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been a continuous display of public good feeling and respect for Mr. Adams, and, excepting his recent tour through New York, was the most remarkable and noticeable demonstration that had ever been made in his honor. And, notwithstanding his repugnance for such things, he passed through this severe ordeal with many indications of satisfaction. It must, indeed, have been gratifying to him, when even Ohio had joined in the torrents of abuse which had been steadily poured upon him for years.

The journey had, however, tested his strength, and he reached Washington thoroughly convinced that he never could make another such. While he had mainly met with honor and respect on this trip, misrepresentation and slander tried their tongues on him. The following extract from a daily newspaper will show how hard it may be for old falsehoods to die :-—

"A Roman Catholic organ says: 'Forty-two years ago John Quincy Adams delivered an oration at the corner-stone laying of an observatory near Cincinnati. In his address the 'old man eloquent' expressed his hope that the cross should never loom on those heights. That observatory is now the property of the Passionist Fathers of the Cross.'"

However little respect Mr. Adams had for the teachings and usages of the Roman Church, it would have been impossible for him to utter such a sentiment on an occasion of the kind; it would,, indeed, have been contrary to his disposition to do so at any time.

The following letter, written by Mr. Richard Cranch, and now the property of Lewis A. Leonard, of the "Times-Star," through whose kindness it has a place here, while it gives a true and vivid picture of Mr. Adams's proceedings in Cincinnati, will also serve to clear away the trifling foundation on which the Catholic newspaper men based their trouble :—

"Cincinnati, November 22, 1843.

"my Dear Father,—I have been too much occupied to write many letters home since I left Washington. During Mr. Adams's stay here I was doubly occupied in seeing and hearing him, and in taking correct notes of his addresses for the press, there being no stenographer in this city. The reports of his addresses here, which you may have seen in the papers, are therefore mine, and, I think, they are almost verbally correct. I think I have done a service to the whole country iu giving to the public these addresses. They are interesting and. valuable in themselves and very remarkable, when we consider the number and variety of them, their perfectly impromptu character, and the rapidity with which they succeed in their order, viz. : His address to the mayor on the 8th; at the laying of the stone on the 9th; at the temperance meeting on the 9th; to the colored committee on the 10th; to the bar of Cincinnati on the 11th; at the public bar dinner on the 11th; his great address on Astronomy was on the 10th; his address at Covington, Kentucky, on the 13th. He attended church three times on the 12th. During all this time he was incessantly answering notes, letters of invitation, complimentary addresses, and letters of business, and receiving all who came to see him.

"If his whole journey has been of this active and laborious character, he must, indeed, be a most wonderful man, at his time of life. He looked hearty and well, talked cheerfully and with great frankness on all subjects, and took naps whenever he got a chance. He was very kind and friendly toward me, and did us the honor to take a social cup of tea with us Sunday evening, after which he went with us to church, where he had a short nap. But he must have slept with one ear open, for, on the way home, he said he wondered why Mr. Perkins did not mention the political character of the man on whose character he had been discoursing, Michael Angelo. Now, to detect an omission in a discourse, one would think, requires that the attention should be kept awake. But he was, to all appearance, sound asleep, with his head upon his breast, and thus he continued through more than half the discourse.

"In his astronomical discourse, of which I will send you a copy when it is printed, he told the story of the persecution of Galileo, and said that the institution which procured his condemnation was the invention of Ignatius Loyola, meaning, of course, the Jesuit order. This part of his address was received with great acclamation, which has aroused the malignity of the 'Catholic Telegraph' against him, and they charge him, in the most coarse and disrespectful language, with falsehood and slander. They make him say that which all know to be ridiculous, that Loyola was the founder of the Inquisition. I have taken some pains to see this error rectified in the papers and in conversation, I hope with success. They would serve him as they served Galileo, I think, if they had the power.

"His visit here has been, as you may naturally suppose, quite an event in my life. I felt no desire to crowd about him, or make a vain boasting of my relationship to him. That feeling was lost in the higher one of veneration for him as a man and pride in him as our countryman. His appearance among us has acted beneficially upon all parties. It has had a tendency to calm dissension, to unite good men in a common sentiment of love for their country, to excite young men to noble efforts in becoming useful to their race, and to awaken in all breasts that virtue which we so much want, a real veneration for our great and good men, of whatever profession, party, or denomination they may be. The evidence is abundant that this has really been the effect of his visit among us. One of our beautiful hills has now, by general consent, received the name of Mount Adams, and when my child asks its name I can tell him, I hope not without profit, of the history of John Quincy Adams, upon whose knee he has sat, and whose blood flows in his veins.

"Mr. Adams's reception in Kentucky, which was at Covington, opposite Cincinnati, was, if possible, still more striking than his reception here. There the prejudice against hin\, one would have thought, was almost too strong to be overcome. But there the citizens received him in mass, in open line, men, women, and children, the men uncovering their heads as he passed between them, and the feeling seemed to be one of true respect, which must have softened the last remaining feeling of bitterness in his heart, if any he has left, at the obloquy which has been cast upon his name in former days. With an anxiety to be near him, and to see that whatever he said was represented truly to the world, I took down every address which he made, and I regret that I was so engaged during the 13th in preparing his Covington address for the morning paper that I was deprived of the satisfaction of hearing his last words to the crowd that followed him to the steamboat, and. of bidding him farewell. Long may he live to bless us, and may the country learn to cherish thus her honest men, for truly tbey seem to be scarce."

This letter now closes with a few lines concerning Mr. Cranch's family and affairs. It was written on a full sheet of foolscap, was folded, and sealed with a big red wafer, and sent without envelope in the mail. The superscription is, "To the Hon. Judge Cranch, City of Washington, D. C."

Judge Jacob Burnet, in introducing Mr. Adams to the Cincinnati assemblage in a speech of considerable length and unusual warmth, for him, said in closing:—

"Is there one in this great assembly, who has marked the course of Mr. Adams, and does not feel deep regret, arising from the reflection, that there is but a remnant of his valuable life remaining? But duty requires the suppression of such unpleasant thoughts. It admonishes us to study the example of disinterested patriotism, exhibited in his life, and to draw lessons of instruction from it. This remark will, I trust, at this day, meet a favorable response, as it is now admitted that the honor and prosperity of the Nation have been the great mark at which he has aimed in the discharge of his duties.

"Such, fellow-citizens, is the sage and patriot, John Quincy Adams, whom I now present to you."

CHAPTER XXXIII.

ADAMS AND JACKSON—"IT IS NOT DEATH WHICH KILLS"— "THIS IS THE LAST OF EARTH; I AM CONTENT."

WHEN the treaty with Spain was hanging, and the peaceable acquisition of Florida was a matter of doubt, in 1820, General Jackson wrote as follows in a letter to President Monroe:—

"hermitage, Near Nashville, June 20, 1820.

"Dear Sir,—I returned from my tour to the south and southeast on the evening of the 18th instant, when I received your very friendly and interesting letter of the 23d of May last, which I have read with interest and attention. On its perusal and consideration I have determined to remain in service until the situation of Europe fully develops itself, an,d our affairs with Spain are brought to a final close.

"The view you have taken of the conduct pursued by our Government relative to South America, in my opinion, has been both just and proper, and will be approved by nine-tenths of the Nation. It is true, it has been attempted to be wielded by certain demagogues to the injury of the Administration, but, like all other base attempts, has recoiled on its authors; and I am clearly of your opinion that, for the present, we ought to be content with the Floridas, fortify them, concentrate our population, confine our frontier to proper limits, until our country, to those limits, is filled with a dense population. It is the denseness of our population that gives strength and security to our frontier. With the Floridas in our possession, our fortifications completed, Orleans, the great emporium of the West, is secure. The Floridas in possession of a foreign power, you can be invaded, your fortifications turned, the Mississippi reached, and the lower country reduced. From Texas an invading enemy will never attempt

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