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Madison, Mrs. James, sr., portrait, sketch,

824.
Madison, Mrs. James (Dolly), portraits and

sketches, 786, 794, 813.
Magna Carta, and colonial rights, 6;

language, 121; and Constitution, 127; im-
portance, 511, 663; exhibit, 614; text,

511-518.
Mails. See Postoffice.
Maine, admission, 60; district court, 356,

358, 362.
Malbone, E. G., portraits by, 788, 790, 794,

798, 802.
Malone, R. J., cartoons, 851, 854.
Mandeville, John, Adams' arrival, 266.
Manning, James, Providence petition, 475.
Manufactures, development, 113, 116, 118.
Maps, of national development, 111, 114,

119; Washington's and Adams' journeys,

269; of original states, 599, 600.
Marbury v. Madison, 133.
Marchant, Henry, ratification, 493; Con-

federation, 539; portrait, sketch, 794.
Marchant, Mrs. Henry, portrait, sketch, 796.
Marque and reprisal, letters, 546, 547.
Marshall, John, ratification, 25; on beginning

of new government, 222; amendments,
323; on people and Constitution, 727; on
Madison's apostasy, 746; Unionism, 746-
748; service, 754; portraits, sketches, 806,

808, 827.
Marshall, Mary R. K., portrait, sketch, 806.
Marshals, national, 357; census takers, 430.
Martial law, English protest, 520, 521;

American protection, 557.
Martin, portrait by, 820.
Martin, Alexander, on ratification, 480.
Martin, J. B., portrait by, 808.
Martin, Lawrence, maps, 599.
Martin, Luther, Convention, 18; ratification,

26; on judiciary, 351; on power to tax,

720; portrait, sketch, 792.
Martin, Maria, portrait, sketch, 792.
Martin v. Hunter, 29.
Maryland, settlement, 6; Confederation, 11;

McKenna, Juseph, service, 757.
McKinley, John, service, 756.
Maclaine, Archibald, on protest on assump-

tion, 462; on Antifederalist leaders, 469.
McLaughlin, C. F., Commission, v.
Maclay, William, senator, 180, 181, 235;

journal, 181; Adams, 211, 214, 250, 266,
275, 364; attends, 229; Butler, 234; sec-
tionalism, 235; Otis, 240; secret sessions,
241, 242; titles, 243, 374, 375, 377; pro-
cedure, 247, 358; oath, 249; enactment
style, 249, 251; salaries, 254, 255; inau-
gural address 277; isolation, 335; execu-
tive departments, 336, 337, 339; autocracy,
337; judiciary bill, 353–355, 357, 358;
style of writs, 364; power of removal, 386,
387; presidential messengers, 392; nomina-
tions, 394; diplomatic offices, 394, 400;
President's consultation with Senate, 404,
405; presidential dinner, 405, 418; state

instructions, 460; Rhode Island, 494.
McLean, John, service, 755.
McMullen, R., C., portrait committee, 774.
McNary, C. L., Commission v; British king,

615; Congress sesquicentennial, 656.
McNiele, ex parte, 222.
Macomb, Alexander, Federal Hall, 225.
Macon, Nathaniel, Panama Congress, 403.
McReynolds, J. C., on power of removal,

388; portrait, 717; Supreme Court sesqui-

centennial 718; service, 758.
Madden, M. B., Constitution Shrine, 622.
Madison, James, sr., portrait, sketch, 825.
Madison, Pres. James, Convention, records,

17, 19, 122, 123, 625; ratification, Federal-
ist, 25, 26; Bill of Rights, 40, 135; por-
traits, sketches, 57, 785, 786, 794, 806;
executive departments, 135, 334-336, 339,
340; letters to, 171, 180-182, 190-192,
195, 205, 211, 214, 238, 241, 242, 254,
256, 262, 273, 282-285, 289, 300, 301,
314, 319, 323, 343, 352, 378, 380, 390, 398,
414, 419, 436, 439, 448, 470, 476; plan to
organize government, 145; capital, 149–
151, 153, 154; New Jersey election, 179,
180; general ticket, 182; Henry as boss,
190; candicacy for Senate, 192, 193;
candidacy for House, 194, 195; vice presi-
dency, 207, 208; attends Congress, 230;
harmony, 232; sectionalism, 234; service,
236; problems, 237; House messenger,
239, 671; salaries, 252, 253, 255; lodgings
for Washington, 263; inauguration, 274;
inaugural address, 277; Henry and amend-
ments, 262; second convention, 283, 289;
advisability of amendments, 292, 293,
298, 301, 302, 311; direct taxation, 295;
amendments in House, 300-304, 306, 307,
311-312, 315; Virginia and amendments,
320, 321; basis of opposition, 320; ap-
pointments, 343, 344; judiciary in Conven-
tion, 350; judiciary bill, 353, 355, 360;
style of writs, 364; titles, 374-377; power
of removal, 382-385, 388; presidential
power, 389; social regulations, 412-414;
as adviser, 423; state officers and national
functions, 436, 437; Virginia and assump-
tion, 461; Rhode Island, 486; signs Con-
stitution, 553; declaring acts void, 746.

commercial agreement, 14; electoral col-
lege, 23; ratification, 26, 60, 125, 652;
election act, 187; senators, 187; represen-
tatives and electors, 188-190; electoral
vote, 216, 217; second convention, 287;
amendments, 317; oath, 433; state-nation
pluralism, 437; tonnage tax, 450; light-
house cession, 451; assumption, 459;

Signers, 532, 540, 553; broadside, 609.
Mason, George, Convention, 17, 124; rat-

ification, 25; letter to, 324; on judiciary:

351; portrait, sketch, 804, 815.
Mason, Mrs. George, portrait, sketch, 793,

806.
Mason, John, portrait, sketch, 784; view of

house, 828.
Mason, Mrs. John, portrait, sketch, 784.
Masonry, constitutional tribute, 614.

9

MCKENNA-NATURALIZATION

875

on

Massachusetts, coercive acts, 8; ratification,

25, 26, 60, 125, 280, 652; election act, 162,
163; senators, 162–165; electors, 165; rep-
resentatives, 165-167; electoral vote, 216,
217; oath, 249, 433, 434; second conven-
tion, 286; cessation of imposts, 446; light-
houses, duties, cession, 450, 452; tonnage
tax, 450; state finances, 456; coins, 456;
state troops, 457; excise, 458; assumption,
instructions, 458, 464; Rhode Island, 483,
485; Signers, 532, 539, 553; broadsides,

603.
Massachusetts Centinel, amendments,

>

292, 327; on titles, 381; on power of
removal, 391; on New Hampshire con-

troversy, 444; on Rhode Island, 482.
Mathews, George, representative, 197.
Mathews, John, Confederation, 540.
Matteson, D. M., staff, V, 588; portrait

exhibit, 598, 771.
Matthews, Stanley, service, 757.
Maxwell, William, Federal Hall, 225.
Meadow Gardens, views, 828.
Meetings of Congress, 46, 132, 137, 544, 549,

561.
Medals, sesquicentennial, 599.
Meeks, E. V., portrait committee, 774.
Mercer, J. F., portrait, sketch, 800, 813.
Messages. See Addresses.
Mexico, high court, 760.
Michener, E. C., Supreme Court sesqui-

centennial, 715.
Michigan, admission, 60.
Middleton, Arthur, Independence, 532;

portrait, sketch, 788.
Middletown, R. I., ratification, 496.
Mifflin, Thomas, portraits, sketches, 53, 775,

781, 786; second convention, 286; judiciary

bill, 355; signs Constitution, 553.
Miffin, Mrs. Thomas, portrait, sketch, 781,

786.
Militia, proposed amendments on regulation,

296; changes in state laws, 457; power of
Congress, 546; presidential power, 549;

security, 557.
Miller, S. F., service, 756.
Miller, W. D., portrait committee, 774.
Minnesota, admission, 60.
Minnigerode, C. P., portrait exhibit, 599.
Minot, Richard, letters to, 306, 339, 376.
Mississippi, admission, 60.
Missouri, admission, 60.
Modernism, and progress, 707, 708.
Money, power over, 32, 33, 545, 547; state

copper coinage, 456, 457. See also Paper

money.
Money bills, origin, 21, 130, 256, 545.
Monroe, James, ratification, 25, 652; candida-

cy, 195; second convention, 284, 290; letter
to, 324; diplomatic offices, 401, 402; state
imposts, 448; senator, 460; state instruc-

tions, 460, 461.
Monroe Doctrine, occasion, 575, 576; text,

576, 577. See also Isolation.
Montana, admission, 60.

Montesquieu, Baron de, influence, 127;

separation of powers, 736.
Montgomery, J. S., prayers, 661, 691;

portrait, 695.
Monticello, Va., view, 828.
Moody, W. H., service 757.
Moore, Alfred, service, 755.
Moore, Robert, staff, 588.
Moravians, illumination, 273.
Morgan, J. H., portrait exhibit, on it, 598,

771-774.
Morgan, Mary H., portrait, sketch, 804.
Morris, Gouverneur, Convention, drafting of

Constitution, 17, 123, 623; national gov-
ernment, 20; portraits, sketches, 53, 788,
807, 812, 825; for Europe, 192; on Wash-
ington and presidency, 203; on executive
departments, 333; mission, 400, 401; Con-

federation, 539; signs Constitution, 553.
Morris, Hester, portrait, sketch, 814.
Morris, Lewis, elections, 174; candidacy,
176; Independence, 532;

portraits,
sketches, 790, 821.
Morris, Lewis, jr., portrait, sketch, 790.
Morris, Mrs. Lewis, portrait, sketch, 822.
Morris. Maria, portrait, sketch, 814.
Morris, Mary (White), Mrs. Washington,

412; portrait, sketch, 793, 816.
Morris, Richard, administers oath, 239.
Morris, Robert, portraits, sketches, 53, 792,

795, 814; senator, 180, 181; Adams, 211;
attends, 229; service, 236; letter to, 240;
salaries, 254; hospitality, 262, 271; super-
intendent of finance, 331, 335; Treasury
Department, 312; judiciary bill, 355;
power of removal, 387; state instructions,
460; certiorari incident, 463; tonnage and
outside states, 475; Rhode Island 194;
Independence, 532; Confederation, 540;

Constitution, 553; career and fate, 625.
Morris, Robert, jr., portrait, sketch, 790.
Morton, John, Independence, 532.
Mount Vernon, Va., notification of Wash-

ington, 267; exercises at, 618, 691; views,

691, 692, 814.
Moustier, Comte de, letters to, 231, 324;

reception of Washington, 273; inaugura-
tion, 273, 276, 279; on ceremony, 419;

audience incident, correspondence, 425.
Moynahan, cartoon, 841.
Muhlenberg, F. A. C., candidacy, 183, 184;

Speaker, 238; portrait, sketch, 657.
Muhlenberg, Peter, candidacy, 184.
Murphy, Francis P., portrait committee,

774.
Murphy, Frank, portrait, 717; service, 758.
Murray, A. R., acknowledgment to, 142;

staff, 588.
Murray, W. V., candidacy, 189.
Myers v. United States, 388.

Natural law, 741.
Naturalization, state judges and function,

436; regulation, 545.

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Navy presidential powers, 33, 549; under

old government, 332; powers of Congress,

546; restriction on states, 547.
Neagle, John, portraits by, 822, 824.
Nebraska, admission, 60.
Negroes. See Slavery.
Nelson, Samuel, service, 756.
Nelson, Thomas (1), Independence, 532; por-

trait, sketch, 823.
Nelson, Thomas (2), attends President to

Congress, 408.
Netherlands, mission, 400, 401; high court,

760.
Neutrality, judicial opinion refused, 428;

Washington on policy, 573.
New England, charter, settlement, 5, 6.
New Hampshire, in Convention, 18, 121;

ratification, 25, 60, 125, 143, 652; election
act, 159; representatives, 159; senators,
160; electors, 160, 161; electoral vote, 216,
218, 219; amendments, 318; oath, 433-435;
state-nation pluralism, 443-445; cessation
of imposts, 447; lighthouse cession, 453;
new constitution, 454, 455; state troops,
457; Signers, 532, 539, 553; broadsides,

603.
New Haven, Conn., Adams, 265, 266.
New Jersey, settlement, 6; Confederation,

11; Annapolis Convention, 15; ratifica-
tion, 25, 60, 125, 652; election act, 177,
180; senators, 177; representatives, 177–
179; contested election, 179; electoral
vote, 216, 218; amendments, 317; state-
nation pluralism, 438; lighthouse cession,
452; copper coinage, 457; assumption, 458;

Signers, 532, 539, 553; broadsides, 608.
New Jersey Plan, 20, 21.
New Mexico, admission, 60.
New Year's reception, 418.
New York, settlement, 6; Annapolis Con-
vention, 15; in Convention, 18, 24, 121;
ratification, 26, 60, 125, 143; senators and
electors, deadlock, 27, 171-175; legisla-
ture on national capital, 155; representa-
tives, 172, 174; election of senators, 175,
176; second convention, 280, 285–288;
amendments, 318; Massachusetts case,
350; oath, 434; state-nation pluralism,
438; cessation of imposts, 447; lighthouse
cession, 452; jails, 453; finances, 456;
assumption, 458; Signers, 532, 539, 553;

broadsides, 606-608.
New York American, cartoon, 854.
New York City, presidential mansion, 155, 263;

reception of Washington, 271–273; inau-
guration, 275-279; first term of Supreme
Court, 369-372; as exhibit, 704. See also

Federal Hall; Seat of government.
New York Daily Advertiser, on Pennsyl-

vania freemen, 185.
New York Gazette of the United States. See

Gazette.
New York Journal-American, cartoon, 836.
New York Mirror, cartoon, 851.
New York World's Fair, dedication, me-

morial celebration of Washington's inau-
guration, 699–714; theme, 707, 708.

Newenham, Sir Edward, letter to, 492.
Newspapers, development, 113, 115; for con-

gressmen, 245.
Nicaragua, commemorative stamps, 614;

high court, 760.
Nice, H. N., portrait committee, 774.
Nicholson, James, Federal Hall, 225.
Nielson, Hazel B., staff, 588, 589.
Nineteenth Amendment, 45, 561; date of

ratification, 67.
Ninth Amendment, 43, 136, 558; date of

ratification, 62.
Nobility, prohibition, 33, 547.
Nominations, for representatives, 177, 183,

188.
Nonintercourse, agreements, 8, 9.
Nootka Sound affair, 423.
Norman, cartoon, 841.
North Carolina, settlement, 6; ratification

deferred 27, 145, 149, 280; ratification
accomplished, 27, 60, 125, 479, 480; dele-
gates and capital, 144, 149; and second
Constitutional Convention, 285; and
amendments in Congress, 300, 306, 473,
478; ratification of amendments, 317; oath,
435; state-nation pluralism, 439; cessation
of imposts, 449; sick seamen levy, 450, 451;
lighthouse cession, 453; finances, 456;
instruction of senators, 461-463: attempted
protest on assumption, 462; conflict with
national court, 463; status before ratifica-
tion, 468, 471; campaign on ratification,
468-471; sovereignty, 470; paper money
and stay laws, 470, 472; war accounts, 473;
national duties, 474-478; interest in Con-
gress, 478; excuses, 478, 479; elections, 480,
481; western cession, 481; national laws
extended, 481; Independence, 529; Signers,

532, 540, 553; broadsides, 611.
North Dakota, admission, 60.
Northampton, Mass., election, 603.
Northwest Ordinance, 13, 110, 409.
Norway, high court, 760.

men, 236,

Oath, constitutional requirement, 39, 552;

Henry's attitude, 193; first, in House, 239;
enactment, 248–251; bill and state officials,
249; congressional taking, 251; affirma-
tion, 357; judicial, 371; state anticipation,

432; state compliance with act, 433-435.
Occupations, of delegates, 16; of congress-
Offices, Constitution on appointments, 31,

34, 549; presidential control, 34; who are
holders, 129; terms, 131; no religious test,
134, 552; seekers, Washington's policy,
263, 264; consideration of appointments,
342–346; judicial appointments, 343, 364-
368; earlier pluralism, 435; prohibition of
state-nation pluralism, 435-439; office and
function, 436; disqualification in New
England, contests, 439–445; elements of
pluralism question, 445; congressman and,
544; impeachment, 550; disability for re-
bellion, 560. See also Executive depart-

ments; Removal.
Ogden, Matthias, elections, 179.
Ohio, admission, 60.

877

Peachy, Mrs. W. S., portrait, sketch, 825.
Peale, C. W., portraits by, 776, 778, 780,

788, 794, 798, 808, 810, 814, 816, 818, 819,

821, 823, 825, 826.
Peale, James, portraits by, 788, 794, 796.
Peale, Rembrandt, portraits by, 775, 778,

786.
Peckham, R. W., service, 757.
Peery, G. C., portrait committee, 774.
Pelham, Peter, portrait by, 782.
Pendleton, Edmund, on capital, 154; on

amendments, 301; judgeship, 343; on
judiciary bill, 355; letters to, 360, 437; on

titles, 378.
Penn, John, Independence, 532; Confedera-

tion, 540.
Pennsylvania, settlement, 6; Annapolis Con-

vention, 15; ratification, 25, 60, 125, 652;
senators, 180; election act, 181, 182; cam-
paign, 182-185; by-election problem, 185;
electoral vote,' 216-218; second conven-
tion, 285, 286; amendments, 318; Connect-
icut case, 350; oath, 433, 434; state-nation
pluralism, 438; cessation of imposts, 447;
lighthouse cession, 451; new constitution,
454, 455; debt legislation and assumption,
458; Signers, 532, 540, 553; broadsides,

608, 609.
Pennsylvania, University of, presidential

mansion, 155; congressmen, 236.
Pennsylvania Packet, on regulation of elec-

tions, 174; on Federal Hall, 226; on
sectionalism, 232; on second convention,

289; on Rhode Island, 482.
Pensions, national assumption, 456.
People, direct action of national govern-

ment, 20, 22, 426; and ratification, 22; as
author of Constitution, 28, 29; rights and
powers, origin, 43, 136, 558; symmetry of

powers, 47, 48.
Persons, Thomas, Antifederalism, 469, 470.
Peru, high court, 760.
Peters, Richard, amendments, 314;

Navy-PICKERING

Oklahoma, admission, 60.
Olmstead Case, 346.
Olney, Jeremiah, on ratification, 481.
Oregon, admission, 60.
Organization chart of Commission, 585-587.
Organization of the government, plan, 144,

554; resolve of Continental Congress,
dates, 144-146, 556; problem of time, 145;
date of operation, 221-223. See also Elec-

tions; Seat of government.
Orme, Azor, candidacy, 164.
Orr, Carey, cartoon, 841.
Osgood, Samuel, presidential mansion, 263;

postmaster general, 343–346.
Otis, Cortlandt, impersonation, 713.
Otis, H. G., on father, 240.
Otis, James, writs of assistance, 42.
Otis, S. A., secretary of Senate, 240; ju-

diciary bill, autograph, 359; on Jay, 367.
Otto, L. G., on Washington's candidacy, 200.
Owen, Daniel, ratification, 493, 497; auto-

graph, 497.
Owings v. Speed, 125, 222.
Paca, William, Court of Appeals, 349; Inde-

pendence, 532; objects, 790, 792.
Packer, cartoon, 851.
Page, E. L., portrait committee, 774.
Page, John, salaries, 252; amendments, 301,

308; executive departments, 339; titles,

376; Rhode Island, 485, 494.
Paine, R. T., letters to, 353, 355; Independ-

ence, 532; portrait, sketch, 776.
Paine, Thomas, political philosophy, 743.
Panama, commemorative stamps, 614; high

court, 760.
Panama Congress, 403.
Paper money, power to issue, 32, 547;

Georgia, 457; North Carolina, 469, 470;

Rhode Island, 482, 488, 491.
Paradise, John, portrait by, 816.
Paraguay, high court, 760.
Pardon, presidential power, 34, 549.
Parker, Jonathan, elector, autograph, 219.
Parker, Josiah, representative, 195; service,

237; titles, 375; ceremony, 419; state-

nation pluralism, 437.
Parliament, colonial control, 7, 8; appor-

tionment, 128; constitutional power, 742.
Parsons, Theophilus, letter to, 164; state

imposts, 447.
Partridge, George, state-nation pluralism,

440.
Patents, 32, 546.
Paterson, William, Convention, 17; por-

traits, sketches, 52, 803, 812; senator, 177;
attends, 229; service, 236; amendments,
315; judiciary bill, 353, 362; judicial robe,
372; power of removal, 387; refusal of
judicial opinion, 429; signs Constitution,

553; judicial service, 755.
Paterson Plan, 20, 21.
Patriot, Virginia customs boat, 449.
Peabody, Nathaniel, candidacy, 160.

judiciary bill, 355.
Petition, right, 41, 557; amendment to

preserve, 294, 302, 308.
Petition of Right, occasion, 519; text, 519-

521.
Petticolas, P. A., portraits by, 792, 794.
Pettit, Charles, candidacy, 180; amend-

ments, 281.
Philadelphia, Convention, 18; population

(1787), 121; capital, contest, 126, 147-155;
reception of Washington, 262, 267, 270;

Mrs. Washington, 411.
Philadelphia Evening Public Ledger, cartoon,

831.
Philadelphia Federal Gazette, on amendments,

304.
Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, on elections,

184.
Philadelphia Pennsylvania Pachet. See Penn-

sylvania Packet.
Philippines, annexation, status, 61, 115.
Phillips, Z. T., benedictions, 683, 698.
Pickering, John, elector, autograph, 219.

on

Pickering, Timothy, letters to, 185, 200, 233,

241, 297, 425, 482.
Pinckney, Charles, Convention, 18, 333;

plan, 20; portraits, sketches, 58, 811, 827;
on senatorial election, 196; signs Consti-

tution, 553.
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, Convention,

18; portraits, sketches, 58, 775, 777, 796;
letters to, 143, 425; election, 218; war

portfolio, 425; signs Constitution, 553.
Pinckney, Thomas, elections, 196; mission,

400, 401; letter to, 401.
Pinckney Plan, 20, 333.
Pine, R. E., portraits by, 784, 824, 826;

painting by, 810.
Pinkney, William, mission, 403.
Pintard, Lewis, Adams' arrival, 266.
Piracy, punishment, 546.
Pitney, Mahlon, service, 758.
Pitt, William. See Chatham.
Pittman, Key, British king, 615; Congress

sesquicentennial, address, 656, 657; Su-

preme Court sesquicentennial, 715.
Plaschke, P. A., cartoon, 834.
Platt, Richard, broadside, 607.
Pleasants, J. H., portrait committee, 774.
Poland, commemorative stamp, 614; high

court, 760.
Police power, state, 43, 44.
Politics, rise, 424; Washington's warning,

568, 569.
Polk, C. P., portraits by, 790, 824, 825.
Population, growth and distribution, 112,

115-118.
Portrait exhibit, scope, 596, 598, 599, 770,

771; character of artists, 771-773; com-

mittee, 774; catalogue, 775-817.
Portsmouth, R. I., ratification, 496.
Portugal, mission, 430; high court, 760.
Possessions of United States, 61.
Posters of celebration, 591, 592.
Postoffice, control, 32, 546; under old govern-

ment, 332; reorganization, 342; appoint-
ment of head, 345, 346; ad interim service,
410; outside states, 473; celebration

stamps, 613, 614.
Potomac River, regulation of control, 14;

national capital, 146, 147, 155, 156.
Powel, Samuel, on capital, 151; on illumi-

nation, 262; oath, 434.
Powers, T. E., cartoon, 836.
Powers, plans on national, 19–21; of Congress,

29–33, 37, 43, 128, 546, 547; reserved
state, 30, 43, 302, 311, 312, 320–322, 558;
presidential, 33-35, 549; of the people,
43, 47, 48, 136, 311, 312, 314, 558; im-
plied, 128, 546; proposed amendments,
296; restriction, 296. See also Prohibi-

tions.
Pratt, Matthew, portrait by, 808.
Preamble, purpose, 29; text, 542.
Preparedness, Washington's advice, 572.
Presidency, Virginia Plan and report, 19,

20; Paterson Plan, 20; question of council,
23; election provisions, 23, 43, 46, 132, 547,

548, 558, 562; veto, 31, 130, 545; sole execu-
tive, 33, 131, 547; qualifications, 33, 548;
powers and duties, 33–35, 132, 549; and
execution of laws, 34; civil exemptions,
34; suppression of domestic violence, 37;
term, 46, 137, 547, 561; succession, 46,
132, 137, 548, 561, 562; proper address,
126; and amendments, 134; plans and
election of electors: New Hampshire, 159–
161; Massachusetts, 162, 163, 165; Con-
necticut, 171; New Jersey, 177; Pennsyl-
vania, 181, 185; Delaware, 186; Maryland,
187, 189; Virginia, 191, 193; South
Carolina, 195; Georgia, 197; qualifica-
tions of electors, 159, 162, 171, 177, 186,
187, 192; New York deadlock on electors,
171-173; date of election of electors, 161,
173; review of electoral method, 197;
electoral prescription, 199; rotation ques-
tion, 205, 289, 294, 389, 411, 499; electoral
vote, 216–218; chamber in Federal Hall,
229, 246; presentment of bills, 245, 250;
joint addresses, 246; enactment style of
bills, 249; counting the electoral vote,
258, 670, 671; social status, 260, 410, 420;
salary, 278, 549; proposed amendments on
provisions, 296; writs in name, 297, 363, 364,
370, 371; Adams' attitude, 388; Adams on
power, 389; Madison on power, 389; com-
munications with Congress, 391; with
Senate, 393-396, 398, 399; addresses before
Congress, progress, reply, 408; depart-
mental information, 423; rise of politics,
424; diplomatic intercourse, 425; unofficial
advice of judges, 427; refusal of judicial
opinion, 428, 429; impeachment, 543, 550;
oath, 549. See also Ceremony; Election of
President; Offices; Senate; Titles; Vice

presidency; Washington, George.
Presidential mansions, unoccupied, 155;

first, 263.
Press, freedom, restrictions, 41, 294, 302,

308, 557.
Price, Richard, letter to, 157.
Princeton, N. J., capital, 126.
Princeton University, congressmen, 236.
Printing, congressional, 245.
Privateering, regulation, 546.
Prize cases, Revolution, 347–350.
Prohibition of liquor, amendment, 45, 561;

repeal, 47, 137, 562; amendment as statute,

137.
Prohibitions, on states, 32, 33, 136, 547; on

Congress, 32, 136, 546, 547.
Property, control over national, 37, 546, 551;

protection of private, 42, 44, 136, 557, 559.
Providence, R. I., postoffice, 473; petition

to Congress, 475; shipping, 477, 485;
statement on trade, 485; secession move-

ment, 491, 495; ratification, 496.
Providence United States Chronicle, on state

attitude, 490.
Provoost, Samuel, inauguration services, 279.
Prussia, mission, 402.
Public debt, proposed amendments, 295;

power, 545; obligation of preconstitutional,

552; validity, 560. See also Assumption.
Public lands, survey system, 13; control,

409, 551.

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