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General Index

Absentee voting, 182.
Accounts, state, 409, 473.
Adams, Abigail (Smith), journey, 411.
Adams, Andrew, Confederation, 539.
Adams, John, on Otis, 27; senatorship, 164;

amendments, 211, 289; idea of vice presi-
dency, 213; letters to, 215, 367; secret
sessions, 241; titles, blamed, 243, 374, 375,
377–382; procedure, 247; enactment style,
249; signing bills, 250; counting electoral
votes, 258; cloth, 266; Washington's in-
auguration, 275, 276; appointments, 364,
365, 394, 399; conservatism, 364; presi-
dential dinner, 372; lampoon, 381; on re-
moval debate, 387; power of removal,
votes, 387; and presidency, 388; on presi-
dential power, 389; Washington's social
regulations, 412-416; as presidential ad-
viser, 423, 424; Independence, 529, 532;
portraits, sketches, 657, 775, 827. See also

Vice presidency.
Adams, John Q., on Hamilton and Treasury

bill, 341; foreign mission, 402; Panama
Congress, 403; on presidential dinner, 418;

disunion, 749; judicial service, 755.
Adams, L. I. L., impersonation, 713.
Adams, Samuel, ratification, 25; congres-

sional candidacy, 164, 165; vice presi-
dency, 206; letter to, 299; amendments,
299; on power of removal, 390; on light-
house cessions and jurisdiction, 452;
Independence, 532; Confederation, 539;

portrait, sketch, 780.
Adams, Thomas, Confederation, 540.
Addresses and messages, joint, to President,
246; Washington's progress,

266-271;
Thomson's, reply, 267, 693, 694; before
Congress in state, replies, 408; presiden-

tial, 549.
Adjournment of Congress, 544, 549.
Admiralty, earlier courts, 347-350; cessation

of state courts, 450.
Admission of states, Virginia Plan, 19; pro-

visions, 36, 551; table of dates, 60.
Age delegates, 16; congressmen, 236.
Agriculture, changes, 112, 115-118; social

basis, 235.
Akron Beacon, cartoon, 840.
Alabama, admission, 60.
Alaska, annexation, territory, 61.
Albania, high court, 759.
Albany News, cartoon, 833.
Albany Plan, 8.
Alexandria, Va., ratification celebration, 143;

reception of Washington, 268.
Allison, John, candidacy, 183.
Amendments, of Confederation attempted,

12; of Constitution, method, 23, 37, 134,
551; proposals during ratification, synop-
sis, 26, 27, 134, 280, 294–297, 480, 493,

496; dynamic aspect, 37; caution on hasty,
38, 568; Bill of Rights, genesis, elements,
ratification, 39-43, 135, 325; contents of
later, 43-47; dates of ratification, 62-68;
reconsideration after rejection, 62, 319;
table of dates, 68; proper title, 134; num-
ber of proposed, 134; movements for con-
vention, 135; longest period between 136;
party responsibility, 136; repeal, 137;
blocking, 137; in 1789: Henry's aim, 191,
193; Adams and second convention, 211;
inaugural address on advisability, 278;
New York circular letter for second con-
vention, 280, 281; Federalist subtlety, 281,
290; Harrisburg Convention, 281; Vir-
ginia's call for convention, 282–285; Con-
gress and call, 285; state response, 285-
289, 484; public opinion, immediacy or
experience, 289–292; attitude of first con-
gressmen, 292, 297-300; Madison's atti-
tude, extent, 292, 293, 301, 302, 311;
influence on North Carolina, 300, 306, 473,
478; Madison and proposals, adroitness,
300, 301; votes needed in consideration,
301, 307, 309; question of consideration,
301-303, 305; Madison's proposals, suffi-
ciency, 302–305, 314; question of general
consideration, 303, 305, 309-312; lack of
public comment, 304; select committee in
House, report, 305; incorporated or sup-
plementary, 306, 312; method of ratifica-
tion, 306; consideration in House, 307-311;
passage there, 312; as sent to Senate,
Lee's comment, 313; preamble for resolu-
tion, 314; Senate eliminations, 314, 315;
conference, final passage, 315; reference to
states, parchment copies, 315; criticism of
insufficiency, 316; state ratifications, 317–
319, 473, 478; letter of Virginia senators,
319; disagreement in Virginia, 319–324;
ratification there, 324; failure to act:
Massachusetts, 325-327; Connecticut, 327;
Georgia, 328; sesquicentennial ratifica-
tion, 328; broadsides, 603;— literal text,
527-562; and expansion, 700. See also Bill

of Rights; amendments by number.
America, first use of term, 121; hemispheric

policy, 575-577.
American Revolution, causes, 7, 8; essentials

to success, 11.
Ames, Ezra, portraits by, 782, 825.
Ames, Fisher, representative, 165; Federal

Hall, 226; delay, 231; character of Con-
gress, 233; age, 236; procedure, 246; in-
auguration, 274, 275; inaugural address,
277; Madison's amendment proposals, 304,
306; amendments debate, 305, 307, 312;
isolation, 336; executive officers in Con-
gress, 339; judiciary bill, 353, 363; style
of writs, 364; titles, 374, 376; power of
removal, 384-386; Rhode Island, 485;

states in the Union, 495.
André, John, portrait by, 827.
Andrews, Mrs. Robert, portrait, sketch, 826.
Annapolis, Md., capital, 126, 153.
Annapolis Convention, 15.
Annexation, by treaty, 35; list, map, 61, 112,

1

114, 118.
Anthony, Susan B., suffrage, 45.
Antifederalists, term, 124.
Appointments, power, 23, 34, 382, 549;
Senate's consideration, method of vote,
President's presence, 394-399; rejections,
395–397. See also Diplomatic offices;

Offices; Removal.
Apportionment of representation, regula-
tion, proposed change, 112, 128, 295, 302,
307, 312, 314, 315, 317–319, 542, 559;

direct taxes, 542, 546.
Appropriations, legal, 33, 547.
Argentina, high court, 759.
Aristocracy. See Society.
Aristotle, on separation of powers, 729.
Arkansas, admission, 60.
Arlaud, -, portrait by, 790.
Arms, right to bear, religious objection, 42,

309, 314, 557.
Armstrong, John, candidacy, 180; letters to.

201, 378; on demand for amendments, 290.
Army, power of Congress, 32, 546; presi-

dential power, 32, 34, 549; proposals
against standing, 310; state troops, 457.

See also Militia.
Arnold, Peleg, on Rhode Island, 484.
Art, development, 113, 116.
Ashurst, H. F., Commission, v; on Bill of

Rights, 39-41, Supreme Court sesqui-

centennial, 715.
Assembly, right, 41, 294, 302, 308, 557.
Assumption of state debts, state legislation,

458; Virginia protest, 460; North Carolina
instructions and attempted protest, 461-

463; Massachusetts instructions, 464.
Attainder, bill prohibited, 33, 136, 546, 547;

extent, 551.
Attorney general, appointment, 343, 365;

provision for, 357, 358; salary, 363; Su-

preme Court, 370.
Attorneys, national district, 357, 358.
Austin, Benjamin, amendments, 326.
Austin, W. R., Supreme Court sesquicen-

tennial, address, 715, 730.
Austria, high court, 759.
Bache, Franklin, postoffice, 345.
Bacon, John, amendments, 326; instruction

of senators, 464.
Baden, -, on natural law, 742.
Bail, excessive, 42, 136, 558.
Bailey, Banks & Biddle Co., medals, 599.
Baird, John, oath, 434.
Baldwin, Abraham, portraits, sketches, 59,

799, 821; capital, 147, 148; representative,
197; and office, 197; service, 237; salaries,
251; committee on amendments, 306; exec-
utive departments, 335; power of removal,

385; signs Constitution, 553; draft, 821.
Baldwin, Henry, service, 755.

Balfour, Lord, on free government and polit-

ical conflict, 722.
Baltimore, capital, 126, 147; reception of

Washington, 266-268; Mrs. Washington,

411.
Bancroft, George, on power of removal, 387.
Banister, John, Confederation, 540.
Bankhead, W. B., portrait, sketch, 657; Con-

gress sesquicentennial, address, 663; Su-

preme Court sesquicentennial, 733, 738.
Bankruptcy, proposed amendments, 295;

regulation, 545.
Barbour, P. P., service, 755.
Barge, presidential, 272.
Barkley, A. W., Commission, v.; British

king, 615; Congress sesquicentennial, ad-

dress, 656, 664, 672, 678.
Bartlett, Josiah, candidacy, 160; Independ-

ence, 532; Confederation, 539; portrait,

sketch 821; objects, 790, 796.
Bartlett, Josiah, grandson, memorial, 820.
Bartlett, P. W., statue by, 810.
Bassett, Richard, portraits, sketches, 55,

796; senator, attends, 186, 229; judiciary
bill, 353; power of removal, 387; signs

Constitution, 553.
Bauman, Sebastian, office-seeker, 264.
Beale, Sir Louis, World's Fair address, 705.
Beardsley, C. A., Supreme Court sesqui-

centennial address, 722.
Beckley, John, messenger, 218; clerk of

House, 218, 238.
Bedford, Gunping, sr., portrait, sketch, 821.
Bedford, Gunning, jr., portraits, sketches,

55, 821; candidacy, 186; judge, 367, 369;

signs Constitution, 553.
Belgium, high court, 759.
Belknap, Jeremy, on J. Adams, 213; letters

to, 257, 345; on S. Adams, 300; on Sulli-
van controversy and sovereignty, 445;

on outside states, 473.
Bellows, Benjamin, elector, autograph, 219.
Bennett, I. E., adviser, 588.
Benson, Arthur, impersonation, 713.
Benson, Egbert, ratification, 25; reception

of Washington, 271; inauguration, 274,
275; executive departments, 335; judiciary
bill, 360; titles, 374; power of removal,

385; Rhode Island, 485.
Benson, George, on paper money, 488.
Benton, T. H., Panama Congress, 404.
Berryman, C. K., cartoon, opp. 831.
Bill of Rights, American, demand in ratifi-

cation, 26, 294; as safeguard, 30, 136, 681-
683; genesis, restriction on national power,
41, 136; against states, 44, 302, 310, 313,
314; elements, 41-43, 135, 136; date of
ratification, 62; text, 557, 558. See also
Amendments; first ten amendments by

number.
Bill of Rights, English, act, 6, 526-528, 740,

743; petition, 519–521.
Bills, presidential approval, 31, 34, 130, 545;

joint rules on, 245; enactment style, 248-
251; signing by Vice President, 250.

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Bills of credit, prohibition on states, 547.
Bishop, D. S., cartoon, 839.
Bishop, Samuel, office, 434.
Black, H. L., portrait, 717; Supreme Court

sesquicentennial, 718; service, 758.
Blackstone, Sir William, on natural law, 742.
Blair, John, portraits, sketches, 56, 787,

802; justiceship, 343, 367, 368; first term,
370; robes, 372; on circuit, 372; refusal of
judicial opinion, 429; North Carolina

certiorari incident, 463; service, 755.
Blair, Mrs. John, portrait, sketch, 789, 802.
Blair, John J., portrait committee, 774.
Bland, Theodorick, representative, 195;

service, 237; oath, 249; reception of Wash-
ington, 271; second convention, 284;

power of removal, 383; ceremony, 421.
Blatchford, Samuel, service, 757.
Bloom, Sol, Commission, v; medals, 599;

British king, 615; Masonic tribute, 616;
Washington's tomb address, 618; Consti-
tution Shrine address, 623; ratification
address, 649; Congress sesquicentennial,
654, 656, 662, 664, 678; Mount Vernon
exercises, 693, 695; Supreme Court ses-

quicentennial, 715.
Blount, William, portraits, sketches, 57, 798,

813; candidacy, 481; signs Constitution,

553.
Bolivia, high court, 759.
Borah, W. E., Commission, v; address on

constitutional government, 637; Congress
sesquicentennial, 656; Supreme Court

sesquicentennial, 715.
Bordley, J. B., portrait by, 826.
Boston American, cartoon, 843.
Boston Independent Chronicle. See Inde-

pendent Chronicle.
Boston Massachusetts Centinel. See Mas-

sachusetts Centinel.
Boston Post, cartoon, 841.
Boston Record, cartoon, 845.
Boudet, D. W., portraits by, 804, 806.
Boudinot, Elias, congressional election, con-

tested, 177-180; oath, 249, salaries, 255; re-
ception of Washington, 271, 272; executive
departments, 333, 335; power of removal,

383; messenger of House, 671.
Bourne, Benjamin, Providence petition, 475;

ratification convention, 493; representa-

tive, 498.
Bourne, Sylvanus, messenger to Adams, 258,

671.
Bowdoin, James, vice presidency, 206.
Bowen, Eleanor S., staff, 588.
Bowen, Jabez, on Rhode Island relations,

491-493.
Boy Scouts of America, jamboree, painting,

596, 597.
Bradford, William, ratification, 493.
Bradley, J. P., service, 756.
Bradley, S. R., diplomatic offices, 401-403.
Branch, John, Panama Congress, 403.
Brandeis, L. D., on power of removal, 388;
service, 758.

222964-40

Brandt, C. L., portrait by, 816.
Braxton, Carter, Independence, 532; por-

trait, sketch, 800.
Braxton, George, sr., portrait, sketch, 822.
Braxton, George, jr., portrait, sketch, 786.
Braxton, Mrs. George, portrait, sketch, 784.
Brazil, commemorative stamp, 614; high

court, 759.
Brearley, David, portrait, sketch, 49, 52;

judge, 367; signs Constitution, 553.
Bressler Editorial Cartoons, 842.
Brewer, D. J., service, 757.
Broadsides, on formation of government,

list, 601-612.
Brockenbrough, John, Virginia imposts, 449.
Brooks, John, office-seeker, 264.
Broom, Ann, portrait, sketch, 796, 813;

object, 796.
Broom, Jacob, sketch, 55; signs Constitution,

553.
Broom, Sarah, portrait, sketch, 796, 813.
Brown, D. W., cartoon, 840.
Brown, Gustavus, portrait, sketch, 823.
Brown, Mrs. Gustavus, portrait, sketch, 823.
Brown, H. B., service, 757.
Brown, John, of Ky., service, 237; judiciary

bill, 363; appointments, 364; on prospects

of Union, 499.
Brown, John, of R. I., Mrs. Adams, 411.
Brown, John N., portrait committee, 774.
Brown, Mather, portrait by, 775.
Brown, W. H., portrait by, 827.
Bryan, George, amendments, 281.
Bryan, Samuel, broadside, 608.
Bulgaria, high court, 759.
Burke, Aedanus, representative, 196; sal-

aries, 255; amendments, 301, 306, 309,

310, 312; executive departments, 340.
Burnett, E. C., acknowledgment to, 142.
Burnley, Hardin, on amendments, 319.
Burr, Aaron, presidency, 43; nominations,

397; diplomatic offices, 401, 402.
Butler, Mrs. Marion, portrait committee,774.
Butler, Pierce, senator, Convention, 18;

portrait, sketch, 58; election, 196; on
Washington and presidency, 200; section-
alism, 234, character, 234; salaries, 254;
amendments, 311; judiciary bill, 358, 362;
power of removal, 387; signs Constitution,

533.
Butler, Pierce, judicial service, 758.

Cabinet, development, 423-425. See also

Executive departments.
Cabot, George, diplomatic offices, 401.
Cabot, John, voyages, 5.
Cadwalader, Lambert, candidacy, 177-179;

on titles, 378.
California, admission, 60.
Campbell, J. A., service, 756.
Canada, high court, 759.
Canal Zone, annexation, 61.
Capital. See Seat of government.

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