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served by the Men, and frowned at by some infensible Superior of her own Sex, that she is ashamed, and loses the Enjoyment of the moft laudable Concern, Pity. Thus the whole Audience is afraid of letting fall a Tear, and Nhun as a Weakness the best and worthiest Part of our Sense. SIR,

A S you are one that doth not only pretend to re' n form, but effects it amongst People of any Sense; * makes me (who am one of the greatest of your Ad* mirers) give you this Trouble to desire you will settle

the Method of us Females knowing when one another * is in Town: For they have now got a Trick of never 6 sending to their Acquaintance when they first come; - and if one does not visit them within the Week which

they stay at home, it is a mortal Quarrel. Now, Dear * Mr. Spec, either command them to put it in the Ad

vertisement of your Paper, which is generally read by * our Sex, or else order them to breathe their saucy Foot« men (who are good for nothing else) by sending them i to tell all their Acquaintance. If you think to print * this, pray put it into a better Stile as to the spelling • Part. The Town is now filling every Day, and it can* not be deferred, because People take Advantage of one

another by this Means and break off Acquaintance, and

are rude : Therefore pray put this in your Paper as “ foon you can possibly, to prevent any future Miscarriages of this Nature. I am, as I ever shall be,

Dear Spec,
Your most obedient humble Servant,

Mary Meanwell.
PRAY settle what is to be a proper Notification of

a Person's being in Town, and how that differs

according to People's Quality. Mr. SPECTATOR,

October the 20th. "I Have been out of Town, so did not meet with your " Paper dated September the 28th, wherein you, to my Heart's Desire, expose that cursed Vice of insnaring poor VOL. III.

young

« young Girls, and drawing them from their friends. I

affure you without Flattery it has saved a Prentice of * mine from Ruin ; and in Token of Gratitude as well • as for the Benefit of my Family, I have put it in a

Frame and Glafs, and hung it behind my Counter. 1 • shall take care to make my young ones read it every • Morning, to fortify them against such pernicious Raf• cals. I know not whether what you writ was Matter < of Fact, or your own Invention ; but this I will take • my Oath on, the first part is so exactly like what hap

pened to my Prentice, that had I read your Paper then, "I should have taken your Method to have secured a

Villain. Go on and prosper.

Your most obliged humble Servant.

Mr. SPECTATOR, · W ITHOUT Rallery, I desire you to insert this

W · Word for Word in your next, as you value a • Lover's Prayers. You see it is an Hue and Cry after <a stray Heart (with the Marks and Blemishes under

written) which whoever shall bring to you, shall re• ceive Satisfaction. Let me beg of you not to fail, as « you remember the Passion you had for her to whom you lately ended a Paper.

Noble, Generous, Great and Good,
But never to be understood;
Fickle as the Wind, ftill changing,
After every Female ranging,
Panting, trembling, sighing, dying,

But addieted much to Lying :
.. When the Siren Songs repeats,
s, Equal Measures ftill it beats ;

Who e'er Shall wear it, it will smart her, : ..
And who e'er takes it, takes a Tartar,

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No. 209.

Tuesday, Oftober 30.

Turalxos y de xpõe arnip and te tau
Εσθλώς άμεινον, εδε ρίγιον κακής, Simonides.
Of earthly Goods the best, is a Good Wife ;

A Bad, the bittereft Curse of human Life.
T HERE are no Authors I am more pleased with,

1 than those who fhew human Nature in a Variety of Views, and describe the several Ages of the World in their different Manners. A Reader cannot be more rationally entertained, than by comparing the Virtues and Vices of his own Times with those which prevailed in the Times of his Forefathers; and drawing a Parallel in his Mind between his own private Character, and that of other. Persons, whether of his own Age, or of the Ages that went before him. The Contemplation of Mankind under these changeable Colours, is apt to shame us out of any particular Vice, or animate us to any particular Virtue; to make us pleased or displeased with our selves in the most proper Points, to clear our Minds of Prejudice and Prepossession, and rectify that Narrownefs of Temper which inclines us to think amiss of those who differ from our selves. · IF we look into the Manners of the most remote Ages of the World, we discover human Nature in her Simplicity ; and the more we come downward towards our own Times, may observe her hiding herself in Artifices and Refinements, polished infeasibly out of her Original Plainness, and at length intirely loft under Form and Ceremony, and (what we call) Good-breeding. Read the Accounts of Men and Women as they are given us by the most ancient Writers, both Sacred and Profane, and you would think you were reading the History of another Species.

AMONG the Writers of Antiquity, there are none who instruct us more openly in the Manners of their reH 2

spective pective Times in which they lived, than those who have employed themselves in Satire, under what Dress foever it may appear; as there are no other Authors whose Province it is to enter fo directly into the Ways of Men, and set their Miscarriages in fo strong a Light.

SIMONIDES, a Poet famous in his Generation, is, I think, Author of the oldest Satire that is now extant; and, as some say, of the first that was ever written. This Poet flourished about four hundred Years: after the Siege of Troy ; and shews, by his way of Writing, the Simplicity, or rather Coarseness, of the Age in which he lived. I have taken notice, in my hundred and fixty first Speculation, that the Rule of observing what the French call the Bienfeance, in an Allusion, has been found out of latter Years; and that the Ancients, provided there was a Likeness in their Similitudes, did not much trouble themselves about the Decency of the Comparison. The Satire or lambicks of Simonides, with which I shall entertain my Readers in the present Paper, are a remarkable Instance of what I formerly advanced. The Subject of this Satire is. Woman. He describes the Sex in their several Characters, which he derives to them from a fanciful Supposition raised upon the Doctrine. of Præexistence. He tells us, That the Gods formed the Souls of Women out of those Seeds and Principles which compose several kinds of Animals and Elements; and that their good or bad Dispositions arise in them according as such and such Seeds and Principles, predominate in their Constitutions. I have translated the Author very faithfully, and, if not Word for Word (which our Language would not bear) at least so as to comprehend every one of his Sentiments, without adding any thing of my own. I have already apologized for this Author's Want of Deli.cacy, and must further premise, That the following Satire affects only fome of the lower part of the Sex, and not those who have been refined by a polite Education, which was not fo.common in the Age of this. Poet.

IN the Beginning God made the Souls of Womankind out of different Materials, and in a separate State from their Bodies.

T-HE THE Souls of one Kind of Women were formed out of those Ingredients which compose a Swine. A Woman of this Make is a Slut in her House and a Glutton at her Table. She is uncleanly in ber Person, a Slattern in her Dress, and her Family is no better than a Dunghil.

A Second Sort of Female Soul was formed out of the fame Materials that enter into the Composition of a Fox. Such an one is what we call a notable discerning Woman, who has an Inhght into every Thing, whether it be good or bad. In this Species of Females there are fome virtuous and some vicious.

A Third Kind of Women were made up of Canine Particles. These are what we commonly call Scolds, who imitate the Animals out of which they were taken, that are always busy and barking, that snarl at every one who comes in their Way, and live in perpetual Clamour.

THE Fourth Kind of Women were made out of the Earth. These are your Sluggards, who pass away their Time in Indolence and Ignorance, hover over the Fire a whole Winter, and apply themselves with Alacrity to no. kind of Business but Eating.

THE Fifth Species of Females were made out of the Sea. These are Women of variable uneven Tempers, sometimes all Storm and Tempejt, sometimes all Calm and Sunshine. The Stranger who sees one of these in her Smiles and Smoothness, would cry her up for a Miracle of Good-humour.; but on a sudden her Looks and her Words are changed, hoe is nothing but Fury and Outrage, Noise and Hurricane.

THE Sixth Species were made up of the Ingredients which compose an Ass, or a Beast of Burden. These are naturally exceeding flothful, but, upon the Husband's exerting his Authority, will live upon hard Fare, and do every Thing to please him. They are however far from being averse to Venereal Pleasure, and seldom refufe a Male Companion.

THE Cat furnished Materials for a Seventh Species of Women, who are of a melancholy, froward, unamiable Nature, and so repugnant to the Offers of Love, that they fly in the Face of their Husband when he approaches them with conjugal Endearments. This species of Women are likewise subječt to little Thefts, Cheats and Pilferings.

THE Mare with a flowing Mane, which was never broke to any servile Toil and Labour, composed an Eighth

H 3

Species

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