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INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES volve risk of collision, the vessel volve risk of collision, the vessel which has the other on her own which has the other on her own starboard side shall keep out of starboard side shall keep out of the way of the other.

the way of the other.

STEAM VESSEL SHALL KEEP OUT OF

THE WAY OF SAILING VESSEL

STEAM VESSEL SHALL KEEP OUT OF

THE WAY OF SAILING VESSEL

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ART. 20. When a steam vessel ART. 20. When a steam vessel and a sailing vessel are proceed- and a sailing vessel are proceeding in such directions as to in- ing in such directions as to involve volve risk of collision, the steam risk of collision, the steam vessel vessel shall keep out of the way shall keep out of the way of the of the sailing vessel.

sailing vessel.

COURSE AND SPEED

COURSE AND SPEED

ART. 21. Where, by any of these ART. 21. Where, by any of these rules, one of two vessels is to keep rules, one of the two vessels is to out of the way, the other shall keep keep out of the way, the other her course and speed.

shall keep her course and speed. Note.—When, in consequence of [See articles twenty-seven and thick weather or other causes, such twenty-nine.] vessel finds herself so close that collision cannot be avoided by the action of the giving-way vessel alone, she also shall take such action as will best aid to avert collision. [See articles twenty-seven and twenty-nine.]

CROSSING AHEAD

CROSSING AHEAD

ART. 22. Every vessel which is ART. 22. Every vessel which is directed by these rules to keep out directed by these rules to keep out of the way of another vessel shall, of the way of another vessel shall, if the circumstances of the case if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid crossing ahead of the admit, avoid crossing ahead of the other.

other.

STEAM VESSEL SHALL SLACKEN SPEED

STEAM VESSEL SHALL SLACKEN SPEED

OR STOP

OR STOP

ART. 23. Every steam vessel ART. 23. Every steam vessel which is directed by these rules to which is directed by these rules to keep out of the way of another keep out of the way of another vessel shall, on approaching her, if vessel shall, on approaching her, necessary, slacken her speed, or if necessary, slacken her speed, or stop, or reverse.

stop, or reverse.

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OVERTAKING VESSELS

OVERTAKING VESSELS ART. 24. Notwithstanding any- Art. 24. Notwithstanding anything contained in these rules thing contained in these rules every vessel, overtaking any other, l.every vessel, overtaking any other,

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES

shall keep out of the way of the shall keep out of the way of the overtaken vessel.

overtaken vessel. Every vessel coming up with Every vessel coming up with another vessel from any direction another vessel from any direction more than two points abaft her more than two points abaft her beam, that is, in such a position, beam, that is, in such a position, with reference to the vessel which with reference to the vessel which she is overtaking that at night she she is overtaking that at night she would be unable to see either of would be unable to see either of that vessel's side lights, shall be that vessel's side lights, shall be deemed to be an overtaking vessel; deemed to be an overtaking vesand no subsequent alteration of sel; and no subsequent alteration the bearing between the two ves of the bearing between the two sels shall make the overtaking ves- vessels shall make the overtaking sel a crossing vessel within the vessel a crossing vessel within the meaning of these rules, or relieve meaning of these rules, or relieve her of the duty of keeping clear her of the duty of keeping clear of of the overtaken vessel until she is the overtaken vessel until she is finally past and clear.

finally past and clear. As by day the overtaking vessel As by day the overtaking vessel can not always know with cer- can not always know with certainty whether she is forward of tainty whether she is forward of or abaft this direction from the or abaft this direction from the other vessel she should, if in other vessels she should, if in doubt, assume that she is an over- doubt, assume that she is an overtaking vessel and keep out of the taking vessel and keep out of the way.

way.

NARROW CHANNELS

NARROW CHANNELS

ART. 25. In narrow channels ART. 25. In narrow channels every steam vessel shall, when it every steam vessel shall, when it is safe and practicable, keep to is safe and practicable, keep to that side of the fairway or mid- that side of the fairway or midchannel which lies on the star-channel which lies on the starboard side of such vessel. board side of such vessel.

RIGHT OF WAY OF FISHING VESSELS

RIGHT OF WAY OF FISHING VESSELS

ART. 26. Sailing vessels under ART. 26. Sailing vessels under way shall keep out of the way of way shall keep out of the way of sailing vessels or boats fishing sailing vessels or boats fishing with nets, or lines, or trawls. with nets, lines, or trawls. This This rule shall not give to any rule shall not give to any vessel or vessel or boat engaged in fishing boat engaged in fishing the right the right of obstructing a fairway of obstructing a fairway used by used by vessels other than fishing vessels other than fishing vessels vessels or boats.

or boats.

GENERAL PRUDENTIAL RULE

GENERAL PRUDENTIAL RULE

ART. 27. In obeying and constru- ART. 27. In obeying and construing these rules due regard shall be ing these rules due regard shall be

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES had to all dangers of navigation had to all dangers of navigation and collision, and to any special and collision, and to any special circumstances which may render a circumstances which may render a a departure from the above rules departure from the above rules necessary in order to avoid imme- necessary in order to avoid immediate danger.

diate danger.

SOUND SIGNALS FOR PASSING

STEAMERS

SOUND SIGNALS FOR PASSING

STEAMERS

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ART. 28. The words “short blast” [See article eighteen.] used in this article shall mean a blast of about one second's duration.

When vessels are in sight of one another, a steam vessel under way, in taking any course authorized or required by these rules, shall indicate that course by the following signals on her whistle or siren, namely:

One short blast to mean, “I am directing my course to starboard."

Two short blasts to mean, “I am ART. 28. When vessels are in directing my course to port." sight of one another a steam vessel

Three short blasts to mean, “My under way whose engines are goengines are going at full speed ing at fult speed astern shall indiastern."

cate that fact by three short blasts on the whistle.

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PRECAUTION

PRECAUTION

ART. 29. Nothing in these rules

ART. 29. Nothing in these rules shall exonerate any vessel, or the shall exonerate any vessel, or the owner or master or crew thereof, owner or master or crew thereof, from the consequences of any from the consequences of any neglect to carry lights or signals, neglect to carry lights or signals, or of any neglect to keep a proper or of any neglect to keep a proper lookout, or of the neglect of any lookout, or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required precaution which may be required. by the ordinary practice of sea- by the ordinary practice of seamen, or by the special circum- men, or by the special circumstances of the case.

stances of the case. ART. 30. [See page 1.]

LIGHTS ON UNITED STATES NAVAL

VESSELS AND REVENUE CUTTERS

ART. 30. The exhibition of any light on board of a vessel of war of the United States or a Coast Guard cutter may be suspended whenever, in the opinion of the Secretary of

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES the Navy, the commander in chief of a squadron, or the commander of a vessel acting singly, the special character of the service may require it.

DISTRESS SIGNALS

DISTRESS SIGNALS

ART. 31. When a vessel is in ART. 31. When a vessel is in distress and requires assistance distress and requires assistance from other vessels or from the from other vessels or from the shore the following shall be the shore the following shall be the signals to be used or displayed by signal to be used or displayed by her, either together or separately, her, either together or separately, namely:

namely: In the daytime

In the daytimeFirst. A gun or other explo- A continuous sounding with sive signal fired at intervals of any fog-signal apparatus, or firing about a minute.

a gun. Second. The international code signal of distress indicated by NC.

Third. The distance signal, consisting of a square flag, having either above or below it a ball or anything resembling a ball.

Fourth. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus. At night

At night, First. A gun or other explo- First. Flames on the vessel as sive signal fired at intervals of from a burning tar barrel, oil about a minute.

barrel, and so forth. Second. Flames on the vessel Second. A continuous sounding (as from a burning tar barrel, oil with any fog-signal apparatus, or barrel, and so forth).

firing a gun. Third. Rockets or shells throwing stars of any color or description, fired one at a time, at short intervals.

Fourth. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus.

ORDERS TO HELMSMEN

ORDERS TO HELMSMEN

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ART. 32. All orders to helms- ART. 32. All orders to helmsmen shall be given as follows: men shall be given as follows:

“Right Rudder” to mean “Di- Right Rudder to mean Direct the vessel's head to star-rect the vessel's head to starboard."

board." “Left Rudder” to mean “Di- Left Rudderto mean Direct rect the vessel's head to port.”. the vessel's head to port.

,

ACT OF SEPTEMBER 4, 1890, IN REGARD TO COLLISIONS AT SEA, THAT

WENT INTO EFFECT DECEMBER 15, 1890?
By the President of the United States of America

A proclamation Whereas an act of Congress in regard to collisions at sea was approved September 4, 1890, the said act being in the following words:

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in every case of collision between two vessels it shall be the duty of the master or person in charge of each vessel, if and so far as he can do so without serious danger to his own vessel, crew, and passengers (if any), to stay by the other vessel until he has ascertained that she has no need of further assistance, and to render to the other vessel, her master, crew, and passengers (if any) such assistance as may be practicable and as may be necessary in order to save them from any danger caused by the collision, and also to give to the master or person in charge of the other vessel the name of his own vessel and her port of registry, or the port or place to which she belongs, and also the name of the ports and places from which and to which she is bound. If he fails so to do, and no reasonable cause for such failure is shown, the collision shall, in the absence of proof to the contrary, be deemed to have been caused by his wrongful act, neglect, or default.

“Sec. 2. That every master or person in charge of a United States vessel who fails, without reasonable cause, to render such assistance or give such information as aforesaid shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be liable to a penalty of one thousand dollars, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years; and for the above sum the vessel shall be liable and may be seized and proceeded against by process in any district court of the United States by any person; one-half such sum to be payable to the informer and the other to the United States.

"SEC. 3. That this act shall take effect at a time to be fixed by the President by Proclamation issued for that purpose.

And whereas it is provided by section 3 of the said act that it shall take effect at a time to be fixed by the President by proclamation issued for that purpose:

Now, therefore, I, Benjamin Harrison, President of the United States of America, do hereby, in virtue of the authority vested in me by section 3 of the said act, proclaim the fifteenth day of December, 1890, as the day on which the said act shall take effect.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States of America to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington this eighteenth day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety and of the Independence of the United States the one hundred and fifteenth. [SEAL]

BENJ. HARRISON. By the President:

JAMES G. BLAINE, Secretary of State.

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? 26 Stat. 425 ; 33 U. S. C. 367, 368.

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