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Persia, and the very legs

Fled to the Caspian or the Ocean main ? jur state doth lean as on a staff,

What shall I call thee? brother ? no, a foe; uds us up and foils our neighbour foes : Monster of nature, shame unto thy stock, shalt be leader of this thousand horse, That àir'st

presume thy sovereign for to mock ! use foaining gall with rage and high disdain Meander, come: I am abus'd, Meander. Lave sworn the death of wicked Tamburlaine.

(Exeunt all except CONROE and MENAPHON. Go frowning forth; but come thou smiling home, Men. How now, my lord ! what, mated * and As did Sir Paris with the Grecian dame :


IN Return with speed; time passeth swift away ; To hear the king thus threaten like himself ! Our life is frail, and we may die to-day.

Cos. Ah, Menaphon, I pass not t for his threats ! Ther. Before the moon renew her borrowd The plot is laid by Persian noblemen light,

And captains of the Median garrisons
Doubt not, my lord and gracious sovereign, To crown me emperor of Asia :
But Tamburlaine and that Tartarian rout* But this it is that doth excruciate
Shall either perish by our warlike hands,

The very substance of my vexed soul,

1. Or plead for mercy at your highness' feet. To see our neighbours, that were wont to quake Myc. Go, stout Theridamas ; thy words are And tremble at the Persian monarch's name, gwords, Now sit and laugh our regiment I to scorn ;

A do And with thy looks thou conquerest all thy foes. And that which might resolve § me into tears, I long to see thee back return from thence, Men from the farthest equinoctial line

A1 That I may view these milk-white steeds of mine Have swarm'd in troops into the Eastern India, All loaden with the heads of killed men,

Lading their ships || with gold and precious stones, And, from their knees even to their hoofs below, And made their spoils from all our provinces. Besmear'd with blood that makes a dainty show. Men. This should entreat your highness to Et Ther. Then now, my lord, I humbly take my rejoice,

GI leave. Since Fortune gives you opportunity

D Myc. Theridamas, farewell ten thousand times. To gain the title of a conqueror

M [Exit THERIDAMAS. By curing of this maimèd empery.

E Ah, Menaphon, why stay'st thou thus behind, Afric and Europe bordering on your land, ( When other men press + forward for renown? And continent to your dominions,

AD Go, Menaphon, go into Scythia,

How easily may you, with a mighty host, And foot by foot follow Theridamas,

Pass | into Græcia, as did Cyrus once,

1 Cos. Nay, pray you, I let him stay; a greater | And cause them to withdraw their forces home, i [task]


you ** subdue the pride of Christendom! Fits Menaphon than warring with a thief :

[Trumpet within.. rcate him pro-rex of all & Africa,

Cos. But, Menaphon, what means this trumpet's Ę; at he may win the Babylonians' hearts,

sound? ich will revolt from Persian government, Men. Behold, my lord, Ortygius and the rest oss they have a wiser king than you.

Bringing the crown to make you emperor ! Nc. Unless they have a wiser king than you ! are his words; Meander, set them down.

Re-enter ORTYGIUS and CENEUS, It with others, bearing And add this to them,- that all Asia

Orty. Magnificent and mighty prince Cosroe, nt to see the folly of their king. We, in the name of other Persian states II

1 yc. Well, here I swear by this my royal and commons of this mighty monarchy,

T seatPresent thee with th' imperial diadem.

T 03. You may do well to kiss it, then. lyc. Emboss'd with silk as best beseems my

* mated) i. e. confounded. state,

pas8 not) i. e. care not. o be revengd for these contemptuous words ! I regiment) i. e. rule, government.

& resolve) i. e. dissolve. --So the 8v0.-The 4to "dis), where is duty and allegiance now?

solue." * rout] i. e. crew.

Il ships] So the 4to.-The Svo "shippe."

Paxs] So the 8vo.--The 4to “Hast."
press] So the 8vo.—The 4to “proase."

** you] So the 8vo.-- The 4to “they."
1 you] So the 8vo.-Omitted in the 4to.
ß all] to the 4to.-Omitted in the 8vo.

tt Centus] Here both the old eds. "Conerus."
11 states) i. e. noblemen, persons of rank.

a crown.


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Cen. The warlike soldiers and the gentlemen, To injury * or suppress your worthy title ; That heretofore have fill'd Persepolis

Or, if they would, there are in readiness With Afric captains taken in the field,

Ten thousand horse to carry you from hence, Whose ransom made them march in coats of In spite of all suspected enemies. gold,

Cos. I know it well, my lord, and thank you all. With costly jewels hanging at their ears,

Orty. Sound up the trumpets, then. And shining stones upon their lofty crests,

[Trumpets sounded. Now living idle in the wallèd towns,

All.t God save the king !

[Exeunt. Wanting both pay and martial discipline, Begin in troops to threaten civil war, And openly exclaim against their * king : Therefore, to stay all sudden mutinies,

SCENE II. We will invest your highness emperor;

Enter TAMBURLAINE leading ZENOCRATE, TECHELLES, USUMWhereat the soldiers will conceive more joy

CASANE, AGYDAS, MAGNETES, Lords, and Soldiers

loaden with treasure. Than did the Macedonians at the spoil Of great Darius and his wealthy host.

Tamb. Come, lady, let not this appal your Cos. Well, since I see the state of Persia droop

thoughts; And languish in my brother's government,

The jewels and the treasure we have ta'en I willingly receive th' imperial crown,

Shall be reserv'd, and you in better state And vow to wear it for my country's good,

Than if you were arriv'd in Syria, In spite of them shall malice my estate.

Even in the circle of your father's arms, Orty. And, in assurance of desir'd success, The mighty Soldan of Ægyptia. We here do crown thee monarch of the East. Zeno. Ah, shepherd, pity my distressed plight! Emperor of Asia and Persia ; +

(If, as thou seem'st, thou art so mean a man,) Great lord of Media and Armenia;

And seek not to enrich thy followers Duke of Africa and Albania,

By lawless rapine from a silly maid, Mesopotamia and of Parthia,

Who, travelling I with these Median lords East India and the late-discover'd isles ;

To Memphis, from my uncle's country of Media,
Chief lord of all the wide vast Euxine Sea, Where, all my youth, I have been governèd,
And of the ever-raging I Caspian Lake.

Have pass'd the army of the mighty Turk,
AU. $ Long live Cosroe, mighty emperor ! Bearing his privy-signet and his hand

Cos. And Jove may || never let me longer live To safe conduct us thorough $ Africa.
Than I may seek to gratify your love,

Mag. And, since we have arriv'd in Scythia, And cause the soldiers that thus honour me Besides rich presents from the puissant Cham, To triumph over many provinces !

We have his highness' letters to command By whose diepires of discipline in arms

Aid and assistance, if we stand in need. I doubt not shortly but to reign sole king,

Tamb. But now you see these letters and comAnd with the army of Theridamas

mands (Whither we presently will fly, my lords)

Are countermanded by a greater man ; To rest securp against my brother's force. And through my provinces you must expect Orty. We knew,9 my lord, before we brought Letters of conduct from my mightiness,

If you intend to keep your treasure safe.
Intending your investion so near

But, since I love to live at liberty,
The residende of your despised brother,
The lords **) would not be too exasperate

* injury] This verb frequently occurs in our early writers. “Then haue you iniuried manie." Lyly's

Alexander and Campaspe, sig. D 4, ed. 1591. It would * their] So the 8vo.-The 4to “the."

seem to have fallen into disuse soon after the commencet and Persia] So the 8vo.-The 4to "and of Persia." ment of the 17th century: in Heywood's Woman killed

ever-raging] So the 8vo.—The 4to "riuer raging." with kindneze, 1607, we find, $ ALL] 8the 4to.--Omitted in the 8vo.

“You injury that good man, and wrong me too.” | And Jo've may, &c.) i. o. And may Jove, &c. This collocation of words is sometimes found in later writery: but in ed. 1617 “injury" is altered to “iniure." "lo in the Prologue to Fletcher's Woman's Prize, —“ Which | ALL) So the 4to.-Omitted in the 8vo. his may prøve!"

Who, travelling, &c.] The halting mctre shews that knew] So the 8vo.—The 4to“knowe.”

there is some corruption in this and the next line. ** lords) So the 4to.-The 8vo “Lord.”

$ thorough] So the 8vo.-The 4to "through."


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them? pok you

No; for orat words

As easily may you get the Soldan's crown That thus oppress poor friendless passengers.
As any prizes out of my precinct;
Therefore at least admit us liberty,

ab. For they are friends that help to wean my state Even as thou hop'st to be eternized

2 Till men and kingdoms help to strengthen it, By living Asia's mighty emperor. And must maintain my life exempt from servi Agyd. I hope our lady's treasure and our own

11, t tude. May serve for ransom to our liberties :

say But, tell me, madam, is your grace betroth'a ? Return our mules and empty camels back,

gyd. Zeno. I am, my lord,—for so you do import. That we may travel into Syria,

the Tamb. I am a lord, for so my deeds shall Where her betrothèd lord, Alcidamus,

'amb. prove;

Expects the arrival of her highness' person. tho And yet a shepherd by my parentage.

Mag. And wheresoever we repose ourselves,

ye, m But, lady, this fair face and heavenly hue We will report but well of Tamburlaine. Must grace his bed that conquers Asia,

Tamb. Disdains Zenocrate to live with me? And means to be a terror to the world,

Or you, my lords, to be my followers ? Measuring the limits of his empery

Think you I weigh this treasure more than you are the By east and west, as Phæbus doth his course.— Not all the gold in India's wealthy arms Lie here, ye weeds, that I disdain to wear ! Shall buy the meanest soldier in my train. This complete armour and this curtle-axe Zenocrate, lovelier than the love of Jove, Are adjuncts more beseeming Tamburlaine. Brighter than is the silver Rhodope,* And, madam, whatsoever you estoem

Fairer than whitest snow on Scythian hills,
Of this success, and loss unvaluèd. *

Thy person is more worth to Tamburlaine
Both may invest you empress of the East; Than the possession of the Persian crown,'
And these that seem but silly country swains Which gracious stars have promis'd at my birth
May have the leading of so great an host

A hundred Tartars shall attend on thee, As with their weight shall make the mountains Mounted on steeds swifter than Pegasus ; quake,

Thy garments shall be made of Median silk, Even as when windy exhalations,

Enchas'd with precious jewels of mine own,

um. Con Fighting for passage, tilt within the earth. More rich and valuroust than Zenocrate's; Tech. As princely lions, when they rouse them. With milk-white harts upon an ivory sled selves,

Thou shalt be drawn amidst the frozen pools,+ all the Stretching their paws, and threatening herds of And scale the icy mountains' lofty tops, beasts,

Which with thy beauty will be soon resolv'd: 5
So in his armour looketh Tamburlaine.

My martial prizes, with five hundred men,
Methinks I see kings kneeling at his feet, Won on the fifty-headed Volga's waves.
And he with frowning brows and fiery looks Shall we all offer|| to Zenocrate,
Spurning their crowns from off their captive And then myself to fair Zenocrate,

Tech. What now! in love? Usum. And making thee and me, Techelles, Tamb. Techelles, women must be flattered : bok we kin

But this is she with whom I am in T love. That even

death will follow Tamburlaine. Tamb. Nobly resoly'd, sweet friends and fol.

Enter a Soldier. lowers !

Sold. News, news ! These lords perhaps do scorn our estimates,

Tamb. How now! what's the matter? And think we prattle with distemper'd spirits :

Sold. A thousand Persian horse pen are all But, since they measure our deserts so mean,

hand, That in conceitt bear empires on our spears,

Sent from the king to overcome us afl

Affecting thoughts coequal with the clouds,
They shall be kept our forcèd followers
Till with their eyes they view us emperors.

* Rhodope) Old eds. "Rhodolfe.”

+ valurous] i. e. valuable. Zeno. The gods, defenders of the innocent, I pools] So the 8vo.-The 4to “Poles." Will never prosper your intended drifts,

$ resolu'd] i. e. dissolved.

So the 8vo. The 4to "de" solu'd."

|| Shall we all offer] The 8vo "Shall we offer (the wor unvalued) i. e. not to be valued, or estimated. "all" having dropt out).-The 4to “We all skull offer. † conceit] i. e. fancy, imagination.

Tin] The 8vo "it."-Omitted in the 4to.


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umb. How now, my lords of Egypt, and

Enter THERIDAMAS with others. Zenocrate!

Ther. Where is this * Scythian Tamburlaine ? y must your jewels be restor'd again,

Tamb. Whom seek'st thou, Persian! I am I, that triumph'd. so, be overcome?

Tamburlaine. Hy say you, lordings ? is not this your hope ? Ther. Tamburlaine ! gyd. We hope yourself will willingly restore A Scythian shepherd so embellished them.

With nature's pride and richest furniture ! lamb. Such hope, sucia fortune, have the His looks do menace heaven and dare the godst.. thousand horse.

His fiery eyes are fix'd upon the earth, ye, my lords, and sweet Zenocrate !

As if he now devis'd some stratagem, i must be forcèd from me ere you go. Or meant to pierce Avernus' darksome vaults t housand horsemen ! we five hundred foot!

To pull the triple-headed dog from hell. pdds too great for us to stand against.

Tamb. Noble and mild this Persian seenis are they rich ? and is their armour good?

to be, bid. Their plumèd helms are wrought with If outward habit judge the inward man. beaten gold,

Tech. His deep affections make him passionate. r swords enamell’d, and about their necks Tamb. With what a majesty he rears his g massy chains of gold down to the waist;

looks ! very part exceeding brave t and rich.

In thee, thou valiant man of Persia, Humb. Then shall we fight courageously with I see the folly of thy I emperor. them?

Art thou but captain of a thousand horse, pok you I should play the orator?

That by characters graven in thy brows, ch. No; cowards and faint-hearted runaways And by thy martial face and stout aspect, for orations when the foe is near :

Deserv'st to have the leading of an lust? swords shall play the orators for us. Forsake thy king, and do but join with me, um. Come, let us meet them at the moun And we will triumph over all the world: ¿ tain-top, I

I hold the Fates bound fast in iron chains, with a sudden and an hot alarum

And with my hand turn Fortune's wheel about; all their horses headlong down the hill. And sooner shall the sun fall from his sphere eh. Come, let us march.

Than Tamburlaine be slain or overcome.
mb. Stay, Techelles ; ask a parle first. Draw forth thy sword, thou mighty man-at-aspoil

Intending but to raze my charmed skin,
The Soldiers enter.

And Jove himself will stretch his hand from the mails, yet guard the treasure sure :

heaven ut our golden wedges to the view, heir reflections may amaze the Persians;

To ward the blow, and shield me safe from

harm. ook we friendly on them when they come:

See, how he rains down heaps of gold in showers, f they offer word or violence,

As if he meant to give my soldiers pay! fight, five hundred men-at-arms to one,

And, as a sure and grounded argud, et we part with our possession;

That I shall be the monarch of the 'ast, ainst the general we will lift our swords,

He sends this Soldan's daughter rich and brave, s ther lance|| his greedy thirsting throat,

To be my queen and portly emperess. e him prisoner, and his chain shall serve

If thou wilt stay with me, renowmèd || man, anacles till he be ransom'd home. I hear them come: shall we encounter

* this] So the 8vo.-The 4to “the."-Qy. “Where is them?

this Scythian shepherd Tamburlaine"? Compare the next 3. Keep all your standings, and not stir words of Theridamas, a foot:

| vaults] Here the 8vo has "vauts,"_"which," says

one of the modern editors, “was common in Marlowe's will bide the danger of the brunt.

time:” and so it was; but in the Sec. Part of this play,

act ii. sc. 4, the same 8vo gives nph’d] So the 8vo.- The 4to “tryumph."

As we descend into the infernal vaülis." e) i. e. splendidly clad.

thy] So the Evo.-The 4to “the." So the 4to.-The 8vo “foot.”

& brave) See note fin preceding column. ] i. e. bags, budgets.

|| renowned] i e. renowned.-So the Svo.-The 4to So the 4to.—Here the 8vo has “lanch ;” but "renowned.”—1 e form "renormed ” (Fr. renommé) OC Inge a once in the Sec. Part of the play it has "lance." curs repeatedly afterwards in this play, according to the


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And lead thy thousand horse with my conduct, To these * resolved, noble Scythians ! Besides thy share of this Egyptian prize, But shall I prove a traitor to my king ? Those thousand horse shall sweat with martial Tamb. No; but the trusty friend of Tam spoil

laine. Of conquer'd kingdoms and of cities sack'd : Ther. Won with thy words, and conqu Both we will walk upon the lofty cliffs * ;

7 with thy looks, And Christian merchants, + that with Russian I yield myself, my men, and horse to thee, stems I

To be partaker of thy good or ill, Plough up huge furrows in the Caspian Sea, As long as life maintains Theridamas. Shall vail $ to us as lords of all the lake;

Tamb. Theridamas, my friend, take here Both we will reign as consuls of the earth,

hand, And mighty kings shall be our senators.

Which is as much as if I swore by heaven, Jove sometime masked in a shepherd's weed; And call'd the gods to witness of my vow. And by those steps that he hath scal'd the Thus shall my heart be still combin'd with heavens

Until our bodies turn to elements, May we become immortal like the gods.

And both our souls aspire celestial thrones.Join with me now in this my mean estate, Techelles and Casane, welcome him. (I call it mean, because, being yet obscure,

Tech. Welcome, renowmèd + Persian, t. The nations far-remov'd admire me not,)

all ! And when my name and honour shall be spread Usum. Long may Theridamas remain wit As far as Boreas claps his brazen wings,

Tamb. These are my friends, in whom I Or fair Böotes || sends his cheerful light,

rejoice Then shalt thou be competitors with me, Than doth the king of Persia in his crown; And sit with Tamburlaine in all his majesty. And, by the love of Pylades and Orestes,

Ther. Not Hermes, prolocutor to the gods, Whose statues I we adore in Scythia, Could use persuasions more pathetical.

Thyself and them shall never part from me Tamb. Nor are Apollo's oracles more true Before I crown you kings & in Asia. Than thou shalt find my våunts substantial. Make much of them, gentle Theridamas,

Tech. We are his friends; and, if the Persian And they will never leave thee till the deat 1 king

Ther. Nor thee nor them, ll thrice-noble uld offer present dukedoms to our state,

burlaine, We think it loss to make exchange for that Shall want my heart to be with gladness pi® We are assur'd of by our friend's success. To do you honour and security.

Usum. And kingdoms at the least we all expect, Tamb. A thousand thanks, worthy Besides the honour in assurèd conquests,

damas. Where kings shall crouch unto our conquering And now, fair madam, and my noble lords swords,

If you will | willingly remain with ne, And hosts of soldiers stand amaz'd at us, You shall have honours as your merits be When with their fearful tongues they shall confess, | Or else you shall be forc'd with slavery. These are the men that all the world admires. Agyd. We yield unto thee, happy Tambi Ther. What strong enchantments.tice my Tamb. For you, then, madam, I am yielding soul

doubt. Zeno. I must be pleas'd perforce,—WI

Zenocrate! Svo.

It is occasionally found in writers posterior to Carlowe's time. e. g.

* To these] Old eds. "Are these." * Of Constantines great towne renoum'd in vaine." trenowmèd] See note ll, p. 11.--So the 8v0.Verses to King James, prefixed to Lord Stirling's

"renowned," Monarchicke Tragedies, ed. 1607.

statues) So the 4to.--"The first edition res

tutes,' but, as the Scythians worshipped Pyl: cliff:] So the 8vo.-The 4to “cliftes."

Orestes in temples, we have adopted the readir | merchants) i. e. merchant-men, ships of trade. 1 stems) i. e. prows.

quarto as being most probably the correct oi

1826. vail) i. e. lower their flags. || Bootes) The Svo “Botëeg."--The 4tc “Boetes."

& kinga] So the 850.—The 4to “king."

1 Nor thee nor them) The modern editors silen I competitor] i. e. associate, partner va sense in which he word is used by Shakespeare).

"Nor they nor theirs."

will] So the 8v0.-Omitted in the 4to.

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