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28282828282828U:28:22 SUSUSZIS20525 No. 214. Monday, November 5.
Perierunt tempora longi
Juv. Sat. 3. v. 124.
I Did some time ago lay before the World the unhappy 1 Condition of the trading Part of Mankind, who suffer by want of Punctuality in the Dealings of Persons above them ; but there is a Set of Men who are much
more the Objects of Compassion than even those, and en these are the Dependents on great Men, whom they are To pleased to take under their Protection as such as are to
share in their Friendship and Favour. These indeed, as
well from the.Homage that is accepted from them, as eget the Hopes which are given to them, are become a and Sort of Creditors ; and these Debts, being Debts of Ho
nour, ought, according to the accuftomed Maxim, to be
first discharged E WHEN I speak of Dependents, I would not be un
derstood to mean those who are worthless in themselves, or who, without any Call, will press into the Company of their Betters. Nor, when I speak of Patrons, do I mean those who either have it not in their Power, or have n o Obligation to assist their Friends; but I speak of such Leagues where there is Power and Obligation on the one Part, and Merit and Expectation on the other.
THE Division of Patron and Client, may, I believe, include a Third of our Nation; the Want of Merit and real Worth in the Client, will strike out about Ninety-Nine in a Hundred of these ; and the Want of Ability in Patrons, as many of that Kind. But however, I must beg leave to fay, that he who will take up another's Time and Fortune in his Service, though he has no Prospect of rewarding his Merit towards him, is as unjust in his. Dealings as he who takes up Goods of a Tradesman without Intention
or Ability to pay him. Of the few of the Clafs which I think fit to consider, there are not two in ten who succeed, insomuch that I know a Man of good Sense who put his Son to a Black-smith, tho' an Offer was made him of his being received as a Page to a Man of Quality. There are not more Cripples come out of the Wars than there are from thofe great Services ; some through Difcontent lose their Speech, some their Memories, others their Senses or their Lives; and I feldom fee-a Man thoroughly discontented, but I conclude he has had the Favour of fome great Man. I have known of such as have been for twenty Years together within a Month of a good Employment, but never arrived at the Happiness of being possessed of any Thing.
THERE is nothing more ordinary, than that a Man who is got into a considerable Station, shall immediately alter his Manner of treating all his Friends, and from that Moment he is to deal with you as if he were your Fate. You are no longer to be consulted, even in Matters which concern your self; but your Patron is of a Species above you, and a free Communi. cation with you is not to be expected. This perhaps may
Condition all the while he bears Office, and when that is at an end, you are as intimate as ever you were, and he will take it very ill if you keep the Distance he prescribed you towards him in his Grandeur. One would think this should be a Behaviour a Man could fall into with the worst Grace imaginable ; but they who know the World have seen it more than once. I have often, with secret Pity, heard the same Man who has professed his Abhorrence against all kind of passive Behaviour, lose Minutes, Hours, Days, and Years in a fruitless Attendance on one who had no Inclination to befriend him. It is very much to be regarded, that the Great have one particular Privilege above the rest of the World, of being flow in receiving Impressions of Kindness, and quick in taking Offence. The Elevation above the reft of Mankind, except in very great Minds, makes Men so giddy, that they do not see after the same manner they did before: Thus they despise their own Friends,
and strive to extend their Interest to new Pretenders. By this means it often happens, that when you come to know how you loft such an Employment, you will find "the Man who got it never dreamed of it; but, forsooth, he was to be surprised into it, or perhaps solicited to receive it. · Upon such Occasions as these a Man may perhaps grow out of humour; if you are so, all Mankind will fall in with the Patron, and you are an Humourist and untractable if you are capable of being four at a Disappointment. But it is the same thing, whether you do or do not resent ill Usage, you will be used after the fame manner; as some good Mothers will be sure to whip their Children till they cry, and then whip them for crying.
THERE are but two Ways of doing any thing with great People, and those are by making your self either confiderable or agreeable : The former is not to be atstained but by finding a Way to live without them, or concealing that you want them; the latter is only by falling into their Taste and Pleasures : This is of all the Employments in the World the most fervile, except it happens to be of your own natural Humour. For to be agreeable to another, especially if he be above you, is .not to be possessed of such Qualities and Accomplish'ments as should render you agreeable in your self, but such as make you agreeable in respect to him. An Imitation of his Faults, or a Compliance, if not Subservience to his Vices, must be the Measures of
Conduct. WHEN it comes to that, the unnatural State a Man lives in, when his Patron pleases, is ended ; and his Guilt and Complaisance are objected to him, tho' the Man who rejects him for his Vices was not only his Partner but Seducer. Thus the Client (like a young Woman who has given up the Innocence which made her charming) has not only lost his Time, but also the Virtue which could render him capable of resenting the Injury which is done him.
IT would be endless to recount the Tricks of turning you off from themselves to Persons who have lefs Power to serve you, the Art of being sorry for such an unaccountable Accident in your Behaviour,' that such a one
(who, fwho, perhaps, has never heard of you) oppofes your Advancement; and if
have any thing more than ordinary in you, you are flattered with a Whisper, that 'tis no Wonder People are follow in doing for a Man of your Talents and the like.
AFTER all this 'Treatment, I must still add the pleafanteft Infolence of all, which I have once or twice seen; to wit, That when a filly Rogue has thrown away one Part in three of his Life in unprofitable Attendance, it is taken wonderfully ill that he withdraws, and is resolved to employ the reft for himself.
WHEN we consider these Things, and reflect upon so many honest Natures (which one, who makes Obfer vation of what passes, may have seen) that have miscarried by such fort of Applications, it is too melancholy a Scene to dwell upon; therefore I shall take another Opportunity to discourse of good Patrons, and diftinguish such as have done their Duty to those who have depended upon them, and were not able to act without their Favour. Worthy Patrons are like Plato's Guardian Angels, who are always doing good to their Wards; but negli gent Patrons are like Epicurus's Gods, that lie lolling on the Clouds, and instead of Blessings pour down Storms and Tempests on the Heads of those that-are-offering Incense to them.
Tuesday, November 6.
Ingenuas didiciffe fideliter artes
Ovid. Ep. 9. 1. 2. de Ponto. V. 47.
Marble in the Quarry, which shews none of its inherent Beauties, 'till the Skill of the Polisher fetches out
the Colours, makes the Surface shine, and discovers every
my Reader will give me leave to change the Allu. fion fo foon upon him, I shall make use of the same Instance to illustrate the Force of Education, which Aristotle has brought to explain his Doctrine of Subftantial Forms, when he tells us that a Statue lies hid in a Block of Marble; and that the Art of the Statuary only clears away the superfluous Matter, and removes the Rubbish. The Figure is in the Stone, the Sculptor only finds it. What Sculpture is to a Block of Marble, Education is to an human Soul. The Philosopher, the-Saint, or the Hero, the Wise, the Good, or the Great Man, very often lie hid and concealed in a Plebeian, which a proper Education might have dis-interred, and have brought to light. I am therefore much delighted with reading the Accounts of savage Nations, and with contemplating those Virtues which are wild and uncultivated; to fee Courage exerting it self in Fierceness, Resolution in Obstinacy, Wisdom in Cunning, Patience in Sullenness and Despair.
MEN's Passions operate variously, and appear in different kinds of Actions, according as they are more or less rectify'd and sway'd by Reafon. When one hears of Negroes, who upon the Death of their Masters, or upon changing their Service, hang themselves upon the next Tree, as it frequently happens in our American Plantations, who can forbear admiring their Fidelity, tho' it expresses it self in so dreadful a manner? What might not that savage Greatness of Soul which appears in these poor Wretches on many Occasions, be raised to, were it rightly cultivated? And what Colour of Excuse can there be for the Contempt with which we treat this Part of our Species? That we should not put them upon the common foot of Humanity, that we should only fet an insignificant Fine upon the Man who murders them;
nay, that we should, as much as in us lies, cut them off from the VOL. III.