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THE AMERICAN SOLDIER

IN WAR AND PEACE

BY

ELBRIDGE S. BROOKS

AUTHOR OF

THE STORY OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN AND THE STORY

OF THE AMERICAN SAILOR

BOSTON
D. LOTHROP COMPANY

WASHINGTON STREET OPPOSITE BROMFIELD

COPYRIGHT, 1889,

BY

D. LOTHROP COMPANY.

PRESS OF BERWICK & Smith,

Boston, Mass.

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The simple story of the American soldier has never yet been told. Whoever wishes to know him as a man must study numerous confusing episodes, search through voluminous histories or sift out the man from the material in the crowding records of innumerable battles.

This is more labor than the busy American cares to undertake, much as he may delight in the records of American valor and American endeavor. It is to attempt this for him, to draw from the mass of material already in print the character and achievements of the fighting man of America even from the earliest times and to present them in consecutive and connected narrative that this book has been undertaken.

The description of battles and the causes of wars have not been entered into. These may be found and studied in detail in any one of the many excellent histories of the United States with which the libraries and homes of America abound. In this book the American soldier as an individual is depicted for the enlightenment and inspiration of Americans — young and old.

War is a terrible necessity. Looked at from the standpoint of humanity there is about it neither picturesqueness, nobility, romance nor delight; it is but the emphasis of man's inhumanity to man. And yet there is another point of view. War has been in the history of the world alike civilizer, peacemaker and uplifter. There could have been no progress for the race had the element of strife been lacking. The efforts of those heroic souls

“ Who have dared for a high cause to suffer, resist, fight - if need be to die,”

have rung the death-knell of tyranny and moved the world forward toward a broader freedom.

And so, through all the years that have witnessed the evolution of the American Republic, the American soldier has been a prime factor in this development. His valor has illumined history, his steadfastness has redeemed failure, his loyalty has glorified success.

It is for us as Americans to remember our debt to the heroes of Louisburg and Quebec, of Lexington and Saratoga and Yorktown, of Lundy's Lane and New Orleans, of Shiloh and Gettysburg and Appomattox. Without their efforts there would have been no nation of freemen with sons ready to defend its honor and its life, there would have been no America to need or to have a soldier

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