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mother to Rome, and his presence was the reach England through France, risking all signal for effervescence. So far did this the consequences of the rupture of her ban. proceed, that the papal government ordered She had already secured a passport through him from the city, and the only friend who the kindness of an English nobleman, and stood up for him was the envoy of Russia ; the only chance of getting her son off was we all know how Louis Napoleon repaid this under the disguise of a footman. act of kindness in the Crimea.

They reached France, where a sentence When the Italian revolution broke out in of death awaited them, and passed their first Modena, the two brothers joined the insur- night at Cannes. What reminiscences were rectionists. Their relations were in a horri- connected with that place for Hortense! At ble state of suspense about them, and suc- Cannes it was that Napoleon landed on his ceeded in getting them removed from the return from Elba: from Cannes he started staff of General Menotti ; but they joined the with a handful of troops on his march to insurgents as volunteers. So soon as Hor- Paris, which city he reached at the head of tense heard that the Austrians were on the an army. Labédoyère and Ney had joined march, she started in search of her sons, him there, and paid bitterly for yielding to determined to save them or to die. She ar- their enthusiasm. What guarantee had rived at Pesaro, after undergoing countless Hortense that the same fate did not await 'difficulties, and found her sons there; but her and her son ? And yet she passed one of them lay a corpse in a village inn. boldly on. She had been a friend to Louis

But Hortense had no time to bewail him: Philippe's mother, and thought that gratishe must save the last joy left her. With tude might still exist in the world. Louis Napoleon she proceeded to Ancona, It was a melancholy pilgrimage that Horresolved to embark for Corfu, and throw tense undertook. She showed her son Fonherself on the mercy of the English. But tainebleau, which had been the scene of her that chance had to be given up, for Louis father's greatest triumph and greatest huNapoleon had scarce reached Ancona ere he miliation. Leaning on her son's arm, and was attacked by small-pox, and brought to wearing a thick veil lest any one should recdeath's door. Here was a position: the ognize her, the queen surveyed the appointAustrians were within two days' march, and ments of the rooms, which were just the Hortense could not remove her darling son same as the imperial family had left them. · under a week, said the physicians. But she What a reminiscence must it have been for did not lose her presence of mind : she sent Hortense when she entered the little chapel his baggage aboard, and resolved to spread in which the mighty Napoleon had held the the report that he had followed. In the son, on whose arm she now leaned, over the mean while she kept her son in the inner- baptismal font! Could the poor deserted most apartments, and watched over him her- widow believe that this son was once again self.

to perpetuate the glories of Napoleonistic But she had a fearful week to pass France ? Perhaps so; for what will not through: the Austrian commander-in-chief mothers believe of their sons, though the took up his head-quarters in her palazzo, latter rarely carry out the Alnaschar visions and malicious fate decreed that his sleeping which every parent forms of her child ? apartment was next to that in which Louis Well, the pair arrived in Paris, and HorNapoleon lay in the fever phantasms of the tense's first care was to apprise Louis Philsmall-pox. Whenever he coughed his head ippe of her arrival. What a fearful fright was concealed under blankets, and if he the poor old gentleman was in at the news ! spoke it must be in a whisper, through fear of He could not crush the evil in the bud : he arousing the suspicions of the Austrian, who had not the heart to cut heads off: he was had solely been prevented paying his re- altogether too jolly a monarch to deal with spects to the duchess because he was led to a pair of conspirators such as he assumed believe that she was the patient. At length Hortense and her son to be. And such, the physician declared Louis Napoleon in a perhaps, they were, but it is impossible to fit condition to move, and Hortense made a say. Mamma behaved with the utmost promighty resolve. In the determination to priety, and her son was most unfortunately save her son, she decided that she would taken ill just at the moment. It was impossible to turn them out of France, but paratively happy, for all the first society of whenever they could make it convenient, the land welcomed them. Had Hortense and so on. The king of course saw the wished it, she might have been again a Duchess of St. Leu, and, with his tongue in queen-that of fashion—but she had a stern his cheek, debited the most pleasant com- resolve, which she was determined to follow. pliments. It is easy to imagine the agreea- She would not compromise her son in any ble way in which he accosted the fugitive. way: and she was in the right, for the Duch“Lord bless you,"-or the French equiva- ess of Berry was at that period in Bath, and lent_“I know what exile is, and it wont de- could not believe but that a Napoleon must pend on me if yours is not alleviated.” Of be intriguing in behalf of her son. So course he assured the queen that the sen- great however, was the excitement her pubtence of exile against the Napoleons lay like lic appearance aroused among the crowned a stone on his heart, and he magnanimously heads, that Hortense resolved to return to added, that the time was not far distant her pleasant Arenenberg. For this purpose when the mere idea of banishment would be she asked leave to pass through France, unknown in his kingdom.

which was granted, and the couple visited Hortense listened to all this somewhat in most of the spots memorable in Napoleon's the fashion of a spendthrift who has taken a history. bill for discount to a Jew who holds his

At Arenenberg, Hortense rested from mortgage deeds, and yet she believed his her sufferings, and spent a few comparatively promises. And the only result she obtained happy years. Here she wrote the affecting was that Louis Napoleon would be permitted account of her travels through Italy, France, to remain in France if he would change his and England, from which we have derived name, but not a word about the owing most of the previous details. In 1837, Hormoney. But this Louis Napoleon thought tense, the flower of the Napoleonides, died, a little too much: he at once agreed with wearied of her life, her misfortunes, and the his mother that the sooner they left France, exile in which she pined away. She bowed for their honor and safety the better. her head and went home to the great dead

In England the mother and son were com- to Napoleon and Josephine.

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The boa constrictor in the Museum of Nata- 1 phagus, it formed a kind of interior mould of ral History in Paris, resolving at last to follow this long portion of the digestive tube. the example of its English brother, has swal- M. Duméril, who has reported the circumlowed its blanket.

stance to the Academy of Sciences, concludes It appears that the boa, which is a very fine from a minute examination of the blanket, which specimen, nearly eleven feet long, had eaten a has been placed in alcohol, and is now publicly large rabbit on the 22d August, and that a sim- exhibited, that its widest part rested in the sac ilar meal generally is sufficient for several days; of the stomach, while one extremity extended to on this occasion, however,—we presume the the pyloric region, as to it adheres a small porrabbit was exceedingly tender, and that tion of the fur of the rabbit previously swal. “ Increase of appetite had grown

lowed, on which the action of the gastric juice

had commenced to show itself. The other exBy what it fed on ;

tremity was lodged in the æsophagus. it did not prove so, for on the 25th the blanket

The boa has quite recovered from the effects was gone : twenty-six days after, on the 20th of its strange meal.- London Weekly Review. ultimo, the keeper perceived that the reptile was making great attempts to vomit, and that this strange indigestible meal was on its return Monster PHOTOGRAPHIC LENS.-Perhaps journey; he held it, therefore, as soon as pro- the largest lens in the world has just been coinjected from the mouth; and the boa, seeing, as pleted by Mr. Dallmeyer for the government it were, his intention, wound itself round the establishment at South Kensington. It is a branch placed in its cage, to obtain a proper triple achromatic combination of sixty inches "purchase,” and was rid of it in seven or eight focal length, for the production of pictures three minutes.

fect square. It consists of three combinationsThe blanket thus recovered was spindle- the front and back being of six and eight inches shaped, nearly five feet long, and rather over diameter respectively, whilst the diameter of the four inches in diameter in its widest part; hav. central or negative combination is four inches in ing undergone the great pressure of the æso-diameter.—London Weekly Review.

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HOME-MADE GAS.-A SIMPLE PROCESS. than from the one hundred and fifty or two

A VALUABLE improvement in the manu- hundred feet of gas, of which it is the repfacture of gas, involving, indeed, a new idea, resentative. When the oil has been properly has recently been made known in London prepared and purified from all deleterious by Mr. Leslie, already the author of several substances, Mr. Leslie proposes that it new contrivances in that branch of industry, should be conveyed up to London, or wherand the inventor of the powerful gas-burner ever else it may be needed, to be converted which goes by his name. It has hitherto into gas. These works need only consist of been the custom in the manufacture of gas a few retorts and a gas-holder or two, all the from coal and other bituminous substances complicated machinery now needed for the to subject them to the process of destructive purification being rendered unnecessary. The distillation at a high temperature, by which retort being heated to redness, a little of the means a large quantity of permanent gas is oil is allowed to flow into it, when instantly evolved, which is then subsequently purified. it is converted into permanent gas, and carThis necessitates the carriage up to the ried through a pipe into the gas-holder of the metropolitan gas-works of immense quan- ordinary construction, from which the illutities of useless material, in addition to the minating gas is supplied to the mains as real gas making constituent of the coal, and heretofore. also renders it necessary for the companies The patentee calculates that a ton of good to have large and expensive works in the coal will yield one hundred and sixty-eight heart of London, where the process of puri- gallons of the hydro-carbon fluid. Now one fication, with its concomitant evil of half hundred and sixty-eight gallons is almost poisoning the neighborhood by the sickening exactly one cubic yard, and as each gallon odor with which they are surrounded, is is estimated to yield almost instantaneously obliged to be carried on.

one hundred and twenty-eight cubic feet of Mr. Leslie's plan is to divide the process gas, we have thus twenty-one thousand five of gas-making into two distinct branches. hundred and four cubic feet of


from one The first operation is to be carried on at the hundred and sixty-eight gallons, the matecollieries, where coal is cheap, labor plenti- rial for the production of which only occuful, and an acre or two more or less covered pying the space of one cubic yard. by the works of little consequence. Here In one experiment which Mr. Leslie exthe refuse coal, which is now completely hibited a short time since, two and a half wasted at the pit's mouth, is to be submitted pounds of Boghead coal were placed in a reto distillation at a low temperature in re- tort, which was kept revolving over a slow volving cylinders, heated externally by a fire. fire, at a temperature scarcely exceeding that The revolution of the retorts causes the small of melting lead. Owing to the low temperlumps of coal to be constantly kept in mo- ature and the rotation of the retort, no gas tion, and prevents one portion becoming was produced, but the constituents were all hotter than any other.

evolved in the liquid form. In a short time Thus all the products are distilled off in a the two and a half pounds of coal had liquid state, and are condensed in suitable yielded one and a half pints of hydro-carvessels, which are kept cool by water. Care bon fluid, leaving three-fourths of a pound is taken to keep down the temperature of of coke in the retort. When the flow of oil the rotating retort to as low a point as prac- ceased, it was conveyed to a red-hot iron reticable, in order to prevent the production of tort, into which the fluid was poured by gas, which will not condense, the object be- means of a funnel. Immediately, as if by ing to obtain only fluid hydro carbon-oils magic, the gas-holder, which was in connecby the first process of distillation. The oils tion with the retort, began to rise, and 80 obtained may then be submitted to puri- within a minute and a half twenty-five cubic fication from the nitrogenous and sulphur feet of gas had come into the holder. The compounds which are so fruitful a source luminosity of this gas was then subjected to of complaint when they find their way into accurate measurement by means of a phoilluminating gas; and we need scarcely say tometer. Those of our readers who are acthat it is far easier to remove all the nitro- quainted with the technicalities of gas-testgen and sulphur from a gallon of this oil ing will understand what brilliancy and value it possessed when we state that it equalled into one or more red-hot retorts, connected twenty sperm candles when burning at the with a gas-holder of the proper size. rate of only four feet per hour.

The manipulation is so easy, and the necThis progress promises to effect a com- essary apparatus so simple, that there would plete revolution in the manufacture of gas. really be no reason why every private family It will be brought up to the customers in should not make their own gas. As it grew a highly condensed and purified form. This dusk it would only be necessary to tell the can be stowed away in any quantity for future kitchen maid to put a small iron bottle in use, and can be sold for private consumption, the fire, and when this was red-hot, the masand for the supply of smaM villages, gentle- ter, instead of turning the gas on at the men's seats, railway stations, shipping, or main, as at present, would have to pour half other purposes, where it is preferred to make a pint or a pint of oil into the retort, when his gas on the spot as it is wanted. All that gas-holder will be filled with enough gas for would then be needed for the immediate pro- the night's consumption, at a mere nominal duction of ten, fifty, a thousand, or a million expense, and of a purity and brilliancy hithcubic feet of gas would be to draw off the erto unattainable. proper quantity of fluid, and allow it to drop

Two or three instances of the perforation of insect being at fault, in mistaking the metal for lead by insects have recently been brought under wood, in which its eggs are ordinarily depos. the notice of French naturalists. In one case, as ited. happened in the Crimea during the Russian war, The history of insects offers us many examples the balls in several packets of cartridges had of the kind. We would refer to the charming been rendered utterly useless ; and in the other, book by Kirby and Spence, for proof of this. sheets of lead one-sixth of an inch thick, cover- M. Edwards cites as another example, that some ing a wooden post, have been bored by the in-fies, deceived by the fætid odor of certain plants sect in its endeavors to quit its imprisonment in (Arum muscivorum, Lin.), laid their eggs in the the wood, where it had been deposited in its cups of the flowers instead of depositing them in * larval state.

bodies in a state of putrefaction, as their instincts The eminent naturalist, M. Milne Edwards, lead them generally to do.—London Weekly Rehas presented a most interesting report on this view. subject to the Academy, from which it appears that the delinquent in the case of the ball-cartridges is the Sirex gigas, a large species of hymenopterous insect, having four membranous “In the interests of international courtesy and wings like the bce, and living in the interior of honor," writes a correspondent who professes to old trees or logs of wood, whence, having un. have published tales, “ do I call your attention dergone its changes, it makes its way to fulfil to a recent instance of a bad, gone-by fashion of the end of its existence ere it dies.

translation,-and this in no less classical and M. Duméril, on the occasion of a similar cir- doctrinary a periodical than the Revue des Deus cumstance in 1857, stated that these perforations Mondes. "There M. Forgues professes to introwere made by the ovipositor of the females, an duce the strange American snake-romance of instrument supplied them for the purpose of Dr. Holmes, • Elsie Venner.' Our French boring holes in which to deposit their eggs. readers are hereby warned that the deed is done M. M. Edwards proves this statement to be in the most arbitrary fashion of outline. It is erroneous, for in some instances the male insect, not merely that episodical scenes (such as some which is not thus furnished, has committed the of the humorous ones, which appear tedious on depredations ; and furthermore, whenever one this side of the Atlantic) are sacrificed and conhas been caught in flagrante delicto, the head has centrated : important incidents are omitted or always been presented to the part being gnawed. slurred over, and characters are thrown to :

This action is due to the mandibles, therefore ; faint and vaporous distance, which, in the orig. and M. M. Edwards thinks that the same is the inal, stand out as essential supports to the princase with the coleopterous gnawing insects. cipal figure. I will but instance that of the ne.

It is not always the desire of liberty which gress, faithful unto death to the fearful and leads to this action, as sometimes the outsides of melancholy semi-human creature she watches similar bodies have been treated in the same In these days, when invention is so manner. In a note recently published by Dr. scarce, it is not fair that one so thoroughly pe. Berti, curious observations are made on some culiar and rivetting as that of the novel in ques. leaden pipes perforated by the Apate humeralis. tion should be thus tampered with in a publicaIt would appear, owing to the instinct of the I tion of such authority." --Athenæum.


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POETRY.—The Old Couple, 594. At the Roadside, 594. How We'll Break the Blockade, 628. A L'Hotel des Trois Empereurs, 628. The Triumphs of Owen, 628. Will you Buy me then as now ? 629. “I am Old and Blind,” 629.

SHORT ARTICLES.-Philadelphia built upon Gold, 635. Hugh Miller's Works, 642. Lady Morgan's Autobiography, 642. Dental Hospital, 642. Journal of Adolphe Schlagintweit, 644.

Lectures on the English Language. By George P, Marsh. First Series.

What! crave ye wine, when ye have Nilus to drink of? Fourth Edition. Revised and Enlarged New York; Charles Scribner.

Bigelow Monument. Ceremonies at its Dedication, Worcester, Mass., 19 April, 1861.


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