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was invaded by the Libyans, and defended by the Ethiopians for some time; but that in about ten years the Ethiopians invaded the Egyptians, slew their king and seized his kingdom." It is certain, that the Egyptian empire was at this time demolished : the Ethiopians were free from it, and if we look into Palestine we shall not find reason to suppose that the Egyptians had the service of any nation there, from this time for many years. Neither Asa king of Judah nor Baasha king of Israel had any dependance upon Egypt, when they warred againsto each other; and Syria was in a flourishing and independent state, when Asa sought an alliance with Benhadad. About A. M. 3116, about eighty-three years after Sesac, we find Egypt still in a low state, the Philistines were independent of them; for they joined with the Arabians and distressed Jehoram. About one hundred and seventeen years after Sesac, when the Syrians besieged Samaria, it may be thought that the Egyptians were growing

» Newton's Chron. p. 236. • 1 Kings xv.

p 2 Chron xxi, 16. 9 2 Kings vi. 24.

powerful again; for the Syrians raised their
siege, upon a rumour that the king of Israel
had hired the kings of the Hittites and of
the Egyptians to come upon them. The
Egyptians were perhaps by this time get-
ting out of their difficulties; but they were
not yet grown very formidable, for the Sy-
rians were not terrified at the apprehension
of the Egyptian power, but of the kings of
the Hittites and the Egyptians joined to-
gether. From this time the Egyptians be-
gan to rise again; and when Sennacherib
sent Rabshekah against Jerusalem' about
A. M. 3292, the king of Israel thought an
alliance with Egypt might have been suffi-
cient to protect him against the Assyrian
invasions;' but the king of Assyria made
war upon the Egyptians, and rendered them
a bruised reed," not able to assist their allies,
and greatly brake and reduced their power; *
so that whatever the empire of Egypt was in
those days, there was an Assyrian empire

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now standing able to check it. In the days of Josiah, about A. M. 3394, the Egyptian empiré was revived again. Necho king of Egypt went and fought against Carchemish by Euphrates," and in his return to Egypt put down Jehoahaz, who was made king in Jerusalem upon Josiah's death, and condemned the land of the Jews to pay him a tribute, and carried Jehoahaz captive into Egypt, and made Eliakim, whom he named Jehoiakim, king over Judah and Jerusalem.” But here we meet a final period put to all the Egyptian victories; for Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jehoiakim, and bound him in fetters, and carried him to Babylon, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem; and the king of Babylon took from the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates all that pertained to the king of Egypt, and the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his own land. Whatever the empire of

1 1 2 Kings xxiii, 29. 2 Chron. XXXV. 20. '

* 2 Chron. xxxvi. 3, 4. - 2 Chron. xxxvi. 10. 52 Kings xxiv. 7.

Egypt over any parts of Asia had been, here it ended, about A. M. 3399, about three hundred and sixty-six years after its first rise under Sesac. Its nearest approach upon the dominions of Assyria appears to have been the taking of Carchemish, but even here it went not over the Euphrates; however upon this approach, Nebuchadnezzar saw the necessity of reducing it, and in a few years' war stripped it entirely of all its acquisitions. This is the history of the empire of the Egyptians, and I submit it to the reader, whether any argument can be formed from it against the being of the ancient empire of

the Assyrians.

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5. Sir Isaac Newton contends, that there was no ancient Assyrian empire, because none of the kingdoms of Israel, Moab, Ammon, Edom, Philistia, Zidon, Damascus and Hamath were subject to the Assyrians until the days of Pul. I answer: the profane historians have indeed presented this Assyrian empire to be of far larger extent, than

• Usher's Annal.
• Newton's Chronol. p. 269.

it really was. They say that Ninus conquered Asia, which might more easily be admitted, if they would take care to describe Asia such as it was, when he conquered it. It does not appear that he conquered all this quarter of the world ; however, as he subdued most of the kingdoms then in it; he might in general be said to have conquered Asia. All the writers who have contended for this empire, agree that Ninus and Semiramis were the founders of it;' and they are farther unanimous that the successors of Semiramis did not make any considerable attempts to enlarge the empire, beyond what she and Ninus had made it.' Semiramis employed her armies in the eastern countries;' so that we have no reason to think that this empire extended westward any, or but a little way, farther than Ninus carried it. We read indeed that the king of Elam had the five cities on the

• Diodor. Sic. 1. 2. Justin lib. 1.

'Id. ibid. what Justin says of Ninyas may be applied to his successors for many generations ; contenti a parentibus elaborato imperio belli studia deposuerunt.

• Id. ibid.

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