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the goods were to be delivered by the terms of the receipt had or had ability to convey to a purchaser in good faith for value; and
(b) The direct obligation of the warehouseman to hold possession of the goods for him according to the terms of the receipt as fully as if the warehouseman had contracted directly with him.
SECTION 43. A person to whom a receipt has been transferred, but not negotiated, acquires thereby, as against the transferor, the title to the goods, subject to the terms of any agreement with the transferor.
If the receipt is non-negotiable, such person also acquires the right to notify the warehouseman of the transfer to him of such receipt, and thereby to acquire the direct obligation of the warehouseman to hold possession of the goods for him according to the terms of the receipt.
Prior to the notification of the warehouseman by the transferer or transferee of a non-negotiable receipt, the title of the transferee to the goods and the right to acquire the obligation of the warehouseman may be defeated by the levy of an attachment or execution upon the goods by a creditor of the transferer, or by a notification to the warehouseman by the transferor or a subsequent purchaser from the transferor of a subsequent sale of the goods by the transferor.
SECTION 44. Where a negotiable receipt is transferred for value by delivery, and the indorsement of the transferor is essential for negotiation, the transferee acquires a right against the transferor to compel him to indorse the receipt, unless a contrary intention appears. The negotiation shall take effect as of the time when the indorsement is actually made.
SECTION 45. A person who for value negotiates or transfers a receipt by indorsement or delivery, including one who assigns for value a claim secured by a receipt, unless a contrary intention appears, warrants: —
(a) That the receipt is genuine;
(b) That he has a legal right to negotiate or transfer it;
(c) That he has knowledge of no fact which would impair the validity or worth of the receipt; and
(d) That he has a right to transfer the title to the goods, and that the goods are merchantable or fit for a particular purpose whenever such warranties would have been implied, if the contract of the parties had been to transfer without a receipt the goods represented thereby.
SECTION 46. The indorsement of a receipt shall not make the indorser liable for any failure on the part of the warehouseman or previous indorsers of the receipt to fulfil their respective obligations.
SECTION 47. A mortgagee, pledgee or holder for security of a receipt, who in good faith demands or receives payment of the debt for which such receipt is security, whether from a party to a draft drawn for such debt or from any other person, shall not by so doing be deemed to represent or to warrant the genuineness of such receipt, or the quantity or quality of the goods therein described.
SECTION 48. The validity of the negotiation of a receipt is not impaired by the fact that such negotiation was a breach of duty on the part of the person making the negotiation, or by the fact that the owner of the receipt was induced by fraud, mistake or duress to entrust the possession or custody of the receipt to such person, if the person to whom the receipt was negotiated, or a person to whom the receipt was subse
quently negotiated, paid value therefor, without notice of the breach of duty, or fraud, mistake or duress.
SECTION 49. Where a person having sold, mortgaged or pledged goods which are in a warehouse, and for which a negotiable receipt has been issued, or having sold, mortgaged or pledged the negotiable receipt representing such goods, continues in possession of the negotiable receipt, the subsequent negotiation thereof by that person under any sale or other disposition thereof to any person receiving the same in good faith, for value, and without notice of the previous sale, mortgage or pledge, shall have the same effect as if the first purchaser of the goods or receipt had expressly authorized the subsequent negotiation.
SECTION 50. Where a negotiable receipt has been issued for goods, no seller's lien or right of stoppage in transit shall defeat the rights of any purchaser for value in good faith to whom such receipt has been negotiated, whether such negotiation be prior or subsequent to the notification to the warehouseman who issued such receipt of the seller's claim to a lien or right of stoppage in transitu. Nor shall the warehouseman be obliged to deliver or be justified in delivering the goods to an unpaid seller unless the receipt is first surrendered for cancellation.
SECTION 51. A warehouseman, or any officer, agent or servant of a warehouseman, who issues or aids in issuing a receipt, knowing that the goods for which such receipt is issued have not been actually received by such warehouseman, or are not under his actual control at the time of issuing such receipt, shall be punished for each offence by imprisonment not exceeding five years, or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
SECTION 52. A warehouseman, or any officer, agent or servant of a warehouseman, who fraudulently issues or aids in fraudulently issuing a receipt for goods, knowing that it contains any false statement, shall be punished for each offence by imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both.
SECTION 53. A warehouseman, or any officer, agent or servant of a warehouseman, who issues or aids in issuing a duplicate or additional negotiable receipt for goods, knowing that a former negotiable receipt for the same goods or any part of them is outstanding and uncancelled, without plainly placing upon the face thereof the word "Duplicate", except in the case of a lost or destroyed receipt after proceedings as provided for in section fifteen, shall be punished for each offence by imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by both.
SECTION 54. When there are deposited with or held by a warehouseman goods of which he is owner, either solely or jointly or in common with others, such warehouseman, or any of his officers, agents or servants, who, knowing this ownership, issues or aids in issuing a negotiable receipt for such goods which does not state such ownership, shall be punished for each offence by imprisonment for a term not exceeding one
year, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
SECTION 55. A warehouseman, or any officer, agent or servant of a warehouseman, who delivers goods out of the possession of such warehouseman, knowing that a negotiable receipt the negotiation of which would transfer the right to the possession of such goods is outstanding and uncancelled, without obtaining the possession of such receipt at or before the time of such delivery, shall, except in the cases provided for in sections fifteen and thirty-seven, be punished for each offence by imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both.
SECTION 56. Any person who deposits goods to which he has not title, or upon which there is a lien or mortgage, and who takes for such goods a negotiable receipt which he afterwards negotiates for value with intent to deceive, and without disclosing his want of title or the existence of the lien or mortgage, shall be punished for each offence by imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
SECTION 57. In any case not provided for in this act, the rules of law and equity, including the law merchant, and in particular the rules relating to the law of principal and agent, and to the effect of fraud, misrepresentation, duress or coercion, mistake, bankruptcy or other invalidating cause, shall govern.
SECTION 58. This act shall be so interpreted and construed as to accomplish its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.
SECTION 59. The provisions of this act shall not apply to receipts made and delivered prior to the taking effect of this act.
SECTION 60. This act may be cited as the Warehouse Receipts Act. SECTION 61. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed.
SECTION 62. This act shall take effect on the first day of October, nineteen hundred and seven. [Approved June 28, 1907.