master's, that it was rise to distinction in the army. He employed difficult to distinguish one from the other. himself, however, more as a savant than an The pupil was instructed to complete fifty artist—in examining and copying the Greek pairs of kings and queens at ten guineas and Latin inscriptions in the Vatican. The each! The task seemed endless, and was president of the Roman Academy introduced six years in hand. Midway, wearied to death the painter to the School of Art, and was with the undertaking, Reinagle wrote to rather pompous about the works of his stu- complain that the price was not sufficient. dents. Ramsay's national pride was piqued. Ramsay trebled it; but the pupil was wont “I will show you,” he said, “how we draw to confess afterwards that he looked back in England.” He wrote to his Scotch as- with a sort of horror at his labors in connecsistant, Davie Martin, to pack up some tion with the royal portraits. drawings and journey at once to Rome. On The court-painter never recovered his lost his arrival, Ramsay arranged his drawings, health. He wrote from Italy to many of his and then invited the president and his schol- friends--the first men of the day, both in ars to the exhibition. The king's painter France and England. Then came the homewas always fond of declaring that it was the sickness, which so often precedes dissoluproudest moment of his life, “ for,” he said, tion. In the summer of 1784 he set out on « the Italians were confounded and over- his journey to England, hoping to reach it come, and British skill triumphant!” Per-by short and easy stages. He reached Paris haps the Italian account of the transaction, with difficulty: the fatigue brought on a low could we obtain it, might not exactly tally fever he had not the strength to support. with the king's painter's.
He died on the 10th of August, at Dover, in Soon Ramsay was again in England re- the seventy-first year of his age. suming his prosperous practice. Then oc- “Poor Ramsay:" so Johnson wrote touchcurred the accident which hindered all fur- ingly to Reynolds. “On which side soever ther pursuit of his art. Reading an account I turn, mortality presents its formidable of a calamitous fire, he was so impressed frown. I left three old friends at Lichfield with the idea of showing his household and when I was last there, and now I found them pupils the proper mode of effecting their es- all dead. I no sooner lost sight of dear Alcape, in the event of such an accident befall- lan than I am told that I shall see him no ing his own house, that he ascended with more! That we must all die, we all know. them to the top story, and pushing a ladder I wish I had sooner remembered it. Do through the loft door, mounted quickly, say- not think me intrusive or importunate if I ing : “ Now I am safe— I can get to the roofs now call
, dear sir, on you, to remember it!” of the adjoining houses." As he turned to A handsome, acute, accomplished gentledescend he missed his step and fell, dislocat- man, outstripping all the painters of his age ing his right arm severely. At this time he in the extent of his learning and the variety was engaged upon the portrait of the king of his knowledge—an artist of delicacy and for the Excise-office. With extraordinary taste, rather than of energy and vigor-pale courage he managed to finish the picture. in color and placid in expression, yet always
graceful and refined—there was a charm in execution and ordinary in features—all I
Her MAJESTY'S CROWN.-(From a Miner- | after the Eastern custom, the upper part of the alogical point of view Described by Professor piercing being filled up by a small ruby. Around Tennant, of King's College, to the London and this ruby, to form the cross, are seventy-five Middlesex Archäological Society, July 7, 1858). forming the two sides and back of the Crown,
brilliant diamonds. Three other Maltese crosses, -The Imperial State Crown of Her Majesty have emerald centres, and contain respectively Queen Victoria was made by Messrs. Rundell one hundred and thirty-two, one hundred and and Bridge in the year 1838, with jewels taken twenty-four, and one hundred and thirty brilliant from old Crowns, and others furnished by com- diamonds. Between the four Maltese crosses mand of her Majesty. It consists of diamonds, are four ornaments in the form of the French pearls, rubies, sapphires, and emeralds, set in fleur-de-lis, with four rubies in the centres, and silver and gold; it has a crimson velvet cap with surrounded by rose diamonds, containing resermine border, and is lined with white silk. Its pectively eighty-five, eighty-six, eighty-six, and gross weight is 39 oz. 2 dwts. Troy. The lower eighty-seven rose diamonds. From the Maltese part of the band, above the ermine border, con- crosses issue four imperial arches composed of sists of a row of one hundred and twenty-nine oak leaves and acorns ; the leaves containing pearls, and the upper part of the band a seven hundred and twenty-eight rose, table, and row of one hundred and twelve pearls, be- brilliant diamonds; thirty-two pearls forming tween which, in front of the Crown, is a the acorns, set in cups containing fifty-four rose large sapphire (partly drilled,) purchased for diamonds and one table diamond. The total the Crown by his Majesty King George the number of diamonds in the arches and acorns is Fourth. At the back is a sapphire of smaller one hundred and eight brilliant, one hundred size, and six other sapphires (three on each and sixteen table, and five hundred and fiftyside), between which are eight emeralds. Above nine rose diamonds. From the upper part of the and below the seven sapphires are fourteen dia-arches are suspended four large pendant pearmonds, and around the eight emeralds one hun-shaped pearls, with rose diamond caps, containdred and twenty-eight diamonds. Between the ing twelve rose diamonds, and stems containing emeralds and sapphires are sixteen trefoil orna- twenty-four very small rose diamonds. Above ments, containing one hundred and sixty dia- the arch stands the mound, containing in the monds. Above the band are eight sapphires lower hemisphere three hundred and four brilsurmounted by eight diamonds, between which liants, and in the upper two hundred and fortyare eight festoons consisting of one hundred and four brilliants; the zone and arc being composed forty-eight diamonds. In the front of the of thirty-three rose diamonds. The cross on the Crown, and in the centre of a diamond Maltese summit has a rose-cut sapphire in the centre, cross, is the famous ruby said to have been given surrounded by four large brilliants, and one to Edward Prince of Wales, son of Edward the hundred and eight smaller brilliants. Summary Third, called the Black Prince, by Don Pedro, of jewels comprised in the Crown : 1 large ruby King of Castile, after the battle of Najera, near irregularly polished, 1 large broad-spread sap. Vittoria, A.D. 1367. This ruby was worn in the phiro, 16 sapphires, 11 emeralds, 4 rubies, 1,363 helmet of Henry the Fifth at the battle of Agin- brilliant diamonds, 1,273 rose diamonds, 147 court, A.D. 1415. It is pierced quite through table diamonds, 4 drop-shaped pearls, 273 pearls.
From All the Year Round. artists. Not being in the humor for work, MR. H.'S OWN NARRATIVE. I arranged with her to come on the following THERE was lately published in these pages for her loss of time, and she went away. In
day, promising, of course, to remunerate her a paper
entitled The Painter and the Appa- about five minutes she returned, and, speakrition (Living Age No. 908), which related ing to me privately, stated that she had the strange experience of "a well-known looked forward to the money for the day's English tist, Mr. H.” On the publication sitting, and would be inconvenienced by the of that account, Mr. H. himself addressed want of it; would I let her have a part ? the conductor of this Journal (to his great There being no difficulty on this point, she surprise), and forwarded to him his own again went. Close to the street in which I
live there is another of a very similar name, narrative of the occurrences in question.
and persons who are not familiar with my As Mr. H. wrote, without any conceal- address often go to it by mistake. The ment, in his own name in full, and from his model's way lay directly through it, and, on own studio in London, and as there was no arriving there, she was accosted by'a lady possible doubt of his being a real existing and gentleman, who asked if she could inperson and a responsible gentleman, it be form them where I lived ? They had forcame a duty to read his communication gotten my right address, and were endeavattentively. And great injustice having whom they met ; in a few more minutes they
oring to find me by inquiring of persons been unconsciously done to it, in the version were shown into my room. published, it follows here exactly as received. My new visitors were strangers to me. It is, of course, published with the sanction They had seen a portrait I had painted, and and authority of Mr. H., and Mr. H. has wished for likenesses of themselves and their himself corrected the proofs.
children. The price I named did not deter Entering on no theory of our own towards studio to select the style and size
them, and they asked to look round the the explanation of any part of this remarkable prefer. My friend of the 3d West York, narrative, we have prevailed on Mr. H. to with infinite address and humor, took upon present it without any introductory remarks himself the office of showman, dilating on the whatever. It only remains to add, that no merits of the respective works in a manner one has for a moment stood between us and that the diffidence that is expected in a proMr. H. in this matter. The whole commu
fessional man when speaking of his own pronication is at first hand. On seeing
the article, adopt.. The inspection proving satisfactory,
ductions_would not have allowed me to Mr. H. frankly and good-humoredly wrote, they asked whether I could paint the pic“I am the living man, of whom mention is tures at their house in the country, and made ; how my story has been picked up, I there being no difficulty on this point, an do not know, but it is not correctly told; I engagement was made for the following auhave it by me, written by myself, and here tumn, subject to my writing to fix the time it is."
when I might be able to leave town for the
purpose. This being adjusted, the gentle“I am a painter. One morning in May, man gave me his card, and they left. Shortly 1858, I was seated in my studio at my usual afterwards my friend went also, and on lookoccupation. At an earlier hour than that at ing for the first time at the card left by the which visits are usually made, I received one strangers, I was somewhat disappointed to from a friend whose acquaintance I had find that though it contained the name of made some year or two previously in Rich- Mr. and Mrs. Kirkbeck, there was no admond Barracks, Dublin. My acquaintance dress. I tried to find it by looking at the was a captain in the 3d West York Militia, Court Guide, but it contained no such name, and from the hospitable manner in which I so I put the card in my writing-desk, and had been received while a guest with that forgot for a time the entire transaction. regiment, as well as from the intimacy that “Autumn came, and with it a series of existed between us personally, it was incum- engagements I had made in the north of bent on me to offer my visitor suitable re- England. Towards the end of September, freshments ; consequently, two o'clock found 1858, I was one of a dinner-party at a us well occupied in conversation, cigars, and country-house on the confines of Yorkshire a decanter of sherry. About that hour a and Lincolnshire. Being a stranger to the ring at the bell reminded me of an engage- family, it was by a mere accident that I was ment I had made with a model, or a young at the house at all
. I had arranged to pass person who, having a pretty face and neck, a day and a night with a friend in the neighearned a livelihood by sitting for them to borhood, who was intimate at the house, and
THIRD SERIES. LIVING AGE. 783