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tais atterers, still poorer than himself; "The first opportunity he had of finding
zsuy dinner he gave them they re- his expectations disappointed was in the aan equivalent in praise, and this very middling figure I made in the univeral he wanted. The same ambition sity; he had flattered himself that he should
cates a monarch at the head of an soon see me rising into the foremost rank y zdenced my father at the head of in literary reputation, but was mortified ble: he told the story of the ivy-tree, to find me utterly unnoticed and unknown.
that was laughed at; he repeated the His disappointment might have been
of the two scholars and one pair of partly ascribed to his having overrated cotes, and the company laughed at my talents, and partly to my dislike of t; bat the story of Taly in the sedan. mathematical reasonings, at a time when ** was sure to set the table in a roar: my imagination and memory, yet unsatissses pleasure increased in proportion to fied, were more eager after new objects #fasure he gave ; he loved all the world, than desirous of reasoning upon those I is he fancied all the world loved him. knew. This did not, however, please my
As tis fortune was but small, he lived tutor, who observed, indeed, that I was a
Is the very extent of it; he had no little dull ; but at the same time allowed, tessus of leaving his children money, that I seemed to be very good-natured, It dross; he was resolved they and had no harm in me. ali ure learning; for learning, he used “After I had resided at college seven > Disse, was better than silver or gold. 'years, my father died, and left me-his Its purpose, he undertook to instruct blessing. Thus shoved from shore with
zal; and took as much pains to out ill-nature to protect, or cunning to >3 ear morals as to improve our under guide, or proper stores to subsist me in 23. We were told, that universal so dangerous a voyage, I was obliged to
was what first cemented embark in the wide world at twenty-two. cert: we were taught to consider all But, in order to settle in life, my friends tezints of mankind as our own; to re advised (for they always advise when they
he human face divine with affection begin to despise us), they advised me,
steen; he wound us up to be mere | I say, to go into orders. Kines of pity, and rendered us inca- “To be obliged to wear a long wig, te of withstanding the slightest im- when I liked a short one, or a black coat, * made either by real or fictitious when I generally dressed in brown, i 3:23: in a word, we were perfectly in- thought was such a restraint upon my tei in the art of giving away thou- liberty, that I absolutely rejected the probefore we were taught the more neces. posal. A priest in England is not the same
alifications of getting a farthing: mortified creature with a bonze in China: " i cannot avoid imagining, that thus with us, not he that fasts best, but eats
by his lessons out of all my sus best, is reckoned the best liver; yet I Lin, and divested of even all the little rejected a life of luxury, indolence, and 0.53 which nature had given me, 1 ease, from no other consideration but abled, upon my first entrance into that boyish one of dress.
So that my zasy and insidious world, one of those friends were now perfectly satisfied I was
stors who were exposed without undone ; and yet they thought it a pity Baxr in the amphitheatre at Rome. My for one who had not the least harm in him ker, however, who had only seen the and was so very good-natured. Brilon one side, seemed to triumph in my "Poverty naturally begets dependence, beror discernment; though my whole and I was admitted as flatterer to a great
'of wisdom consisted in being able man. At first, I was surprised that the ak like himself upon subjects that once situation of a flatterer at a great man's be useful, because they were then topics table could be thought disagreeable: there Vibe busy world, but that now were was no great trouble in listening attentively berly useless, because connected with when his lordship spoke, and laughing be busy world no longer.
when he looked round for applause. This
even good manners might have obliged me friends, and to them I was resol to perform. I found, however, too soon, apply. O friendship! thou fond 5 that his lordship was a greater dunce than of the human breast, to thee we myself; and from that very moment my every calamity; to thee the wretched power of flattery was at an end. I now for succour ; on thee the care-tired rather aimed at setting him right, than at misery fondly relies: from thy kind receiving his absurdities with submission : ance the unfortunate always hopes to flatter those we do not know is an easy and may be ever sure of-disappoint task; but to flatter our intimate acquaint- My first application was to a city scris ances, ail whose foibles are strongly in our who had frequently offered to len eye, is drudgery insupportable. Every money, when he knew I did not wa time I now opened my lips in praise, my I informed him, that now was the ti falsehood went to my conscience; his lord put his friendship to the test; u ship soon perceived me to be unfit for wanted to borrow a couple of hur service; I was therefore discharged ; my for a certain occasion, and was rew patron at the same time being graciously to take it up from him. pleased to observe, that he believed I was cried my friend, 'do you want ali tolerably good-natured, and had not the money ?'— Indeed, I never least harm in me.
more,' returned 1.— 'I am sorry for “Disappointed in ambition, I had re- cries the scrivener, 'with all my he course to love. A young lady, who lived for they who want money when they with her aunt, and was possessed of a to borrow, will always want money pretty fortune in her own disposal, had they should come to pay: given me, as I fancied, some reason to From him I few, with indignatio expect success. The symptoms by which one of the best friends I had in the wo I was guided were striking. She had and made the same request.
Ird always laughed with me at her awkward Mr. Drybone,' cries my friend, 'I als acquaintance, and at her aunt among the thought it would come to this. You hi number ; she always observed, that a man sir, I would not advise you but for of sense would make a better husband
own good; but your conduct has hith than a fool, and I as constantly applied been ridiculous in the highest de the observation in my own favour. She and some of your acquaintance alu continually talked, in my company, of thought you a very silly fellow. Let friendship and the beauties of the mind, see--you want two hundred pounds and spoke of Mr. Shrimp my rival's high- you only want two hundred, sir, exact heeled shoes with detestation. These were --"To confess a truth,' returned I, '15 circumstances which I thought strongly want three hundred; but then, I b in my favour; so, after resolving and another friend, from whom I can bara resolving, I had courage enough to tell her the rest.'— “Why, then,' replied my frie my mind. Miss heard my proposal with if you would take my advice, and serenity, sceming at the same time to study know I should not presume to advise the figures of her san. Out at last it came. but for your own good,) I would reco There was but one small objection to mend it to you to borrow the whole » complete our happiness, which was no from that other friend ; and then one in more than- —that she was married three will serve for all, you know.' months before to Mr. Shrimp, with high- “Poverty now began to come fast up heeled shoes! By way of consolation, me; yet instead of growing more provide however, she observed, that, though I was or cautious as I grew poor, I became eve disappointed in her, my addresses to her day more indolent and simple. A ine aunt would probably kindle her into sen- was arrested for fifty pounds; I was una sibility; as the old lady always allowed to extricate him, except by becoming me to be very good-natured, and not to bail. When at liberty, he ned from ? have the least share of harm in me. creditors, and left me to take his piad
“Yet still I had friends, numerous In prison I expected greater satisfactio
a I enjoyed at large. I hoped to I ever performed, and for which I shall verse with men in this new world, praise myself as long as I live, was the ple and believing, like myself ; but refusing half-a-crown to an old acquaint
oi them as cunning and as cautious ance, at the time when he wanted it, and this in the world I had left behind. I had it to spare : for this alone I deserve er spunged up my money while it to be decreed an ovation. tein, borrowed my coals and never “I now therefore pursued a course of da them, and cheated me when I uninterrupted frugality, seldom wanted a sved at cribbage. All this was done dinner, and was consequently invited to ze they believed me to be very good- twenty. I soon began to get the characured, and knew that I had no harm ter of a saving hunks that had money, and
insensibly grew into esteem. Neighbours "Con my first entrance into this man- have asked my advice in the disposal of 2. wuch is to some the abode of despair, their daughters; and I have always taken EL DO sensations different from those care not to give any. I have contracted perienced abroad. I was now on one a friendship with an alderman, only by we te door, and those who were uncon- observing, that if we take a farthing from Jei mate on the other: this was all the a thousand pounds, it will be a thousand Ference between us. At first, indeed, I pounds no longer. I have been invited it skaneasiness, in considering how I to a pawnbroker's table, by pretending to 2 72.3 be able to provide this week for the hate gravy; and am now actually upon
of the week ensuing; but after some treaty of marriage with a rich widow, for
II found myself sure of eating one only having observed that the bread was 3 I Leser troubled my head how I was rising. If ever I am asked a question, o le supplied another. I seized every whether I know it or not, instead of harious meal with the utmost good- answering, I only smile and look wise. B.cr; indulged no rants of spleen at If a charity is proposed, I go about with of nation ; never called down Heaven the hat, but put nothing in myself. If all the stars to behold me dining upon a wretch solicits my pity, I observe that Alpenny-worth of radishes; my very the world is filled with impostors, and take anions were taught to believe that a certain method of not being deceived
ved salad better than mutton, I by never relieving. In short, I now find Ented myself with thinking, that all the truest way of finding esteem, even from are I should either eat white bread the indigent, is to give away nothing, and
; considered that all that hap- thus have much in our power to give.” was best; laughed when I was not *, took the world as it went, and
LETTER XXVIII. Tacitus often for want of more books
To the same. onpany. *How long I might have continued in LATELY, in company with my friend in
topid state of simplicity I cannot tell, black, whose conversation is now both my s not been roused by seeing an old amusement and instruction, I could not
sintance, whom I knew to be a pru- avoid observing the great numbers of old blackhead, preferred to a place in the bachelors and maiden ladies with which emment. I now found that I had this city seems to be overrun. Sure, el a wrong track, and that the true marriage,” said I, “is not sufficiently en
of being able to relieve others was couraged, or we should never behold such to aim at independence myself: my crowds of battered beaux and decayed keliate care, therefore, was to leave coquettes, still attempting to drive a trade present habitation and make an entire they have been so long unfit for, and imation in my conduct and behaviour. swarming upon the gaiety of the age. I tafree, open, undesigning deportment, behold an old bachelor in the most conthe on that of closeness, prudence, and temptible light, as an animal that lives jaony. One of the most heroic actions upon the common stock without contri
buting his share: he is a beast of prey, and the knight in gold lace, who died w the laws should make use of as many single frown, and never rose again stratagems, and as much force, to drive he was married to his maid ; of thes the reluctant savage into the toils, as the who, being cruelly denied, in a rage 11 Indians when they hunt the hyæna or the the window, and listing up the sash, t rhinoceros. The mob should be permitted himself, in an agony-into his arm-e after him, boys might play tricks on him of the parson, who, crossed in love, with impunity, every well-bred company lutely swallowed opium, which bani should laugh at him; and if, when turned the stings of despised love by-ma of sixty, he offered to make love, his mis. him sleep. In short, she talks over tress might spit in his face, or, what would former losses with pleasure, and, be perhaps a greater punishment, should some tradesmen, finds consolation in fairly grant the favour.
many bankruptcies she has suffered. "As for old maids,” continued I, “they "For this reason,whenever I see a su should not be treated with so much severity, annuated beauty still unmarried, I ta because I suppose none would be so if accuse her either of pride, avarice, cogu they could. No lady in her senses would or affectation. There's Miss Jenny choose to make a subordinate figure at derbox, I once remember her to have christenings or lyings-in, when she might some beauty and a moderate fort be the principal herself; nor curry favour Her elder sister happened to marry a with a sister-in-law, when she might com- of quality, and this seemed as a statu mand a husband; nor toil in preparing virginity against poor Jane. Because ! custards, when she might lie a-bed, and was one lucky hit in the family, she give directions how they ought to be made; resolved not to disgrace it by introu nor stifle all her sensations in demure for a tradesman. By thus rejecting her eg mality, when she might, with matrimonial and neglected or despised by her super freedom, shake her acquaintance by the she now acts in the capacity of tuto hand, and wink at a double entendre. No to her sister's children, and under: lady could be so very silly as to live single, the drudgery of three servants, wit if she could help it. I consider an un receiving the wages of one. married lady, declining into the vale of Miss Squeeze was a pawnbrek years, as one of those charming countries daughter; her father had early taught bordering on China, that lies waste for that money was a very good thing. want of proper inhabitants. We are not left her a nioderate fortune at his de to accuse the country, but the ignorance She was so perfectly sensible of the va of its neighbours, who are insensible of its of what she had got, that she was resol beauties, though at liberty to enter and never to part with a farthing without cultivate the soil."
equality on the part of her suitor : "Indeed, sir,” replied my companion, thus refused several offers made her "you are very little acquainted with the people who wanted to better themse English ladies, to think they are old maids as the saying is, and grew old and against their will. I dare venture to affirm, natured, without ever considering that that you can hardly select one of them all, should have made an abatement in but has had frequent offers of marriage, pretensions, from her face being pale, : which either pride or avarice has not made marked with the small-pox. her reject. Instead of thinking it a dis- "Lady Betty Tempest, on the contra grace, they take every occasion to boast had beauty, with fortune and family. 1 of their former cruelty: a soldier does not fond of conquest, she passed from trien exult more when he counts over the to triumph: she had read plays and wounds he has received, than a female mances, and there had learned, that a fe
. veteran when she relates the wounds she man of common sense was no better (1 has formerly given : exhaustless when she fool; such she refused, and sighed onix begins a narrative of the former death. the gay, giddy, inconstant, and thoughie dealing power of her eyes. She tells of After she had thus rejected hundreds
Ked her, and sighed for hundreds who books every day, not one of which but
d her, she found herself insensibly | contains all the good things that ever were Sted: at present she is company only said or written. of her aunts and cousins, and sometimes And yet I know not how it happens, zats one in a country-dance, with only but the English are not, in reality, so re of the chairs for a partner, casts off learned as would seem from this calcula. ria joint-stool, and sets to a corner tion. We meet but few who know all sptoard. In a word, she is treated with arts and sciences to perfection; whether it 162 contempt from every quarter, and is that the generality are incapable of such acel like a piece of old-fashioned extensive knowledge, or that the authors che, merely to fill up a corner. of those books are not adequate instruc
* Bat Sophronia, the sagacious Sophro- tors. In China the emperor himself takes mia, bow shall I mention her? She was cognizance of all the doctors in the king. mbt to love Greek and hate the men dom who profess authorship. In England tra be very infancy; she has rejected every man may be an author that can
patlemen because they were not pe write; for they have by law a liberty, not ers, ud pedants because they were not only of saying what they please, but of fre guitemen; her exquisite sensibility being also as dull as they please. has att her to discover every fault in Yesterday I testified my surprise to the Feyer, and her inflexible justice has Man in Black, where writers could be pested her pardoning them : thus she found in sufficient number to throw off redat several offers, till the wrinkles of the books I daily saw crowding from e sad overtaken her; and now, without the press. I at first imagined that their de mod feature in her face, she talks | learned seminaries might take this method axsanily of the beauties of the mind."- of instructing the world. But, to obviate huexell
this objection, my companion assured me, LETTER XXIX.
that the doctors of colleges never wrote,
and that some of them had actually forgot To the same.
their reading; “ but if you desire,”. conERE we to estimate the learning of the tinued he, to see a collection of authors, çlish by the number of books that are I fancy I can introduce you this evening 195 day published among them, perhaps to a club, which assembles every Saturday
country, not even China itself, could at seven, at the sign of the Broom, near "ul them in this particular. I have Islington, to talk over the business of the ned not less than twenty-three new last and the entertainment of the week is published in one day, which, upon ensuing.” I accepted his invitation : we putation, makes eight thousand three walked together, and entered the house
red and ninety-five in one year. some time before the usual hour for the ist of these are not confined to one company assembling. zale science, but embrace the whole My friend took this opportunity of berce History, politics, poetry, mathe- letting me into the characters of the prinutics, metaphysics, and the philosophy cipal members of the club, not even the
sature, are all comprised in a manual host excepted, who, it seems, was once an i larger than that in which our children author himself, but preferred by a bookpbe taught the letters. If, then, we sup- seller to this situation as a reward for his pse the learned of England to read but former services.
eighth part of the works which daily “The first person,” said he, “of our
me from the press, (and sure none can society is Doctor Nonentity, a metaphy. tend to learning upon less easy terms,) sician. Most people think him a profound
this rate every scholar will read a scholar; but, as he seldom speaks, I canSusand books in one year. From such not be positive in that particular: he
calculation you may conjecture what an generally spreads himself before the fire, Inazing fund of literature a man must be sucks his pipe, talks little, drinks much, bossessed of, who thus reads three new and is reckoned very good company. I'm