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proper lines, with sufficient fenders between them and the inside vessels, and shall, when so ordered by the Harbor Master, have their jibbooms, booms, yards, davits and bumpkins, if any, rigged in, their lower yards topped, and anchors either a cockbill or at the hawse-pipe, as most convenient.

4. When fasts of vessels extend across a dock so as to obstruct passing vessels, the captain or person in charge shall, when so ordered by the Harbor Master, cause the fasts to be slackened or cast off.

5. Vessels lying at the ends of piers, so as to obstruct the passage to the adjoining docks, must move when necessary to accommodate other vessels entering or leaving the docks.

6. Vessels lying alongside of a wharf, and not taking in or discharging cargo, must make way for and permit other vessels that want to load or unload cargo to come inside next to the wharf.

7. If the person in charge of any vessel refuse to move, the Harbor Master shall cause the same to be done at the cost and risk of the master, owner or consignee.

8. No wharf shall be obstructed so as to prevent the loading or unloading of cargo, but reasonable facilities will at all times be allowed on application to the Harbor Master.

9. No tar, pitch, turpentine or resin shall be heated on a wharf, or on board any vessel lying at a wharf.

10. Vessels that may increase their width by using ballast-logs, pontoons or devices of the same nature, must move to accommodate other vessels when so ordered by the Harbor Master, and shall pay the expenses of other vessels that may be required to move to allow a vessel with the above appliances to get in or out of docks.

11. All sea-going vessels at anchor, or when discharging, loading, laying up or being repaired at any wharf in the Port of Philadelphia, are required to have and maintain a safe and convenient ladder, gang-plank or side-steps for the use of persons having business on board such vessels.

12. Any master, captain or whoever is in charge of a vessel, who shall refuse or neglect to comply with the directions of the Harbor Master, or whoever shall obstruct his authority, shall be fined in a sum not exceeding $100 for each and every offense.

JOSEPH H. KLEMMER,

Harbor Master. Adopted by the Board of Wardens of the Port of Philadelphia, March 5,

1883, and amended February 5 and March 5, 1900.

Revised International Rules to Prevent Collisions at Sea.

The following New Rules for the Navigation of the High Seas, the outcome of the International Marine Conference, held in Washington, D.C., during the winter of 1889–90, were approved by Congress, and signed by the President, August 19th, 1890. The act took effect July 1st, 1897.

(See page 81 for Special Rules to be observed in Rivers, Harbors and Inland Waters.)

ACT OF AUGUST 19, 1890, TO ADOPT BEGULATIONS FOR
PREVENTING COLLISIONS AT SEA, AS AMENDED
BY THE ACTS OF MAY 28, 1894, AUGUST
13, 1894, AND JUNE 10, 1896.

I.—Enacting Clause, Scope, and Penalty.
INTERNATIONAL RULES.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Irepresentatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following regulations for preventing collisions at sea shall be followed by all public and private vessels of the United States upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith, navigable by sea-going vessels.

ART. 30. Nothing in these rules shall interfere with the operation of a special rule, duly made by local authority, relative to the navigation of any harbor, river, or inland waters.

Preliminary Definitions.

In the following rules every steam-vessel which is under sail and not under steam is to be considered a sailing-ressel, and every vessel under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a steam-vessel.

The word “steam-vessel shall include any vessel propelled by machinery

A vessel is “under way within the meaning of these rules when she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.

II.-Lights and So Forth.

The word “visible '' in these rules when applied to lights shall mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere.

ARTICLE 1. The rules concerning lights shall be complied with in all weathers from sunset to sunrise, and during such time no other lights which may be mistaken for the prescribed lights shall be exhibited.

Steam-Vessels—Masthead Light.

ART. 2. A steam-vessel when under way shall carry— (a) On or in front of the foremast, or if a vessel without a foremast, then in the fore part of the vessel, at a height above the hull of not less than twenty feet, and if the breadth of the vessel exceeds twenty feet, then at a height above the hull not less than such breadth, so, however, that the light need not be carried at a greater height above the hull than forty feet, a bright white light, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an aic of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles. es Steam-Vessels—Side-Lights.

(b) On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

(c) On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

(d) The said green and red side-lights shall be fitted with inboard screens projecting at least three feet forward from the light, so as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.

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(e) A steam-ressel when under tray may carry an additional rhite light similar in construction to the light mentioned in subdirision (a). These two lights shall be so placed in line with the keel that one shall be at least fifteen feet higher than the other, and in such a position writh reference to each other that the lower light shall be forward of the upper one. The rertical distance between these lights shall be less than the horizontal distance. Steam-Vessels When Towing.

ART. 3. A steam-vessel when towing another ressel shall, in addition to her side-lights, carry two bright white lights in a vertical line one over the other, not less than six feet apart, and when touring more than one vessel shall carry an additional bright white light six feet abore or below such light, if the length of the tow measuring from the stern of the touring ressel to the stern of the last vessel toured ereeeds six hundred feet. Each of these lights shall be of the same construction and character, and shall be carried in the same position as the white light mentioned in article two (a), ercepting the additional light, which may be carried at a height of not loss than fourteen feet abore the hull.

Such steam-vessel may carry a small white light abaft the funnel or aftermast for the ressel towed to steer by, but such light shall not be visible forward of the beam.

Special Lights.

ART. 4. (a) A vessel which from any accident is not under command shall carry at the same height as a white light mentioned in article two (a), where they can best be seen, and if a steam-ressel in lieu of that light, two red lights, in a vertical line one over the other, not less than six feet apart, and of such a character as to be visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least two miles; and shall by day carry in a vertical line one over the other, not less than sir feet apart, where they can best be seen, two black balls or shapes, each two feet in diameter.

(b) A ressel emploved in laying or in picking up a telegraph cable shall carry in the same position as the white light mentioned in article two (a), and if a steamressel in lieu of that light, three lights in a vertical line one over the other not less than six feet apart. The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red, and the middle light shall be white, and they shall be of such a character as to be visible all around the horizon, at a distance of at least two miles. By day she shall carry in a vertical line, one over the other, not less than six feet apart, where they can best be seen, three shapes not less than two feet in diameter, of which the highest and lowest shall he globular in shape and red in color, and the middle one diamond in shape and white,

(*) The ressels referred to in this article, when not making way through the water, shall not carry the side-lights, but when making way shall carry them.

(d) The lights and shapes required to be shown by this article are to be taken by oth resa is as signals that the ressel showing them is not under command and annot ther fore get out of the way.

These signals are not signals of ressels in distress and requiring assistance. Such signals are contained in article thirty-one.

Lights for Sailing-Vessels and Wessels in Tow.

AEt. 5. A sailing-ressel under way and any ressel being towed shall carry the same lights as are prescribed by article two for a steam vessel under way, with the exception of the white lights mentioned therein, which they shall never carry.

Lights for Small Vessels.

ART. 6. Whenever, as in the case of small vessels under way during bad weather, the green and red side-lights cannot be fixed, these lights shall be kept at hand, lighted and ready for use ; and shall, on the approach of or to other vessels, be exhibited on their respective sides in sufficient time to prevent collision, in such manner as to make them most visible, and so that the green light shall not be seen on the port side nor the red light on the starboard side, nor, if practicable, more than two points abaft the beam on their respective sides. To make the use of these portable lights more certain and easy the lanterns containing them shall each be painted outside with the color of the light they respectively contain, and shall be provided with proper screens.

Lights for Small Steam- and Sail-Vessels and Open Boats.

“ARt. 7. Steam-vessels of less than forty, and vessels under oars or sails of less than twenty tons gross tonnage, respectively, and rowing boats, when under way, shall not be required to carry the lights mentioned in article two (a), (b), and (c), but if they do not carry them they shall be provided with the following lights: “First. Steam-vessels of less than forty tons shall carry— “(a) In the fore part of the vessel, or on or in front of the funnel, where it can best be seen, and at a height above the gunwale of not less than nine feet, a bright white light constructed and fired as prescribed in article two (a), and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles. “(b) Green and red side-lights constructed and fired as prescribed in article two (b) and (c), and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least one mile, or a combined lantern showing a green light and a red light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on their respective sides. Such lanterns shall be carried not less than three feet below the white light. “Second. Small steamboats, such as are carried by sea-going vessels, may carry the white light at a less height than nine feet above the gunwale, but it shall be carried above the combined lantern mentioned in subdivision one (b). “Third. Vessels under oars or sails of less than twenty tons shall have ready at hand a lantern with a green glass on one side and a red glass on the other, which, on the approach of or to other vessels, shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision, so that the green light shall not be seen on the port side nor the red light on the starboard side. “Fourth. Irowing boats, whether under oars or sail, shall hare ready at hand a lantern showing a white light, which shall be temporarily erhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision. “The vessels referred to in this article she’l not be obliged to carry the lights prescribed by article four (a) and article eleven, last paragraph.”

Lights for Pilot-Vessels.

ART. 8. Pilot-vessels when engaged on their station on pilotage duty shall not show the lights required for other vessels, but shall carry a white light at the masthead, visible all around the horizon, and shall also exhibit a flare-up light or flare-up lights at short intervals, which shall never exceed fifteen minutes. On the near approach of or to other vessels they shall have their side-lights lighted, ready for use, and shall flash or show them at short interrals, to indicate the direction in which they are heading, but the green light shall not be shown on the port side, nor the red light on the starboard side. A pilot-vessel of such a class as to be obliged to go alongside of a vessel to put a pilot on board may show the white light instead of carrying it at the masthead, and may, instead of the colored lights above mentioned, hare at hand, ready for use, a lantern with a green glass on the one side and a red glass on the other, to be used as prescribed above. Pilot-vessels, when not engaged on their station on pilotage duty, shall carry lights similar to those of other vessels of their tonnage.

special Lights on Steam Pilot Wessels. (Provisions of an Act approved Feb. 19, 1900, supplementary to Article 8.) . A steam pilot vessel, when engaged on her station on pilotage duty and in waters of the United States, and not at anchor, shall, in addition to the lights required for all pilot boats, carry at a distance of eight feet below her white mast head light a red light, visible all around the horizon and of such a character as to be visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere at a distance of at least two miles, and also the colored side lights required to be carried by vessels when under way; When engaged on her station on pilotage duty and in waters of the United States, and at anchor, she shall carry in addition to the lights required for all pilot boats the red light above mentioned, but not the colored side lights. when not engaged on her station on pilotage duty, she shall carry the same lights as other steam vessels. Lights, etc., of Fishing-Vessels. ABT. 9. [Article nine, act of August 19, 1890, was repealed by act of May 28, 1894, and article 10, act of March 3, 1885, was re-enacted in part by act of August 13, 1894, and is reproduced here in part as article 9. It will be the object of further consideration by the Maritime powers.] Fishing-vessels of less than twenty tons net registered tonnage, when under way and when not having their nets, trawls, dredges, or lines in the water, shall not be obliged to carry the colored side-lights ; but every such vessel shall in lieu thereof have ready at hand a lantern with a green glass on the one side and a red glass on the other side, and on approaching to or being approached by another ves. sel such lantern shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision, so that the green light shall not be seen on the port side nor the red light on the starboard side. Lights for Fishing-Vessels Off European Coasts. The following portion of this article applies only to fishing-vessels and boats when in the sea off the coast of Europe lying north of Cape Finisterre : (a) All fishing-vessels and fishing-boats of twenty tons net registered tonnage or upward, when under way and when not having their nets, trawls, dredges, or lines in the water, shall carry and show the same lights as other vessels under way. (b) All vessels when engaged in fishing with drift-nets shall exhibit two white lights from any part of the vessel where they can be best seen. Such lights shall be placed so that the vertical distance between them shall be not less than six feet and not more than ten feet, and so that the horizontal distance between them, measured in a line with the keel of the vessel, shall be not less than five feet and not more than ten feet. The lower of these two lights shall be the more forward, and both of them shall be of such a character and contained in lanterns of such construction as to show all around the horizon, on a dark night, with a clear atmosphere, for a distance of not less than three miles. (c) All vessels when trawling, dredging, or fishing with any kind of drag-nets shall exhibit, from some part of the vessel where they can be best seen, two lights. One of these lights shall be red and the other shall be white. The red light shall be above the white light, and shall be at a vertical distance from it of not less than six feet and not more than twelve feet ; and the horizontal distance between them, if any, shall not be more than ten feet. These two lights shall be of such a character and contained in lanterns of such construction as to be visible all around the horizon, on a dark night, with a clear atmosphere, the white light to a distance of not less than three miles, and the red light of not less than two miles. (d) A vessel employed in line-fishing, with her lines out, shall carry the same lights as a vessel when engaged in fishing with drift-nets. (e) If a vessel, when fishing with a trawl, dredge, or any kind of drag-net, becomes stationary in consequence of her gear getting fast to a rock or other obstruction, she shall show the light and make the fog signal for a vessel at anchor. (f) Fishing-vessels may at any time use a flare-up in addition to the lights which they are by this article required to carry and show. All flare-up lights exhibited by a vessel when trawling, dredging, or fishing with any kind of drag-net shall be shown at the after-part of the vessel, excepting that if the vessel is hanging !. the stern to her trawl, dredge, or drag-net, they shall be exhibited from the OW. (g) Every fishing-vessel when at anchor between sunset and sunrise shall exhibit a white light, visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least one mile.

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