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Senator FLANDERS. I think, Mr. Chairman, I ask that this response to my memorandum to the Secretary be filed immediately after the point in the record in which the memorandum was placed this morning with a cross-reference back to it in the record from this conversation, here.
Senator KERR. Without objection, that will be done.
Senator FLANDERS. I think it would be advantageous to have the two together.
Secretary WEEKS. Yes.
(The Secretary of Commerce subsequently forwarded to the committee for insertion in the record on page 36 his reply to Senator Flanders' memorandum of May 12.)
(NOTE.-At the Senator's request this information has been inserted on page 36 of the hearing.)
Senator FLANDERS. That is all I have to say, at the present time, Mr. Chairman.
Senator KERR. Just one question here, Mr. Secretary. A number of times you have said here what the President did in carrying out the recommendations of the Tariff Commission. How many cases did you say had been acted upon by the Tariff Commission in which it made recommendations to the President?
Secretary WEEKS. Thirty.
Senator KERR. How many of those did the President carry out as recommended by the Tariff Commission?
Secretary WEEKS. There were 26 different commodities. Some of the commodities repeated so my figures are based on the 26 different commodity recommendations by the Tariff Commission. But of the 26, he favorably acted
Senator KERR. I mean how many of them did he carry out the full recommendation of the Tariff Commission?
Secretary WEEKS. He acted favorably in 10 cases.
Senator KERR. Are you telling the committee that in 10 cases he fully carried out the Tariff Commission's recommendations?
Secretary WEEKS. I cannot say that he carried out the full recommendation. I will have to get that.
Senator KERR. Can you tell me in how many cases he carried out the full recommendation of the Tariff Commission?
Mr. KEARNS. The Tariff Commission divided in its recommendations in many of the cases.
Senator KERR. I am talking about the majority recommendations in the tariff cases.
When the Supreme Court carries out a decision you do not comply with it by complying with a minority report of one of the members.
Secretary WEEKS. We will have to run through the record.
Senator KERR. Now Mr. Secretary, I do not want to be at all lacking in the most complete consideration, but my information is that there were not as many as five of them in which he carried out the full recommendation of the majority of the Tariff Commission.
Now if I am in error in that, I would like to be corrected, and I think you would want the record to reflect the accurate condition.
Secretary WEEKS. May I cite the figures and run them all through just for a second?
In 10 cases he acted favorably.
Senator KERR. That is like if you lead a horse to where there was | some water and he needed a peck and you give him a pint, you would not go away saying that you had watered the horse, would you?
Secretary WEEKS. No, sir.
Senator KERR. If you invited me to dinner you would not just feed me the soup and the salad and then say “Now you have had a good dinner, and that is all, would you? Secretary WEEKS. No. Senator KERR. You would not do that? Secretary Weeks. No, sir, not to you. Senator KERR. Now either tell us how many that the President carried out the recommendation as it was made or that you will supply it for the record.
Secretary WEEKS. We will supply it for the record. Senator KERR. Now until you do, I think our discussion of it is not accurately illuminating.
Secretary WEEKS. I have got the whole record here and I will supply it for the record.
(The Secretary of Commerce subsequently forwarded to the committee the following further statement on a point raised by Senator
ACTION BY THE PRESIDENT ON TARIFF COMMISSION RECOMMENDATIONS IN
ESCAPE-CLAUSE CASES The Tariff Commission has sent a total of 30 escape-clause cases to the President with recommendations for action. Of these, the President has invoked the Escape clause with respect to the following 10: Women's fur felt hats and hat bodies (Oct. 30, 1950) Hatters' fur (Jan. 5, 1952) Dried figs (Aug. 16, 1952) Alsike clover seed (June 30, 1954) Watches (second investigation) (July 27, 1954) Bicycles (second investigation) (Aug. 18, 1955) Toweling, of flax, hemp, or ramie (June 25, 1956) spring clothespins (fourth investigation) (Nov. 9, 1957) Safety pins (second investigation) (Nov. 29, 1957) Clinical thermometers (Apr. 21, 1958)
In all but 3 of these 10 cases the full recommendations of the Tariff Commission were carried out. The exceptions were as follows:
ALSIKE CLOVER SEED The 1930 duty rate on alsike clover seed was 8 cents per pound. The last trade agreement rate was 2 cents per pound. As a result of its escape clause investigation the Tariff Commission recommended (May 21, 1954) that a duty of 4 Oents per pound be applied to the first 1.5 million pounds imported in any 1 year and a rate of 6 cents per pound be applied to imports in a quota year in excess of 1.5 million pounds. By a proclamation dated June 30, 1954, the President put this recommendation into effect for the period July 1, 1954, to June 30, 1955, except that the first 1.5 million pounds imported were allowed to enter at 2 cents per pound instead of 4 cents per pound.
The President directed the Tariff Commission to continue the investigation with respect to alsike clover seed and to submit to him a supplemental report indicating whether it considered the continuation of the tariff quota beyond June 30, 1955, to be necessary. On April 28, 1955, the Commission reported its finding that it was necessary to continue a traiff quota and that the annual quota should be 2.5 million pounds subject to a duty of 2 cents per pound with imports in excess of that quantity during any quota year subject to a duty of 6 cents per pound. By proclamation No. 3100 of June 29, 1955, the President put these recommendations into effect for the period July 1, 1955, through June 30, 1957.
On March 14, 1957, the President requested the Tariff Commission to determine whether and to what extent the tariff quota on imports of alsike clover seed would be necessary after June 30, 1957. The Commission recommended continuance of the arrangement specified in Proclamation No. 3100. On June 25, 1957, the President proclaimed these rates for the period July 1, 1957, through June 30, 1959, but increased from 2.5 million to.3 million pounds the annual imports on which the 2-cent per pound duty applies.
BICYCLES (SECOND INVESTIGATION) The 1930 duty rate on bicycles was 30 percent ad valorem. Under a bilateral agreement with the United Kingdom effective January 1, 1939, this r’te was reduced as follows: On bicycles, with or without tires, having wheels in di• meter over 25 inchei, to $2.50 euch, but not less than 15 percent nor more than 30 percent ad vrlorem; over 19 but not over 25 inches, to $2 euch, but not less than 15 nor more than 30 percent ad valorem; and not over 19 inches, to $1.25 each, but not less than 15 percent nor more than 30 percent ad valorem. These rates were continued under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade except that the rate of duty on bicycles with or without tires, having wheels in diameter over 25 inches, and weighing less than 36 pounds complete without accessories and not designed for use with tires having a cross-sectional diameter exceeding 15 inches, was reduced to $1.25 each, but not less than 72 percent nor more than 15 percent ad valorem.
As a result of an escape-clause application the Tariff Commission recommended (March 14, 1955) the application for an indefinite period of the following rstes of duty: Picy les with or without tires, having wheels in diameter: over 25 inches, a rate of $3.75 each, but not less than 2272 percent nor more than 30 percent ad valorem; over 19 but not over 25 inches, a rote of $3 each, but not less than 2242 percent nor more than 30 percent ad valorem; not over 19 inches, a rote of $1.8714 e ch, but not less than 224 percent nor more than 30 percent ad valorem.
The Pre ident, by a proclamation of August 18, 1955, put all of the rates recommended by the Commission into effect except the rate on birycles with wheel diameter over 25 inches, weighing less than 36 pounds complete without accesories and not designed for use with tires having a cross-sectional di meter exceeding 158 inches. On this category the President procl imed a rate of $1.8744 each, but not less than 1144 percent ad valorem nor more than 2272 percent ad valorem.
SPRING CLOTHESPINS (FOURTH INVESTIGATION) The 1930 tariff rate on spring clothespins was 20 cents per gross. The last trade-agreement rate was 10 cents per gross. As the result of an escape-clause investigation the Tariff Commission recommended (September 10, 1957) that imports of spring clothespins he limited, for an indefinite period, to an annual quota of 650,000 gross. The President decided not to apply an import quota hut by a proclamation of November 9, 1957, he raised the duty on spring clothespins to the statutory rate of 20 cents per gross.
Of the 20 cases in which the President has not invoked the escape clause, 2 are still pending, other appropriate action was taken to provide relief in 3, and 2 others were earlier investigations on products with respent to which the President sul sequently invoked the escape clause. The President decided to grant no relief in the remaining 13 (2 of which concern a single product).
Senator KERR. I have been asked to announce that the committee will meet in the morning at 10 o'clock and be in session until 1 o'clock.
Senator Anderson from New Mexico will be presiding and the Serretary of State will return at that time.
Senator Long will now question, and I wonder, Senator Malone, if you would come up here because when Senator Long is completed, then I would like for you to handle the meeting until it is recessed until 10 o'clock in the morning.
Senator MALONE. Senator Long, you may proceed.
Senator Long. Mr. Secretary, one of the documents that I find helpful in studying this matter that is put out by your Department is a statistical report.
I think I saw a copy which one of your assistants has there. It shows the body of imports as against exports for 1953, 1956, 1957, and I would like to ask that that be made a part of the record at this point.
I think it would help us to find the information relating to these industries.
(The Secretary of Commerce subsequently forwarded to the committee for insertion in the record the following statistical report referred to by Senator Long:)
United States foreign trade,
commodity by area
annual 1953, 1956, 1957, and quarterly 1956 and 1957
THIS report presents annual and quarterly commodity statistics by geographic areas, supplementing the data published in World Trade Information Service reports, part 3, Nos. 58-6 and 58-8. Values of commodity exports to the world and to four leading areas of destination are given in table 1. Values of commodity imports, total and from principal areas or countries of origin, are in table 2.
The export figures exclude items designated “special
For more detailed explanation of the statistics, see
Table 1.–United States Exports of Principal Agricultural and Nonagricultural Commodities by Areas of Destina.
tion, Annual 1953, 1956, 1957, and Quarterly 1956 and 1957
(In millions of dollars)
Jan. April July Oct. Jan. - April July Oct.-
March June 1956 1957
11.646.1 | 16,624.9 18,568.6 3,781.9 4,229.6 3,927.3 4.686.2 4,926.6 4,926.3 4,272.6 4,443.0
2.994.9 3.973,4 3,880.0 918.6 1,078.4 931.1 11.046.3 978.7 1,096.8 930.1 874.9 21 American Republica.....
2.921.4 3.689.5 4,466.7 885.5 918,2 884.8 1,006.0 11,087.9 1,126.0 11.106.8 1,196.6 Western Europe 1
2.867.8 5.132.8 5,649.4 1,110.7 1.272.1 | 1,204.4 1.546.6 1,682.3 1.468.6 1,223.6 1.285.0