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“This is fainting," said the valet, alarmed. not successful. His “Homer reciting his
“No, Jean, my good fellow,” said Sir Poems was chiefly remarkable for its reThomas Lawrence, politely correcting him, semblance to Mr. Westall's manner, and for “it is dying ;” and he breathed his last. containing a well-drawn figure of Jackson,
His remains were interred in St. Paul's the pugilist. Of his “Satan calling up the Cathedral, near the coffins of his predeces- Legions,” Anthony Pasquin cruelly wrote: sors—the presidents, Reynolds and West. that “it conveyed an idea of a mad German “Since the days of Nelson," said Etty, who sugar-baker dancing naked in a conflagrafollowed the hearse, “ there has not been so tion of his own treacle.” Over an attempt marked a funeral.”
at a Prospero and Miranda, he subsequently The estate of the dead man was only just painted on the same canvas a portrait of equal to the demands upon it. His popu- Kemble as Rolla. larity ought to have brought him wealth, And was he a male coquette ? "No," anbut, strange to say, he was always embar- swers a lady,-and it is a question that rerassed. Yet he did not gamble, was never quires a lady's answer," he had no plan of dissipated, never viciously extravagant; but conquest. . . . But it cannot be too strongiy he kept no accounts, was prodigal in kind- stated, that his manners were likely to misness to his brother-artists, and in respond- lead without his intending it. He could not ing to the many appeals to his charity. write a common answer to a dinner invitaPerhaps, too, he rather affected an aristo- tion without its assuming the tone of a bilcratic indifference to money. He spent let-doux. The very commonest conversation much time in gratuitous drawing and paint- was held in that soft, low whisper, and with ing for presents to his friends. It is prob- that tone of deference and interest which able that his death was hastened by his in- are so unusual, and so calculated to please. cessant work, to meet the demands made I am myself persuaded that he never intenupon him for money. Washington Irving tionally gave pain.” saw him a few days before his death, and re- Perhaps he was not capable of very deep lates that “he seemed uneasy and restless, feeling, and liked to test the effects of his his eyes were wandering, he was as pale as fine eyes. He wooed the two daughters of marble, the stamp of death seemed on him. Mrs. Siddons, never being quite clear in his He told me he felt ill, but he wished to bear own mind which he really loved. He tired himself up." In one of his letters the of the one, and was dismissed by the other, painter wrote: “I am chained to the oar, or so rumor told the story; however, his but painting was never less inviting to me, friendly relations with the family do not apbusiness never more oppressive to me than pear to have ceased. . One of the sisters at this moment." Still he could play his died. “From the day of her death to that courtier part in society, and was always of his own," writes a biographer," he wore graceful and winning. Haydon, who never mourning, and always used black sealingloved a portrait-painter much, yet says of wax. Uncontrollable fits of melancholy came Lawrence, that he was “ amiable, kind, gen- over him, and he mentioned not her name erous, and forgiving.” Further on he adds: but to his most confidential friend, and then “He had smiled so often and so long, that always with tenderness and respect. It at last his smile had the appearance of being would have been more desirable, perhaps, set in enamel.” But then Mr. Haydon that he should have exhibited a little more prided himself on his coarseness, defiance, feeling during the lifetime of the lady; but and hatred of conventionality, deeming perhaps marriage was not in the programme these fitting attributes of the high artist. of the courtly rival of Hoppner, of the
It is only as a portrait-painter that Sir painter " that began where Reynolds left Thomas can now be esteemed. His at- off," as the sinking Sir Joshua is reported tempts in another line of art were few and to have declared of him.
From The Athenæum. of the Revolution ; the king showed in fact, History of the Consulate and the Empire.— that, as one prerogative of his position, he
[Histoire du Consulat et de l'Empire, par was determined to provide himself with eneM. A. Thiers. Tome XI.] Paris, Lheu- mies; and this with the legions of the popreux ; London, Dulau, & Co.
ular Cæsar encamped around him. A miliTHE scene narrows to Elba and widens to tary plot preceded the Elba exodus. It was the Field of May. At length the squadrons reported to the emperor in his island. Great are gathered which will ride against the Eng- names and great influences hovered near it, lish squares at Waterloo. The next volume half resolved and undeclared. The matter is to open upon that battle of battles. To ripened swiftly, while the downcast master Napoleon in his islet dominion M. Thiers de- of nations acted Robinson Crusoe in the purvotes only a few disdainful sketches. It was ple over his few miles of territory, and, by not tempting to exhibit the man of Auster- dint of military genius, contrived to parade litz and Lodi, like a veteran in second child-cleven hundred men. The people who, a hood, amusing himself with a toy army, min- few days before his arrival, had burnt him iature politicians, and a mimic fleet. Yet in effigy, were now his rejoicing subjects; those little battalions and that light flotilla, they were delighted to see his engineers opened the path to the Tuileries. It is all scarping and building at Porto-Ferrajo ; but demonstrated that, after the adieux of they expected infinite results when they saw Fontainebleau, when seventy thousand men the Napoleonic horses and cattle turned forth might still have been rallied behind the for- on the pastures of Pianosa, where, on the peak est, the emperor insincerely signed his abdi- of a rock, stood a solitary fort, which, says M. cation. He had not renounced the sceptre ; Thiers, fifty men might have rendered imhe submitted, in order that he might breathe, pregnable. Suppose that, instead of humand that the world might contrast the glory bling him at Waterloo, a coalition had locked of his reign with the impotence of the Bour- him up in that cloudy, little Gibraltar, or bon monarchy. Certainly, it was impossible blown the hill from beneath him! Now, all to believe too implicitly in the imbecility of was ready at Elba, except a Treasury. Nathe legitimate race. The Restoration began poleon waited, vaguely. His mother watched with a masquerade of hypocrisy, and it is him closely. The Princess Pauline Borghese difficult to decide whether the king or the divined, perhaps, the mysterious hopes of his Imperialist, who pretended to be cajoled, soul. Moreover, she had partly been taken proved himself the worst imposture. But into his confidence, when, as bearer of a mesthe Bourbons could never wheedle cleverly. sage to Murat, she told that unlucky PalaThere was always a strut in their affability, din to reserve himself for future opportuni-an affability in their condescension. What- ties. And so the Elba potentate held his ever they did well, they did too late. And court, went to the theatre, rode, walked, in their policy, organized for the security of boated, contemplated writing his own histhe restored throne, a similar dilatoriness tory, read the French newspapers, and, it displayed itself. In January, 1815, there yet cannot be doubted, convinced himself that remained in Europe a fragment of the Bon- he might and must return to France. M. apartist Empire—the kingdom of Murat. Thiers is not emphatic on this point; but All was at length prepared for its overthrow. the truth speaks in cvery act, and, so to France and Austria were united to consum- speak, every attitude of Napoleon during his mate their last revenge, when the seal of Sol- Eiba retreat. The sovereigns of Europe, omon was broken, the giant was once more persuaded by Alexander of Russia, had at liberty, and the patched-up dynasty van- grotesquely deluded themselves when they. ished like an image of snow. Louis the thought to imprison this explosive spirit forEighteenth had left himself absolutely with ever within sight of the continent which out support. He could not be, to the army. he had swept with his victories. When too the successor of Napoleon ; he hesitated to late, they regretted the error, and it was in invoke a political power by assembling the contemplation at Vienna to change his place Chambers ; he evinced a strange desire to of exile from the Mediterranean to the Ailantamper with established rights; old preju- tic. Not from his imperial wife did he receive dices and hatreds were raised from the tombs this intelligence. She, the real avenger of
Josephine, was waiting for the ultimate down- professions. Louis the Eighteenth, however, fall of her husband to lean on the arm of Wel- was stunned, and again did the right thing lington at a court ball. The beginning of at the wrong time. He made a constituthe end was come, and then began the march tional speech in the Chambers—a fortnight from Cannes to Paris.
too late. Efforts were made to blind the It is a familiar story, but M. Thiers tells it public; reports were circulated that Bonain a way to fascinate all readers. The little parte had been defeated, and had taken refuge army sweeps on exultingly, gathering power among the mountains, in which, it was added, and volume as it goes; the march becomes he would speedily be entrapped, and executed triumphal; gates open ; arches are flung like a common malefactor. Destiny, faithacross the streets; regiment after regiment less to the Bourbons, did not permit their links itself to the lengthening column ; Na- mild representative to hang the conqueror of poleon bares his breast and asks what sol- Austerlitz ; or, as they preferred to express dier of the empire will fire at the emperor ; it, the “cowardly brigand.” Ney's part was the Royalist cities are avoided : the eagles the most ignoble of all. He went to the are “flying from steeple to steeple until king, promising to lead an army which they settle
upon the towers of Notre Dame." should return with Napoleon, “vanquished At first the returned exile is familiar and and a captive.” M. Thiers says that he was popular; as his force increases he becomes reported to have added “in a cage of iron.” slightly more imperial; his manifestoes He thinks the words might have been used, change into proclamations: his offer of ser- and that they would have been pardonable vice to France assumes the tone of author- in a soldier. Were they pardonable in Marity; he is a candidate at Grenoble, but at shal Ney ? Perhaps Macdonald behaved Lyon he is a king; in the former place he better when, afraid of being reconciled with lodged at a tavern ; at the latter he drove the emperor against his will, he put spurs to direct to the door of a palace. On the road, his horse, and galloped away as though an a carriage is stopped. It contains the Prince enchantment were pursuing him. Assu dly, of Monaco, once devoutly Imperialist, now that he and Ney never fought Napoleon was Royalist to the marrow. " Where are you owing to no treachery on their part. The going?” asked Napoleon. “I am going troops, even at Paris, refused to shout Vive home," answered the prince. “ And so am le Roi!-in presence of Napoleon they I," said the emperor. And then the emper- thronged to their idol as Xenophon's Greeks or met an old woman who had never heard might have thronged had the great God of of his downfall, fancying him still at the War suddenly appeared to them, helmeted Tuileries. So he fell musing on the vanity and sandaled, to lead the war.
The marof human ambition, but he did not on that shals were nothing in their eyes, unless they account, think of returning to Elba. No: were marshals of the empire. They would France, he exclaimed, was crying aloud to die for Ney, if Ney were fighting for the Lithim. How distinctly the cries of nations tle Corporal; they disdained him as the genare heard by the aspirants to thrones, before eral of Louis the Eighteenth. All this is they mount them, and how deaf are auto- most picturesquely and cogently set forth by crats sometimes in the rarefied atmosphere M. Thiers in one of the most admirable vol. of that altitude! The stream rolls on, swell- umes of his magnificent history. “ The briging and brightening, and the demigod it was and of Elba” was clearly making progress carrying upon its waves proclaimed that he when the pliant Ney exclaimed, “ Soldiers, bore in his hands the gifts of peace for Eu- the cause of the Bourbons is lost forever!” rope and liberty for France. Neither Eu- A Royalist officer then broke his sword, sayrope nor France believed. M. Thiers is a ing, “ Sir, we must turn away, that we may votary of Bonapartism; but he admits that not behold this spectacle : all far-sighted men, even among those who loved the Bonapartist name, deplored the
666 And what would you have me do?'
answered the marshal : Can I drive back attempt and foresaw the catastrophe. They the sea with my hand ? ' Others, admitting knew how his invitation to Marie Louise the impossibility of compelling the soldiers would be received, and what credit the Em- to fight against Napoleon, expressed their peror Francis of Austria would attach to his regret that Ney should, within so short a
space of time, have played two such oppo- | unfolded his papers, and was about to begin, site parts. You are children,' replied the when he interfered. You have no need to marshal ; "it was necessary to decide in one excuse yourself,' he said ; 'your excuses and way or the other. Could I go and hide my- mine are to be found in events, which are self like a coward, in order to evade the re- stronger than men. But let us speak no sponsibility of events !' The Marshal Ney more of the past, and indeed only remember could not have taken refuge in obscurity. it that we may conduct ourselves better in Moreover, there was only way of mitigating the future. After these preliminary words, the evil, which was to make an immediate Napoleon, leaving the marshal no time to declaration, in order to avert civil war, and utter a word, explained to him the position in order to get into our power this man who of affairs. He declared that he would acis returning, to prevent him doing mischief; cept the Treaty of Paris ; he mentioned what
for,' he added, I do not mean to give my he had caused to be said at Vienna; that he self up to a man, but to France; and if this relied much on this communication and the man wants to take us again to the Vistula, intervention of Marie Louise to prevent a I will not follow him. After having thus fresh struggle with Europe, and that, on his silenced his rebukers, Ney received at din arrival at Paris, he would surround himself ner, besides his generals, all the commanders with the most enlightened men, in order to of regiments, with the exception of one offi- deliberate with them on the reforms to be cer, who refused to be present.'
effected in the Imperial constitution.” But it was distinctly understood, and on Ney was anticipated in all that he had this point M. Thiers leaves us in no doubt, proposed to say. But he and the emperor that the chiefs of the army were resolved to pretended to be more mutually satisfied than endure no longer the warlike tyranny of Na- they actually were. Napoleon's road lay poleon, his arrogance, his passion for con- through the shadows of Fontainebleau :quest, or his habit of crushing the French
“At four in the morning, on the 28th people while he flattered them.
March, he entered that court of the palace “" I am going to see him,' said Ney; 'I of Fontainebleau where, eleven months pream going to talk with him, and I will declare viously, he had addressed his adieux to the to him that he shall not lead us to another Imperial Guard. Already a group of carMoscow. It is not to him that I give my- alry, deserters from the army of Milan, had self; it is to France ; and if we adopt him arrived to form his guard. On setting foot as the representative of our glory, it is not inside the palace, where the first empire had to a restoration of the Imperial system that reached its end, and where the second seemed we shall lend ourselves.' . . . He wrote a likely to begin, his face became lit up as by letter to his wife, in which he detailed all he a sentiment of intense satisfaction. The turn had done, and concluded with these charac- of fortune had been indeed amazing, and in teristic words, · My friend, you will not weep cured of all illusions (we shall presently see
that vast mind, which at Elba had been when you come out of the Tuileries.'”
the proofs), joy, for an instant, silenced polThere was a touch of shame in that; it icy." betrayed, too, something ignominious in the
But the turmoil at the Tuileries! The nature of the man. The Tuileries then was feeble fury of the Royalists! The prospects the temple in which he worshipped ; it mat- of a second emigration! The glimpses of tered little whether a Bourbon or a Bonaparte sat under the crimson canopies. anxious to wear their garments inside out !
coat-linings in the wardrobes of gentlemen Clearly, at the moment, the Bourbons were All Paris was expectant. The very horses at a discount. Louis the Eighteenth was in the cavalry barracks seemed to sniff the promising to die for his people, as a prelim
approach of the man who had fed so many inary to running away. Napoleon had now vultures. Napoleon being at Fontainebleau, recovered his dear Marshal Ney :
the Bourbon thought better of dying ; the “With profound sagacity, having divined gates of the palace court were closed at all that the marshal had prepared to say, it re- eleven o'clock; the royal family entered a quired but a moment to inform him that Ney carriage; the old dynasty drove through the would encounter him at once with excuses and silent streets. Next morning :remonstrances. Now, he wanted to dispense with the one, and to spare himself the other. “Great anxiety was prevalent throughout He met him with open arms, exclaiming, a curious multitude to know what had hap• Embrace me, my dear marshal.' Then Ney pened. Th. were some servants in livery
moving about, but not a single officer or a « • You are at Paris !' he said, on persingle guard mounted, except the ordinary ceiring her ; 'you are the only person I had groups of the National Guard outside the not wished to see here.— I remained,' she gates. The white flag floated above the main answered, weeping, 'to nurse my mother.'— dome; some cries of Vive le Roi! were · But after the death of your father !'- Afheard, but that of Vive l’Empereur ! the ter that death I found in the Emperor Alexmilitary, as yet, dared not utter. Soon the ander a protector for my children, and I was fatal secret was discovered, and the news compelled to take care of their prospects.'filled Paris in the twinkling of an eye.” • Your children! better for them exile and
misery than the protection of the emperor of Then assembled the spirits of the resurgent Russia.'— But you, sire, did you not consent empire. First came Excelmans, who stalked that the king of Rome should owe the Duchy through the chambers and corridors of the of Parma to the generosity of that princeps empty palace, and ordered the tricolor to be Not replying to this cogent argument, Naset floating. Then followed Bassano, Ro- advised you to it?' (The princess was plead
poleon proceeded, “And this action—who vigo, Decres, Mollien, Gaudin, the Queen ing before the French tribunals to recover Hortense and the ex-queen of Spain, the the custody of her children.) . They have wife of Joseph. In a moment the Tuileries forced you to reveal family miseries which was crowded with the Imperialist aristoc- ought to have remained concealed, and you racy: About nine o'clock in the evening, a bave lost your causc-very well done!' But single carriage turned from the Boulevards, ing his arms to an adopted daughter whom
immediately repenting his severity, and openoutside the Invalides, along the Quays, and he loved, Napoleon embraced her, saying, I thence to the gates :
am a good father, you know, and we will “ The carriage was driven into the court then, our poor Josephine die—in the midst
speak no more of these things. You saw, before any one knew whom it contained. of our disasters, that death was a blow to But a moment sufficed to spread the intelli
heart.”” gence. Then, Napoleon, snatched from the hands of Caulaincourt, Bertrand and Drouet,
The file of ancient comrades lengthened was carried in the arms of his old officers, -Cambacères, Bassano, the Dukes Vicenza, seized with a delirium of joy. A tremen- Gaeta, Rovigo, Decres, Counts Mollien, dous shout of Vive l'Empereur ! had given Regnaud de St. Angely, Lavalette :-then, notice to the crowd of high functionaries the glorious Davoust. Fouché played a that swarmed through the Tuileries. They more careful game. To all Napoleon held rushed towards the staircase, and, forming moderate, re-assuring, even caressing lana current opposed to that of the officers, who were struggling up, a sort of contest took guage. “I was a year in the Isle of Elba, place which was almost alarming, since they and there, as in a tomb, I heard the voice of were smothering one another and stifling posterity.” He thought Austria anxious for Napoleon. They carried him thus to the peace, and England crippled by her debts. top of the staircase, uttering frenzied cries, Vanity might induce Russia, and hatred and hc, for the first time in his life, unable Prussia, to resume the war. And to France to conquer the emotion he felt, allowed some he promised the millennium. But he knew on the floor, walked on without recognizing that war, and war on a terrible scale, was inany one, but yielding his hands to those evitable. Alexander of Russia had pledged who pressed around him, kissing them, and his last man and his last rouble to help in overwhelming him with homage. In a few crushing him. France again assumed a moments, recovering himself, he welcomed martial aspect. Four hundred thousand his most faithful adherents, embraced them, 'men were to take the field ; two hundred and, without taking a moment for repose, thousand were to garrison the fortresses. consulted with them as to the formation of a government.”
Europe burned with impatience to see
these new legions dispersed and the disIn twenty days the empire had been re-'turber chained; and M. Thiers, in a series established. But wise men looked on and of eloquent passages, explains how it had doubted. Hortense, protected by the Em- become next to an impossibility that the peror Alexander, had remained at the French civilized world should be convinced or concapitol, a circumstance which embittered ciliated by Napoleon. But in the estimation Napoleon against her :
of the English people, he assumes, the Bour