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No. 3. any bequest of personal property described in a general manner, Act 4 Vic. shall be construed to include any personal estate, or any personal

c. 23. estate to which such description shall extend (as the case may be), Declaring which he may have power to appoint, in any manner he may think Act of Parl. proper, and shall operate as an execution of such power, unless a 1 Vic. c. 26, contrary intention shall appear by the will. in force. XXVIII. That where any real estate shall be devised to any

person, without any words of limitation, such devise shall be conConstruction of a Devise

strued to pass the fee simple, or other the whole estate or interest without words which the testator had power to dispose of, by will, in such real, of limitation. estate, unless a contrary intention shall appear by the will, Construction XXIX. That in any devise or bequest of real or personal estate, of the words

the words “ die without issue,” or, “die without leaving issue,” or, “ Die without Issue,” or,

“have no issue,” or any other words, which may import either a “ Die without want or failure of issue of any person in his lifetime, or at the leaving Issue.” time of his death, or an indefinite failure of his issue, shall be con

strued to mean a want or failure of issue, in the lifetime, or at the time of the death of such person, and not an indefinite failure of his issue, unless a contrary intention shall appear by the will, by reason of such person having a prior estate tail, or of a preceding gift, being without any implication arising from such words, a limitation of an estate tail to such person, or issue, or otherwise : Provided, that this Act shall not extend to cases where such words as aforesaid, import if no issue described in a preceding gift shall be born, or, if there shall be no issue who shall live to attain the age, or otherwise answer the description required for obtain

ing a vested estate by a preceding gift to such issue. Where Devise

XXX. That where any real estate (other than, or not being to trustees, &c. a presentation to a church) shall be devised to any trustee, or shall not pass

executor, such devise shall be construed to pass the fee simple, or a chattel interest.

other the whole estate or interest, which the testator had power to dispose of, by will in such real estate, unless a definite term of years, absolute or determinable, or an estate of freehold, shall,

thereby, be given to him expressly, or by implication. Trustees under XXXI. That where any real estate shall be devised to a trustee, an unlimited

without any express limitation of the estate, to be taken by such Devise to take the Fee.

trustee, and the beneficial interest in such real estate, or in the surplus rents and profits thereof shall not be given to any person for life, or such beneficial interest shall be given to any person for life, but the purposes of the trust may continue beyond the life of such person, such devise shall be construed to vest in such trustee the fee simple, or other the whole legal estate, which the testator had power to dispose of by will in such real estate, and not an estate determinable when the purposes of the trust shall be satis

fied. Devises of Es

XXXII. That where any person, to whom any real estate shall tates Tail shall

be devised for an estate tail, or an estate in quasi entail, shall die in not lapse.

- the lifetime of the testator, leaving issue who would be inheritable

under such entail, and any such issue shall be living at the time of Gifts to chile

the death of the testator, such devise shall not lapse, but shall take dren or other

effect as if the death of such person had happened immediately after issue, who have issue

the death of the testator, unless a contrary intention shall appear living at the by the will. Testator's

XXXIII. That where any person, being a child, or other issue, death, shall ot lapse.

of the testator, to whom any real or personal estate shall be devised

or bequeathed for an estate or interest not determinable at, or No. 3. before, the death of such person, shall die in the lifetime of the Act 4 Vic. testator, leaving issue, and any such issue of such person shall be c. 23. living at the time of the death of the testator, such devise or be- Declaring quest shall not lapse, but shall take effect as if the death of such Act of Parl. person had happened immediately after the death of the testator, 1 Vic. c. 26, unless a contrary intention shall appear by the will.

in force. XXXIV. That this Act shall not extend to any will made before the first day of January, 1838; and that every will re-executed, or Limitation of re-published, or revived by any codicil, shall, for the purposes of A this Act, be deemed to have been made at the time at which the same shall be so re-executed, re-published, or revived; and that this Act shall not extend to any estate per autre vie of any person who shall die before the first day of January, 1838.

Act.

No. 4. Ord. No. 5,

1856. Declaring

15 & 16 Vic.

c. 24, in force.

No. 4.-ORDINANCE No. 5 of 1856.
An Ordinance to declare in force within these islands a certain

Statute of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,
passed in the fifteenth and sixteenth years of the reign of Her
present Majesty, entitled “ An Act for the amendment of an
Act passed in the first year of the reign of Her Majesty Queen
Victoria, entituled An Act for the amendment of the Laws with
respect to Wills.'(Passed 9th July, 1856. Confirmed 11th

December, 1856.)

HEREAS a certain Statute of the United Kingdom of Great W Britain and Ireland, passed in the first year of the reign of Her present Majesty, entitled “An Act for the amendment of the Laws with respect to Wills," was extended to these islands by an Act of the General Assembly of the Bahama Islands, of the eleventh year of Her Majesty's reign, chapter one: And whereas, the said Statute has been amended by an Act of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, passed in the fifteenth and sixteenth years of Her said present Majesty's reign, chapter twentyfour ; and it is expedient also to declare in force within this colony the said amended Act; May it, &c. : That from and after the coming into operation of this Ordinance, the said amending Act of the fifteenth and sixteenth years of the reign of Her said Majesty, shall be, and is hereby declared to be in force within these islands, as fully and effectually to all intents and purposes as if the said amending Act contained a provision expressly extending its enactments to this colony, or as if the said Act had been made and enaeted by the Legislative Council of these islands.

Act of Parliament 15 & 16 Vic. cap. 24, to amend the Act 1 Vic.

cap. 26, declared in force by Ord. No. 5, 1856. I. Whereby an Act passed in the first year of the reign of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, entituled An Act for the amend

No. 4. ment of the laws with respect to Wills, it is enacted, that no Ord. No. 5, will shall be valid unless it shall be signed at the foot or end

1856. thereof by the testator, or by some other person in his presence Declaring and by his direction : Every will shall, so far only as regards the Act of Parl. position of the signature of the testator, or of the person signing 15 & 16 Vic. for him, as aforesaid, be deemed to be valid within the said enact

c. 24, ment as explained by this Act, if the signature shall be so placed in force. at or after, or following, or under, or beside, or opposite to the

end of the will, that it shall be apparent on the face of the will that the testator intended to give effect by such his signature to the writing signed as his will, and that no such will shall be affocted by the circumstance that the signature shall not follow or be immediately after the foot or end of the will, or by the circumstance that a blank space shall intervene between the concluding word of the will and the signature, or by the circumstance that the signature shall be placed among the words of the testimonium clause or of the clause of attestation, or shall follow or be after or under the clause of attestation either with, or without a blank space intervening, or shall follow or be after or under, or beside, the names, or one of the names of the subscribing witnesses, or by the circumstance that the signature shall be on a side or page or other portion of the paper or papers containing the will, whereon no clause, or paragraph or disposing part of the will shall be written above the signature, or by the circumstance that there shall appear to be sufficient space on, or at the bottom of the preceding side or page or other portion of the same paper on which the will is written to contain the signature; and the enumeration of the above circumstances shall not restrict the generality of the above enactment; but no signature under the said Act or this Act shall be operative to give effect to any disposition or direction which is underneath or which follows it, nor shall it give effect to any disposition or direction inserted after the signature shall be made.

II. The provisions of this Act shall extend and be applied to every will already made, where administration or probate has not already been granted or ordered by a Court of competent jurisdiction in consequence of the defective execution of such will, or where the property, not being within the jurisdiction of the Ecclesiastical Courts, has not been possessed or enjoyed by some person or persons claiming to be entitled thereto in consequence of the defective execution of such will, or the right thereto shall not have been decided to be in some other person or persons than the persons claiming under the will by a Court of competent jurisdiction in consequence of the defective execution of such will.

III. The word “Will ” shall in the construction of this Act be interpreted in like manner as the same is directed to be interpreted under the provisions in this behalf contained in the said Act of the first year of the reign of Her Majesty Queen Victoria.

IV. This Act may be cited as “The Wills Act Amendment Act, 1852.”

No. 5.-ORDINANCE No. 4 of 1860.

No. 5.

Ord. No. 4, An Ordinance to prevent the administration of the estates of persons 1860.

deceased without Letters Testamentary or Letters of Adminis-
tration being first had and obtained. (Passed 11th April,

1860. Confirmed 14th June, 1861.) W HEREAS it is expedient that provision should be made by PREAMBLE,

W law, to prevent the administration of the estates of persons deceased, without letters testamentary or letters of administration being first had and obtained; May it, &c.

1. That if any person shall take possession of, and in any manner No person to administer any part of the personal estate and effects of any person administer deceased without obtaining letters testamentary or letters of admi- without Letters

on an estate nistration upon the estate of the deceased; every person so offend of Administraing shall forfeit and pay the sum of Twenty pounds, and also such tion, under a sum of money as shall become due upon taking out such letters. Penalty of £20.

II. That no such letters testamentary or letters of administra- No Letters to tion shall henceforth be granted by the Court of Ordinary, unless be given before the party or parties applying therefor shall first enter into bond bond entered with sufficient sureties in the sum of Fifty pounds, with condition into thereunder written that he, she, or they will within six calendar months, after the date of such bond, make and return into the registry of the said Court a true and correct inventory and appraisement of the estate both real and personal, which was possessed by the deceased at the time of his death, and will within the said six months, pay all fees which may become due and payable on the estate upon which such letters have been applied for; which bond shall be taken by the Ordinary in the name of the Queen and her successors. III. That if any forfeiture, payment, or penalty shall be incurred Appropriation

of Penalties. under the provisions of this Ordinance, the same may be sued for, recovered, and levied by and before any Court of competent jurisdiction, whenever the President shall think fit to order the same to be sued for: and when recovered shall be recovered for the use of Her Majesty, her heirs and successors, and shall be paid into the public Treasury towards the support of the Government of these islands.

PART III.

Class 1.-COURTS OF CHANCERY AND ORDINARY.
Class II.- COURT OF ERROR.
Class III.-SUPREME COURT AND CIVIL PROCEEDINGS THEREIN.
Class IV.-JURIES.
Class V.-COURT OF WRECK AND SALVAGE CASES.
Class VI.-COURTS FOR ADJUDICATING IN CASES OF PETTY DEBT AND

TRESPASSES.

CLASS I.
COURTS OF CHANCERY AND ORDINARY.
No. 1.

No. 1.-Bahama Act, 40 Geo. 3, c. 2.
Act 40 G.3, Section VIII. of this Act enacts that His Majesty's President for

c. 2. the time being, together with the Privy Council, constituting the Power of Court of Chancery, have, and of right ought to have, power and Court of Chan. authority to execute, within these islands, so much as well of the cery and Courts aforesaid Statutes, as of the common law (except as herein excepted) and officers of as the Lord Chancellor, or Keeper of the Great Seal, may lawfully Justice defined. do in England.*

No. 2.

No. 2.-ORDINANCE No. 3, 1849. Ord. No.3, An Ordinance to constitute a Court of Chancery within the Turks 1849.

and Caicos Islands. (Passed 19th June, 1849. Confirmed PREAMBLE.

1st May, 1850.)

W HEREAS in and by a certain Act of the Legislature of the Reciting 40th

VV George 3,

Bahama Islands, made and passed in the 40th year of the Ch. 2, Bahama reign of His Majesty King George the Third, entitled “ An Act Laws.

to declare how much of the Laws of England are practicable within The President the Bahama Islands, and ought to be in force within the same," and two

certain powers and authorities are vested in a Court of Chancery ; Members of Council to be

And whereas there is now no Court of Chancery in these appointed by islands, and it is expedient that this deficiency should be remedied; the President May it, &c., That the President of these islands, together with two to constitute a members of the Legislative Council of the said islands, to be named Court of Chancery.

and appointed by the aforesaid President-shall be, and they are

hereby constituted the Court of Chancery for these islands. Court to make II. That the said Court shall and may make rules for conductrules.

ing the business of such Court, and fix the rate of fees and costs to be taken for transacting business therein, which rules shall be

binding on all suitors in the said Court. Appeals

III. That if any party shall not rest satisfied with any decree of allowed to the said Court, it shall be lawful for such party to appeal to Her Her Majesty in

Majesty in Council, against the same : Provided, that notice of Council,

appeal be given within thirty days after decree pronounced, and Proviso. that good and sufficient security be given by the appellant effec

* See No. 2, this Part.

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