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rus; we shall find great reason not to think him thus early. Diodorus Siculus informs us, that there were fifty-two successive kings after Menes or Mizraim, before Busiris came to the crown." Busiris had eight successors, the last of whom was Busiris the second. Twelve generations or descents after him reigned Myris,' and seven after Myris, Sesostris;' so that according to this computation, Sesostris was about eighty successions after Menes or Mizraim. Diodorus must indeed have made a mistake in this computation; for from the death of Menes, A.M. 1943,9 to Sesac about A. M. 3033, are but 1090 years; and fifty-five successions may very well carry us down thus far, as may appear from Sir John Marsham's Tables of the kings of Egypt. The ancient Egyptian writers are known to have lengthened their antiquities, by supposing all their kings to have reigned successively, when many of
- Diodor. lib. 1. p. 29.
* Id. ibid. Id. p. 34.
them were contemporaries, and reigned over different parts of the country, in the same age. Undoubtedly Diodorus Siculus was imposed upon by some accounts of this sort, for there were not really so many successions, as he imagined, between Mizraim and Sesostris. But then there is a particular sugo gested by him, which must fully convince us, that his computation cannot be so reduced as to place Sesostris about the time of Moses. He observes, that after the time of Menes, one thousand four hundred years passed before the Egyptians performed any considerable actions worth recording. The number one thousand four hundred is indeed thought to be a mistake. Rhodomanus corrects it in the margin, and writes one thousand and forty. We will take this number : from the death of Mizraim one thousand and forty years will carry us down very near to the time of Sesac; for fifty years after it,
Sesac came against Jerusalem. Thus ac= cording to this account they had no famous
*Diodor, p. 29.
Warrior until about the time of Sesac; there. fore Sesostris did not live earlier. I might confirm this account from another very remarkable particular in Diodorus Siculus. He tells us of a most excellent king of Egypt, begotten by the river Nile in the shape of a bull.' I may venture to rėject the fable of the river and the bull, and suppose this person to be the son of Phruron or Nilus; his father's name being Nilus might occasion the mythologists to say, that he was begotten by the river. Now Dicæarchus informs us, that this Nilus reigned about four hundred and thirty-six years before the first Olympiad, i. e. about A. M. 2792,' about which time Sir John Marsham places him." According to Diodorus, Sesostris was twenty successions after this Nilus, and Sir John Marsham makes his Sesac to be nineteen; so that in all probability they were one and the same person. Thus a strict view of the Egyptian antiquities will,
• Diodor. p. 33.
Vid. vol. i. b. 4. p. 182.
from several concurrent hints, oblige us to
can expect of a negative, that they made no iconquests in Asia before his days. In the
time of Abraham, Jacob, and Joseph, we release have no appearance of any thing but peace
between Egypt and its Asiatic neighbours. the Egypt was conquered by the Pastors who en came out of Asia a little before the birth of
Moses, when the new king arose who knew is; not Joseph. Whatever power and strength policia these new kings might have acquired at the writ exit of the Israelites, must be supposed to be
greatly broken by the overthrow of Pharaoh
and his host in the Red Sea. The Egyp7tians had no part in the wars of the Canaanos ites with Joshua; nor in those of the Philisa'
tines, Midianites, Moabites, Ammonites and Amalekites against Israel in the time of the Judges, or of Saul, or of king David. Solomon reigned over all the kings from the river (i. e. from the Euphrates) unto the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt;" so that no Egyptian conqueror came this way until after his death. In the fifth year of Rehoboam, Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem with twelve hundred chariots and threescore thousand horsemen ; and he took the fenced cities, which pertained to Judah, and came to Jerusalem ;and the Israelites were obe liged to become his servants. Sesac conquered not only them, but the neighbouring nations; for the Jews in serving him felt only the service of the kingdoms of the lx countries. round about them; that is, all the neighbouring nations underwent the same. This therefore was the first Egyptian conqueror who came into Asia, and we must
* 2 Chron. xii. 2, 3.
* 2 Chron. ix. 26.