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the slow, awkward movements of the pon- same, or there is neither truth in nature nor derous arms, delivering his own strokes full in history. Hurst will, it is to be hoped, on the head and face of the giant, with a recover from his defeat; and so it is to be force and rapidity that was terrible. In hoped will Austria when Italy has done with vain, like a blind Cyclops, Hurst threw his her. But Hurst and Austria will have to arms abroad, and strove to grasp, to strike, fight other battles, with other challengers, eren to touch his lithe, wiry foe; in vain he or retire,—the one from the ring, and the strove to hem him into a corner. Mace other from her high position among kingwould simply inflict his tremendous blows doms and empires. Who will challenge full on the smashed face of his opponent, Hurst we cannot say, but every one can see pass under his arm, and be gone, almost far enough into the future to know that before the eye could follow his movements.” Hungary will be the next nimble and skilful

We have no intention of giving all the boxer that will try the fortune of battie with sickening details. After a struggle of fifty the bulky giant of Vienna. And, of course, minutes, during which eight rounds were the bulky monster will be beaten. fought, Hurst-disfigured, bleeding, ghastly, who sits at Rome, has been so belabored

In like manner that tremendous old giant, and insensible—was compelled by his back- by the nimble little men of intellect, who ers to give in, without having struck one have been hitting him such heavy blows, blow, or even so much as touched his an- that he presents at this moment a spectacle tagonist. It is not our purpose either to almost as frightful to contemplate as poor defend or apologize for the exhibition, or to Hurst did a few minutes before the fight was say one word for the good taste or humanity

Substitute for the name of Brettle, of those who witnessed or permitted it ; but, the giant's backer, in the following paranevertheless, in spite of our better judg- that of Hurst the Papacy, and there comes

graph, the name of Napoleon III., and for ment, we find it impossible to withhold the out a truthful picture of the present condiexpression of a certain amount of sympathy tion of one of the most formidable giants

“giant" so sadly belabored, who ever appeared in the world to overcome and of approval of the personal daring and and oppress it. “Brettle, Hurst's chief incomparable skill of the conqueror.

backer," says the Times reporter, " at last Yet, had it been only to express such

rushed into the arena, and insisted on his feelings, we should not have given any addi- fighting, no more; but the maimed giant

seemed incapable of understanding his detional publicity to the details of so vulgar a feat, and groped and staggered out again. fight. It is only because we find in it a Blind and fainting it only required one or specimen of the mightier conflicts that are two more blows to finish the affair ; but the being fought, or that will shortly have to be infliction of those on the helpless heap of fought in the world, that we tolerate it at flesh was horrible and sickening beyond all all, and look upon it as a kind of represent- description. His seconds and backers gave ative battle, in which far greater issues are Hurst in his corner till he gradually became

in for him without his knowledge, and kept very palpably prefigured.

almost insensible, and all the restorative All history tells us that the fiercest giants, arts of the ring were exhausted in efforts to who depend upon force alone, are inevitably keep him from fainting, which, in the abbeaten when it comes to the point; and that sence of a surgeon, and in his then fastthe mightiest empires follow the same law, failing power, might have been a most seriand are doomed to fall victims to the skili ous affair.” and intelligence which they ignore or de- the Brettle of Pio Nono withdraws him

And a very serious affair it will be, when spise. We need not go back to the classic from the ring, and confesses on his behalf

, or the middle ages for proofs of the fact that the long, unequal fight is at an end forWe have only to look around to see it. Is ever. not Austria a stupid giant like Hurst ? and We need not pursue the course of our Italy a lithe, little, patient, and dexterous illustrations. They are obvious and nucombatant like Mace? The fortunes of that merous, and lie upon the surface of all congreat match, with the whole of the civilized temporary history. Let the giants beware! world for its spectators, are as yet marvel- lect will conquer brute force now, as it

There are evil days before them; and intellously similar to those which were this week always has done, both in personal and in decided in Kent; and the issues will be the national conflicts.


From Macmillan's Magazine. of one who is supporting the champion of BARON BUNSEN. BY THE REV. F. D. some cause in which he is interested. And MAURICE.

no one will be able to charge the memory of In the Times, of Jan. 9, a short article a great man with any of the follies which he appeared on the death of Baron Bunsen. may discover in his admirer. It was translated from the Revue Chrétienne, The first impression, I think, which was and was signed by M. Pressensé. The arti- left upon all who saw Bunsen during his cle was worthy of the subject and of the residence in this country, or in any other writer. It would not be easy to find any country, was that they had seldom met with where a more beautiful obituary, one freer a man so thoroughly friendly and genial, so from flattery and exaggeration, and fuller ready to meet people of all kinds on their of genuine affection and admiration. M. own ground, so little affecting dignified rePressensé is not a follower of Baron Bunsen. serve, so free from the airs of diplomacy. He professes a dislike to many of his opin- Frankness will have struck them as his peions. His appreciation of the man is the culiar characteristic. They will, of course, more real because he does.

have been surprised by the variety of his But just and generous as this testimony information upon subjects which they supfrom a Frenchman is, an Englishman could posed to lie out of the circle of an ambassascarcely read it without some pain. Baron dor's business. What will have surprised Bunsen lived among us, and was more still more will have been his personal interclosely associated with us than with the est in each of those subjects : his power of people of any country'except his own. He throwing his heart into the one by which was known intimately to men of all classes the person he was conversing with was ocand all parties in this land ; some of all cupied at the moment. They will hare classes and all parties expressed no ordinary found that this vivacity of mind did not affection for him. Why are they all silent ? only manifest itself in general topics; their Is separation from our land or the separa- own private and domestic concerns were retion of death a destroyer of all the links membered with a sympathy which was at which bind us to those with whom we have least as pleasant, and I should suppose interchanged thoughts, from whom we have somewhat more rare. Those who were received benefits? Or are we so behind struck by his intellectual accomplishments French Protestants in Christian graces that may have thought that he was too encyclodifferences of opinion make it impossible for pædic, that his mind wanted concentration. us to say what we feel and know respecting But they will certainly have observed that the inner worth of those whom we cannot his attachments were as diffusive as his accept as guides ? Some I am sure who studies, and that in them there was no defireceived from him a series of undeserved ciency of distinctness or personality. His kindnesses have preferred to seem ungrate- affections were the more alive in the family ful than to inflict on his memory the burden circle, amongst his intimate friends, because of their awkward praises and their bad rep- they were catholic. utation. Such motives may fairly influence I have spoken of first impressions. Those them to a certain extent. But what they do which I have described were, I think, very ill, others may be stirred up to do better ; general. I never remember to have met their partial conceptions or misrepresenta- any one, even of the Malachi Malagrowther tions of him, may call forth the friends who species, who did not share in them for understood him to vindicate his character. awhile. But I have known many, not illI should abstain from speaking if I did not disposed persons, who fancied they saw think that a slight testimony from one who reason to suspect the man of duplicity, differed from him more widely than M. whom they had given credit for so much Pressensé is likely to have done—who straightforwardness; to suppose that he looked at all objects from a different, nearly professed with his lips what he did not inthe opposite, point of view to his—may be wardly believe. Every one knows how rapof some use at this time. I do not pretend idly such doubts spread when they have to be a reluctant or an impartial witness. once entered into our minds ; what revenge But my evidence will, at least, not be that we take for our previous credulity; how we labor that others may not indulge the un- that he had. Every thing convinced me that wise confidence which we have abandoned. he was a German to his heart's core ; that As such feelings, when they are not well he had resisted, and would resist, every infounded, are most demoralizing and mis- fluence from without, every temptation from chievous--as I am well convinced that in within, to be any thing else. this instance they have no foundation-I But if he was exposed to this kind of suswill explain how I think they originated. picion, he fell just as much under an oppo

When Baron Bunsen came to England, site one. English laymen tormented with many of us fancied that he was half an questions of which they did not find their Englishman. We knew he had many ties divines willing or able to offer a solutionto this country; we had heard that he was English divines finding that what they had suspected in his own of Anglomania ; we been in the habit of preaching in their pulwere specially pleased to have the witness of pits or teaching in their classes, did not sata philosopher of extensive observation as isfy others or themselves-might naturally well as reading in favor of our habits and turn to a German, free from the trammels of institutions—against his own.

our education, acquainted with a variety of desire to be deceived, every phrase carries religious beliefs, conversant with the vicissithe meaning, not that it has, but that we tudes of opinion in his own country, most give it. Any kindly appreciation of that ready to communicate his thoughts and exwhich we have done or thought, any willing-periences, for some relief from their embarness to meet us on some common ground, is rassments. Many who sought this relief taken to imply preference for us, nay, to in- may have fancied for awhile that they had timate how much better other lands would found it. A number of thoughts would be be if they could be cast in our mould. Many brought before them to which they had not eminent foreigners have suffered grievously been accustomed; they would find themfrom these complimentary opinions respect- selves in a different atmosphere from that ing them. The moment they have shown which they had been used to breathe ; they any of the patriotism which it would have could not be deceived that it was an atmosbeen their shame to want, there has been an phere, not of speculation merely, but of expression of more than disappointment--of carnest practical faith. To some this last anger, as if we had been tricked. “It is discovery would be most consolatory. But, not,” we say, " what we English call con- in process of time, some of them might persistency and good faith ;” as if “we Eng- ceive that practical faith in them must conlish ” did not show by that very language nect itself with other feelings and supports that we should think ourselves bound in than those which the German seemed to reduty to recant every observation we had quire. What was natural to him, was unever made that could by possibility imply natural to them. How it should be so, they the superiority of any country to our own. might be unable to determine; the experiNo one erer was subjected to a greater share ence of the fact is more than any explanaof this injustice than Baron Bunsen. If he tion. On the other hand, many in a differhad formed an exaggerated estimate of our ent, though equally discontented, state of merits-exaggerated, I mean, for a foreigner mind would regard this so-called faith as a -the very near view he had of our corrup- mere heirloom from Luther and the sixtions and our discontents might naturally teenth century, which interfered with the have shaken it. But I venture to doubt scientific processes and idealizing processes whether even in the commencement of his into which they had hoped that a philosostay here he felt or gave indications to any pher of the nineteenth century would initiate fairly judging person that he felt the slight- them. Each of these for different reasons est disloyalty to his own national traditions. would express a disappointment, perhaps an At that time I would have given much to indignation, not inferior to that of the Anbelieve that he had some Anglican tenden- glican doctor, whom both abhorred. cies ; yet no cunning sophistry which I could German prescriptions do not suit our comexercise on the words I heard him speak, or plaints," would be the groan of the one. The that were reported to me by those who knew other would threaten the imperfect perhim better, could bring me to the conclusion former of the miracle of liquefying facts

When we

66 The


into ideas, much in the tone of the Neapoli- be reformation ; reformation always has tan on a like occasion. "Oh cattivo St. meant, always must mean the recovery of a Januario !” would be the mildest phrase of form which has been lost, the pursuit of lamentation when the too solid flesh did not ends which are marked out for us and which melt, thaw, and resolve itself into a dew. we have forgotten—the return to a real beThe former would not have the fairness to lief of that which we profess in words. remember that the German physician did That this was the end which Baron Bunnot volunteer his advice to the English pa- sen set before himself in reference to the tient; did not profess to say what kind of country of his birth, and of his mature affecbath might suit his constitution. It did not tion, I am fully convinced. Whether the occur to the other that he made no pro- means which he chose for the end were the fession of any special power to liquefy facts ; best possible, I, of course, am utterly incomthat he was in the habit of denouncing many petent to decide. But, as I trace them, I who performed that portent in his own land cannot help perceiving that they were, at as enchanters and false prophets; that he least, consistent; that he had a distinct probably envied the English reverence for sense of a vocation, which Germany and her facts-if it did not convert all facts into cot- sons ought not to forget ; that he had also ton or bank notes-though he might not a sense of certain dangers attending that find it easily attainable by himself.

vocation which it became her sons to watch The true lesson from these different kinds against, and so far as in them lay to counof unfairness which Englishmen are prone teract ; that he never supposed they could to commit, and from each of which Bunsen be counteracted except by influences which suffered discredit, is, I conceive, that we should bring the life and heart of the counnever honor one another—that we never are try into fuller play, which should give it a even ordinarily just to one another-unless practical as well as a scientific interest in the we have a position of our own which we are past, which should awaken its hopes for the resolved not to abandon; and unless we like future. those foreigners best who are resolved that The belief of a special vocation for his they will try to understand their position people cannot have been learnt by Bunsen and to hold it fast. If we adhere to this in any of those schools to which he is acrule, Bunsen will not only retain all those cused of having addicted himself. It must titles to our esteem which he earned when have been received from the old Hebrew he first came amongst us, but we shall prophets. Would to God we had more of reckon it a very great additional title that, it! Would to God that when we talked of after seeing all the wealth and grandeur of our callings we meant that they were callEngland_after seeing what may have at- ings! If it were so, with how much more tracted him much more, its scientific prowess reverence and fear should we pursue them! and the results which that prowess has pro- If he was right in thinking, as his master duced—its religious freedom and its relig- Niebuhr had taught him, that philology, unious activities—in spite of strong affections derstanding by the name not only the study and domestic ties which bound him to us- of language but of the historical documents he nevertheless retained unsoiled and intact of nations, is the work for which Germans his devotion to his fatherland, and would have special gifts that other nations wantnot suffer any tastes, feelings, opinions of from how many rash conclusions might he Englishmen to sway him the very least in save them—what courage might he give his projects for its amelioration. And I them, supposing he could persuade them think we cannot show our respect for him that it is indeed a vocation; that God has more than by going and doing likewise. We designated them to it! shall utterly fail to extirpate any of the evils What was the measure of his own philowhich we mourn over most, if we seek to logical success in his Egyptian Inquiries, or extirpate them by foreign and not by native in his larger work on the History of Manmethods ; the plans which we borrow will kind, I must leave to those who are qualified be in our practice artificial and clumsy, the to judge. But this, I think, must be apparnotions we borrow, generally exaggerated, ent to all who only look into those books ; always feeble. For no mere change can ever that they are not merely antiquarian ; that the writer has felt a human interest in his cries, confessions, thanksgivings to the livsubjects, and has given a human interest to ing God, of the most devout men, of all his discourses on them. Merely scientific ages which Germany has produced not when inquirers may be shocked at such motives— they were speculating or debating, but when but I cannot help thinking that zeal for the they were in the midst of individual and nahonor of Germany and of Niebuhr gave him tional suffering. an interest in penetrating hieroglyphics, and For the same purpose Bunsen, long before enumerating Egyptian dynasties, which the he came to England, composed a liturgy. mere topics would have wanted. I do not The largest work which he wrote while he doubt his love of truth for truth's sake, but was in England contains more than one volI apprehend that, to an affectionate warm- ume which is especially devoted to the ancient hearted man, truth brings greater evidences Liturgies of the Church. As I think the of itself when it can show itself surrounded writers of the Olney Hymns would have with living and personal associations. esteemed the Gesangbuch a more effectual

But, if Bunsen thought that his country- antidote to what they would have called the men ought to pursue such investigations as unevangelical tendencies of modern Gerthese with unflinching ardor, and not to be many, than any prelections against those stopped in them by any consideration of the tendencies, so I believe Jeremy Taylor would results to which they might lead, he was have valued these actual exhibitions of the certainly as strongly convinced that the life and devotion of primitive martyrs and German mind requires something to balance fathers very much more than any arguments its merely intellectual energies. His Ge- to prove that Germans were undervaluing sangbuch, which has been in part naturalized the authority of fathers or martyrs. I do among us by Miss Wentworth's admirable not say this because I regard this part of translations, must have been the result of Bunsen's labors as establishing a special this conviction. Such a book, coming from ground of sympathy between him and mema statesman, would have astonished the bers of the English Church. On the conEnglish public; must have astonished the trary, there is no part of his writings which German public still more; must have laid brings out the contrast between him and us him

open to the charge of pietism at a time more strikingly. The ante-Nicene fathers when that charge was especially offensive. were precious to him, in contrast with those As it was not original it could procure him who adopted and wrestled for the creeds no personal fame to compensate that disa- which we take for the groundwork of our greeable imputation. Yet, if a statesman devotions. I have no words to express how desires to call forth the life of his people, to entirely I dissent from his opinion. If the give it an interest in its own past history, to conflicts of the first centuries had not issued deliver it from sordid aims, to substitute an in the proclamation of the Nicene Creed, the earnest practical faith for mere theories, to Church, it seems to me, would have passed contrast the dreams of modern revolution into a mere collection of devout opinions ; with the actual convictions of old reformers ; its various schools would have sunk into I know not how by a thousand protocols, or warring philosophical sects. The Creed was speeches, or repressing edicts, he could have the proclamation of a Divine kingdom, fulfilled his function half as well. There are which was to struggle with the imperial some worthy men, both in England and Ger- kingdom in Constantinople—which was to many, who suppose that they can rekindle keep up a battle in all ages


form faith there by continual denunciations of of imperialism, whether it came forth under Rationalism, who say also that Bunsen's a secular or an ecclesiastical name. The aim was to weaken faith and strengthen Creed going forth from Nice, stifled no inRationalism. Let them ask themselves se- quiry-was able to check no opposing opinriously in any quiet moment what they have ion. Athanasius had to fight alone against accomplished by their labors, to awaken the world in defence of it, and to prevail befaith, or destroy that which is opposed to it cause he was fighting for the people against in any single heart? And then let them the doctors. When it became a mere subconsider what may have been done for that ject of debate among doctors in the Churches end by bringing together the most earnest of Greece, the mighty proclamation of an

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