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Keunjurgurh must have the road through them likewise, for it to be at all a straight line; there was more in this sapient remark than meets the eye; part of the meaning is this, that if he were to have the nuisance imposed on him, he thought that the Lehra and Keunjur Rajas should share it likewise. I was subsequently informed that he had paid a good deal of money to some of Mr. Babington's people and to my own, to ensure their good services in dissuading me from adopting this line.

The Raja when about to leave, let me know through the medium of his “Spreach sprucher” that he had a very urgent request to make. I requested him to speak out, when he told me a long story about some Mussulman Saudagurs from Cuttack who were sitting Dhurma" at his gate, wishing to insist on his paying them some debts of old standing, with compound interest thereon, and that he wished me to interfere in his behalf as he was about to proceed himself Cuttack towed a daughter of the old ex-Rani of Sumbulpár; having no power to interfere I declined doing so, further than recommending the merchants to have patience; I accordingly directed their attendance in the evening, took leave of the Rojo, and proceeded immediately to see the falls, where I was told that there were many “Assura ka har” or giant's bones, a denomination generally applied to fossils; so that I proceeded with all haste, expecting *fine harvest. It was becoming dark just as I reached the lowermost *in of the falls, in a beautiful woody recess, the rocks towering several hundred feet above. I never saw a more enchanting spot, the mango and other trees growing to an incredible height. There are five falls and * many basins formed by them; the height of each may be about *"enly or eighty feet; the volume of water is considerable. I climbed "the second basin, and there waited till torches were procured to enable me to see the “ giant's bones,” but, lo! what was my disappointment "hen I found that these said bones were nothing more than large "asses of stalactite in which were fantastic caves. The inhabitants make lime with it, as an ingredient for their paun and betel nut, and their method of burning it is rather singular; some hold a slab of stone with a heap of lighted charcoal against the roofs of the caves ; the parts affected by the heat drop off into the fire, which is then extinguished, and the particles of lime separated from the coal. Another

* Sitting Dhurma is a common practice with natives who wish to attain any particular *iott; the custom is, to sit at the door or gate of a person without taking food or drink until the party entreated yields, and should the petitioner die, the curse of his blood is "Potd to rest on the latter.


method is this, a few small pieces of the rock are put into a wisp of
damp rice straw along with some lighted charcoal, the wisp is then
wound up into a ball as tight as possible and tied to a string, by which
it is kept swung smartly round until the lime is ready, this the burn-
ers know by the state in which the wisp appears. This practice I have
observed elsewhere in use in burning the limestone nodules (Kunkur)
for the same purpose. But to return to the falls—I could not see much
by torch-light though I had several, the glare of which added to the
magical appearance of this truly romantic spot; a cold breeze blows
down from the upper falls, which the guides assured me never ceased
all the year round. There are several fabulous stories connected with
the spot, and a large serpent is said to inhabit one of the caverns, which
is not however improbable."
I felt very much inclined to halt and pass a day here, but the rains
having commenced, it would have been dangerous to prolong my stay in
jungles, I therefore returned to camp where I found the merchants in at-
tendance together with the Raja's people; the former seemed little inclined
to listen to any terms short of payment in full of their exorbitant de-
mands; the latter urged the inability of their master to pay more than
250 Rupees out of 3,000 with an I. O. U. for the balance when he
should return from Cuttack with his bride, and, what to him was per'
haps more valuable, her dowry.
I should here observe that there are many Mussulman and other
merchants who come from Benares and Cuttack with indifferent horse"
and inferior. merchandize of kinds, which they pawn upon the ignoran'
grandees of these outlandish places; they give long credit on promise
of interest, and consider themselves lucky if some few years afterwards
they realize the amount of purchase money, which from its exorbita"
nature, renders ample remuneration for the trouble and delay to
are subjected to, sometimes having to wait for several months together,
being put off with repeated promises of payment, and as many plausi.
ble excuses for non-payment, till at last an order is given them upon
the farmers of one or more villages who may be in arrears to their
lord; from these the merchants screw as much as they can, the amount
of which, of course, very much depends on their power and temper, and
"Mr. Motte in his Narrative describes an enormous serpent called Nagburo which is
worshipped some where near Sumbulpit, see p. 82, Asiatic Annual Regist” Wol. 1.
I have been told that this reptile is still in existence, and that the diamon"." ess

make offerings, if they neglect which, they suppose their search will be fruit*

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*rious frays are not uncommonly the consequence. Formerly the commissioners and political officers used to interfere and enforce payment to the merchants, but I believe this bad practice has been discontinued, Ithink that if a few merchants were licensed to proceed into the Gurhjat, previously manifesting their goods, and paying a light tax to cover the * of a registry of them, and of their fair market value, upon an understanding that the settlement of any unadjusted claims on any * would be insisted on to the extent of a reasonable profit, much #" might accrue, and a great deal more merchandize, both European and °untry, would find a ready sale with advantage to both parties. * merchants seemed to agree to the terms proposed, when the wk, group retired and left me to enjoy as much rest as the steaming heat and stunning noise of frogs and chicadas would allow of *7th May. I rose at a very early hour, when having dismissed half *guard of the Ramgurh Battalion and that of the 19th N. I. and the Political Agent's Mooktar, whom I had yesterday directed to return "their stations via Sumbulpár by the Baghlot ghat and the road which *been hidden from me, I proceeded on my journey. I walked several miles through a thick but low jungle, along a very good road, to a place called Sonamoonda, where I rested a little to allow the stragglers to * up; thus far my course was a little to the northward of west, his the hills at a short distance to the left, the path then began to "considerably more than any obstacles rendered it necessary, and "*the whole in a southerly direction. The forest is very thin, with no underwood, and the ground undulates considerably; there are several * nullahs and a great many small water-courses, almost all of which "ould require bridging. The next place I reached was a large village Of Guallas, called Korapeeta, situated on an elevated spot in the * of an extensive plain, on to which the Deogurh valley opens; * hence the ground (still undulating) has a perceptible fall to"is the Brahmeni river, on the banks of which, at a place called *ing I encamped for the day. I took up my quarters in one of *ral large huts which Major W-'s Mooktar and the guard of *Rangurh Battalion had had constructed while awaiting the arrival "", predecessor. I have learnt sufficient regarding the oppressive "utt of these knaves to satisfactorily account for the Mooktar's auxiety to prevent my travelling by this route; it appeared that he "Pised himself off with the credulous Zemindars here, as the Political Agent's assistant and friend!!—and used to have dăllis, &c. &c. sent

him daily. I felt the better pleased at having dismissed this worthy at Deogurh, for he was more a hindrance than otherwise to my operations.

Barsing has been a large place, but famine, misrule, and cholera have reduced the number of inhabitants to one-half, so that many of the huts are in ruins. The river flows under the village; though its span here is very great the water is shallow, and wends its way in small rills between numerous rocks and islets which every where stretch across the bed; the banks are not more than eighteen or twenty feet high, and are seldom overflowed, so that the river can never rise sufficiently to admit of boats navigating it with safety; this alone would be a sufficient reason to seek for a more favorable spot for the road to pass, which might be found five or six miles either above or below this point, where the banks are steep and rocky, and the water confined to deep and narrow channels, equally well adapted for ferries or suspension bridges; the latter would, for many reasons, be very desirable both on this and other rivers.

I passed this day with more comfort than usual; the hut I occupied was under a cluster of noble mango and tamarind trees, and facing a beautiful shady tope; it was a paradise contrasted with what I had hitherto met with ; I could not help reflecting on the truth of an admirable saying of Demetrius, quoted by Addison in the chapter treating of the Providence of God, that “nothing would be more unhappy than a man who had never known affliction;”—a truth deeply im: pressed on my mind, to which I would add, a similar maxim which called it to mind, “that he who has never experienced discomfort and privation, cannot appreciate real comfort, or know the virtue of contentment.” I cannot here refrain from acknowledging the consolation I fell, and the hope of conquering all my difficulties, the frequent perusal of the beautiful chapter above mentioned inspired me with during the severe trials I had lately suffered; many were the times when nearly driven to distraction and despair, its perusal made me happy in my misfortune. Reader, pardon this digression. To return to my narrative About 4 P. M. a very severe north-wester came on, followed by a very heavy fall of rain and hail, which lasted until 6 P. M.; it cleared befo sunset, so that I was able to observe and sketch the features of the country, but could not resume my march, for there was every indication of bad weather. I began to feel uneasy at the prospect of the evil effects of the rain, and I resolved passing the night here, and to push on at all hazards at day-break.

(To be continued. J

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ART IV.- Votice of a Grant engraved on Copper, found at Kumbhi in the Saugor Territory.—By the Editors.

We present our readers with another Tamba Patra in the original, and with a translation which we have made. DR. SpilsBURY has obligingly presented this valuable relic of antiquity to the Asiatic Society. He writes, that “the two Copper plates joined by a ring seal were "dug up at Kumbhi, on the right bank of the Herun river, thirty-five “miles north-east of Jabalpoor, and were forwarded by Major Low, “Magistrate of this district. The letters engraved on the plates are “in great preservation, and from their date upwards of 900 years old, “corresponding nearly with inscriptions in stone in the same character (sacsimiles of which were forwarded by the late Major FRANKLIN to the Society). “Something may be gleaned of the period when a large “city existed, only six miles west of Jabalpoor, now to be traced by “little more than mounds of bricks and cut stones.” The skill and kindness of Lieut. Kirtor, has enabled us to prepare a plate exhibiting facsimiles of the seal and specimen of the letters, together with a table which shews the alphabet of the plates in juxtaPosition with the modern Nagri alphabet. The character of the plates *Pproaches that of the Rajgarh slab, of which we published the inscription in our March number by oversight.

Lieut. Kittor's neat engraving was published in our May number; to which we refer our readers. The Seal is that of Sai-MAT Vijay A Singha Deva. The Legend is Dunga in her form Maha Laxml *PPorted by two Elephants. At the foot is the Bull of Siva.

The grant gives us eight generations of the Kula-Churi dynasty, *ginning with Yuva Raja DEva, who was a descendant of the re*wned Kartta Vinyy A of the race of BHARAT.

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& Gaya KARNA married ARHANA Devi

N a-----f NA* Singh Deva 2 W1JAYA SING h m GA's A LA Devi


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