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Sullivan, William A., Northern Textile Association, to Hon. Robert S. Kerr.
Teague, J. N., president, American Association of Oil Well Drilling Con-

tractors, to Russell B. Brown, Washington, D. C.
Van Dorn, H. B., chairman, Foreign Trade and Tariff Committee, to

chairman.---Watkins, T. J., chairman, Citizens Committee for Stabilization (lead-zinc industry) Flat River, Mo., to chairman..

----Watson, Merrill A., executive vice president, National Shoe Manufacturers Association, Inc., to chairman.-

Changes in tariff levels and in United States exports to countries with which

trade agreements are now in effect ---
Comparison of handmade blown glassware with significant economic trends.
Comparison of wages in United States and foreign mines.-
Examples of United States exports of products subject to trade agreement

Hourly returns of dairy farm operators.---
Illustrative list of concession items with value of United States imports in

1953 and 1957.--United States butterfat production in 1957. -United States imports for consumption.---

903 1158 1117



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FRIDAY, JUNE 27, 1958


Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to recess, at 10:05 a. m., in room 312, Senate Office Building, Senator Harry Flood Byrd (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Byrd (chairman), Kerr, Frear, Douglas, Martin, Williams, Malone, Carlson, and Bennett.

Also present: Elizabeth B. Springer, chief clerk.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.

The first witness is Mr. O. R. Strackbein, chairman of the NationWide Committee on Import-Export Policy.



Mr. STRACKBEIN. My name is O. R. Strackbein.

I am the chairman of the Nation-Wide Committee on Import-Export Policy.

I may say that this committee is composed of organizations of industry, of labor, and agriculture that have in common among them the problem of import competition.

If it is so desired, Mr. Chairman, I will be very glad to give a list of the names of our members.

The CHAIRMAN. It may be filed.
Senator MARTIN. Why not submit it for the record ?
Mr. STRACKBEIN. Yes, sir.
(The list is as follows:)


American National Cattlemen's Association
United Mine Workers of America (Ind.)
National Wool Growers Association
American Tung Oil Association, A. A. L.
Seafarers International Union of North America (AFL-CIO)
Wine Institute
American Flint Glass Workers' Union of North America (AFL-CIO)
Florida Fruit and Vegetable Association
The Hat Institute, Inc.
Book Manufacturers Institute, Inc.
Bicycle Institute of America, Inc.
Cordage Institute

The United States Potters Association
Atlantic Fishermen's Union (AFL-CIO)
American Lace Manufacturers Association, Inc.
International Photo Engravers' Union of North America (AFL-CIO)
California Walnut Growers Association
California Almond Growers Exchange
Pin, Clip and Fastener Association
Amalgamated Lace Operatives of America (Ind.)
National Association Greenhouse Vegetable Growers
United States Wood Screw Service Bureau
United States Machine Screw Service Bureau
United States Cap Screw Service Bureau
Service Tools Institute
Oregon Filbert Commission
American Knit Handwear Association, Inc.
Pacific Coast Fish Producers Institute
Cannery Workers Union of the Pacific (AFL-CIO)
Cannery Workers & Fishermen's Union (AFL-CIO)
Wyoming Wool Growers Association
Carpet Institute, Inc.
Harley-Davidson Motor Co.
The Dow Chemical Co.
John B. Stetson Co.
Onondaga Pottery Co.
National Creameries Association
The Wall Paper Institute, Inc.
Reynolds Metals Co., Inc.
Hardwood Plywood Institute
American Glassware Association
Wm. Ainsworth & Sons, Inc.
Scientific Apparatus Makers' Association
Tile Council of America
Air Products, Inc.
Industrial Fasteners Institute
American Tunaboat Association
International Leather Goods, Plastics & Novelty Workers Union (AFL-CIO)
International Brotherhood of Operative Potters (AFL-CIO)
The Diamond Gardner Co.
Pacific Match Co.
Cupples Co.
Massachusetts Fisheries Association, Inc.
Seafood Producers Association of New Bedford
Mushroom Growers Cooperative Association
National Authority for the Ladies Handbag Industry
American Cyanamid Co.
United Hatters, Cap & Millinery Workers International Union (AFL-CIO)
Pass and Seymour, Inc.
Hoffman-LaRoche, Inc.
Idaho Wool Growers Association
California Fig Institute
American Zinc, Lead & Smelting Co.
Monsanto Chemical Co.
Young Aniline Works, Inc.
Food Machinery & Chemical Corp.
Pharma Chemical Corp.
Pfister Chemical Works, Inc.
Texas Sheep and Goat Raisers Association
Hooker Electrochemical Co.
American Fine China Guild
Umbrella Frame Manufacturing Industry
National Match Workers' Council
Rhode Island Textile Association
Allied Chemical & Dye Corp.
Carus Chemical Co.
Five Star Fish & Cold Storage
Fuller Brush Co.
L. S. Mayer & Son

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. American Thermos Products Co. Arnold, Schwinn & Co. Canonsburg Pottery Co. The Central Silica Co. The Chemstrand Co. Commercial Decal, Inc. American Dehydrated Onion and Garlic Association Detroit Steel Corp. Dolan Steel Co., Inc. B. F. Drakenfeld & Co., Inc. Engelhard Industries, Inc. Feldspar Corp. Ferro Corp. Fostoria Glass Co. Fourco Glass Co. French Saxon China Co. The Hall China Co. The Harris Clay Co. Harshaw Chemical Co. Hartford Steel Ball Co., Inc. The Homer Laughlin China Co. Illinois Coal Operators Association Imperial Glass Corp. Independent Domestic Fluorspar Producers Association The Edwin M. Knowles China Co. Mayer China Co. Mesinger Manufacturing Co., Inc. National Lead Co. New Castle Refractories Co. Northern West Virginia Coal Association Pemco Corp. Pennsylvania Pulverizing Co. Persons-Majestic Manufacturing Co. The Potters Supply Co. The Risdon Manufacturing Co. Rockwell Manufacturing Co. The Salem China Co. H. C. Spinks Clay Co. Star-Kist Foods, Inc. The Sterling China Co. Swindell-Dressler Corp. Taylor, Smith & Taylor Co. The Torrington Co. United Clay Mines Corp. Universal Potteries, Inc. Van Camp Sea Food Co. Vitachrome, Inc. The Wellsville China Co. Westfield Manufacturing Co. Westgate-California Corp. The S. C. Williams Co. Detrex Chemical Industries, Inc. United Glass and Ceramic Workers of North America. Penzac Oil Co. Phelps Dodge Corp. Sayles Biltmore Bleacherles, Inc. Bausch & Lomb Optical Co. Brewer Manufacturing Co. Columbian Rope Co. Delta Electric Co. The Eagle Picher Co. Harnischfeger Corp. Kelly-Springfield Tire Co. McCauley Metal Products, Inc. Ohio Rubber Co. Wyckoff Steel Co.

by inedures prries that he escape ein injure

Mr. STRACKBEIN. It is the purpose of this statement to analyze those features of H. R. 12591 that we regard as unacceptable and indeed against the best interests of the many industries that would be affected adversely by the bill's passage.

We believe that H. R. 12591 disregards some of the most justifiable complaints lodged against the administration of the trade agreements program by those who have been injured by import competition.

Experience with the escape clause, in particular, has been distressing to industries that have in good faith looked to the machinery and procedures provided by Congress for relief from serious injury caused by increasing imports.

'I do not believe that the House of Representatives is as indifferent to the welfare of the many industries, miners, farmers, growers and workers that have complained about imports, as the vote of that body on H. R. 12591 would indicate.

This is not to say, Mr. Chairman, that the House voted blindly; nor is it the purpose here to blame the inordinate and I may say rampant lobbying that went with the bill's progress.

The principal trouble lay in the rules of the House and the particular rule under which this bill was considered.

This was a so-called modified closed rule which severely limited any rounded consideration of the rather complicated issue.

The limitation prescribed by the rule was unfortunate precisely because the difference that divided the proponents and opponents of the bill was a matter of degree. One disagreement, for example, was over the length of time for which the extension should be made: 2 years or 5 years.

Another and perhaps more important disagreement was over the question of congressional versus executive control over Tariff Commission recommendations.

A third difference lay in the treatment of products that are necessary to the national security.

A fourth lay in the peril point proceedings.

By forcing these somewhat varied provisions into a single substitute bill it was not possible to go to the merits of each particular point. Therefore the vote was not a clear expresssion on the time period, i. e., 2 years versus 5 years, nor on the question of restoring to Congress its authority over the regulation of foreign commerce or the several other provisions on which there was a difference.

None of these points could be voted on separately, even though each one was of sufficient importance to justify a separate vote.

It is therefore hoped that more detailed consideration may be given to these points by this committee and by the Senate.

This statement will confine itself to what are undoubtedly the two leading points. One is the number of years of the renewal. The other is the question of congressional authority over Tariff Commission findings as opposed to complete domination by the Executive. I shall address myself to these two points from here on.

Mr. Chairman, our concern over the 5-year extension is very clear and, I would hope, very compelling. A 5-year extension of the trade agreements program would to all intents and purposes exclude the many industries, mining interests, fisheries, farmers and workers

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