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“ She remained silent and thoughtful for like, but the expression was not. I toiled a moment, and then seemed to comprehend on the greater part of the day with no better it at once. She told me that a sister of hers, result. The different studies I made were an only one, to whom her father was devot- taken up to the invalid, but the same answer edly attached, died near four months previ- was always returned—no resemblance. I ously; that her father had never yet recov- had exerted myself to the utmost, and, in ered from the shock of her death.' He had fact, was not a little fatigued by so doing-often expressed the most earnest wish for a a circumstance that the little lady evidently portrait of her; indeed, it was his one noticed, as she expressed herself most gratethought, and she hoped, if something of the ful for the interest she could see I took in kind could be done, it would improve his the matter, and referred the unsuccessful rehealth. Here she hesitated, stammered, and sult entirely to her want of powers of deburst into tears. After awhile she con- scription. She also said it was so provoking! tinued : It is no use hiding from you what she had a print-a portrait of a lady-that you must very soon be aware of. Papa is was so like, but it had gone-she had missed insane-he has been so ever since dear Čaro- it from her book for three weeks past. It line was buried. He says he is always see- was the more disappointing, as she was sure ing dear Caroline, and he is subject to fear- it would have been of such great assistance. ful delusions. The doctor says he cannot I asked if she could tell me who the print tell how much worse he may be, and that was of, and if I knew, I could easily procure every thing dangerous, like knives or razors, one in London. She answered, Lady M. A. are to be kept out of his reach. It was nec- Immediately the name was uttered the whole essary you should not see him again this scene of the lady of the railway carriage preevening, as he was unable to converse prop- sented itself to me. I had my sketch-book erly, and I fear the same may be the case in my portmanteau up-stairs, and, by a forto-morrow; but perhaps you can stay over tunate chance, fixed in it was the print in Sunday, and I may be able to assist you in question, with the two pencil sketches. I doing what he wishes. I asked whether instantly brought them down, and showed they had any materials for making a like-them to Maria Lute. She looked at them ness-a photograph, a sketch, or any thing for a moment, turned her eyes full upon me, else for me to go from. "No, they had noth- and said slowly, and with something like fear ing.' • Could she describe her clearly p' She in her manner, 'Where did you get these p' thought she could ; and there was a print Then quicker, and without waiting for my that was very much like her, but she had answer, Let me take them instantly to mislaid it. I mentioned that with such dis- papa.' She was away ten minutes, or more ; advantages, and in such an absence of mate- when she returned, her father came with rials, I did not anticipate a satisfactory re- her. He did not wait for salutations, but sult. I had painted portraits under such said, in a tone and manner I had not obcircumstances, but their success much de- served in him before, ‘I was right all the pended upon the powers of description of the time; it was you that I saw with her, and persons who were to assist me by their rec- these sketches are from her, and from no one ollection ; in some instances I had attained a else. I value them more than all my posscertain amount of success, but in most the essions, except this dear child.' The daughresult was quite a failure. The medical at- ter also assured me that the print I had tendant came, but I did not see him. I learnt, brought to the house must be the one taken however, that he ordered a strict watch to be from the book about three weeks before, in kept on his patient till he came again the proof of which she pointed out to me the next morning. Seeing the state of things, gum marks at the back, which exactly corand how much the little lady had to attend responded with those on the blank leaf. to, I retired early to bed. The next morn- From the moment the father saw these ing I heard that her father was decidedly bet- sketches his mental health returned. ter; he had inquired earnestly on waking “I was not allowed to touch either of the whether I was really in the house, and at pencil drawings in the sketch-book, as it was breakfast-time he sent down to say that he feared I might injure them ; but an oil pichoped nothing would prevent my making an ture from them was commenced immediattempt at the portrait immediately, and he ately, the father sitting by me hour after expected to be able to see me in the course hour, directing my touches, conversing raof the day.
tionally, and indeed cheerfully, while he did “ Directly after breakfast I set to work, so. He avoided direct reference to his deluaided by such description as the sister could sions, but from time to time led the convergive me. I tried again and again, but with-sation to the manner in which I had originout success, or, indeed, the least prospect of ally obtained the sketches. The doctor came it. The features, I was told, were separately in the evening, and, after extolling the particular treatment he had adopted, pronounced I could not ascertain, as my position seemed his patient decidedly, and he believed per- to be immediately behind him. I next saw manently, improved.
her at a dinner-table, with others, and “ The next day being Sunday, we all went amongst those others unquestionably I saw to church. The father, for the first time yourself. I afterwards learnt that at that since his bereavement. During a walk time I was considered to be in one of my which he took with me after luncheon, he longest and most violent paroxysms, as I again approached the subject of the sketches, continued to see her speaking to you, in the and after some seeming hesitation as to midst of a large assembly, for some hours. whether he should confide in me or not, said, Again I saw her, standing by your side, • Your writing to me by name, from the inn while you were engaged in either writing or at L-, was one of those inexplicable cir- drawing. I saw her once again afterwards, cumstances that I suppose it is impossible but the next time I saw yourself was in the to clear up. I knew you, however, directly inn parlor.'. I saw you; when those about me considered • The picture was proceeded with the that
my intellect was disordered, and that I next day, and on the day after the face was spoke incoherently, it was only because I completed, and I afterwards brought it with saw things that they did not. Since her me to London to finish. death, I know, with a certainty that noth- “I have often seen Mr. L. since that peing will ever disturb, that at different riod ; his health is perfectly re-established, times I have been in the actual and visible and his manner and conversation are as presence of my dear daughter that is gone cheerful as can be expected within a few oftener, indeed, just after her death than years of so great a bereavement. latterly. Of the many times that this has “ The portrait now hangs in his bedroom, occurred, I distinctly remember once seeing with the print and the two sketches by the her in a railway carriage, speaking to a per- side, and written beneath is : C. L., 13th son seated opposite ; who that person was I September, 1858, aged 22.'”
A Critical Examination of Essays and Reviews. , where he exposes the petitio principii which runs From The Spectator. a report, a record of one of the noblest and LIFE WORK.*
By an American Layman. Edited by the through several of the essays, in first denying Dean of Carlisle. London: Hatchard. the possibility of an interference with the laws This essay originally appeared in the col
of nature, and then arguing from that assumpumns of the American Quarterly Church Review. tion to the impossibility of miracles, whereas the Upon the Very Rev. Mr. Close it made so deep
Christian assuming the power of God to work an impression, that he resolved to bring it under
miracles if he chooses, accepts the miracle if it the notice of the English public. He character
can be shown to have occurred as a proof of izes it as "vigorous in its style, forcible in its something further—to wit, of a divine revelareasoning, happy in its illustrations, and pointed
tion. Thus, all that the Christian requires to in its sober humor.” This, our readers will ad- have proved is “the fact” of the miracles; mit, is nearly as high praise as can be bestowed
whereas, for this issue, the essayists substituto upon a piece of critical writing; and, if it were
the “explanati of the miracles. But, after true, Dean Close would have deserved the thanks all, this argument, though a pretty bit of logic not only of orthodox theologians, but of all exercise, can satisfy no real thinker. It seems lovers of literature, for fishing up this pearl be
to us that the omnipotence of God is scarcely at yond price on the other side of the Atlantic.
issue in this particular controversy. The essayUnfortunately, however, we can discover very
ists are, perhaps, too fond of lugging in the imlittle in the essay to justify his highly pitched
mutability of the laws of nature. But even if eulogy. The article is well enough; the writer this phrase express a truth, it is scarcely relecan write good English ; car detect obvious in- vant to the question. For though the miracles consistencies ; can say whatever is to be said could be explained by natural causes, they might about the occasionally vague and ambiguous be equally evidence of a divine worker if they language of the essayists clearly and sensibly; transcended the knowledge and science of the and can point out the results in which certain of age in which they were performed. Our author, their arguments will land them, if pushed to the however, maintains that both Christ and his legitimate conclusion. Their position as cler- apostles claimed the power of suspending the gymen of the Church of England, he has at
laws of nature. Did they? They claimed the tacked with as much success as, but with no
power of miracles; but the two things are not more than, a variety of previous writers; while necessarily the same. Of the value of the Amerof the question which lies beyond this, i.e. the ican's reply to Mr. Goodwin's essay, geologists compatibility of their views with Christianity of must judge. But we must do bim the justice to all denominations, he has contributed but little say, that he seems to have found more than ono i to the solution. Some of his arguments, how
weak point in that gentleman's harness.-Spec ever, are ingenious, as, for instance, at page 28,
most successful efforts ever made to relieve Most people who concern themselves with human suffering, to civilize the savages philanthropic action at all have heard of the whom laws and education committees cannot “ Missing Link,” the little book which de- reach, and carry some knowledge of divine scribed how new kind of missionary, a
truth to wretches who feel, as one woman woman of the laboring class, went among said, “ there is no God for the poor.” Erthe uncivilized tribes of London, helping, rors of taste may well be forgiven to the teaching, and praying, with effect. The women who can pass hours a day in the little book, full as it was of stories of human persistent effort to raise a race immersed in misery, of poverty so bitter that its victims crime as well as poverty, and whom their lived in daily terror of death from hunger, grandmothers would have swept by with a and physical suffering so acute that the shiver of disgust. For, we are bound to senses seemed deadened to all save pain, say, though all these narratives are steeped excited the sympathy of classes wider than in sectarianism, and bear upon them inefthe one to which it originally appealed. faceably the mark of a narrow religious culMoney flowed in freely, to the amount of ture, there is not one of them with the faintest six thousand pounds. Individual cases were trace of pharisaism, of any emotion towards relieved with a lavishness which the lady misery except intense desire to amend it, of who founded the mission was sometimes any feeling towards sin, save that those that compelled to check, and in some instances are sick most need the physician. It is even in ways which showed better than money
curious to observe how thoroughly the suhow quick and real was the sympathy of perintendents conquer their abhorrence of those who gave.
One poor woman, for drunkenness, always so specially acute with instance, bedridden for sixteen years, had women, because it is almost the only offence been accustomed to lie alone all day and which creates besides moral repugnance, night, for want of means to secure attend- physical terror, and learn at last to regard
A kindly neighbor, who pitied her it as a curable disease. There is much of desolation, lent her à clock, that its tick genuine courage as well as moral worth in might keep her company.” The sick
this little incident:
woman, with the morbid' sensitiveness natural to "She joined our Mission eighteen months such cases, felt comforted by the clock, and since. Her countenance, bloated and dewhen it broke,,it was an American affair, graded, had on every feature the stamp of made to sell,-mourned over the loss of the vice. I thought her breath polluted the accustomed sound. The incident was men- atmosphere around. I shrank from contact tioned casually in the “Missing Link,” and, sition made at that time, that she should be
with her, and longed to sanction the proposays the editor, “I could have hung the banished from our Mission-room as too room with the clocks” sent for her. The hardened to get good, and so bad that others authoress in the present book continues the objected to sit with her. Thank God, I restory of the “ Missing Link,” relating the membered that I was called to imitaté Him growth of the mission, which now employs who receiveth sinners and eateth with one hundred and fifty Bible-women, the new
them.' At first her attendance was most experiments made, and the teaching which irregular, and for some months ceased. I experience has brought. As a book Life and asked, "Why have you not been at the
met her one day last October in the street, Work is not equal to the “Missing Link.” Mission-room lately? "
I'll come It is carelessly arranged, the chapters being you're back ; you'll see me next time. I dislocated one from the other in a very per- did not believe her, for I saw that she had plexing way, while the special religious dia- been drinking. She came however. I think lect, which is neither English nor scriptural, that day I told the story of the sinful woman
who washed Christ's feet. Her attention nor even conventional, except with a most
was riveted. She has never missed but one limited class, is more annoying than ever. meeting since, and that was through illness. But Life Work is not to be fairly judged by Do you look round to recognize her? Ah, its literary character. It is not a book, but you will not know her from my description,
* Life Work; or, l'he Link and the Rivet. By though her countenance is not so changed L. N. R. Nisbet and Co.
as her life.”
We must remember, too, that the appear- woman in fifty can cipher in her head, but ance of exaggeration, the popular complaint chiefly because they have lost from poverty of these stories, is often unreal. All sav- the sense of the true value of money, or ages exaggerate emotion, and in one instance rather of the proportion between receipts in particular, educated men are disqualified and expenditure. The first Bible-woman, to form an opinion. The effect of Bible-“ Marian,” whose efforts were so successful, reading seems to be described with more broke down hopelessly as a directress, and enthusiasm than acumen, but it will be ob- is now an invalid in Suffolk, and generally served that the readers have instinctively any distribution of funds injures untrained addressed their audiences with Christ's words distributors. We suspect, too, though it is and teaching, and not with conventional not stated, that the receivers have more conpietism, and that the teaching is in all cases fidence in the justice of a superior class, a absolutely new. Grown men cannot judge feeling very often perceptible in England, how those words and promises and illustra- and arising, we think, not in the least from tions would affect them if early use had servility, but from an over-appreciation of not made them so familiar, and if they heard that self-restraint in manner which only culthem just as a gleam of hope pierced through tivation can confer. So strong is the relithat permanent sense of wretchedness which ance on the class above, that the reporters, covers as with a film the hearts of English though strongly deprecating that course, savages. The undue importance attached still allow that ladies who never stir from to the habit of swearing-oaths being with their drawing-rooms can still aid in the work, some classes merely interjections with as and nobody who knows the value of sober little moral importance as the cluck a Be- counsel to the very degraded some of whom chuana puts between his words ceases to seem just as incapable of consecutive thought appear preposterous when it is remembered as if they were drunk-can doubt the fact. that abstinence from oaths is perhaps the All, without exception, regard oral teaching, very best sign of the dawning self-restraint and especially expository reading, as the which is the beginning of amendment. quickest mode of teaching. Thousands who This is not the place to discuss the author's can read wont,-feeling it just as irksome ideas of the mode in which prayer is an- as one-half of those who call themselves swered, but we would just suggest to those educated do. The first and quickest way to whom such statements as she puts forward their hearts, however, is sympathy, mere huutterly alienate, that the man who has risen man sympathy, sometimes without any teachfrom stealing food to praying for it, has ing at all. There are very few, we imagine, passed a moral gulf as wide as that which sunk into the depth in which they cannot separates a Pagan from a philosopher. feel what an act like the following means,
The managers of the mission are gradu- and, be it remembered, the act itself was not ally discovering wherein their true strength disfigured, as the record of it is, by the quaint lies. We infer from an occasional disso. dialect :nance of opinion that the narratives are written by many hands, but they agree pretty affected at our meeting, whether she would
"" I asked a woman, who seemed deeply fully upon this great point. The half-edu- go to hear Weaver, at St. Martin's Hall. cated woman of their own class impresses She said, while the tears streamed down her the uneducated most easily, learns their cheeks, “ I can't, for I've no boots.” I took wants with least risk of deception, and most my own off, saying, " Will these fit you ?” readily encourages them to hopeful effort. They did. She went at once, and becoming They cannot tell her " it is easy for ladies to still more deeply convinced she was a sinner, talk,” and must perforce find at least a rea- tents, and she found Jesus, too, with us
returned to find me still among the penison for dirt. But the funds, except for ex- praise the Lord !'” treme cases, must remain with the superintendents. If the poor can beg of their “Finding Jesus” is scarcely the expresteacher, they do beg, instead of learning. sion which the Evangelists would have used, The poor, too, are bad financiers, whether but the old truth remains, that which is Bible-women or profligates, partly, we fancy, godly is of God, and when drunkards befor the very simple reason that not one come sober and harlots chaste, it matters little in what form their teacher records her don misery as any other form of effort. The impressions of the change. Nor is it possi- hospitals do much, but there are hundreds ble to doubt that cases of this kind indicate of cases which they cannot reach where only a feeling deeper and nobler than the mar- a little brain is required to terminate suffervellous “ patience of the poor :
ing, and thousands where incurable disease,
which the hospitals will not admit, is sus“ In a back kitchen, in a little street not far from one of London's seats of learning, ceptible of marked alleviation. The hunLies Catherine H—, on a bed of almost gry eagerness with which the sick poor will constant pain. The upper half of her win- bestow their thanks for the cheap pillow dow is level with the small paved back-yard made of paper shredded till it is as soft as of the house, and her eye can only rest on down is sufficient evidence of their want, a brick wall. Her aspect is somewhat re- and we do not know a form of aid which fined and delicate... When she left the hospital as incurable, she sank, in her own aid, class-suspicion. Practical sympathy
more rapidly removes the great obstacle to idea, from a state of former respectability, as she was reduced to take this back kitchen will not make sinners sane, but it is the three years ago. She did not know that the missing link from heart to heart, and the Lord had prepared for her a friend in the charge of ingratitude so often repeated is landlady of the house, who would kindly pay merely a libel, having its origin in the popher all the attention her forlorn, sad state ular indifference to alms given without such required. She had not a single relative upon sympathy. The Bible-women tell a different whom she could lay claim. She had her
story :right leg amputated when only seventeen years of age, by the late Sir William Brodie, My poor mothers were very glad to but walked with a crutch, and was able to see me back, and had some new troubles to keep a situation of trust, under one mistress, tell me; one was sick, and another's husfor a long while afterwards. The mistress band out of work, and some had been undied, and then she supported herself by kindly treated, which they attributed to my needlework, till, from a succession of ab- absence, as well as the worse behavior of scesses, her right arm became utterly useless. their children. “If you had been at home, For weeks and months together she is con- I should only have had to say I would tell fined to her bed by sores which prevent a you, and that would have been enough for wooden leg from being fixed, and the pain them.". Poor things, how my heart rejoiced of these is so great as to make sleep a rare to see them, and to receive the little proofs blessing.
of their affection. One brought me a purse, “She has been brought, however, into a and another took her gold ring off her finhappy and resigned state of mind. All ger and placed it on mine as a token of love, the time I have visited her,' says the above and they said, “ We have been past your Lady Superintendent, 'I have never heard door every day to see if your shutters were her express a want.''
open, longing to be the first to see you when There are dozens of such stories in this you came home.” One brought me a small
case of birds when I was alone, saying, “Oh, little volume, all alike suggesting that, wisely that prayer that you prayed when my husor unwisely reported, the labors of this band broke his ribs, how it made me cry, mission form a distinct link between the very and so it did him. We talk about it now lowest class and civilization.
sometimes. I wish you would pray with me There is one hint given in this work which once more.”” might be followed up farther, and that is of If, as philanthropists tell us, the next obthe misery the want of mere nursing causes ject of society must be to cure the dislocato the poor. There are hundreds who, ut- tion of classes, if the relief of human sufterly incompetent to teach, would still be fering should be the object of every civiwilling to nurse, and this kind of assistance lized man, if sympathy be better than might be more efficiently organized. A indifference, if, in fine, Christianity, however regular corps of quasi-missionary nurses, emotional, be better than heathenism, howwith access to a doctor or two, and as many ever subdued, then work like this unmistakhospital tickets as could be begged for them, ably deserves the sympathy its reporters do would probably do as much to diminish Lon-their best to repel