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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
MAY O 44
Speed in fog
Steering and sailing rules -
Preliminary-risk of collision.
Steam vessels - -
Two steam vessels crossing--
Steam vessel shall keep out of the way of sailing vessel.
Course and speed.
Steam vessel shall slacken speed or stop-
Right of way of fishing vessels.
General prudential rule.-
Sound signals for passing steamers.
Orders to helmsmen,
Enacting clause, scope, and penalty.
Lights, and so forth...
Steam vessels-masthead light.
Steam vessels--side lights_
Steam vessels-range lights.
Steam vessels—when towing-
Lights for sailing vessels and vessels in tow.
Lights for ferryboats, barges, and canal boats in tow
Lights for small vessels.
1 1 1 1 1 in
Hurricane, storm, and small-craft warning signals-
Resuscitation of the apparently drowned
LAWS RELATING TO THE NAVIGATION OF VESSELS ON THE HIGH SEAS, AND ON ALL HARBORS, RIVERS, AND INLAND WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT THE GREAT LAKES AND THEIR CONNECTING AND TRIBUTARY WATERS AS FAR EAST AS MONTREAL AND THE RED RIVER OF THE NORTH AND RIVERS EMPTYING INTO THE GULF OF MEXICO AND THEIR TRIBUTARIES.
The statutory rules to prevent collisions of vessels are given in comparison form. In the left-hand column are printed the revised international rules (26 Stat. 320–328, 28 Stat. 82, 83, 29 Stat. 381, 31 Stat. 30, 49 Stat. 668; 33 U.S. C. 61-63, 71-84, 91, 92, 101-113, 121, 132, 141, 142). In the right-hand column are printed the rules for the navigation of rivers, harbors, and inland waters of the United States navigable by seagoing vessels (30 Stat. 96-103, 31 Stat. 30, 38 Stat. 381, 47 Stat. 415, 1417, 49 Stat. 669, 1367, 1380; 33 U. S. C. 154-159, 171-183, 191, 192, 201-222, 231, 232).
The revised international rules and the inland rules do not apply to the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal, the Red River of the North, nor to the rivers flowing into the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries.
Attention is directed to the definition common to both rules: “The words 'steam vessel' shall include any vessel propelled by machinery.”
1.-ENACTING CLAUSE, SCOPE, AND PENALTY
INLAND RULES 1.-ENACTING CLAUSE, SCOPE, AND PENALTY
Be it enacted by the Senate and Whereas the provisions of chapHouse of Representatives of the ter eight hundred and two of the United States of America in Con- laws of eighteen hundred and gress assembled, That the follow-ninety, and the amendments ing regulations for preventing thereto, adopting regulations for collisions at sea shall be followed preventing collisions at sea [i. e., by all public and private vessels of international rules of left-hand the United States upon the high column], apply to all waters of seas and in all waters connected the United States connected with therewith, navigable by seagoing the high seas navigable by seavessels.
going vessels, except so far as the ART. 30. Nothing in these rules navigation of any harbor, river, or shall interfere with the operation inland waters is regulated by speof a special rule, duly made by cial rules duly made by local aulocal authority, relative to the thority; and navigation of any harbor, river, Whereas it is desirable that the or inland waters.
regulations relating to the naviga
tion of all harbors, rivers, and inland waters of the United States, except the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal and the Red River of the North and rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries, shall be stated in one act: Therefore,
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following regulations for preventing collisions shall be followed by all vessels navigating all harbors, rivers, and inland waters of the United States, except the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal and the Red River of the North and rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries, and are hereby declared special rules duly made by local authority:
SEC. 3.1 That every pilot, engineer, mate, or master of any steam vessel, and every master or mate of any barge or canal boat, who neglects or refuses to observe the provisions of this act, or the regulations established in pursuance of the preceding section (see section 2, page ny], shall be liable to a penalty of fifty dollars, and for alí damages sustained by any passenger in his person or baggage by such neglect or refusal: Provided, That nothing herein shall relieve any vessel, owner, or corporation from any liability, incurred by reason of such neglect or refusal.
SEC. 4.1 That every vessel that shall be navigated without complying with the provisions of this act shall be liable to a penalty of two hundred dollars, one-half to go to the informer, for which sum the vessel so navigated shall be liable
1 See act of June 7, 1897, as amended (30 Stat. 102, 103; 33 U. S. C. 158, 159).
INLAND RULES and may be seized and proceeded against by action in any district court of the United States having jurisdiction of the offense.
In the following rules every In the following rules every steam vessel which is under sail steam vessel which is under sail and not under steam is to be con- and not under steam is to be considered a sailing vessel, and every sidered a sailing vessel, and every vessel under steam, whether under vessel under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a sail or not, is to be considered a steam vessel.
steam vessel. The words "Steam vessel" shall The words "steam vessel” shall include any vessel propelled by include any vessel propelled by machinery.
machinery. A vessel is "under way," within A vessel is under way," within the meaning of these rules, when the meaning of these mules, when she is not at anchor, or made fast she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.
to the shore, or aground. II.-LIGHTS, AND SO FORTH 11.-LIGATS, AND SO FORTH
The word "visible" in these The word "visible" in these rules when applied to lights shall rules, when applied to lights, shall mean visible on a dark night with mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere.
a clear atmosphere. ARTICLE 1. The rules concern- ARTICLE 1. The rules concerning lights shall be complied with ing lights shall be complied with in all weathers from sunset to in all weathers from sunset to sunsunrise, and during such time no rise, and during such time no other lights which may be mis- other lights which may be mistaken for the prescribed lights taken for the prescribed lights shall be exhibited.
shall be exhibited.
STEAM VESSELS -MASTHEAD LIGHT
ART. 2. A steam vessel when ART. 2.2 A steam vessel when under way shall carry-(a) On under way shall carry—(a) On or in front of the foremast, or if or in the front of the foremast, or a vessel without a foremast, then if a vessel without a foremast, in the fore part of the vessel, at then in the fore part of the vessel, a height above the hull of not a bright white light so constructed less than twenty feet, and if the as to show an unbroken light over breadth of the vessel exceeds an arc of the horizon of twenty twenty feet, then at a height points of the compass, só fixed as above the húll not less than such to throw the light ten points on breadth, so, however, that the each side of the vessel, namely, light need not be carried at a from right ahead to trvo points
2 Article 2 is amended by act of Congress approved April 25, 1940, in rules for lights required to be carried by every vessel propelled by machinery and not more than 65 feet in length except tugboats and towboats propelled by steam. See p. 53.