« 이전계속 »
nerous Friend to him, than that Mecænas of all Learned and Witty Men, Charles Lord Buckhurst, the late Earl of Dorset and Middlesex ; who being himself an excellent Poet, knew how to set a just Value upon the Ingenious Performances of others, and has often taken care privately to relieve and supply the Necessities of those, whose Modesty would endeavour to conceal them ; of which our Author was a signal Instance, as several others have been, who are now living: In fine, the Integrity of bis Life, the Acuteness of his Wit, and Easiness of his Conversation, bad render’d him most acceptable to all Men ; yet he prudently avoided multiplicity of Acquaintance, and wisely chose such only whom his discerning fudgment could distinguish (as Mr. Cowley expresseth it)
From the Great Vulgar or the Small.
Amd he baving, thres lio'd to a good Old Age, Admir'd by all thougb personally known to few, he departed this Life
in the Year 1680, and was buryed at the Charge of his good friend Mr. L--vil of the T----le, in the Yard belonging to the Church of St Paul's Covent Garden, at the West-end of the said Yard, on the North-fide under the Wall of the said Church, and under that Wall, which parts the. Várd from the Common Highway And since he has no Monument yet set up for him, give me leave to borrow his Epitaph from that of Michael Drayton the Poet, as the Author of Mr Cowley's has partly done before me :
And though no Monument can claim
The Characters of this Poem are for the most part obvious, even to the meanest Pretenders to Learning or History; nor can searce any one be so Ignorant, as not to ksiow, that the chief Design thereof, is a Satyr again i thase Incendiaries of Church and State, mbo in the late Rebel
lion, under Pretence of Religion, Murthered the best of Kings, to Introduce the worst of Governments; destroy'd the best of Churches, that Hypocrisie, Novelty and Nonsensé, might be predominant amongst us, and overthrow our wholsome Laws and Constitutions, to make way for their Blessed Anarchy and Confusion, . which at last ended in Tyranny. But since, according to the Proverb, None are so Blind, as they that will not See ; so those who are not resolu'd to be invinceably Ignorant, I refer, for their farther Satisfaction, to the Histories of Mr. Fowlis of Presbytery, Mr. Walker of Independancy; but more especially to that Incomparable History lately Published, wrote by Edward late Earl.of Clarendon, which are sufficient to satisfie any unbiası’d Person, that bis general Characters are not fictitious: and I could heartily wish, these Times were fo reformed, that they were not applicable to some even now living. However there being feveral particular Persons reflected on,
which are not commonly known, and some old Stories and uncouth T'ords, which want Explication, we have thought fit to do that Right to their Memories, and for the better Information of the less learned Readers, to explain them in some Additional Annotions at the Endof this and the Second Part.
How often the Imitation of this Foem has been attempted and wizh how little Success, I leave the Readers to judge; in the Year (63) there came out a Spurious Book, called, The Second Part of Hudibras, which is reflected upon by our Author, under the Character of Whacum, towards the latter end of his Second Part: Afterwards came out the Dutch and Scotch Hudibras, Butler's Ghost, the Occasional Hypocrite, and some others of the same Nature, which compar’dwich this, (Virgil Travesty excepted deserve only to be condemn’d, ad Ficum & Piperem; or if you please, to more base aud fèrvile Offices.
Some vain Attempts have been likewise made to translate some Parts of it into Latin, but how far they fall short of that Spi
rit of the Englith Wit, I leave the meaneft Capacity that urduktands them, to judge. The following Snilies I have heard were done by the Leared Dr. Harmar, once Greek Profejfur at Oxon.
So Learne: Taliacotius from, &c. Sic adfcititios n is de clune torofi Vectoris, doc Ecuit Talicotius Arte: Qui putuêre paies durando æquare Parentem At poftquam fato Clunis computruit, ipfum Una sympathicum cæpit tabefcere Roftrum,
So Wind in th' Hypocondres pent, &c. Sic Hypochondriacis inclusa meatibus Aura Definet in crepitum, si fertur prona per alvum, Sed fi fumma petat, montisque invaferit arcem Divinus furor eft, & confcia Flamma futuri.
S. Lawyers, left the Bear Defendant, &c. Sic Legum myftæ, nè forsan Pax foret, Ursam Inter furantem sese, Adoremque Moloflum Faucibus injiciunt clavos dentisque refigunt, Luctantefq; canes coxis, femorifq; revellunt. Errores juitafque moras obtendere
certis, Judiciumq; prius revocare ut prorsus iniquum. Tandem poit aliquod breve respiramen utrinq;, Ut pugnas iterent, crebris hortatibus urgent. Eja ! agite ô cives, iterumq; in prælia tradunt.
There are some Verses, which for Reason of State, easie to be guess’d at, were