페이지 이미지

We need hardly repeat the belief which not sufficient to carry the country through we have often expressed, that the last three the storm, and the kindness which he has or four months would have told a far more uniformly shown to his young successor, prosperous tale, had the faithful advice of prove him a great man more than Mexico, the veteran general been followed An im- or Niagara, or Florida. It is a kind of greatpatient country, however, rejected his warn-ness that pushes self aside, and makes the ings and listened to other counsels, with dis- good of the country the only motive to acastrous results. Savage attacks were made tion. The parting of McClellan with Scott upon the motives and the capacity of the illus--the one crowned with a people's blessings, trious old man,-attacks which have since the other crowned with their hopes and their been repeated,--and sneers and insinuations confidence; the one just stepping out of the conveyed abuse which was too foul for open circle of active life, and the other just steputterance. But the moment of his retire- ping into it, presented a picture which bement has swept all this away, and as he lays longs to history, and should be put upon down the sword which he has used in his coun- canvas by the most skilful pencil of the arttry's service for half a century, that country ist. acknowledges what cause it has to lament General Scott was born just one year be that his voice was ever overborne by popular fore the Constitution of the United States clamor.

was ratified by the people. His life, thereWe must finally declare frankly our own fore, is as long as that of the Republic. He sense, that the place which General Scott has been witness to every struggle through leaves vacant, is one not to be filled, so far which our country has passed since the Revas can be known, by any general now on olution. It seems a marvel that we can look the stage. We have the fullest confidence on man, now but six years past the allotted in the powers of General McClellan, and en- period of human life, whose childish days tertain the highest hopes as to his military were filled with the smoke of the cannon capacity and success. He fills a place in ac- which inaugurated our existence as a free tive service for which Scott has for years people. God grant it may yet be said that been incapacitated, and with abilities of a the life of one man stretched from the time peculiar sort which Scott, perhaps, in his when the Constitution was formed to that best days could not have rivalled. But for in which it was proved stronger than civil the general supervision and direction of af- war. fairs along the whole of our vast line of op

Only one of Scott's campaigns required erations, -affairs involving political as well the great qualities of a general. In all the as military considerations, and calling for battles of the Lakes he showed wonderful the most mature judgment and profound personal bravery. Bearing a charmed life policy, there is, we apprehend, no man on the balls of the enemy were harmless. In the stage who can compare with him who some degree unpopular with his men while has just retired. The loss to the country they were in camp, on account of the rigor must be borne patiently, for it came in the of his discipline, when on the field of action course of nature ; but our country will be he was the inspiration of the whole force. fortunate indeed, if it has not to wait for His sense of honor and his magnanimity are many a year, before it has at the head of its seen by the following characteristic anecdote: armies another Winfield Scott.

After the capture of Scott at Queenstown, he was supping with General Sheafe and some British officers, when one asked him

if he had ever seen the Falls of Niagara. From The Boston Journal, 8 Nov.

Scott replied, “Yes, from the American

side.” To this the other replied with sarGENERAL SCOTT has endeared himself to casm, “You must have the glory of a sucthe American people not only by his per- cessful fight before you can view the cataract sonal bravery and military sagacity, but most in all its grandeur,” meaning, of course, from of all by the last and most sublime act of his the Canada shore. Scott instantly rejoined, life. The resignation of his high office the “ If it be your intention to insult me, sir, moment he saw plainly that his strength was honor should have prompted you first to re

turn my sword.” It so happened that at the self on the field, could use his own eyes battle of Fort George this very colonel was rather than trust to the tales of others. taken prisoner by Scott. Scott, forgetful of This is the way in which matters stood the insult, treated his prisoner with so great three months ago. Ever since the power has kindness that before long he presented him- been imperceptibly passing from the older self to his captor, saying, “ I have long owed to the younger general. Scott has been you an apology, sir. You have overwhelmed gradually making up his mind to take this me with kindness. You can now at your last step-one very hard for him to take, leisure view the Falls in all their glory." The and one which presents the strongest proofs anecdote shows that Scott was not only a of unwavering patriotism. The people needed gentleman but a MAN.

young blood, a general who had the sagacity It was in the Mexican campaign, however, of the great man united to the bravery of that Scott mostly showed his generalship. the young man, and when Scott saw such an Before he left Washington, he spent day and one come forth at the bidding of the times, night in the study of maps and maturing his he proved himself a hero by giving the hand plans. He made himself familiar with the of welcome. country and the people. And when he left So we, the American people, crown Genthe capital he had matured even the details eral Scott with the wreath of GRATITUDE, of the campaign. And what shows his mili- and General McClellan with that of HOPE. tary sagacity is that when he reached the new country he carried out his plans without material alteration. This is what few generals could do, and for the achievement GENERAL SCOTT'S DEPARTURE FROM

WASHINGTON. Scott deserves the highest praise. Hereon rests his reputation abroad.

On Saturday morning, at five o'clock, the It is, moreover, a curious fact, that at no darkest hour before day, in the midst of a period of his life did Scott hare under his raging storm, the retiring and incoming command more than ten thousand men. By chieftains of the United States army bade the Lakes he had but a mere handful; in Flor- each other an affectionate farewell—the one, ida, only a few regiments ; in Mexico, we in his age, returning his war-worn sword to think, in no one instance, more than six the scabbard, and the other, in his youth, thousand available men. These seem and unsheathing his steel to measure strength are but a mere handful by the side of the with a desperate and unprincipled foe. large army of the Potomac. How Scott General Scott and staff reached the depot would have wielded the heavy machinery of half an hour before the train started. Quite our military force had he been twenty years a number of citizens assembled to bid him younger, of course no one can tell. That he adieu. At a quarter before five o'clock, the was too old to undertake the mighty task time for the train to leave, Gen. McClellan when its duties actually fell on him, is only arrived, under the escort of Capt. Barker's too apparent. He blames himself for the cavalry squadron. The new general-inrepulse of Bull Run, and it therefore becomes chief was accompanied by the members of us to keep silent. The army, however, was his staff. fast becoming demoralized, for in order to The general and his staff all appeared with preserve discipline, a general's presence must black rubber havelocks over their caps, and be felt by the men. Scott could only plan; long black rubber coats, hiding their uniforms he was compelled to trust to others for their entirely. This dress was worn to resist the execution. He was slow mentally, over-cau- pelting storm. As they entered the depot tious through age, and too willing to hear their appearance in the dim light reminded the opinions of his friends. These facts are one of the stories of the black knights of old. not urged against him; they are only spoken The only thing that broke the silence that of as the concomitants of old age. McClel- prevailed was the clank of the warriors' hidlan came, and in less than a month discipline den swords and the rattle of their spurs. was restored. Not that McClellan is a bet- Gen. McClellan, at the head of his staff, ter general than Scott,—that is yet to be proceeded to an inner room occupied by Gen. proved,—but that McClellan could show him- Scott, and removing his hat from his head,

bowed before the veteran chief whom he has o'clock. Gen. Scott was accompanied by his just succeeded.

own staff, the Secretary of War, the SecreGen. Scott, sitting, from inability to rise, tary of the Treasury, Major-General Butler, extended his hand to his successor, and they Adjutant-General Thomas, Gen. Van Vliet, talked for some minutes with hands clasped. and others. In this position Gen. Scott, drawing McClellan nearer to him, said :

“General, do not allow yourself to be embarrassed by men who do not comprehend

WINFIELD SCOTT. this great question. Carry out your own ideas, act upon your own judgment, and you

NOV. 1st, 1861. will conquer, and the Government will be vindicated. God bless you."

Not like the famous warriors of the world, The young chieftain's only reply was :

Goes back to civic life our Captain now, “I thank you, general, and will not forget

Sheathing his sword that he may guide the

plough your counsel. May you be restored to health, Till war's red banners be again unfurled ! and live to see your prophecy fulfilled. God Not when his country needs his arm no more be with you. Farewell.”

Quits he the field, but when she needs it most;

Too worn, and old, to head her patriot host, Shaking hands again, Gen. McClellan con- And lead it on to victory as before! ducted Gen. Scott to the car, where they Faint with the glorious wounds of Landy's parted without a word being exchanged,

Lane, Gen. McClellan bowing gracefully and Gen.

(Wounds half the century old !) broken with

years, Scott returning it. The members of Gen. And bowed with sorrow for his bleeding McClellan's staff then shook hands with Gen. land, Scott. Gen. McClellan and staff retired, What could he do, that would not be in vain ? and, in the midst of a drenching rain, mounted

Nothing but turn, and, with a soldier's tears,

Submit his good sword to a younger hand! their horses and returned to quarters.

R. H. STODDARD. The train left the depot at precisely five

Vanity Fair.

The paper on the " Disunion of America,” in render them than to encounter a long and exthe Edinburgh, will be read with interest as com- pensive war, is no argument at all. We might pleting the literary circle of opinion. All par- be wiser if we gave up the Channel Islands ties have now spoken out on the American rather than fight France for their possession, but struggle, and with the exception we hope of the we should not do it, and we know of no law few old Whigs who have learned to prefer the recognized among men which compels a Govinterests of human freedom to any passing or crnment to submit unresistingly to spoliation.apparent expediency, they all hope visibly for Spectator, 19 Oct. the destruction of the American Union. The Edinburgh reviewer, indeed, writes in a thoughtful and not uncandid spirit, but even he declares that both parties are in the wrong, that the North has no more right to subdue the South MR. Mudie's library is certainly one of our than the South has to taint the North with sla- London marvels. The British Muscum convery, and that the object of the war is really ter- tains a little more than half a million books. ritorial dominion. Doubtless that is partially Mr. Mudie has added to his collection in three true; nor, as human affairs go, can we conceive years, upwards of half a million volumes. The an object better worth a war than the free navi- books consist chiefly of works of history, bioggation of the Mississippi, but it is a curious tes raphy, travel, and the higher class of fiction, the timony to the strong prejudice which the Amer- following are the exact figures, and they are so icans have contrived to excite against themselves remarkable as to deserve being put on record : that the writer never alludes to the moral claim history and biography, 123,279; travel and ad. of the Federal Government to a part of the venture, 71,646 ; fiction, 237, 546; miscellaneSouthern territory. They bought Louisiana, ous, including works of science and religion, and Missouri, Mississippi, and Florida, and even the leading reviews, 115,518; total, 547,989. supposing the older States to be as independent We suppose there is no instance in literary hisas Mr. Davis would assert, the North has a clear tory of such a growth, under either public or right to two-thirds of the soil of those four private enterprise. The rate of increase conStates. To say that it would be wiser to sur-'tinues.

From The Saturday Review. depicted in them; and, skilful as is the auAFTER ICEBERGS WITH A PAINTER.* thor in the art of word-painting, it is not

We have most of us acquired some famil- within the power of language to do justice iarity with ice in the shape of glaciers, either to the marvellous variations of shadow and from our own experience, or from the nu-color produced by the sunlight playing on merous books, more or less exclusively deal- ice, as any one can testify who has ever seen ing with the subject, which have appeared even the comparatively impure and opaque in the last few years. But ice in the form ice of a much broken glacier. But we will of icebergs has been seen only by a few of let the author describe for himself an iceberg those who have crossed to North America of no special beauty, seen under no unusual or rounded Cape Horn, and has perhaps circumstances of light and shade :never before been familiarly treated in print.

“ We are off on the gentle rollers of the All that people in general have ever heard Bay of St. Louis, after a low, broad iceberg, or known of icebergs, further than that they covering, say, an acre of surface, and are among the perils with which Arctic ex- grounded in forty fathoms of water. It has plorers have to contend, has been from nar- upon one extremity a bulky tower of sixty ratives of shipwreck, in which the iceberg feet, on the other, forty, and in the middle acted the part of the destroyer. But at

a huge pile of ice blocks of all shapes and length a readable account of their nature outside of this heap of fragments is white,

sizes, the ruins of some spire. While the and varied beauties has appeared, from the with tints of green, touched here and there pen of a writer who has enjoyed singularly with what seems to be the most delicate good opportunities of observing them. In bronze and gilding, every crevice, where the summer of 1859, an American painter there is a shadow lurking, is a blue, the puconceived the happy idea of a ctuise to paint rity and softness of which cannot be deicebergs in the seas around Newfoundland

scribed nor easily imagined. To one who

has any feeling for color, it has a sentiment and Labrador, and a clerical friend who ac- as sweet as anything in all visible nature. companied him has given the public the A pure white surface, like this fine opaque benefit of their adventures in the volume ice, seen through deep shade, produces blue, before us. Even if it were a dull book, and such a blue as one sees in the stainless After Icebergs with a Painter would still be sky when it is full of warmth and light. It worthy of attention, as being the first work is quite beyond the rarest ultramarine of the in which the subject has been directly fade and fill the hollows like so much visi

painter. The lovely azure appears to pertreated. But, though not faultless, it is far ble atmosphere or smoke. One almost from being dull. The author writes in a looks to see it float out of the crystal cells forcible and picturesque style, though some where it reposes, and thin away into colorwhat tinged with Americanisms, and occa- less air." sionally too grandiloquent, and this new and

The most characteristic beauty of an iceinteresting subject certainly does not lose in berg is the manner in which it seems to his hands.

change with every motion of itself or of the We can well believe in the impossibility observer, affording to the painter, as we can of describing adequately the icebergs which well believe, plentiful opportunities for study form the main subject of the book. The of form and color, such as perhaps no other author and his artist friend seem to have object in the world can furnish. Every fall been fortunate in finding many bergs of very of masses of ice from the berg, by altering various and beautiful shapes, and both its centre of gravity, causes it to assume a worked most diligently at portraying them,

new position, in which some fresh feature, the one with his pen, the other with his

previously hidden beneath the water, is disbrush. The lithographs which illustrate closed to view. For instance :this volume-taken, we presume, from the painter's sketches-only serve to give a faint “Among these was an isolated mass reidea of the size and shape of the icebergs sembling a superbly fashioned yase. Quite

apart from the parent berg, and close to the * After Icebergs with a Painter. A Summer rocks, it first appeared slowly rising out of Voyage to Labrador and around Newfoundland. the sea like some work of enchantment, of Cole," " Poems," etc. London:

Sampson Low, ascending higher and higher until it stood, Son, & Co. 1861.

in the dark waters before him, some twenty

feet in height-a finely proportioned vase, out of which an iceberg towers. Above all, pure as pearl or alabaster, and shining with a glacier can be trodden in safety, and exthe tints of emerald and sapphire throughout amined as long and as closely as the obits manifold flutings and decorations. It was actually startling. As it was ascending science, or for the sake of mere pleasure ;

server pleases, whether for the purposes of from the sea, the water in the Titanic vase, an exquisite pale green, spouted in all direc- whereas an iceberg is inaccessible, except at tions from the corrugated brim, and the the most frightful risk. Mr. Noble tells a waves leaped up and covered its pedestal story on this subject which he heard from a and stem with a drift of sparkling foam. Labrador settler, on the very spot where the While in the process of painting this almost incident happened, and which is enough to magical and beautiful apparition, nearly one deter any amateur of icebergs from approachhalf of the bowl burst off with the crack of a rifle, and fell with a heavy plunge into the ing too closely to the dangerous objects of sea."

his attention : A comparison naturally suggests itself

A few years ago, while a French manbetween the pleasures of an iceberg-hunt the younger officers resolved on amusing

of-war was lying at anchor in Temple Bay, and those of visiting the glaciers of Switzer- themselves with an iceberg, a mile or more land or the Tyrol, the other great field for distant in the straits. They made sumptuthe display of the glories of ice. Admirers ous preparations for a picnic upon the very of yachting, and painters, would probably top of it, the mysteries of which they were lean to the side of the iceberg. To the curious to see. All warnings of the brown former, it presents an additional attraction and simple fishermen, in the ears of the which

smartly dressed gentlemen who had seen may be seen in perfection at sea, and,

the world, were quite idle. It was a bright indeed, can seldom be well seen from the summer morning, and the jolly boat with a land; whereas the European glaciers are far showy flag went off to the berg. By twelve enough away from the sea-coast. And the o'clock the colors were flying from the icy, painter, when once he has conquered the turrets, and the wild midshipmen were difficulty of working in a row-boat, or on shouting from its walls. For two hours or the deck of a tossing schooner, can obtain so they hacked, and clambered the crystal the effects which he desires to copy far more the king and the ladies, and laughed at the

palace, frolicked and feasted, drank wine to easily than on the glacier, and usually in thought of peril where all was so fixed and greater perfection ; for there are not many solid. As if in amazement at such rashness, places on a glacier where the sun can be the grim Alp of the sea made neither sound found shining through a pinnacle of ice, nor nor motion. A profound stillness watched are they very accessible with painting mate- on his shining pinnacles, and hearkened in rials to convey. In purity and clearness, the blue shadows of his caves. When, like also, the iceberg has a considerable advan- thoughtless children, they had played themtage over its rival ; for its ice is harder and land mercifully suffered them to gather up

selves weary, the old alabaster of Greenmore transparent, it seldom or never is dis- their toys, and go down to their cockle of a colored by the superficial dirt which tends boat, and flee away. As if the time and to mar the beauty of a glacier, and has no the distance were measured, he waited until moraines to intersect and disfigure its sur- they could see it and live, when, as if his face. The contrast of the dark ocean around, heart had been volcanic fire, he burst with and the continual changes produced by the awful thunders, and filled the surrounding

waters with his ruins. A more astonished action of the water

, are other items to be little party seldom comes home to tell the reckoned on the side of the iceberg. But

story of their panic. It was their first and on the other hand, in respect of sheer size, their last day of amusement with an iceberg." one great element of the sublime, the largest icebergs sink into mere insignificance in Not long ago, the only theory of the formcomparison with the smallest glacier. Andation of icebergs was that which Mr. Noble the contrast of rocks and green slopes, found still abiding among some inhabitants which adds so greatly to the beauty of a of the Labrador coast; viz., that they were glacier landscape, and which, of course, is accumulations of loose ice, compacted toentirely wanting in the case of the iceberg, gether by the action of the sea, which gradis at least an equivalent to the green water ually grew into the huge masses in which

« 이전계속 »