« 이전계속 »
faint lines which the af.er exposure to the light will turn into striking likenesses of moral deformity?
No soul is to be regarded as an independent unit, as to its antecedents or consequents. It takes and it gives hues and outlines which determine the quality of new existences. The inclination for strong drink lies, in myriads, as a predisposition of the appetite easily aroused, and throwing over its subject a lifelong dread of its power. Whether such influences are carried down through a plıysical or spiritnal channel, or both, may be a difficult problem to solve. Biit no doubt is admissible as to the transmission. Parents often wonder at the quite contrary tempers of their offspring. Could they remember, with strict accuracy, ibe state of their own mental aud moral and bodily rightness or wrongness through the past, generally and specitically, and did they fully understand the relation of this personal condition to the organisms emanating from themselves, they might conclude that it is not altogether accident, nor arbitrary fore-ordination which puts a Cain and an Abel, a Jacob and an Esau, a Joseph and a Reuben, in the same household and brotherhoods. They would discover that it makes a vast difference whether they have eaten the sour grape or the sweet.
Coutentious spirits are apt to come out of families which have vexed each other with neighborhood teus aud lawsuits, which have quarrelled for years about trifles not worily of a second thought. Slauderous dispositions are seen to reproduce themseives in the same way: and so on indefinitely. These things are like the subtle poison which sends scrofula through a family connection, through generstions; a vitiating influence in the system hard to expel but easy 10 detect.
What sort of parents John Randolph had, we have forgotten. One might think they were somewhat singular. But that this strong man was not an atheist, as well as an Ishmael, he tells us was due to his mother's teaching him, in earliest childhood, to say; "Qur Father which art in heaven."
Most observing persons have noticed, that, in the same community, certain families adhere to a religious or an irreligious career from age to age, brioging forward recruits, with a marked uniformity, to fill the successiou of these distinctive characters. There are lineages, which, traced backward, are scarcely broken by an example of decided piety. Fathers and sons have come and gone, travelling all in the same broad road of unbelief; nothing to link their meinories with the kingilom of God. They have had the same means of instruction, worship, grace as their neighbors, but unavailingly to break up this hereditary trausmissiou of a worldly life. Peculiar
forms of error thus reproduce themselves. A strong minded ancestor has made a creed, in fact if not in writing, for a numerous progeny. And grand-children and their offspring will wear the impress of that deception so deeply in their souls, that it would almost seem as if a decree of heaven had drawn an impassable line between such clusters of people and a religions profession. They are like sand-plains in the midst of fertile lands. They are not the children of Seth who call on the name of the Lord, save as, here and there, some heart has been driven, by conscious want and pain, to escape from all this freezing spiritual indifference to a living Intercessor, an Almighty Friend. The opposite of this picture is equally apparent, and is one of the most beautiful in society. Causes and effects lie along this tract of thought which, in this day of reducing crerything to fixed law, are worthy of more attention than they are receiving
LANGUAGE. Does language mean any thing per se; or only what those who use it intend to signify by its phrases ? If a writer be entitled to the benefit of his own definitious, however unusual, is he also entitled to the sense which he may put upon his words? Are these designed to conceal or explain thought? Readers of Victor Hugo's Les Miserables will recollect his curious chapter on the dialect of the gamins of Paris. This to them is as positive a language as it is nonsense to every body else. Raverty's Poetry of the Afghans gives us some specimens of a like metempsychosis, in another direction. It is the Sufis' mystic tongue, in which wine is devotion ; sleep, divine meditation ; perfume, hope of divine favor; zephyrs (not the ladies', we presume) outbursts of grace; infidels, idolaters, libertines, men of purest faith ; the idol they worship, God himself ; the tavern, prayer or seclusion ; beauty, divine perfection ; curls and tresses, divine and infinite glory ;'wantonness, druukenness, religious fervor and exaltation. This is ingenious; and we would commend to those far away masters of it some students of this occult art among ourselves, who are busily at work in turning our theological terminology, like an old coat, inside out; or rather, perhaps, turning the whole of it out of doors, so far as any legitimate meaning is concerned. We add a brief list of words which these writers are thus prestidigitating: inspiration ; revelation : vicarious; atonement; sin ; hell; justice; moral law ; regeneration ; holiness; religion ; God. What they mean by these words has about as much relevancy to the facts themselves, as the jargon of Gavroche or the Sufis, to an ordinary dictionary. They are the lucus a non lucendo dialect of what the Princeton Review calls, “ the dreamy, unauthoritative pseudo-inspiration of modern mystico-transcendentalism."
THEOLOGICAL JUGGLING. A sentence in the last Christian Examiner catches our eye, which is worth a notice as illustrating the facility of drawing a very much too general inference from an admitted fact. Writing of “Orthodox Congregationalism," the author says that
“ However tightly tied up it is in the theory of the old theology-as appeared in its late National Council at Boston-many of its ministers possess an adroitness which those famous jugglers, the Brothers Davenport, might envy, in loosening themselves the moment attention is withdrawn, and walking at large before their audience in a freedom wholly unaccountable to those who saw them lately tied hand and foot, with their own full consent.” p. 9.
We do not deny that there is something of this among us, and wherever it exists, it deserves severe reproof. But we flatly deny that it can be charged truthfully upon
many” of our ministers compared with their whole number. Of course, there should be none of it found among honorable and Christian men. It would be well for any who may be loose in their morality at this point, to reflect how little credit they thereby are gaining with outsiders 'whose good opinions possibly they think to win by this jugglery. Our liberal friends should really draw a quite different conclusion from these premises — that such a Council as this of June last is one of the surest pledges how resolved the body there represented is to confine this “ adroitness” within the narrowest possible limits.
But has the Examiner forgotten the proverb about throwing stones out of a glass house? Are its people, who so stoutly claim to be the Christians of the day, par excellence, the ones to be very. severe upon others in a matter like this, with the “ confusion worse confounded ” of its late “ Ecumenical” so freshly in memory, and its utter failure to tie up to any sort of a creed in theology which would not suit the baldest Deism? We fancy the Liberal Christianity of the day would feel itself to be much more respectable than at present, if it had come as near to uniting, ex animo, on a Confession of Faith, as those did whom it seems disposed to regard as not much better than a troupe of acrobats.
“What," asks Hawthorne in the Diary which the Atlantic Monthly is printing, were the contents of the burden of Christian in the Pilgrim's Progress? He must have been taken for a peddler travelling with his pack.” Doubtless; if he had been seen walking into the sunctum of that oracle of Natural Religion.
THE RETAIL AND GENERAL BUSINESS OF TICKNOR AND FIELDS,
135 Washington Street, Boston. invite the attention of book-buyers to their large and varied assortment of BOOKS IN EVERY DEPARTMENT OF LITERATURE. They devote special care to the supplying of both
Public and Private Libraries, and will furnish with pleasure any information which book-buyers may desire respecting editions and prices.
Foreign Works, IMPORTED TO ORDER, and any AMERICAN PUBLICATIONS sent by mail, postage-paid, on receipt of the advertised retail price. Parish, Clergymen's, and Sunday School Libraries
FURNISHED ON THE MOST LIBERAL TERMS.
Among our PUBLICATIONS are the following:
Snperior to any ever issued in the country.
Craik, D.D., Rector of Christ's Church, Louisville, Ky., 12mo. 359 pp. $200. FAMILY PRAYERS. With Forms for Occasional and Private Use. By the
Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., Bishop of the Diocese of Iowa. 16mo. $125. KEBLE'S CHRISTIAN YEAR. A fine 16mo edition, in large, clear type,
from new plates. ELIM ; OR, HYMNS OF HOLY REFRESHMENT. Selected by the Rev. F. D.
Huntington, D.D. A beautiful volume, with engraved title-page, printed in colors,
Second edition. Bevelled boards, gilt top $200. THE GOOD NEWS OF GOD. A volume of Sermons. By the Rev. Charles
Kingsley, 12mo. 374 pages. $1 75. REV. DR. CHAPMAN'S SERMONS upon the Ministry, Worship and Doc
trines of the Episcopal Church. A new and improved edition. 12mo, red edges, $1 7.3. PARTY SPIRIT IN THE CHURCH. By the late Rev. Sanderson Robins Vicar of St. Peter's, Isle of Thanet, England. 16mo. 88 pages. Paper, 50 cents; cloth, 75 cents.
“Written for members of the Church of England, it is not, on that account, the less suited to those of the Church in the United States, zor is there any religious denomination to which such counsel would be untimely."
D A full Descriptive Catalogue of our publications sent post paid on application. MASSACIUSETTS ECCLESIASTICAL LAW.
BY EDWARD BUCK,
OF THE SUFFOLK BAR.
....cloth, 1 75. The author in his preface, says: “In this volume I have attempted to collect and arrange in convenient form for reference the Ecclesiastical Laws of Massachusetts. which lie scattered in profusion among the Statutes and Reports of the Commonwealth.
“In order to secure completeness, reports of legislative committees, town histories, church histories, reports of councils, sermons, periodicals and biographies have been examined, our present ecclesiastical laws and usages traced to English sources; and with a view of making the work more generally useful in all parts of the Union, decisions of other States, and denominational controversies in which Massachusetts had no special part, have been cited.”
It will be found a work of interest and of great practical value as a book of refer. ence : touching the numerous questions constantly arising as to the rights, duties and principles of churches, societies, ministers, counsels, rights of property, etc.
Among the multitudes of subjects, etc., treated are the following: America Dedicated to Religious Uses; Support of the Gospel ; Tax Laws for Support of the Gospel; Choice of Ministers under the Tax Laws; Principles of the Dedham Casc Applied; Churches, Rights and Usages, etc.; Ministers, Early Laws and Uses, etc.; Leacons, their Rights, Duties, etc.; Religious Societies, Orgarizations, Incorporations, etc.; Meetinghouses, Titles, etc.; Pews, Ownership, el; Pecincts of the Meetinghouse, etc.; Charities, Jurisdiction, etc.; Marriage, Penal Laws, Observance of the Lord's Day, etc.; Ecclesiastical Councils; Councils, Mutual, Ex Parte, Results, etc.
HOPKINS' LECTURES ON MORAL SCIENCE, Delivered before the Lowell Institnte, Boston, by Mark Hopkins, D. D., President of Williams College. Royal 12mo,..
·$1 50 An important work from the pen of one of the most profound thinkers of the age.
RITTER’S GEOGRAPHICAL STUDIES.
..... cloth, 1 50 This volume contains the grand generalizations of Ritter's life-work, the Erdkünde, in eighteen volumes; his lectures on the Relations of Geography and His. tory, and a number of important papers on Physical Geography.
PEABODY'S CHRISTIANITY THE RELIGION OF NATURE. Lectures delivered before the Lowell Institute in 1863, by A. P. Peabody, D.D., LL.D. Royal 12m0.......,
...... cloth, 1 50 A masterly production, distinguished for its acuteness and earnestness, its force of logic and fairness of statement, written in a style of singular accuracy and beauty
59 Washington Street. Boston.