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PICKERING-RHODE ISLAND

879

Public opinion, influences on, 675.
Puerto Rico, annexation, 61.
Punishments, cruel, 42, 136, 558; English

protest, 527.
Putnam, Herbert, Constitution Shrine, 622.

Quakers, and illumination, 261, 273.
Qualifications, President and Vice President,

33, 548, 559; representatives, 128, 158,
162, 163, 174, 181, 187, 191, 196, 197, 542;
senators, 158, 188, 543; presidential elec-
tors, 159, 162, 171, 177, 186, 187, 192, 548;

proposed amendments, 295.
Quartering troops, regulation, 42, 557; pro-

posed amendments, 310; English protest,

520.
Quinn, R. E., portrait committee, 774.
Quorum, making first, 229-231, 670; require-

ment, 544.

Receipts and expenditures, public state-

ments, 547. See also Money bills; Taxa-

tion.
Receptions, Mrs. Washington's, 417, 422;

large public, 418.
Records of Convention, 18, 122.
Reed, D. A., portrait committee, 774.
Reed, Joseph, Confederation, 540.
Reed, S. F., portrait, 717; Supreme Court

sesquicentennial, 718; service, 758.
Rehoboth, Mass., as port, 475.
Rejections by Senate, 395-397.
Religion, freedom, 41, 294, 302, 308, 557;

no test for office, 134, 552; Washington

on importance, 569.
Removal, power of, silence of Constitution,

382; House consideration, 382-386; direct
or implied grant, 384,386, 388; contest in
Senate, tie votes, 386–388; later history,
388; public opinion, 390, 391; Washing-
ton's attitude, 391; Senate and diplomatic,

395, 400.
Representation, equal state, in Continental

Congress, 9; Virginia Plan, 19; Paterson
Plan, 21; compromise, 21; slave, 21;
safety of policy, elections, 680, 681. See

also Apportionment.
Representatives, qualifications, 158, 162,

163, 174, 181, 187, 191, 196, 197, 542;
contested elections, 179, 196; by-election
problem, 185; revenue of election methods,
197; right of instructions, 308. See also
Elections; House of Representatives;

states by name.
Republican form of government, guaranty,

19, 28, 37, 551.
Resolutions of Congress, joint and con-

current, 131; joint rules on, 245; procedure,

545.
Revenue, bills, 256. See also Receipts.
Rhode Island, and Convention, 15, 121; rati-

fication, 27, 60, 125; delegates and capital,
144, 148, 153; and second Constitutional
Convention, 285, 484; ratification of
amendments, 318; oath, 435; state-nation
pluralism, 445; cessation of imposts, 449;
tonnage tax, 450; lighthouse cession, 453;
jails for national prisoners, caution, 454;
status before ratification, 468, 473, 484;
war accounts, 473; national imposts and
tonnage, effect, 474-478, 485, 492; resent-
ment against, neighbors, 482, 483, 485;
economic classes, paper money, stay laws,
482, 488, 491; efforts for ratification con-
vention, 483-485, 489; popular vote on
ratification, 483; attitude of Congress
(1789), warnings, 485–487; state embargo,
485; feared foreign intrigue, 486; smug-
gling, 486–488; offset state imposts and
drawbacks, 487, 488; excuses, memorial to
Congress, 489–491; Washington's attitude,
491-493; threat of town secession, 491,
495; calling of convention, 492; first ses-
sion, proposed amendments, 493; coer-
cive movement in Congress, 493–495;
second session of convention, ratification,
495, 496; elections, 498; laws extended to,
498; Signers, 532, 539; broadsides, 604;
charter, 743.

Railroads, in 1860, map, 114, 115.
Ramage, John, portraits by, 786, 790.
Ramsay, David, candidacy, 196, 611; on

vice presidency, 208.
Randolph, Beverly, letter to, 437; state

imposts, 449; state troops, 457.
Randolph, Cornelia J., bust, sketch, 792.
Randolph, Ellen W., portrait, sketch, 821.
Randolph, Edmund, Convention, 17, 123;

ratification, 25; letters to, 153, 190, 208,
232, 283, 298, 311, 360, 365, 377, 390, 448;
Henry as boss, 191, 193; Senate secret
sessions, 241; Virginia and amendments,
282, 283, 320, 321, 323; attorney general,
343, 344, 346; judiciary, 351; first court,
370; dinner with President, 372; titles,
380; ceremony, 419; Cabinet, 424; state

imposts, 448; portrait, sketch, 801, 824.
Randolph, John, of Roanoke, on

government, 221.
Randolph, Martha J., portrait, sketch, 782.
Ratification, provisions, 20, 22, 23, 124, 552;

action of Continental Congress, 24, 554-
556; contest, issues, 24, 40; first states,
25; leaders, 25; Washington, 25; second
convention plan, 26, 280-292; Massa-
chusetts, suggestion of amendments, 26,
125; later states, completion, 26, 143, 496;
belated states, 27, 149; beginning new
government, 27, 125, 556; order, table,
60, 125; party names, 124; greatest con-
tests, 125; character of proposed amend-
ments, 280, 294-297; consideration of
judiciary, 351, 352; resolution of Con-
vention, 554; broadsides, 601, 603-612;
commemorative stamp, 613; commemora-
tive address, 649-653; policy of nine states,
652; process, 652. See also Amendments;
North Carolina; Organization; Rhode

Island.
Rayburn, Sam, Congress sesquicentennial,

656, 664, 667, 678.
Read, George, portraits, sketches, 54, 795,

824; senator, 186; Court of Appeals, 349;
power of removal, 384; Independence,

532; signs Constitution, 553.
Rebellion, punishment, 560.

new

T

Samoa, annexation, 61.
Sandy Hook, lighthouse, 452.
Sanford, E. T., service, 758.
San Francisco, exposition, 701.
San Francisco Chronicle, cartoon, 837.
San Francisco Monitor, cartoon, 844.
Sargent, A. A., woman suffrage, 45.
Savage, Edward, portrait by, 776; painting

by, 810.
Schureman, James, candidacy, 177-179;

contested election, 179.
Schuyler, Philip, elections, 174; senator, 175;

power of removal, 387; state-nation

pluralism, 438, 439.
Scott, Anna M., portrait, sketch, 808.
Scott, Mrs. Hector, portrait, sketch, 806.
Scott, Thomas, candidacy, 183; by-election,

185; state-nation pluralism, 438.
Scudder, Nathaniel, Confederation, 539.
Seal, Inc., 593, 595.
Seals, judicial, 370, 719; United States, 689.
Seamen, state hospital tax, 450.
Search and seizure, protection, 42, 557.
Seat of government, list, 126; plans under

Confederation, 146, 147; rival claims for
first, contest, 146-155, phases of question,
150–152; later rivalry, 154, 155; per-
manent, development, 155, 156; proposed
amendments, 296; permanent contest and

Rhode Island affairs, 494; control, 546.
Secession, legality, 117; threats in Rhode

Islands, 491, 495.
Second Amendment, 42, 557; date of ratifica-

tion, 62.
Secrecy, Continental Congress, 148; Senate,

240–242, 378, 459; Senate ballot

on

Richardson, M. C., staff, 588.
Ridgeley, Henry, portrait committee, 774.
Rights, reserved, 43, 508; amendment for

general reservation, 302, 310, 320-322.

See also People: Powers.
Rittenhouse, David, candidacy, 185.
Rivers, E. D., portrait committee, 774.
Roane, Spencer, attack on Marshall, 745.
Roberdeau, Daniel, Confederation, 540.
Roberts, O. J., portrait, 717; Supreme Court

sesquicentennial, 718; service, 758.
Robes, judicial, 371.
Robinson, Moses, diplomatic offices, 401.
Rodney, Caesar, Independence, 532.
Rolland, Romain, on World War, 728.
Romania, high court, 760.
Roosevelt, F. D., Commission, v; letter on

it, autograph, vi; proclamation on sesqui-
centennial, 584; addresses: September 17,
629; before Congress, 677; Mt. Vernon,

696; World's Fair, 699.
Roosevelt, Isaac, elections, 174; broadside,

606.
Ross, George, sr., portrait, sketch, 822.
Ross, George, jr., Independence, 532; por-

trait, sketch, 822.
Rothschild, Louis, adviser, 588.
Rouse, G., portrait by, 812.
Rules, House, 239; Senate, 240.
Rush, Benjamin, on Washington and presi-

dency, 200; Independence, 532; portrait,

sketch, 824
Russell, B. A., cartoons, 838, 859.
Russia, mission, 402; high court, 760.
Rutgers College, congressmen,

236.
Rutherford, John, diplomatic offices, 401.
Rutledge, Edward, elections, 218; Inde-

pendence, 532; portrait, sketch, 823.
Rutledge, John, Convention, 18, 123, 351;

portraits, sketches, 58, 787, 798; justice-
ship. 367, 368, on circuit, 372; chief
justiceship, rejected, 307; North Carolina
certiorari incident, 463; service, 754; signs

Constitution, 553; object, 792.
Rutledge, John, jr., portrait, sketch, 798.
Rutledge, Mrs. John, portrait, sketch, 798.

nominations, 394, 395, 399.
Sectionalism, changes, 112, 113, 115-117,

120; in Congress, 232-235, 469, 472;

Washington's warning, 566, 567.
Sedgwick, Theodore, letters to, 164, 166, 167,

173, 207, 229, 281, 364, 452, 488; candi-
dacy, 166, 167; Adams, 210; problem of
novelty, 238; salaries, 252, 253; office-
seekers, 264; second convention, 286;
amendments, 308; isolation, 336; executive
departments, 338, 339; Washington and
power of removal, 391; at presidential

mansion, 391, 417; levee, 417.
Senate, Chamber, 228; quorum, organization,

229, 239, 670; president pro tem, 239, 258,
670; secret sessions, 240–242, 378, 459;
proposed distinctions over House, 243, 244,
248, 252–256; procedure, 247, 358; recep-
tion of Adams, 266; executive intercourse,
393–399; Supreme Court sesquicentennial,
727; regulation of organization, 543, 544;
and impeachments, 543; in election of
Vice President, 548, 559. See also Appoint-
ments; Congress; Removal; Senators;

Treaties.
Senators, popular election, 45, 561; qualifi-

cations, 158, 188, 543; review of first
election methods, 197; classification, 245;
title, 377; state requirements of, 465;
earlier election regulations, 543. See also
Instructions; Senate; states by name.

Sabath, A.J., Congress sesquicentennial, 656
Sacramento Bee, cartoon, 856.
St. Clair, Arthur, inauguration, 276.
St. Louis Star Times, cartoon, 839.
St. Mémin, C. B. F. de, portraits by, 794,

796, 810, 819.
St. Pauls Chapel, New York, services, 279.
Salaries, of congressmen, 130, 251-256;

judicial, 133, 363, 550; advances to
congressmen, 230; presidential, 278, 549;
proposed amendment on change, 302, 308,
317-319; departmental, 336, 341; vice

presidential, 379.
Salmon, Lucy M., on rejection of Fishbourn,

396.
Salvador, commemorative stamps, 614;

high court, 760.

881

Smith, William, service, 756.
Smith, William Loughton, candidacy, broad-

side, 196, 611; contested election, 196; age,
236; amendments, 301; power of removal,

382, 383.
Smith, William Stephens, Adams' candidacy,

208; coach, 265, on demand for amend-

ments, 290; postoffice, 345.
Smuggling, from outside states, 476, 477,

486-488.
Social conditions, changes, 112–123.
Society, status of President, obligation, 260,

410, 422; colonial vestiges, 273; president
of Old Congress, 410, 420; first ladies, 411;
Vice President, 411; formation of Wash-
ington's regulations, 412-417; levees,
dinners, receptions, 417, 418, 421, 422;
President's invitation as command, 418;
large receptions, 418; criticism, 418, 419;
Washington's defense, 419-422; precedent,

422. See also Titles.
Solmson, Meyer, staff, 588.
South, antebellum, 116; postbellum, 118.
South Africa, high court, 611.
South Carolina, settlement, 6; ratification,

26, 60, 125; 652; elections, 195; electoral
vote, 216, 218; ratification of amendments,
318; Georgia case, 350; state-nation plural-
ism, 438; cessation of imposts, 449; light-
house cession, 451; new constitution, 454,

455; Signers, 532, 540, 553; broadside, 611.
South Dakota, admission, 60.
Sovereignty, doctrine of state, 117; in state-

nation pluralism, 444, 445; in North
Carolina contest, 470. See also Secession;

Supreme law.
Spaight, R. D., portrait, sketch, 57; candi-

dacy, 481; signs Constitution, 553.
Spain, commemorative stamp, 614.
Speaker of the House, election, 238; com-
mittee assignments, 239; style, 243; pro-

vision for, 543.
Speech, freedom, restrictions, 41,

557;
amendment to preserve, 294, 302, 308.
Spruce, Lee, staff, 588.
Stamp Act Congress, 8.
Stanton, E. M., judicial services, 765.
Stanton, Joseph, diplomatic offices, 401, 402;

ratification, 493; senator, 498.
State, Department of, creation, 337; Jeffer-

RICHARDSON-STATES

Seney, Joshua, candidacy, 189; salaries, 252.
Separation of powers, 30, 36; proposed

amendments, 302, 310, 314; Washington
on importance, 569; essentiality, 728, 732,

735.
Sergeant at arms, House, 239.
Sessions. See Meetings; Secrecy.
Seventeenth Amendment, 45, 561; date of

ratification, 66.
Seventh Amendment, 42, 558; date of ratifi-

cation, 62.
Sevier, John, representative, 481.
Sewall, David, state-nation pluralism, 442,

443.
Shallus, Jacob, engrosser of Constitution,

123, 766–769.
Sharples, James, portraits by, 372, 810, 812.
Sherburne, Henry, on Rhode Island com-

merce, 493.
Sherman, Roger, Convention, 17; portraits,

sketches, 51, 811, 823; age, 236; service,
236; state officials and oath, 249; inaugura-
tion, 274; amendments, 297–299, 301, 306,
308, 310, 312, 315; titles, 374, 375; power
of removal, 383; presidential power, 389;
Morris, 401; state-nation pluralism, 440;
Independence, 532; Confederation, 539;

signs Constitution, 553.
Shiras, George, service, 757.
Shoemaker, Vaughn, cartoon, 847.
Short, William, letters to, 323, 401; diplo-

matic appointments, 394, 399–402.
Shrine. See Constitution Shrine.
Siam, high court, 760.
Signers, portraits and sketches, Constitution,

49-59, 553, 775, 776, 780, 784, 786, 790,
794-798, 802, 806-825, 827; Declaration
of Independence, 532, 775–780, 788, 790,
794, 798–802, 808, 810, 814-824, 826, 827;
Articles of Confederation, 539, 540, 776-
784, 788, 794, 812, 814, 819-821, 823, 825,

826.
Silvester, Peter, state officials and oath, 250;

power of removal, 384.
Simpkins, Arthur, election, 218.
Sinnickson, Thomas, candidacy, 177-179;

contested election, 179.
Sixteenth Amendment, 44, 137, 560; date of

ratification, 66.
Sixth Amendment, 42, 136, 557; date of rati-

fication, 62.
Slave trade, regulation, 22, 546.
Slavery, question in Convention, 18, 21;

abolition, no compensation, 44, 559, 560;
protection of freedmen, 44, 559; negro
suffrage, 44, 560; development, political

result, 113, 115, 117; representation, 542.
Smibert, John, portrait by, 782.
Smilie, John, amendments, 281; oath, 434.
Smith, James, Independence, 532.
Smith, Mrs. James G., portrait committee,

774.
Smith, John Bayard, Confederation, 540.
Sinith, Melancton, ratification, 27; candi-

dacy, 176.

son as secretary, 342–346; intercourse with

diplomats, 425. See also Foreign relations.
States, status under Constitution, 28, 37;

reserved powers, 30, 42, 302, 311, 312,
588; prohibitions, 32, 33, 136, 547; inter-
state relations, 36, 551; domestic violence,
37, 551; suits, 43, 530, 558; restrictions,
44, 559; rights and amendments, 299;
small, and amendments, 302; proposed
bill of rights against, 302, 310, 314; con-
federate accounts, 409; problems of federal
readjustment, 432; excise, 450; national
prisoners in jails, 453; new constitutions,
454; readjustment of finances, 455, 456;
copper coins, 456, 457; troops, 457; in-
completeness of readjustment, 465; im-
portance, 676. See also Division of powers;

.

Duties; Instructions; Lighthouses; Oath;

Republican; Sovereignty.
Stay and tender laws, in outside states, 470,

472, 482, 488, 491.
Stearns, J. B., painting by, 818.
Sterett, Samuel, candidacy, 189.
Steuben, Baron von, inauguration, 276.
Stiles, Ezra, on Adams' journey, 265.
Stillman, Samuel, prayer, 369.
Stockton, Richard, Independence, 532.
Stockton, Samuel, candidate for clerkship,

239.
Stone, H. F., portrait, 717; Supreme Court

sesquicentennial, 718; service, 758.
Stone, M. J., amendments, 307; foreign de-

partment, 335; style of writs, 364.
Stone, Thomas, portraits, sketches, 826.
Storrs, F. H., view by, 828.
Story, Joseph, on character of Constitu-

tion, 29; on status of judiciary, 35;

service, 755.
Story of the Constitution, purpose, distribu-

tion, 3, 596.
Strauss, Manny, adviser, 588.
Strong, Caleb, ratification, 25; senator, 164;

departs, 221; attends, 229; judiciary bill,
353-355; power of removal, 387, 388;

Morris, 401; portrait, sketch, 805, 816.
Strong, William, service, 756.
Stuart, Archibald, letter to, 253.
Stuart, David, letters to, 241, 379, 419, 421;

amendments, 320; titles, 379; power of

removal, 390; ceremony, 420.
Stuart, Gilbert, portraits by, 780, 804, 806,

814, 816, 818, 825, 827.
Style, enactment of bills, 248–251. See also

Titles; Writs.
Suarez, Francisco, on natural law, 742.
Suffrage, restrictions on abridgment, 44,

45, 560, 561.
Sullivan, James, on capital, 150; Hancock,

210, 368.
Sullivan, John, ratification, 143; election law,

159; candidacy, 160; elector, autograph,
219; state-nation pluralism, 443–445; letter
to, 445; on Constitution and state laws,

454.
Sully, Thomas, portraits by, 778, 780, 782,

786, 818, 827.
Sumner, Jessie, Congress sesquicentennial,

656.
Sumner, Job, on senatorial election, 197.
Sumners, H. W., Supreme Court sesqui-

centennial, address, 715, 738.
Sumter, Thomas, representative, 196; serv-

ice, 237; amendments, 301.
Supreme Court, impeachment, 129; term,

132; correct address, 133; salaries, 133,
363; number of justices, 133; judiciary
bill, 355, 357; appeals from state courts,
356, 361; appointments, 364-368; first
term, 369-372, 718; justices on circuit,
political influence, 372, 430, 431; Rut-
ledge's rejection, 397; refusal of judicial
opinion, 428, 429; influence, position, 672,

676; sesquicentennial observance, 715;
view of building, 716; group picture, 717;
seal, 719; constructions and precedents,
719-721, 726; and democratic govern-
ment, 721, 722; political keystone, 723,
724, 726, 729, 730; and division of powers,
725, 731, 732; impartiality and disagree-
ments, 725, 726; basis of authority, 731;
attacks on, 735, 736; evolution, predeces-
sors, 737, 744, 745; chief and associate
justices, services, 754–758; high courts of
other nations, 759. See also Constitu-

tionality; Judiciary.
Supreme law, law of the land, Virginia Plan,

20; Paterson Plan, 20, 22; solution of federal
problem, 22; principle, 38, 39, 134, 552;
in English documents, 515, 520, 521, 527;
necessity to liberty, 637, 641-643. See also

Constitutionality.
Sutherland, George, service, 758.
Swarthout, Gladys, songs, 662, 683.
Swayne, N. H., on beginning of new govern-

ment, 222; service, 756.
Sweden, high court, 760.
Sweigert, Claude, cartoon, 837.
Switzerland, high court, 760.
Sykes, C. H., cartoon, 831.
Taber, John, Commission, v.
Taft, W. H., on power of removal, 388;

service, 754.
Taney, R. B., service 747, 754.
Tarboro, N. C., ratification, 470.
Tariff. See Duties.
Tastet, Joseph, staff, 588.
Taxation, need of central power, 12; appor-

tionment of direct, 21, 542, 546; power of
Congress, purpose, 31, 545; unapportioned
income, 44, 137, 560; opposition to direct,
180, 294, 295, 312; Washington on, 570.

See also Duties.
Taylor, Ann, sampler, sketch, 828.
Taylor, F. H., portrait committee, 774.
Taylor, George, Independence, 532.
Telfair, Edward, candidacy, 197; Confede-

ration, 540.
Temple, Sir John, illumination, 273.
Tennessee, admission, 60; ceded by North

Carolina, 481.
Tenney, U. D., portrait by, 826.
Tenth Amendment, 43, 558; date of ratifi-

cation, 62.
Terms, officers, 131; judicial, 132, 550;

presidential, 137, 547, 561; congressional,

542, 543.
Territories, control, 37, 551; existing, 61;

delegates in Congress, 134.
Territory, discovery and claim, 5; original

American, additions, maps, 6, 110-112,

114.
Texas, admission, 60.
Thacher, George, letters to, 152, 209, 235,

256, 379; Federal Hall, 224; service, 237;

enactment style, 251.
Theüs, Jeremiah, portrait by, 818.

STAY AND TENDER-VERMONT

883

Trumbull, Jonathan, representative, cer-

tificate, 168–170; on Connecticut elections,
171; on vice presidency, 206; epistolary
etiquette, 206; on vote for Adams, 215;
candidacy for Speaker, 238; letter to, 290;

titles, 376.
Tucker, John, judicial clerk, 370.
Tucker, T. T., capital, 148; representative,

196; reception of Washington, 271; amend-

ments, 308, 310-312.
Turkey, commemorative stamp, 614; high

court, 760.
Twelfth Amendment, 43, 558; date of ratifi-

cation, 64.
Twentieth Amendment, 46, 137, 561; criti-

cized, 46, 734; date of ratification, 67.
Twenty-first Amendment, 47, 562; date of

ratification, 67.
Twining, Thomas, received by Washington,

417.

Thibault, Conrad, songs, 692, 698; portrait,

695.
Third Amendment, 42, 557; date of ratifica-

tion, 62.
Thirteenth Amendment, 44, 55, 559; date of

ratification, 64.
Thomas, J. C., songs, 672, 683.
Thomas, Marshall, impersonation, 713.
Thompson, Ebenezer, elector, 219.
Thompson, Smith, service, 755.
Thomson, Charles, electoral votes, 217; end

of Old Congress, 224; dropped, 240, 346;
to Mt. Vernon, message, reply, 258, 267,
671, 693, 894; in Washington's progress,
268; letter to, 349; broadsides, 611;

portraits, sketch, 693, 804.
Thomson, Mrs. Charles, portrait, sketch,

804.
Thomson, William, messenger, 217.
Thornton, Matthew, Independence, 532.
Titles, congressional, 243, 377; colonial
vestiges, 373; Congress and presidential,
373–377; correspondence on, Adams
blamed, 377–379; Washington's attitude,
379; newspaper ferment, lampoons, 380-

382.
Tobin, D. J., Commission, v.
Tocqueville, Alexis de, on Supreme Court,

729.
Todd, Thomas, service, 755.
Tonnage, permitted state levies, 450; and

ships of outside states, 474-478, 492; re-

striction on state, 547.
Totalitarianism, 629, 631, 644, 645, 681, 723,

728.
Tours. See Journeys.
Towner, Mrs. H. M., address, 692.
Transportation, development, maps, 113,

114, 119, 120.
Treason, definition, punishment, 134, 551.
Treasurer, term, 131.
Treasury, under Continental Congress, 330,

331, 335; bill in House, single head or
board, 334; head and reports to Congress,
339, 340; bill for department, 339-341;
Hamilton as secretary, 342, 345, 346;
members of old Board dropped 345, 346;
ad interim conditions, 409; public lands,

409.
Treaties, supreme law, 20, 38, 552; power to

make, 23, 34, 549; prohibition on states,
33, 547; sole consultation of President and
Senate, 404–406; later advice by message,
406; two-thirds vote, 406; status of
Indian, 406; cessation of preliminary ad-

vice, 407; alteration by Senate, 408.
Trenton, N. J., capital, 126; reception of

Washington, 271, 274, 608.
Trevett v. Weeden, 488.
Trimble, Robert, service, 755.
Trist, Martha, view by, 828.
Trist, N. P., portrait, sketch, 822.
Trumbull, John, portraits by, 775, 776, 782,

792, 798, 821.

Unfinished business, noncontinuance, 247.
Union, diagram, 4; colonial plans, 7; Albany

Plan, 8; Stamp Act Congress, 8; commit-
tees, 8; war stimulus, 10; development,
10, 743, 744, 749; effect of Civil War, 117;
direct action, 428; influence of judiciary,
431, 746–748; completion, prospects, 496–
499; success, 667, 669; completeness, 701;
confidence, 702; reaction after Marshall,
750–753. See also Confederation; Constitu-
tion; Continental Congress; Federalism;

Sectionalism; States.
United Features Syndicate, cartoons, 849,

850.
United States Capitol, view, 659; Webster's

address, 666.
United States Constitution Sesquicentennial

Commission, resolution for, iv; members,
v; report, vi, 581; appropriation, 583;
aim, 583, 585; proclamation of celebra-
tion, 584; organization, chart, 585-587;
staff, 585, 588; local organizations, 588;
information sheets, 589, 590; publications
and items, 590-593; shrines, 593-596;
Story, 596; Boy Scouts, 596, 597; portraits
exhibit, 596, 598, 599, 770, 771; medals,
599–602; maps, 599, 600; broadsides,
601-612; stamps, 613; Masonic tribute,

614; chief events of celebration, 616.
United States of America, term, 121.
Uruguay, high court, 760.
Utah, admission, 60.

Vallée, J. F., portrait by, 827.
Van Cortlandt, Philip, portrait, sketch, 784.
Van Cortlandt, Pierre, inauguration, 276;

oath, 434.
Vanderbilt, John, elections, 174.
Van Devanter, Willis, service, 757.
Van Dyke, Nicholas, Confederation, 540.
Van Nuys, Frederick, Commission, v.
Van Schaack, Henry, on salaries, 256.
Venezuela, high court, 760.
Vermont, admission, 60; ratification of

amendments, 319.

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