The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code : Human Rights in Human Experimentation: Human Rights in Human Experimentation

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George J. Annas Edward R. Utley Professor of Health Law, Medicine Michael A. Grodin Associate Professor of Philosophy and Associate Director of Law, and Ethics Program both of the Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health
Oxford University Press, USA, 1992. 5. 7. - 400페이지
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The atrocities committed by Nazi physicians and researchers during World War II prompted the development of the Nuremberg Code to define the ethics of modern medical experimentation utilizing human subjects. Since its enunciation, the Code has been viewed as one of the cornerstones of modern bioethical thought. The sources and ramifications of this important document are thoroughly discussed in this book by a distinguished roster of contemporary professionals from the fields of history, philosophy, medicine, and law. Contributors also include the chief prosecutor of the Nuremberg Military Tribunal and a moving account by a survivor of the Mengele Twin Experiments. The book sheds light on keenly debated issues of both science and jurisprudence, including the ethics of human experimentation; the doctrine of informed consent; and the Code's impact on today's international human rights agenda. The historical setting of the Code's creation, some modern parallels, and the current attitude of German physicians toward the crimes of the Nazi era, are discussed in early chapters. The book progresses to a powerful account of the Doctors' Trial at Nuremberg, its resulting verdict, and the Code's development. The Code's contemporary influence on both American and international law is examined in its historical context and discussed in terms of its universality: are the foundational ethics of the Code as valid today as when it was originally penned? The editors conclude with a chapter on foreseeable future developments and a proposal for an international covenant on human experimentation enforced by an international court. A major work in medical law and ethics, this volume provides stimulating, provocative reading for physicians, legal professionals, bioethicists, historians, biomedical researchers, and concerned laypersons.
 

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THE NUREMBERG CODE
2
1
3
This part addresses the nature source and scope
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2
17
3
32
4
53
This part contains the primary source documents from the Doctors
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LO
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10
183
11
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This part presents an analysis of the importance and implications
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of vulnerable patients and protecting their welfare The extent
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12
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13
240
14
258
15
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6
94
PROSECUTION COUNSEL
111
CONTI
112
General view of courtroom on opening day of trial
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SENTENCES AND COMMUTATIONS
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7
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This part of the book explores the legal aspects of
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human fetuses because of their inability to give consent and
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8
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9
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16
286
17
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1
317
2A
322
2B
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3
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4
343
LO
346
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