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over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel; namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side.
Second. A bright white light aft to show all around the horizon and higher than the white light forward.
Third. On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side. On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an unbroken 'light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side. The said side lights shall be fitted with inboard screens of sufficient height so set as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.
(c) Motorboats of classes 2 and 3, when propelled by sail and machinery, or by sail alone, shall carry the colored side lights, suitably screened, but not the white lights prescribed by this section: Provided, however, That motorboats of all classes, when so propelled, shall carry, ready at hand, a lantern or flashlight showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to avert collision: Provided further, That motorboats of classes A and 1, when so propelled, shall not be required to carry the combined lantern prescribed by subsection (a) of this section.
(d) Every white light prescribed by this section shall be of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles. Every colored light prescribed by this section shall be of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least one mile. The word “visible” in this Act, when applied to lights, shall mean visible on a dark night with clear atmosphere.
Sec. 4. Every motorboat of class, 1, 2, or 3, shall be provided with an efficient whistle or other sound-producing mechanical appliance.
SEC. 5. Every motorboat of class 2 or 3 shall be provided with an efficient bell.
Exemptions for outboard racing motorboats SEC. 9. The provisions of sections 4, 5, and 8 of this Act shall not apply to motorboats propelled by outboard motors while competing in any race previously arranged and announced or, if such boats be designed and intended solely for racing, while engaged in such navigation as is incidental to the tuning up of the boats and engines for
SEC. 12. Motorboats shall not be required to carry on board copies of the pilot rules.
Negligent operation SEC. 13. No person shall operate any motorboat or any vessel in a reckless or negligent manner so as to endanger the life, limb, or property of any person.
Authority to arrest for negligent operation SEC. 15. Any officer of the United States authorized to enforce the navigation laws of the United States, shall have power and authority to swear out process and to arrest and take into custody, with or without process, any person who may commit any act or offense prohibited by section 13, or who may violate any provision of said section: Provided, That no person shall be arrested without process for any offense not committed the presence of some one of the aforesaid officials:Provided further, That whenever an arrest is made under the provisions of this Act, the person so arrested shall be brought forthwith before a commissioner, judge, or court of the United States for examination of the offense alleged against him, and such commissioner, judge, or court shall proceed in respect thereto as authorized by law in cases of crimes against the United States.
Regulations; enforcement Sec. 17. The Board of Supervising Inspectors ? with the approval of the Secretary of Commerce 2 shall
establish all necessary regulations required to carry out in the most effective manner all of the provisions of this Act, and such regulations when approved by the Secretary of
Commerce shall have the force of law. The Secretary of Commerce ? · or any officer of the Department of Commerce authorized by the Secretary of Commerce 2 may, upon application therefor, remit or mitigate any fine, penalty, or forfeiture incurred under this Act or any regulation thereunder relating to motorboats or vessels, except the penalties provided for in section 14 hereunder. The Secretary of Commerce 2 shall establish such regulations as may be necessary to secure the enforcement of the provisions of this Act by any officer of the United States authorized to enforce the navigation laws of the United States.
Exemptions SEC. 18. The proviso contained in the last paragraph of section 2 of the Act of May 11, 1918 (40 Stat. 549), shall apply also with like force and effect to motorboats as defined in this Act.
Motorboats as defined in this Act are hereby exempted from the provisions of Revised Statutes 4399, as amended (48 Stat. 125).
Approved April 25, 1940.
2 Under Executive Order No. 9083, dated February 28, 1942 (7 F. R. 1609), all the functions of the Board of Supervising Inspectors, and the functions of the Secretary of Commerce under this Act are transferred to the Commandant, U. S. Coast Guard.
HURRICANE, STORM, AND SMALL-CRAFT WARNING SIGNALS
(U. S. Department of Commerce, Weather Bureau) Hurricane, or whole-gale warning.–Two square flags, red with black centers, one above the other, indicate the approach of a tropical hurricane, or of one of the extremely severe and dangerous storms which occasionally occur.
Warning.-Two red pennants indicate that a storm is expected.
Small-craft warning.-A red pennant indicates that moderately strong winds that will interfere with the safe operation of small craft are expected.
Because of the war situation, the Weather Bureau has discontinued storm warning displays by lanterns at night and has resorted to use of flags only, which will remain hoisted during the period of display. Wind directions are not indicated in these displays.
RESUSCITATION OF THE APPARENTLY DROWNED
When a person has been rendered unconscious by fumigation gas, by electric shock, drowning, or any other cause, and breathing ceases or becomes very shallow, artificial respiration should be begun at
Proceed as follows: 1. Lay the patient on his belly, one arm extended directly overhead, the other arm bent at elbow, and with the face turned outward and resting on hand or forearm, so that the nose and mouth are free for breathing
2. Kneel straddling the patient's thighs with your knees placed at such a distance below his hip bones as will allow you to reach his waist easily. Place the palms of the hands on the small of his back with fingers resting on his ribs, the little finger just touching the lowest rib, with the thumb and fingers in a natural position, and the tips of the fingers just out of sight.
3. With arms held straight, swing forward slowly, so that the weight of your body is gradually brought to bear upon the patient. Your shoulder should be directly over the heel of your hand at the end of the forward swing. Do not bend your elbows. This operation should take about 2 seconds.
4. Now immediately swing backward so as to remove the pressure completely.
5. After 2 seconds swing forward again. Thus repeat deliberately 12 to 15 times a minute the double movement of compression and release, and complete respiration in 4 or 5 seconds.
6. Continue artificial respiration without interruption until natural breathing is restored, 4 hours or longer if necessary, or until a physician declares the patient is dead.
7. As soon as this artificial respiration has been started, and while it is being continued, an assistant should loosen any tight clothing about the patient's neck, chest, or waist. Keep the patient warm. Do not give any liquids whatever by mouth until the patient is fully conscious.
8. To avoid strain on the heart when the patient revives, he should be kept lying down and not allowed to stand or sit up. If the doctor has not arrived by the time the patient has revived, the patient
should be given some stimulant, such as 1 teaspoonful of aromatic spirits of ammonia in a small glass of water or a hot drink of coffee or tea, etc. The patient should be kept warm.
9. Resuscitation should be carried on at the nearest possible point to the place where the patient received his injuries. He should not be moved from this point until he is breathing normally, of his own volition, and then moved only in a lying position. Should it be necessary, due to extreme weather conditions, etc., to move the patient before he is breathing normally, resuscitation should be carried on during the time that he is being moved.
10. A brief return of natural respiration is not a certain indication for stopping the resuscitation. Not infrequently the patient, after a temporary recovery of respiration, stops breathing again. The patient must be watched, and, if natural breathing stops, artificial respiration should be resumed at once.
11. In carrying out resuscitation, it may be necessary to change the operator. This change must be made without losing the rhythm of respiration. By this procedure, no confusion results at the time of change of operator, and a regular rhythm is kept up. The treatment must not be given up until at least 4 hours of steady, unremitting resuscitation have been tried, unless, of course, the patient commences to breathe strongly and naturally of his own volition.