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de Cónsules, aquellos puntos de su may think fit. Territorio que juzgue oportuno.

XIX. Siempre que en el Terri- XIX. Whenever, in the Territory torio de alguna de las Repúblicas of either of the Contracting ReContratantes," muera un Ciuda- publicks, a Citizen of the other dano de la otra, sin haber hecho su shall die, without having made his última disposicion testamentaria, last testamentary arrangements, el Cónsul General respectivo, ó the respective Consul General, or, en su ausencia el que lo represen- in his absence, his Representa-táre, tendrà derecho á nombrar por tive, shall have the right to name si solo curadores, que se encarguen guardians, for the custody of the de los bienes del expresado Ciuda. Property of the deceased, for the dano, á beneficio de sus legítimos benefit of his legitimate Heirs and herederos y acreedores, dando Creditors, giving account thereof cuenta á las Autoridades respecti- to the proper Authorities of the vas de una y otra República. respective Republick.

XX. El presente Tratado será XX. The present Treaty shall ratificado en el modo y forma que be ratified, in the manner and establecen las Leyes de las respec- form established by Law, in the tivas Repúblicas, cangéandose las respective Republicks, and the RaRatificaciones en esta ciudad, tifications exchanged in this City, dentro de 4 meses, 6 antes si fuere within 4 months, or sooner if posposible.

sible. - En testimonio de lo cual, los In witness whereof, the respec. respectivos Plenipotenciarios, lo tive Plenipotentiaries have signed han firmado y sellado con los the same, and have sealed it with Sellos correspondientes.

their respective Seals. - En Santiago de Chile, el 20 de In Santiago de Chili, the 20th of Noviembre del año de 1826, y November, of the Year 1826, the 17 de la libertad de ambos Esta. 17th of the liberty of both States. dos. IGNACIO ALVAREZ.

IGNACIO ALVAREZ. MANUEL J. GANDARILLAS. MANUEL J. GANDARILLAS.

CONVENTION of Commerce between Great Britain and Bu the United States of America.--Signed at London, Au+*gust 6th, 1827. ei

1.His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the United States of America, being desirous of continuing in force the existing Commercial Regulations between the two Countries, which are contained in the Convention concluded between them on the 3d of July, 1815,* and further renewed by the IV th Article of the Convention of the 20th of October, 1818*, have, for that pur. pose, named their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Charles Grant, a Member of His-said Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, a Member of Parliament, and Vice-President of the Committee of Privy Council for Affairs of Trade and Foreign Plantations; and Henry Unwin Addington, Esquire;

And the President of the United States of America, Albert Gal. latin, their Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Britannick Majesty :

Who, after having communicated to each other their respective Full Powers, found to be in due and proper form, have agreed upon and concluded the following Articles :

Art. I. All the provisions of the Convention concluded between His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and The United States of America, on the 3d of July, 1815, and further continued for the term of 10 Years by the IVth Article of the Convention of the 20th of October, 1818, with the exception therein contained as to St. Helena, are hereby further indefinitely, and without the said exception, extended and continued in force, from the date of the expiration of the said 10 Years, in the same manner as if all the provisions of the said Convention of the 3d of July, 1815, were herein specifically recited.

II. It shall he competent, however, to either of the Contracting Parties, in case either should think fit, at any time after the expiration of the said 10 Years,--that is, after the 20th of October, 1828,-on giving due notice of 12 months to the other Contracting Party, to annul and abrogate this Convention; and it shall, in such case, be accordingly entirely annulled and abrogated, after the expiration of the said term of notice.

III. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be exchanged in 9 months, or sooner if possible.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seals of their Arms.

Done at London, the 6th day of August, in the Year of our Lord, 1827. (L.S.) CHA. GRANT.

(L.S.) ALBERT GALLATIN. (L.S.) HENRY UNWIN ADDINGTON.

[The Ratifications of this Convention were exchanged in London, on the 2d of April, 1828.)

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CONVENTION between Great Britain and the United

States of America, relative to the Territory on the NorthWest Coast of America.-Signed at London, August 6, 1827.

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the United States of America, being equally desirous to prevent, as far as possible, all hazard of misunderstanding between the two Nations, with respect to the Territory on the North-West Coast of America, West of the Stoney or Rocky Mountains, after the expira. tion of the IIId Article of the Convention concluded between them on 20th of October, 1818; and also with a view to give further time for maturing measures which shall bave for their object a more definite settlement of the Clạims of each Party to the said Territory, have respectively named their Plenipotentiaries to treat and agree concerning a temporary renewal of the said Article, that is to say :

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Charles Grant, a Member of His said Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Couneil, a Member of Parliament, and Vice-President of the Committee of Privy Council for Affairs of Trade and Foreign Plantations; and Henry Unwin Addington, Esquire :

And the President of the United States of America, Albert Gallatin, their Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotențiary to His Britannick Majesty:

Who, after having communicated to each other their respective Full Powers, found to be in due and proper form, have agreed upon and concluded the following Articles:

ART. I. All the Provisions of the II Id Article of the Convention concluded between His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the United States of America, on the 20th of October 1818, shall be, and they are hereby further indefinitely extended and continued in force, in the same manner as if all the provisions of the said Article were herein specifically recited.

II. It shall be competent, however, to either of the Contracting Parties, in case either should think fit, at any time after the 20th of Oetober, 1828, on giving due notice of 12 months to the other Contracting Party, to anuul and abrogate this Convention; and it shall, in such case, be accordingly entirely annulled and abrogated, after the expiration of the said term of notice.

- III. Nothing contained in this Convention, or in the IIId Article of the Convention of the 20th of October, 1818, hereby continued in force, shall be construed to impair or in any manner affect, the Claims which either of the Contracting Parties may have to any part of the Country westward of the Stoney, or Rocky Mountains.

IV. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be exchanged in 9 months, or sooner, if possible.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seals of their Arms.

Done at London, the 6th day of August, in the Year of our Lord 1827. (L.S.) CHA. GRANT.

(LS.) ALBERT GALLATIN. (L.S.) HENRY UNWIN ADDINGTON.

(The Ratifications of this Convention were exchanged in London, 2d April, 1828.]

CORRESPONDENCE between Great Britain and The

United States, relative to Commercial Intercourse between 0h America and the British West India Colonies. eving: June to October, 1827. .

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1. Albort Gallatin, Esq. to Visa.

count Dudley.............. Upper Seymour-street, 4th June, 1827. 2. Albort Gallatin, Esq. to Vis2. count Dudley............. Upper Seymour-street, 17th Aug.

3. The Earl of Dudley to Albort D Gallatio, Esq............. Foreign.Office,....... Ist Oct. 14. Albert Gallatin, Esq. to tho

Earl of Dudley........... Upper Seymour-street, 3d Oct.

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rubi, No. 1.-Albert Gallatin, Esq. to Viscount. Dudley.

Upper Seymour-street, 4th June, 1827. --The Undersigned, Minister of The United States of America, has the honour, in compliance with Instructions from his Government, to present to the consideration of Lord Viscount Dudley, His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, some further explanatory observations on the subject of the Colonial Intercourse, which have been suggested by the Note of Lord Dudley's Predecessor in Office, of the 27th of January last. w It is not intended thereby to renew the discussion of Abstract Questions, already sufficiently debated, but to remove such misapprehensions as may still be entertained of the views and proceedings of the Government of The United States on that subject.

The Undersigned is instructed explicitly, to state : Ist, that duriog the whole time which elapsed between the Negociations of the Year 1824 a and the Order in Council of July, 1826, the Government of The United

States had entertained no doubt of the disposition of His Majesty's -Government to renew the Negociations on that point, and to settle it **.*

* Sec Page 494 ) ** * *

by'a Conventional Arrangement: 2dly, that the conditions, on which it was intended by the Act of Parliament of July, 1825, to open the trade to American Vessels, have never been explained or distinctly understood, that they had not, therefore, been deliberately considered by the American Congress, and that that Body had not pronounced any decision on those Conditions prior to the Order in Council of July, 1826.

The reasons which had induced the belief, that His Majesty's Government was still disposed to negotiate on that subject, have already been stated.

Whatever might be the abstract rights of Great Britain, and her opinion of those rights, in respect to the regulations of an intercourse between her Colonies and The United States, she had, in fact, consented to negotiate on that subject. She had, as late as March, 1826, 8 months after the date of the Act of Parliament of July, 1826, announced to the Government of The United States her disposition to renew the Negotiations generally, and without making an exception as to that point, which had been one of the subjects of the Negotiations intended to be renewed. The Act of Parliament had not been officially communicated, nor any intimation given that it was meant as a substi. tute to Negotiations.

It has not been unusual, at least on the part of The United States, to communicate such Acts as may affect, or are connected with Negotiations. The Convention of 1815 was made in pursuance of an Act of Congress, which was officially communicated to the Government of Great Britain.

With respect to that of March, 1823, the Bill was, during its progress in Congress, communicated by the Secretary of State to His Majesty's Minister at Washington, and it became a topick of Official Conference between them while on its passage, and of Official Correspondence in less than a month after its enactment.

But it was because the Act of Parliament of July, 1825, was intended by the British Government to supersede all Negotiation, that the communication of such a change of its resolution, as to the manner of regulating the Colonial trade, was necessary to the only Power with whoin Great Britain was Negotiating on that subject. It is not al. ledged that the omission was an intentional discourtesy towards the American Government. But it is, nevertheless, true that, combined with the invitation of Mr. Vaughan, to renew the Negotiations generally, it had the effect of misleading The United States, in regard to the views of the British Government.

It was to this end only that reference was made to the Letter addressed from the Department of State to a Member of Congress. That Letter, which was of a publick nature, and had acquired, by a Copy of it being furnished to Mr. Vaughan, an official character, might, with great propriety, be appealed to, as a conclusive evidence of the views

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