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ANTHROPOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON TWELVE DARDS
AND KAFIRS IN MY SERVICE.*
By Dr. G. W. LEITNER.
The great interest which has been excited by recent events in the countries bordering on the Pamirs is my excuse for offering to the Asiatic Quarterly Review the following observations on “the brethren of the European” in the Hindukush, where Aryan and Pre-Aryan traditions are being destroyed by the truly fratricidal war that we have waged in Chilás, Hunza, and Nagyr, and generally by the dissolving effect of approaching British, Russian, Afghan, Indian, and other influences. Kafiristan, however, is still, practically, a terra incognita, and the Siah Pôsh Kafirs are still "an interesting race,” as in 1874, when the Globe made the subject popular under that heading (see page 430). I have only been able to induce twelve Dards and Kafirs to submit to measurements, of whom I brought two to England, the Siah Pôsh Kafir Jamshed in 1873, and the Hunza fighter Matavalli in 1887; (for their respective portraits see page 431 and next page] the former was measured by Dr. Beddoe, and the latter had already been measured in India, along with ten other Dards. It will thus be seen that the material for anthropological conclusions is extremely limited ; still, even without the aid of the numerous photographic and other illustrations in my forthcoming work on “Dardistan in 1866, 1886, and 1893,” to which this paper will form Appendix V., the following “observations" may possess some interest to the general reader and some value to the specialist, particularly if read along with the “Note” at the end of this paper, with which the father of British Anthropological studies, Dr. John Beddoe, has favoured me. These papers were reported at the Anthropological Section of the British Association on the 18th September, 1893.
*1. ABDUL-GHAFÛR, KAMÔZ KÁFIR. 2. JAMSHED, KATÁR KÁFIR. 3. KHUDAVÁR, NAGYR DARD, YASHKUN. 4. MATAVALLI, HUNZA DARD, YASHKUN. 5. GHULAM MUHAMMAD, Gilgit DARD, Shîn. 6. MIR ABDULLAH, GABRIÁL DARD, Shin. 7. GHULAM, ASTOR DARD, Shîn. 8. ABDULLAH, ASTOR DARD, Shin. 9. IBRAHIM, NAGYR DARD, RONO. 10. SULTAN ALI, NAGYR DARD, YASHKUN. 11. KHUDADÁD, NagyR DARD, YASHKUN. 12. HATAMU, NAGYR DARD, YASHKUN.
described by the French system ; the sixth by the German system, put into millimetres and certa
well made fine
medium coming work on “Dardistan in 1866, 1886, and 1893." ** Mîr Abdullah is No. 7 of Drawing 1, and No
to be subjected to a process so unintelligible to them. At the same time, their comparison with an European 24 mesocephalic Ghulám 77, the exquisitely dolichocephalic Abdullah 72'53 and dolichocephalic Mir Abdullah 73 Sultan Ali's, 53-75; Khudádad's and Hatamu's, 54:4; and Ghulam Muhammad's, 54 ; which give the circumferes Ir Abdullah), so that in all, including Jamshed, the measurements of twelve Dards or Kafirs have been preserved. of the forthcoming work on "Dardistan in 1866, 1886, and 1893,” as pointed out by Dr. Max Nordau, the eminen
: : :
2-6-81 : Simla
Dard : Gabriál
14 st. 4 lb.
forehead & cheeks,reddish-brown 25 (very fair)
lips, pink; covered parts, lighter 24 (very fair)
fair; slightly red
straight; woolly; brown-reddish abundant
deep; distance 3:4
Those taken by Dr. Neill have been lost. Notice also the fine formation of the head and
nnnerte to dage