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Knowledge is the only wealth which thieves cannot steal
heart Is the Religion of Buddhas,” not rites and ceremonies; Not reading of Vedas, shaving the head or going naked In dirt or rough garments, nor any penances Prayers or sacrifices availeth or cleanseth thee : But anger, evil words, envy, hatred and malice Defileth more even than the eating of forbidden flesh. Sin can only be atoned by ceasing to sin; No priest can gain for thee or grant thee salvation, And sacrifices but injure the innocent, are cruel and selfish. Thou mayst not seek good by doing an evil deed, And to inflict injury on any sentient creature is a Breach of all the laws of just and moral conduct
If thou wouldst have mercy, be just and merciful;
But accept truth under whatever garb it may appear,
J. G. R. FORLONG. SANSKRIT PÆAN.
By RAJA SOURINDRO MOHUN TAGORE, K.C.I.E., ETC.
RAJA SIR SOURINDRO MOHUN TAGORE, K.C.I.E., the well-known scholar who has revived in India the teaching of Sanskrit music, to which he has set some of the most charming Sanskrit poems of his own composition, has sent to the Lisbon Oriental Congress “a Brief History of Music in India," as also a number of musical instruments including the curious “Nyastaranga,” a wind-instrument which is played by the mechanical pressure of the muscles of the throat from the outside.
He has accompanied his paper by a musical and poetical address in Sanskrit to the highly-gifted King of Portugal-himself an Orientalistcelebrating the history of Portuguese enterprise in India [see specially verses 18 to 26), which we quote in its English translation. The Congress is celebrated in verses 28 to 40. Persons desirous of understanding Sanskrit music, that wonderful art and science which seeks to render not only every variety of human feeling and thought but also of the seasons and the hours in their mystic dance, should study the dramatic, epic, lyrical, idyllic and mythological compositions of the Raja as also the collection of Eastern, ancient and modern, musical instruments (especially Indian) at the Museum of the Oriental University Institute, which will be open to visitors on Saturday afternoons, by special permission of the Principal.
Translation. 1. May He, whose illusion-producing powers cause the deities and men to move incessantly about like so many blind beings, the ignorance of whose real nature makes men look upon the earth and other mundane objects as separate entities, whose kindness instils parental affection into the hearts of our mothers and fills their breasts with milk—May He, that supreme Being, preserve thee, Dom Carlos, King of Portugal !
2. May Indra and other guardians of the ten regions of the universe protect thee and thy friends! May Sarasvati, the Goddess of learning, charmed with thy attainments, make thy throat her happy home! May Victory and Prosperity attend on thee on earth, and may the Moon, the repository of cooling herbs, shed nectar on thy kingdom and for ever cause an increase of crops !
3. May Lakshmi, the Goddess of Fortune,—whose look of anger makes even Indra and the other deities forsake
their divine character and behave like senseless mortals--May Lakshmi abandon her favorite home in Vaikuntha and live in happiness at thy Royal abode!
4. The six evil passions, Desire, Anger, Covetousness, Ignorance, Pride, and Envy, are known as the greatest curses of human life ; but, under circumstances, they are productive of good. May, therefore, thy Desire shun all females of mortal make and cherish as its long-lived Consort, the cultivation of Letters and Art! May Anger alone be the victim of thy Anger! May thy Covetousness draw its attention away from wealth, empire, and other ephemeral objects, and confine itself to virtue alone which follows man to eternity! May thy Ignorance be only that of evil ways ! May thy Pride challenge such persons only as are noted for their control over their passions; and may thy Envy claim for its object only those who may be the most powerful among thy enemies!
5. May thy superior prowess scatter thy enemies even as the dazzling light of day drives owls to seek shelter in dark sequestered spots !
6. The sight of the lunar Circle causes the ocean to swell, but the ocean is unable to overflow its shores. The sight, however, of thy bright, spotless, and moon-like face makes the ocean of pleasure in all good men's hearts swell and overflow.
7. Only once a month, at new moon time, does the ocean expand. But the sea of thy kindness is at all times expanding at the sight of the poor man's woe. The ocean, undoubtedly, yields the palm to the sea of thy kindness.
8. The submarine fire is, to my thinking, nothing else but the visible manifestation of the unbearable anguish which the ocean feels at finding that the gravity, majesty and other attributes of which it thought it had the monopoly, have been surpassed by thine.
9. King Bali made over to the dwarf-god his dominions in the three regions of the universe, and subsequently his own self. The sage Dadhichi gave away the bones of his