페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

ANTHROPOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON TWELVE DARDS

AND KAFIRS IN MY SERVICE.*

By Dr. G. W. LEITNER.

The great interest which has been excited by recent events in the countries bordering on the Pamirs is my excuse for offering to the Asiatic Quarterly Review the following observations on “the brethren of the European” in the Hindukush, where Aryan and Pre-Aryan traditions are being destroyed by the truly fratricidal war that we have waged in Chilás, Hunza, and Nagyr, and generally by the dissolving effect of approaching British, Russian, Afghan, Indian, and other influences. Kafiristan, however, is still, practically, a terra incognita, and the Siah Pôsh Kafirs are still "an interesting race,” as in 1874, when the Globe made the subject popular under that heading (see page 430). I have only been able to induce twelve Dards and Kafirs to submit to measurements, of whom I brought two to England, the Siah Pôsh Kafir Jamshed in 1873, and the Hunza fighter Matavalli in 1887; (for their respective portraits see page 431 and next page] the former was measured by Dr. Beddoe, and the latter had already been measured in India, along with ten other Dards. It will thus be seen that the material for anthropological conclusions is extremely limited ; still, even without the aid of the numerous photographic and other illustrations in my forthcoming work on “Dardistan in 1866, 1886, and 1893,” to which this paper will form Appendix V., the following “observations" may possess some interest to the general reader and some value to the specialist, particularly if read along with the “Note” at the end of this paper, with which the father of British Anthropological studies, Dr. John Beddoe, has favoured me. These papers were reported at the Anthropological Section of the British Association on the 18th September, 1893.

*1. ABDUL-GHAFÛR, KAMÔZ KÁFIR. 2. JAMSHED, KATÁR KÁFIR. 3. KHUDAVÁR, NAGYR DARD, YASHKUN. 4. MATAVALLI, HUNZA DARD, YASHKUN. 5. GHULAM MUHAMMAD, Gilgit DARD, Shîn. 6. MIR ABDULLAH, GABRIÁL DARD, Shin. 7. GHULAM, ASTOR DARD, Shîn. 8. ABDULLAH, ASTOR DARD, Shin. 9. IBRAHIM, NAGYR DARD, RONO. 10. SULTAN ALI, NAGYR DARD, YASHKUN. 11. KHUDADÁD, NagyR DARD, YASHKUN. 12. HATAMU, NAGYR DARD, YASHKUN.

described by the French system ; the sixth by the German system, put into millimetres and certa

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]

medium

small proportioned

proportioned

well proportioned
square
proportioned

well made fine

fine

medium coming work on “Dardistan in 1866, 1886, and 1893." ** Mîr Abdullah is No. 7 of Drawing 1, and No

to be subjected to a process so unintelligible to them. At the same time, their comparison with an European 24 mesocephalic Ghulám 77, the exquisitely dolichocephalic Abdullah 72'53 and dolichocephalic Mir Abdullah 73 Sultan Ali's, 53-75; Khudádad's and Hatamu's, 54:4; and Ghulam Muhammad's, 54 ; which give the circumferes Ir Abdullah), so that in all, including Jamshed, the measurements of twelve Dards or Kafirs have been preserved. of the forthcoming work on "Dardistan in 1866, 1886, and 1893,” as pointed out by Dr. Max Nordau, the eminen

ABDULLAH.

MIR ABDULLAH.

**

DR. LEITNER.

48
48

[ocr errors]

convex

...

...

very bad

201

: : :

186 ...

...

81

2-6-81: Simla
23-3-86 : Lahore

2-6-81 : Simla
S.; m.; agriculturist
30 yrs.; m.; Jurist

40 yrs.
; (Kashmir subject)

Dard : Gabriál
; Gurukôt near Astor

Sunni
... medium ...

medium

stout

14 st. 4 lb.
37

forehead & cheeks,reddish-brown 25 (very fair)
37

lips, pink; covered parts, lighter 24 (very fair)
black

fair
red-brown

fair; slightly red
iris: dark brown; ball: white, blueish, injected

14 (blue)
curly
black, short, curly

... curly
very thick

straight; woolly; brown-reddish abundant
very hairy
hairy on breast, little on arms

very hairy
very high nostrils

5
medium
thin, arched

medium
le turned outward

thin, straight

thin, straight
... small

small

medium
straight
straight

vertical
transparent, very white ..

medium
193

191
183

200
140
141

163
114
119

126
345

340
520
530 ...

600
320

330

73
177
191

193
75

94
132
.. 136 ...

133
52
59

54
39
35 ...

33

16
38
34

35
108

103
152

171
124

126
165
165 ...

182
19

19
25.1

27
193

22
high; straight high; breadth of forehead 107 high ; slightly receding
scarcely any

pronounced

very pronounced
not deep

deep; distance 3:4
ned, bushy, crossed standing far apart, thin

arched
straight
straight

straight
little salient
very salient

...salient
much developed

salient

not salient
oval
... oval ...

square
medium flat
long; height of ear 6'3 -

medium
... thick
length of mouth 5'3

medium
... strong
proportioned

strong
slim (svelte)
... proportioned ...

vigorous
medium

small

medium
2 of Drawing 2, of Appendix IV. of my forthcoming work on “Dardistan.” For additional
ay have some interest. His brachycephalic Cranial Index 81.44 may be compared with
-82, which give an average of 75'55. The European's circumference of head, 60 centimetres,
nce of the heads of the eight Dards and Kafirs on the first page. This Table supplies further

20

...

...

..166...

[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Those taken by Dr. Neill have been lost. Notice also the fine formation of the head and
t writer and physiologist.
Iatamu, 16 years old, and weighing 7 st. 13 lb.

nnnerte to dage

« 이전계속 »