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Captain McCool. There were 11 members and 33 associates, making a total of 44.

(At this point Senator McClellan withdrew from the hearing room.) Senator MUNDr. You may proceed with your statement.

Captain McCool. The Delaware State Police and Delaware National Guard had to be called into the city of Wilmington on April 9. Several properties on city blocks had been burning at this time and needed help to contain the spreading fires and mob activity.

I would like to say at this time that the Wilmington Fire Department did a commendable job under the most hazardous of conditions. They were shot at and were targets of bottles, bricks, and other forms of harassment. I have a picture available to show the extreme measures the fire department has had to employ in order to furnish protection for the firemen. I would like to submit that at this time.

Senator Mundt. It will be accepted and marked appropriately.

(The photograph referred to was marked "Exhibit No. 227" for reference and appears on page 2849.)

Captain McCool. The State police and National Guard did a superb job and their cooperation with the city police officers was outstanding.

Since the April disorders, gang conflicts have been continuing and WYEAC members have continued to be involved in acts of violence.

On May 18, Leonard Flowers, colored male, 25, leader of Blackie Blacks, which is a West Side gang, was shot to death on the corner of Eighth and Jefferson Streets. Flowers was killed by Samuel Clemmons, a colored male, 29 years of age. A known police character in our city. Flowers commanded a large following among young people of the west center city area of Wilmington. Flowers was shot to death at 7:15 a.m.

Earlier that same day, at 12:30 a.m., one William Hines, colored, male, 20 years, was found to be suffering from a stab wound of the abdomen. He was found lying in the street in the 700 block of Jefferson Street. Hines is a member of the gang known as the Spartans and they are active on the east center sector of our city.

Hines would not give the investigating officers any information surrounding the assault upon him as to who the perpetrators of this assault were.

On May 20, John Carroll, a colored male, 25 years of age, a paid WYEAC worker, was arrested for carrying a concealed deadly weapon. Arresting officers observed him stopping motor vehicles at Eighth and Jefferson Streets. He was found to have a .25 caliber automatic pistol concealed on his person. He was carrying it in a shoulder holster under his WYEAC jacket.

On May 30, 15 to 20 members of the Spartans came to Eighth and Jefferson Streets for a confrontation with the Blackie Blacks with whom they had been having trouble. Several shots were fired, some directly at a police officer who also returned fire at that time. As an aftermath of this affair, a loaded 16-gage shotgun was found lying in the middle of the sidewalk in the 700 block of Jefferson Street.

On June 1, Ralph Roberts, a colored male, 17 years of age at that time, was stabbed to death in a gang fight between the Spartans and the Titans. This occurred at Seventh and Church Streets in the city of Wilmington. Roberts was a member of the Spartans and was stabbed

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by one James Pritchett, a colored male, 17, who was a member of the Titans.

Investigation of this homicide indicated that a series of gang conflicts had led to this event and resulted in the death of the 17-year-old Pritchett.

During the initial stages of this investigation while police officers were attempting to render aid to the victim they became targets for bottles and bricks which were thrown at them by other gang members. There were some patrol cars struck down there, Mr. Chairman, at that time with the missiles.

Officers Kamenc and McMahon uncovered two sticks of dynamite and four boxes of blasting caps through a confidential source of infor

mation. They found these articles in the 600 block of Windsor Street on June 5 of this year.

On June 7, Calvin Loper, who is a colored male 26 years of age, and a paid WYEAC worker, was arrested on two charges of assault with intent to commit murder. He had fired several rounds from a .30-caliber M-1 carbine into a police van that was on normal patrol and occupied by two police officers at that time. It was an unprovoked assault in every way.

With Loper at this time was a Clifford Johnson, who was a colored male 17 years of age, and who is also a paid WYEAC worker. He jumped on the arresting officers and attempted to prevent them from taking Loper into custody.

Mr. ADLERMAN. Just a moment. What position did Loper have in WYEAC?

Mr. FIALKEWICZ. He was a youth worker in the Northeast Center, in the $1,500 to $4,800 class.

Clifford Johnson is the youth aid in the same area, $3,400 to $3,800 class.

Mr. ADLERMAN. Go ahead.

Captain McCool. Johnson escaped the initial arrest at this time as he fled the area on foot and warrants were signed for him later that day and he was arrested some time later.

On June 15, Emanuel Redden, a colored male 17 years of age and a paid WYEAC worker for the Riverside section, continued to add to the growing list of assaults. Redden shot one Andre Anderson, a colored male 20 years of age. He shot him in the stomach at Seventh and Jefferson Streets.

Mr. ADLERMAN. What position was he, Emanuel Redden, holding? Mr. FIALKEWICZ. Youth aid, Northeast Center, $3,400 to $3,800. Captain McCool. Redden was later arrested on a charge of assault with intent to commit murder. This appears to be a continuing of the rivalry between the Spartans, the Titans, and the Blackie Blacks.

On June 22 an Army National Guard jeep was fired upon in the 2400 block of North Claymont Street while stopped next to a police patrol car. The taillight of the jeep was shot out and the occupants narrowly avoided serious injury. A large group of persons were observed leaving "B.J.'s Corner” at this time. The 2400 block of Claymont Street is two blocks down the street from "B.J.'s Corner" where this actually occurred. It was a .38-caliber bullet that was recovered in the taillight of the jeep. It was sent down to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Washington, D.C.

On June 27 patrol officers investigated an open door at "B.J.'s Corner." In the course of their investigation a sa wed-off shotgun was discovered inside the premises. The barrel of this shotgun was only 1448 inches long, which is in violation of the Federal regulations requiring a barrel length of at least 18 inches. A picture of this weapon is available.

(At this point Senator Curtis entered the hearing room.) Senator MUNDT. That may be made exhibit No. 228.

(The photograph referred to was marked “Exhibit No. 228" for reference and appears on p. 2851.)

Mr. ADLERMAN. Is "B.J.'s Corner" in the northeast center?
Captain McCool. Yes, sir.

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Mr. ADLERMAN. Go ahead.

Captain McCool. From the early part of July of this year a series of malicious burnings and arsons have taken place in the city of Wilmington. There is a list available along with some photographs of those incidents.

Mr. ADLERMAN. Can you attribute these arson cases to any particular group?

Captain McCool. No, sir. We did not attribute them to any particular group. They have occurred throughout all sections of the city. The northeast section of the city and the west center city area are the two main areas that have been troubled with these burnings.

Mr. ADLERMAN. You don't know which gangs were connected with this arson?

Captain McCool. No, sir.
Mr. ADLERMAN. You have no information at this time?
Captain McCool. Not at this time.

On August 3 a WYEAC van, Delaware registration PC-31971, was found to contain 1,000 rounds of .22-caliber ammunition. The van was occupied at this time by Warren Mowbray.

Mr. ADLERMAN. Just a moment. You say you found a WYEAC van with a Delaware license number which you described containing a thousand rounds of .22-caliber ammunition?

Captain McCool. That is correct.

Mr. ADLERMAN. This was a van that was purchased with WYEAC funds?

Captain McCool. It was a WYEAC van, Mr. Adlerman. I don't know with which funds it was purchased. It was a WYEAC van. From the information I have it was purchased for them.

Mr. ADLERMAN. How many vans do they have?
Captain McCool. I believe they have approximately five vans.
Officer KAMENC. That is correct.
Mr. ADLERMAN. Will you describe these vans?

Officer KAMENC. They are white vehicles like the panel trucks, the step-in type vans, like the Ford Econoline.

Mr. ADLERMAN. What make are they?
Officer KAMENC. Chevrolet.
Captain McCool. Step-in type van.
Mr. ADLERMAN. How many people will they accommodate?
Officer KAMENC. Six to eight.

Mr. ADLERMAN. Are they labeled WYEAC vans on the outside so that people know what they are?

Officer KAMENC. One has South Street, which is the South Street branch of WYEAC on the outside.

Senator CURTIS. How do you know whom they belonged to? Did you look at the license registration ?

Officer KAMENC. Yes, sir. It says D. L. Peterson, trustee, care of WYEAC.

Mr. ADLERMAN. It is a well-known fact that WYEAC has five vans at its disposal ?

Captain McCool. Yes, sir.
Mr. ADLERMAN. Is that correct?
Captain McCool. That is correct.
Mr. ADLERMAN. Are they all equipped with two-way radios?
Captain McCool. I cannot answer that, sir.
Mr. ADLERMAX. Do you know?
Officer KAMENC. Not to my knowledge, not the ones I have seen.

Mr. ADLERMAX. Do you know whether or not they are equipped with two-way radios!

Lieutenant TURNER. No; I do not.
Senator Mundt. You may proceed with the names.

Captain McCool. The occupants that were in the van at this time included Warren Mowbray, Vance Owens, both of whom are WYEAC workers; James Parker, James Richards, James Barber, and Allan Steed, who are WYEAC workers; Robert Barber, Edward Osborn, and Ronald Atkins. Out of the occupants in the van at this time, four of them were WYEAC workers.

Several of these individuals were later arrested in an incident that I will refer to as the Cherry Island incident and will cover in later testimony.

On August 20, Emanuel Redden again became involved in another episode at 27th and Edgemoore Avenue where shots were fired and an automobile was maliciously damaged in a gang dispute. I was personally present at that location and the automobile had all the windows knocked out, the battery cables ripped loose, had damage to the engine and exterior damage to the body of the vehicle. Redden was later arrested on a charge of discharging firearms as a result of this incident.

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