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CHAPTER IV. A Proof that even the humblest Fortune » grant Happiness, which depends, not on C.

cumstances, but Constitution. The place of our retreat was in a little neighbourhood, consisting of farmers, who tilled their own grounds, and were equal strangers to opulence and poverty. As they had almost all the conveniences of life within themselves, they seldom visited towns or cities in search of superfluity. Remote from the polite, they still retained the prineval simplicity of manners; and, frugal by habit, they scarce knew that shij temperance was a virtue. They wrought who with cheerfulness on days of labour ; but perfe observed festivals as intervals of idleness and pleasure. They kept up the Christ- and d mas carol, sent true love knots on Valen- provid: tine morning, ate pancakes on Shrovetide, ready a showed their wit on the first of April, and hour for religiously cracked nuts on Michaelmas which tin

Being apprised of our approach, the between i whole neighbourhood came out to meet philosoph. their minister, dressed in their finest and me. clothes, and preceded by a pipe and As we re tabor. A feast also was provided for our pursued our reception, at which we sat cheerfully down, but 117 down; and what the conversation wanted family, where in wit was made up in laughter.

and pleasant Our little habitation was situated at the reception. N foot of a sloping hill, sheltered with a sometimes farn beautiful underwood behind, and a prat- ative neighbour, tling river before ; on one side a meadow, would pay us a: on the other a green. My farm consisted berry wine, for of about twenty acres of excellent land, had lost neither

riven an hundred pounds for my tion. These har

good-will. Nothing could ways of being gou
ness of my little enclosures, played, the other w.
edge-rows appearing with ballad, - Johnny
ruty. My house consisted Night, or the Crus
is, and was covered with The night was con.
gave it an air of great snug- we began the mornin
5, on the inside, were nicely being appointed to re.
and my daughters under- day; and he that reau
them with pictures of their and bare was to h.
g. Though the same room Sur

into the
'r parlour and kitchen, that
it the warmer. Besides, as it
with the utmost neatness, the
ates, and coppers being well
and all disposed in bright rows
helves, the eye was agreeably re-
and did not want richer furniture.



the whole.”-“I grant me luces,

oses; "it is but just and I wife hes

ope," cried the Squire, tiet san pala

y, that the two angles pened to

al to two right ones.” The first

be plainer," returned behaviour served

round with his usual desired my girls

ery well," cried the for dressed early the

ery quick, “the preloved to be at chard

settled, I proceed to es the rest of the conga

oncatenation of selftually obeyed my direct

ing in a reciprocal were to assemble in the

piese de stingeriment,
fast, down came my wale
Mantle Ee generally come fras

rally produce a pro

n, which, in some dressed out in all their fam

in the wood

the essence of spiritheir hair plastered up with

lived in the neighbours hospitality .

ed to the second pretheir faces patched to taste

dona bumper among us, and by

hold !” cried "the intended up in a heap behind,

ng di bar gumelemy

lo you think that I can at every motion. I could not help

such heterodox docat their vanity, particularly that of my

replied the Squire, Je from whom I expected more disc

ot submit! Answer FB In this exigence, therefore, my only

on : Do you think scarce was to order my son, with an im

e says that relatives portant air, to call our coach. The guns

loubtedly," replied were amazed at the command ; but re

then," cried the pested it with more solemnity than before

directly to what I Surely, my dear, you jest," cried my

you judge the ana* we can walk it perfectly well : guin

the first part of my we want no coach to carry us now."

"You mistake, child," returned I,"w the pins
times, tog

ecundum quoad, or do want a coach; for if we walk to church the thus fortelle Moses would let

re me your reasons in this trim, the very children in the parise and I would set ind I cried Bill,

S, I say, directly."

Moses, “I don't

he force of your my wife," I always imagined that my centaury

, talk slowe do theirs." "Well

be reduced to one Charles was fond of seeing his dildren and enjoy the breeze, cried 1, "hosteat and handsome about him."-"You health and haram. Christian duties.

fancy it may then

Dh, sir,” cried the may be as neat as you please," interrupted

it humble servant ;

furnish you with ts too. No, sir, oo hard for me." the laugh against only dismal figure

nor did he offer uring the whole


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In this mome we belter, and the
I and I shall love you the better for it; every situation in like most helpless man
hat all this is not neatness, but frippery. peculiar pleasures: Brendis fellow-crea-
These mufilings, and pinkings

, and patch us to a repetition of bij bar in this world
iges will onlymake us hated by all the wires repaid it with vacant hilarityil. He never
of our neighbours. No, my children, It was about the beginning to see what
cantmed i more gravely," those gowns on a holiday-for I kept me among w.
may be altered into something of a plainer of relaxation from

ed; for finery is very unbecoming in us, drawn out my
who want the means of decency. I do of amuser
not know whether such flouncing and began it
shredding is becoming even in the rich

, if thus er
we consider, upona moderate calculation, by, w

that the nakertness of the indigent world we might be dothed from the trimmings of seem the vain

This remonstreazad the proper effect: anit they went with great composure, that very do instant, to change the dress; and the at se


at themselves in the glass, which, even the controversy was hottest, I was calle philosophers might own, often presented out by one of my relations, who, with : the page of greatest beauty. At dinner, face of concern, advised me to give up my wife took the lead; for, as she always the dispute, at least till my son's wedding insisted upon carving everything herself, was over. 'How," cried I, “relinquish it being her mother's way, she gave us, the cause of truth, and let him be a upon these occasions, the history of every husband, already driven to the very verge dish. When we had dined, to prevent of absurdity? You might as well advise the ladies leaving us, I generally ordered me to give up my fortune as my arguthe table to be removed ; and sometimes, ment.”—“Your fortune," returned my with the music-master's assistance, the friend, “I am now sorry to inform you, girls would give us a very agreeable is almost nothing. The merchant in

Walking out, drinking tea, town, in whose hands your money was country dances, and forfeits, shortened lodged, has gone off, to avoid a statute the rest of the day, without the assistance of bankruptcy, and is thought not to have of cards, as I hated all manner of gaming, left a shilling in the pound. I was unexcept backgammon, at which my old willing to shock you or the family with

friend and I sometimes took a twopenny the account till after the wedding : but hit. Nor can I here pass over an omi- now it may serve to moderate your nous circumstance that happened, the last warınth in the argument; for, I suppose, time we played together. I only wanted your own prudence will enforce the ne. to fling a quatre, and yet I threw deuce cessity of dissembling, at least till your ace five times running.

son has the young lady's fortune secure. Some months were elapsed in this --“Well," returned 1, "if what you tell manner, till at last it was thought con- me be true, and if I am to be a beggar, venient to fix a day for the nuptials of the it shall never make me a rascal, or induce young couple, who seemed earnestly to me to disavow my principles. I'll go this desire it. During the preparations for moment and inform the company of niy the wedding, I need not describe the circumstances : and, as for the argument, busy importance of my wise, nor the I even here retract my former concessions sly looks of my daughters : in fact, my in the old gentleman's favour, nor will attention was fixed on another object, — allow him now to be a husband in any the completing a tract, which I intended sense of the expression.” shortly to publish, in defence of my fa- It would be endless to describe the dilvourite principle. As I looked upon this ferent sensations of both families when I as a masterpiece, both for argument and divulged the news of our misfortune : but style, I could not, in the pride of my what others felt was slight to what the heart, avoid showing it to my old friend lovers appeared to endure. Mr. Wilmot, Mr. Wilmot, as I made no doubt of who seemed before sufficiently inclined to receiving his approbation : but not till break off the match, was, by this blow, too late I discovered that he was most soon determined: one virtue he had in perviolently attached to the contrary opinion, , fection, which was prudence, too often the and with good reason; for he was at only one that is left us at seventy-two. that time actually courting a fourth wife. This, as may be expected, produced a

CHAPTER III. dispute, attended with some acrimony, which threatened to interrupt our in- A Migration. The fortunate Circumstances tended alliance; but, on the day before

our Lives are generally found at last to be that appointed for the ceremony, we

our own procuring. agreed to discuss the subject at large. The only hope of our family now was

It was managed with proper spirit on that the report of our misfortune might be both sides; he asserted that I was heter- malicious or premature ; but a letter from odox ; I retorted the charge : he replied, my agent in town soon came, with a con and I rejoined. In the meantime, while firmation of every particular. The loss of 'fortune to myself alone would have been mother and the rest, who mingled their triding; the only uneasiness I felt was for tears with their kisses, came to ask a blessmy family, who were to be humbled with ing from me. This I gave him from my out an education to render them callous to heart, and which, added to five guineas, coatempt.

was all the patrimony I had now to bestow. Near a fortnight had passed before I “You are going, my boy,” cried I, “to attempted to restrain their affliction ; for London on foot, in the manner Hooker, premature consolation is but the remem- your great ancestor, travelled there before

orancer of sorrow. During this interval, you. Take from me the same horse that my thoughts were employed on some was given him by the good bishop Jewel, 1 fature means of supporting them; and at this staff, and take this book, too, it will ast a small cure of fifteen pounds a year be your comfort on the way : these two was offered me, in a distant neighbour- lines in it are worth a million,-'I have hon, where I could still enjoy my prin- been young, and now am old ; yet never ciples without molestation. With this saw I the righteous man forsaken, or his proposal I joyfully closed, having deter- seed begging their bread.' Let this be mined to increase my salary by managing your consolation as you travel on. Go, a little farm.

my boy ; whatever be thy fortune, let me Having taken this resolution, my next see thee once a year; still keep a good care was to get together the wrecks of my heart, and farewell.” As he was possessed tortune; and, all debts collected and paid, of integrity and honour, I was under no all of fourteen thousand pounds we had apprehensions from throwing him naked bat four hundred remaining. My chief into the amphitheatre of life; for I knew Intention, therefore, was now to bring he would act a good part whether vandoan the pride of my family to their cir- quished or victorious. cumstances; for I well knew that aspiring His departure only prepared the way for bergary is wretchedness itself. "You our own, which arrived a few days aftercannot be ignorant, my children," cried I, wards. The leaving a neighbourhood in "that no prudence of ours could have which we had enjoyed so many hours of Tevented our late misfortune ; but pru- tranquillity was not without a tear, which danice may do much in disappointing its scarce fortitude itself could suppress. effects. We are now poor, my fondlings, Besides, a journey of seventy miles, to a and wisdom bids us conform to our humble family that had hitherto never been above situation. Let us then, without repining, ten from home, filled us with apprehengive up those splendours with which num- sion; and the cries of the poor, who fol. bers are wretched, and seek in humbler lowed us for some miles, contributed to orcumstances that peace with which all increase it. The first day's journey may be happy. The poor live pleasantly brought us in safety within thirty miles of a shout our help ; why, then, should not our future retreat, and we put up for the ne learn to live without theirs ? No, my night at an obscure inn in a village by the children, let us from this moment give up way. When we were shown a room, I al pretensions to gentility: we have still desired the landlord, in my usual way, to augh left for happiness if we are wise, let us have his company, with which he and let us draw upon content for the defi- complied, as what he drank would increase ciencies of fortune.”

the bill next morning. He knew, however, As my eldest son was bred a scholar, I the whole neighbourhood to which I was determined to send him to town, where removing, particularly Squire Thornhill, nis abilities might contribute to our sup who was to be my landlord, and who lived port and his own. The separation of within a few miles of the place. This frends and families is, perhaps, one of the gentleman he described as one who demost distressful circumstances attendant sired to know little more of the world than

The day soon arrived on its pleasures, being particularly remarkwhich we were to disperse for the first able for his attachment for the fair sex.

My son, after taking leave of his He observed that no virtue was able to

on penury.



resist his arts and assiduity, and that found passable." I testified the pleasure

a farmer's daughter within ten I should have in his company, and my miles round but what had found him wife and daughters joining in entreaty, he successful and faithless. Though this ac- was prevailed upon to stay supper. The count gave me some pain, it had a very stranger's conversation, which was at once different effect upon my daughters, whose pleasing and instructive, induced me to features seemed to brighten with the wish for a continuance of it ; but it was expectation of an approaching triumph : now high time to retire and take refresh. nor was my wife less pleased and confident ment against the fatigues of the following of their allurements and virtue.

While day. our thoughts were thus employed, the The next morning we all set forward hostess entered the room to inform her together: my family on horseback, while husband that the strange gentleman, who Mr. Burchell

, our new companion, walked had been two days in the house, wanted along the footpath by the road-side, obmoney, and could not satisfy them for his serving with a smile that, as we were ill reckoning. “Want money!” replied the mounted, he would be too generous to host, “that must be impossible; for it was attempt leaving us behind. As the floods no later than yesterday he paid three were not yet subsided, we were obliged to guincas to our beadle to spare an old bro- hire a guide, who trotted on before, Mr. ken soldier that was to be whipped through Burchell and I bringing up the war. We the town for dog-stealing." The hostess, lightened the fatigues of the vad with however, still persisting in her first asser- philosophical disputes, which he seemed tion, he was preparing to leave the room, to understand perfectly. But what surswearing that he would be satisfied one prised me most was, that though he was a way or another, when I begged the land- money borrower, he defended his opinions lord would introduce me to a stranger of with as much obstinacy as if he had been so much charity as he described. With my patron. He now and then also inthis he complied, showing in a gentleman formed me to whom the different seats who seemed to be about thirty, dressed in belonged that lay in our view as we clothes that once were laced. His person travelled the road. “That," cried he, was well formed, and his face marked with pointing to a very magnificent house which the lines of thinking. He had something stood at some distance,“ belongs to Mr. short and dry in his address, and seemed Thornhill, a young gentleman who enjoys not to understand ceremony, or to despise a large fortune, though entirely dependent it. Upon the landlord's leaving the room, on the will of his uncle, Sir William I could not avoid expressing my concern Thornhill, a gentleman who, content with to the stranger at seeing a gentleman in a little himself, permits his nephew to such circumstances, and offered him my enjoy the rest, and chiefly resides in purse to satisfy the present demand. “1 town.”—“What!” cried I, “is my young take it with all my heart, sir," replied he, landlord then the nephew of a man, whose "and am glad that a late oversight in virtues, generosity, and singularities are giving what money I had about me has so universally known? I have heard Sir shown me there are still some men like William Thomhill represented as one of you. I must, however, previously entreat the most generous yet whimsical men in being informed of the name and residence the kingdom; a man of consummate bene i of my benefactor, in order to repay him as volence.”—“Something, perhaps, soon as possible.” In this I satisfied him much so," replied Mr. Burchell; “ at least fully, not only mentioning my name and he carried benevolence to an excess when late misfortunes, but the place to which I | young; for his passions were then strong, was going to remove. “This,” cried he, and as they were all upon the side of virtue “happens still more luckily than I hoped they led it up to a romantic extreme. He for, as I am going the same way myself, early began to aim at the qualifications of having been detained here two days by the the soldier and the scholar: was soon floods, which I hope by to-morrow will be distinguished in the army, and had some


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