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The CHAIRMAN. Point them out. What did they do for WYEAC?
The CHAIRMAN. At least those two that you identified were in this group trying to encourage the students to leave the schools?
Officer KAMENC. And several other WYEAC jackets I would not identify.
TheCHAIRMAN. There were other WYEAC's there, apparently, from the jackets they wore?
Officer KAMENC. That is correct.
The CHAIRMAN. Do they wear a particular jacket to identify themselves?
Officer KAMENC. They do, Mr. Chairman.
Officer KAMENC. It has the initials of the Wilmington Youth Emergency Action Council on the back, signifying WYEAC.
The CHAIRMAN. They had initials?
The CHAIRMAN. Are you confident there were more than the two whom you identified ?
Officer KAMENC. By reason of the jackets, yes.
Captain McCool. Mr. Chairman, on Monday, April 8, memorial services were held in Rodney Square across from city hall in the city of Wilmington. About 4,000 to 5,000 persons were in attendance at these services. Everyone who was present at the ceremony was urged to return peaceably to their respective destinations upon completion of the services. I personally was present at the services and I heard several of the civic leaders encourage the people to return to their neighborhoods or destination when the service ended.
Following the conclusion of the ceremony trouble was almost instantly reported in the downtown business district. Several merchants called police headquarters and reported that large groups of young persons were carrying merchandise out of their stores. These merchants were mainly along Market Street, which is the main artery in the city of Wilmington.
The CHAIRMAN. You will have to suspend. That is a rollcall vote in the Senate. I will have to recess for a little while until I run over there, and there could be another vote to follow immediately. You will just have to face it and understand. So everyone be at ease.
Captain McCool. Referring to April 8, Mr. Chairman, the trouble continued to increase throughout the day. The situation actually developed into 2 days of civil disorders. Sniper fire was used against police officers and firemen. Officer McMahon, present at the table, was involved in an incident of sniper fire.
The CHAIRMAN. Were you injured?
Officer MCMAHON. I was creased in the leg.
Captain McCool. A number of properties were burned down. A large number of business places were looted. Crimes of violence took place with increasing frequency. I do have photographs and statisties available and would like to submit them into evidence to show some of what actually occurred. I have an aerial photo available of the fires that took place
(At this point Senator Mundt entered the hearing room.) The CHAIRMAN. It may be received and made exhibit 226.
(The photograph referred to was marked "Exhibit No. 226" for reference and appears on p. 2845.)
The CHAIRMAN. Proceed. Captain McCool. During the disorder, 11 paid members of WYEAC who had been on their payroll at one time or another were arrested and 44 associate members were arrested at this time. The offense corered a wide range of charges and local statistics are available. Lieutenant Turner, with me at the table, composed the list of the WYEAC persons arrested. I would like for him to comment on the list he composed.
The CHAIRMAN. You may read the list or place it in the record and make any comments. How many are there?
Lieutenant TURNER. There are 11 persons.
The CHAIRMAN. Are any of the 11 identified on this chart which has been put in the record ?
Lieutenant TURNER. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. As you read them and call them off, identify those on the chart. This occurred when ?
Lieutenant TURNER. The arrests were between April 5 and April 26, 1968.
The CHAIRMAN. This year?
The CHAIRMAN. These folks had been in WYEAC quite a long time!
Lieutenant TURNER. Sir, I have it broken down. The staff members who were on the staff, paid members prior to the disturbance who were arrested were John Terrell
The CHAIRMAN. What does he do? What is his salary?
The CHAIRMAN. He is a youth aid worker. All right, he was getting $3,100 to $3,800.
Lieutenant TURNER. John Carroll. The CHAIRMAN. You call the name and you refer to the chart and tell us what they were and what they did.
Mr. FIALKEWICZ. Youth worker in the $4,500 to $4,800 class.
Mr. FIALKEWICZ. Meredith Wiggins was a South Street center director at $6,000.
The CHAIRMAN. Were they participating in this rioting?
Lieutenant TURNER. Terrell was arrested for unlawful gathering. His case was nol prossed. John Carroll was arrested for rioting in the District of Columbia. Disorderly conduct was retired and he is presently under indictment for rioting.
Meredith Wiggins was arrested for unlawful gathering, the case was nol prossed. These three gentlemen were on the payroll at the time of the disturbance.
Other persons who were arrested during the disturbance and have since been put on the payroll are as follows
The CHAIRMAN. They have put them on the payroll since this incident and since their arrest?
Lieutenant TURNER. All of these 11 that were arrested, their cases were retired or dismissed with the exception of one who was found guilty and given cost of the case, or 5 days.
The CHAIRMAN. A jail sentence?
Lieutenant TURNER. Frederick Clifton arrested for disorderly conduct, West Side center.
The CHAIRMAN. What are their salaries?
Mr. FIALKEWICZ. He was dismissed as of January 5, 1968. He was the South Bridge center director.
Lieutenant TURNER. Maurice Jones. Mr. FIALKEWICZ. Youth worker, dismissed August 29, 1968, West Side center, $4,500 to $4,800.
Lieutenant TURNER. Roland Johnson.
Mr. FIALKEWICZ. Youth worker in the South Street center, $4,510 to $4,800 salary.
The CHAIRMAN. Is that all of them?
Lieutenant TURNER. And approximately 32 associate members of the WYEAC organization.
The CHAIRMAN. Associate members were arrested?
The CHAIRMAN. Will you ascertain those and give them to the reporter to be inserted in the record at this point?
Lieutenant TURNER. We did not bring the records of the associate members.
(The information requested follows:)
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY, BUREAU OF POLICE, WILMINGTON, DEL.,
OCTOBER 7, 1968
Apr. 26, 1968 Disorderly conduct.
do... Unlawful gathering.
do. Disorderly conduct.
and discharge firearm.
do.. Curfew and riot.
Note: Total, 44 associates of WYEAC arrested during period Apr. 4-26, 1968.
The CHAIRMAN. Very well. Proceed. Mr. Biondi. Mr. Chairman, with respect to the paid members, the record which Mr. Turner has cited shows that of the 11 arrested, one is still under indictment, one was convicted of disorderly conduct, and charges against nine were dismissed by the court, retired or nol prossed.
The CHAIRMAN. Dismissed by the court!
Mr. BIONDI. Dismissed by the court, retired by the court, or nol prossed for lack of evidence.
The CHAIRMAN. You may proceed.
Captain McCool. The Delaware State Police and Delaware National Guard had to be called into the city of Wilmington on April 9.
Mr. ADLERMAN. Were there associates arrested ?