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(See also Drawing I of Appendix IV. of forthcoming book on
“ Dardistan in 1866, 1886, and 1893.")
A GABRIÁLI STUDENT AND Two MESSENGERS (A ChitRÁLI AND A YASINI), FROM A BROTHER OF THE LATE MIHTAR AMAN-UL-MULK, RULER OF CHITRÁL.
GILGITI (GHULÁM MUHAMMAD).
HUNZA MAN (MATAVALLI).
ANTHROPOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON DARDS AND KAFIRS IN DR. LEITNER'S SERVICE.
(Measurements in Centimetres.) 1. ABDUL GHAFÜR, KAFIR OF KAMÔZ, about 24 or 25 years of age. Height, 168.5; hair, black; eyes, hazel ; colour of face, ruddy; colour
of body, very light brown; narrow forehead; high instep; big boned; length round the forehead, biggest circumference of head, 53-75; protruding and big ears; square face; long nose, slightly aquiline; good regular teeth ; small beard; slight moustache and eyebrows; distance between eyebrows, ordinary; good chest ; fine hand; wellmade nails. Weight, 10 st. 2 lbs.
2. KHUDAYÁR, YASHKUN NÁGYRI; age 24.* Height, 182; colour of body, light yellow brown; round the head, 52'5;
teeth, good, regular; nose, very slightly aquiline ; little growth on upper lip; none on cheeks ; long, straight, coarse black hair ; eyes, hazel ; ears, not so protruding; better-proportioned forehead ; small hand; good instep; foot bigger, in proportion, than hand (not so good as other's hand); 80 puls". Weight, 9 st. 10 lbs.
3. IBRAHÎM, RÔNO, NAGYRI ; age 34. Height, 162'3; round the head, 56-5; eyes, dark brown; big hands and feet;
instep, good; colour, brown; good muscular foot; strong arins; hair, black; plentiful growth on upper lip; nose, aquiline ; broad nostrils; full lips. Weight, 10 st. 12 lbs. (No. 10 on Drawing 1 of Appendix IV.)
4. MATAVALLI, YASHKUN OF HUNZA; age 30.* Height, 1640; very hairy, including hands; round the head, 54'0;
head, pyramidal pointed; sinister countenance; very big hands and feet ; thin lips; great moustache, coarser hair; more flat-soled than rest. Weight, 9 st. 81 lbs. (Full details in “ Comparative Table.")
5. SULTAN ALI, YASHKUN OF NAGYR; age 35. Height, 165-25; round the head, 53-75; square head; retroussé, small nose;
small mouth; red beard, plentiful ; black hair ; brown eyes; very big hands and feet, also instep. Weight, 9 st. 12 lbs. (No. II on Drawing 1 of Appendix IV.)
6. KHUDÁDAD OF NAGYR ; age 30. Height, 163'3; round the head, 54'4; stupid expression; big chest; ordinary
hands and feet; low forehead; rising head; very muscular ; eyes, brown; complexion, brown; thickish nose; very narrow forehead; underhung jaw; lots of hair. Weight, 9 st. 12 lbs. (No. 3 on Drawing i of Appendix IV.)
7. HATÁMU OF NAGYR; age 16. Height, 162'1; round the head, 54:4 (broad head); low Grecian forehead;
small nose; eyes, dark brown; light brown complexion ; small hands and feet; regular, white teeth. Weight, 7 st. 13 lbs. (No. 4 of above Drawing.)
8. GHULAM MUHAMMAD, SHIN OF GILGIT ; age 38.* Height, 161'0; round the head, 54; beard, prematurely grey ; lost second
incisor; small hands and feet ; fair instep; brown eyes and com
plexion ; nose, straight; ears all right. Weight, 8 st. 5 lbs. * See also “Comparative Table” at the end of these pages, and the “ Anthropological Photograph” on preceding page. Read also page of Appendix IV. of my forth. coming book on “Dardistan in 1866, 1886, and 1893.' “ The Races of the Hindukush," opposite to Drawing 1 of that Appendix, on which look for Nos. 1, 6, and 9.
FURTHER MEASUREMENTS OF THE ABOVE MEN BY THE
Matavalli, and a new man, Mîr Abdullah of Gabriál (column F of subjoined Cumparative Table), were also measured at Lahore on the 23rd March, 1886, with the following results that may be added to the above measurements or may be compared with those in the “Comparative Table,” respectively columns A and F, (Matavalli and Mir Abdullak). I. Head : Greatest breadth, A, 14'3—F, 14'1.
Greatest length from glabella to the back of the head, A, 188-F, 18:6.
A, 12'1-F, 12'1.
Horizontal circumference of head, A, 55–F, 53.
Greatest extension of arms, A, 166.5–F, 165. !!
middle finger, A, 73–F, 7745. elbows, A, 104-F, 105.
patella, A, 45–F, 44'5.
A, 10-F, 7:5.
DESCRIPTION OF JAMSHÊD, THE SIAH PÔSH KAFIR. Jamshêd of Katár, the nephew of General Feramorz, the renowned Kafir General in the service of the late Amir Sher Ali of Kabul, was a confidential orderly both in the service of the Amir Sher Ali and in that of Yakúb Khan, whose cause he espoused against that of his father, in consequence of which, when his master was imprisoned, he fled to Rawalpindi, where he came to me. He had witnessed some of the most exciting scenes in modern Kabul history, had risen to the rank of Major, and had served with Prince Iskandar of Herát, whom he afterwards again met in London.
In 1872 I published from Jamshed's dictation an account of the “Adventures of Jamshed, a Siah Pôsh Kafir, and his wanderings with Amir Sher Ali,” and also “a statement about slavery in Kabul, etc.," which contained the names of places and tribes previously unknown to Geographers and Ethnographers, as well as historical and political material, the value of which has been proved by subsequent events. I took him with me to England, not only on account of the interest which exists in certain scientific quarters as regards the “mysterious race” of which he was a member, but also in order to draw the attention of the Anti-slavery Society and of Government to the kidnapping of Kafirs—the supposed “poor relations" of the European—which is carried on by the Afghans.
His measurement was taken, according to the systems of both Broca and Schwarz (of the Novara expedition), by Dr. Beddoe, and the type appeared to approach nearest to that of the slavonized Macedonians of the Herzegovina, like one of whose inhabitants he looked, thus creating far less attention, especially when dressed à l'européenne in Europe, than he did at Lahore, where Lord Northbrook saw him. The Anti-slavery Society sent him to the Chiefs of Katár with a communication to the effect that Englishmen strongly disapproved of slavery, and that they should represent their case to the Panjab Government. A curious incident in connection with his presence in England may be mentioned. It was the 6th May, 1874, the day of the “Two Thousand "; the result of the Newmarket race was eagerly expected, when the Globe came out with the following titles placed on the posters : “Result of the 'Two Thousand.'” “An Interesting Race" (the latter was an article on the race of the Siah Pôsh Kafirs). The result may be imagined. Hundreds of Welshers plunged into an account of the Siah Pôsh Kafirs under the notion that they were going to have a great treat in a telegraphic description of a Newmarket race. I was informed that the wrath of the sporting roughs who besieged the office was awful when they found out their mistake. Poor Jamshed was seen across the Panjab border by one of my Munshis, but returned some months later to Lahore, whence he found his way to Brussa, in Asia Minor. It is supposed that he took service in the Turkish Army, but he has not since been heard of. As I intend to publish an account of the Káfirs of Katár (now, I fear, all Nimchas, or half-Muhammadans), Gambir, etc., I reserve the interesting statements of Jamshed to their proper Section in my "Kafiristán."
G. W. LEITNER.