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Memoir of Dr. Vanderkemp.

105 farther accused of a want of politeness escaped himself, after being carried down to so gallant and accomplished an anta- the stream nearly a mile clinging to the gonist as Mr. Elmes, whose weapon is boat, and, when just ready to perish, he as pointed as it is polished.

was picked up by some sailors, who disMr. Elines may feel assured that his covered him adhering to the wreck from cortsideration for iny friend, and his to- their vessel in the river. (See Memoir, leration towards, and respect for, our pages 3, 4, and 5.) This providence persecuted ancient faith," will not be seems to have given the first shock to lost on his mild and placid nature, and his infidel principles, and produced that for which I beg leave to add my best change of sentiments which induced him thanks, and am,

AMICUS. to offer himself as a missionary to the

London Missionary Society, which he MR. EDITOR,

did in the year 1798. (Memoir, page 7, AS some of your correspondents have 8, 9, 11, and 12.) Soon after this he taken considerable pains to misrepresent came over to London, where he resided the character of the late Dr. Vander- some months. While there “he directed kemp, give me leave to tell them what bis attention to every subject that aphe really was, on the authority of the peared requisite to promote the great obMemoirs of him, not written by himself, ject he had in view ;” and apprehending as Veritas asserts in your number for that an acquaintance with the method of December, (p. 409,) but compiled from making bricks might prove conducive to authentic documents after his death, and the comlurt of the Africans, to promote published by order of the Directo s of the benefit of whom he intended to the Missionary Society; men ils respect devote his future days, he engaged in able for honour, integrity, and charac. that occupation, and actually employed ter, as any body of persons in the king- bimseit for many days in the mechanical dom. From these Memoirs we learn part of the business in the neighbourthat Dr. Vanderkemp was descended hood of London.” (Pages 12 and 13.) from a respectable family." His father on the 23d Dec. 1798, he sailed for was a pious and worthy minister of the Africa, and arrived at the Cape of Good Dutch church at Rotterdam, where his Hope March 31, 1799. In that year a son, Johannes Theodorus, was born in work of his was published in Holland, the year 1748. At an early age he be- entitled The Theodicee of St. Paul. In came a student in the University of Ley- the conclusion of the preface to the first den.” “ His acquirements in the learned volume, Professor Krom says, “I could languages, in philosophy, in divinity, in mention much more respecting the annimedicine, and in military tactics, were able and excellent character of the deemed extraordinary: On leaving the author, if I were not prevented by his university, be entered into the army; in modesty, which probibits entirely even which he rose to the rank of captain of the appearance of encomium. However, horse, and lieutenant of the Dragoon my reader will undoubtedly acknowGuards." After marriage he quitted the ledge with me, that it is a very great dearmy, and studied medicine for two years gree of self-denial, if any one who is at the University of Edinburgh

“ Here

in want of nothing, but is able to live he composed a Latin work on Cosmo. comfortably and according to his own logy, entitled Parmenides. Having ob- inclination, in his own country, bids tained the degree of doctor of medicine, farewell, from the love of Jesus Christ, he returned to Holland, improved in to all earthly.comforts, bis dearest friends science, but not in religion; for, by the and relatives," "and proceeds to the conversation of some men of infidel sen- most remote parts of the world for the timents, during his stay in Scotland, he purpose of making known the gospel of became an avowed Deist." "He com- our redemption to wild and uncivilized menced his practice as a physician at nations.” (Memoirs, p: 28.) “ It must Middleburg, where he acquired great also be mentioned io the bonour of Dr. reputation.” “ How long he continued Vanderkemp, that at various times he in the profession f physic, at Middle- procured the manumission of several burg, it does not appear.” In the year slaves, the expense of which, amounting 1791 he was residing at Dort, having to many hundred pounds, was defrayed retired from practice; and on the 27th from his own private fortune;" and he of June, in that year, he lost his wife also " generously supported bimself as and daughter by the breaking of a water- a missionary with little or no cost to the spout while they were sailing on the institution. In this point of view, as

At the same time he narrowly well as in inany others, he has presented


106 Rev. Mr. Campbell's Description of Bethelsdorp. [March 1, to the world a noble example of disin- had from 3 to 400 calves per annum, of terested zeal." (Mem. p. 32.)

which 100 die annually of a peculiar If the above should not satisfy any of disease; and no one year has there been your readers, further particulars, I doubt more than 50 slaughtered. not, may be obtained from the Rev. “ They are said to be idle; yet I have Jolin Campbell

, Kingsland, who returned found among thein 18 trades: viz. smiths, from Africa last May; or at the Mission. carpenters, waggon-makers, basket-maary Society's Rooms, No. 8, Old Jewry, kers, blanket-inakers,(viz. of sheep-skins, Cheapside, where one of the secretaries sewed together very neatly, bought by may be seen every Monday, Wednesday, officers, &c.) pipe-makers, sawyers, turand Friday, at twelve o'clock.

ners, hewers of wood, carriers, soapDec. 16, 1814.

V. boilers, mat-manufacturers, stockingP.S. The Latin work on Cosmology, makers, tailors, brick-makers, thatchers, entitled Parmenides, was sold by Dilly, coopers, and lime-burners; likewise an London.

auctioneer and a miller.

“ I find also that there is a fund conMR. ELITOR,

tributed by the members of the instituAFTER the frequent mention of Be- tion, for the support of the poor and thelsdorp in your excellent work, per- sick, which at present amounts to 250 laps it might not be unacceptable to rix-dollars. The people have also offered your readers to learn the sentiments of to build a house for their reception. the Rev. John Campbell (who is lately “ There is another fund bere, called returned from Africa) respecting that the Common Fund, for defraying exsettlement. The following account is penses incurred for promoting the prosextracted from the Narrative of his perity of the institution, which amounts Journey to Bethelsdorp, in March, 1813. to 130 dollars, and about 30 head of - This settlement has been every where catile. The original of these cattle spoken against; and, had the things been were given as a present to the institutrue which I have heard frequently as- tion by General Dundas, and they have serted, even by respectable persous, I multiplied to the above number. should have said--The sooner Bethels- “ They have also collected, during dorp is blown into the air the better. the last twelve months, 70 rix-dollars, to I am thankful I was enabled to suspend aid the funds of the Missionary Society. both my judgment and opinion till I If they are lazy and indolent, how should see it.

is it that so many fields are cleared and 1st, “ It was said to be a miserable- cultivated ? Do the farmers plough for looking place. This is true; as they them? They would sooner shoot thein built on a most barren part of their land, all. If they do not work, how have they far from their fields. Their houses were so much money to give for useful purs made of reeds, because they always ex- poses ? perhaps more than all the farpected to obtain from government a bet- mers in two or three drosdies give. I ter place; and reeds soon rot, and the have walked a good deal about the sethouses look miserable.

tlement, aud I never found a single rix2d, “ It was said that the people are dollar: I conclude, therefore, it is the idle and lazy: that they did nothing: fruit of their own industry. yet they have more cultivated land than " While I thus speak, I confess there I have seen in any one place in Africa, is this fault in the institution, that most both the Moravian settlements included. of their boys, and many of their girls, The extent of their fields is more than are without employmeni; especially in two miles, chiefly on the east side of those months when there is no ploughthe river. It was also said,

ing, sowing, nor reaping; and these are 3d, " That the settlers had brought the very months when most travellers to the settlement 6,000 head of cartle. are passing: who, hearing a great noise which number was now reduced to 2,000. from various quarters of children at play, I spent most part of a day in investigat- conclude that all are idle; and looking ing this point, in presence of Mr. Read, at their poor huts, they are confirmed and some of the most intelligent of the in this opinion. Their fields are two Hottentots: I should have had great miles off; and few have ever been at the difficulty in finding, in London, six more trouble to go and see them; and percautious and judicious men from amongst haps the missionaries have seldom asked the lower orders. I found that there them.” (See No. 25 of the Transactions has been a gradual increase from 218 to of the Missionary Society, pages 54, 55, to 2206; that of late years they have and 56.)

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1815.) Author of Eixw Bacinexa-On Church Music. 107

At the meeting of the Sunday School tending churches where the music and Union, held at the City of London Ta- psalmody are properly performed. And, vern, Bishopsgate-street, in May, 1814, indeed, Mr. Editor, if other proofs were the writer was much pleased to hear Mr. necessary, it will be found in the fact, Campbell inform the company that a that when any charitable collection is Lancasterian school had been formed at proposed at our churches, nothing is so Bethelsdorp, before he left Africa, con- efficient in drawing a congregation as taining about 300 children; which, it is the notice that an extra portion of sacred hoped, will effectually remove the fault music is to be perforined. That the in the institution noticed above by Mr.' Dissenters, who formerly railed at organs Campbell.

VECLEE. and separate choirs, sbould be found to

adopt them now almost universally, is MR. EDITOR,

an evident proof of their attraction, and IT is a circumstance very remarkable, I sincerely hope the persons who have and, I beieve, not generally known, that the management of the musical departin the list annexed to the Winter Even- ment in our churches will in future pay ing Conferences, written by Dr. J. Good- greater attention to it, as I am convinced man, chaplain in ordinary to Charles II. it is one cause of the small congregations and published in 1686, the celebrated where it is neglected, as well as the Eixər Basinxs is included among the trea- increase of Dissenters. tises written by him. Could any of your The evil being now pointed out, it recorespondents either establish or refute mains to mention the remedies. Two, I the claim, thus confidently urged, to this think, will be found, in adopting the exquisite composition, which has per- following plans. haps excited as much controversy in the First, where a sufficient sum is allotted literary world as the Rowley Poems, or for the organist and choirs, the chapters the Letters of Junius, he would be con- of cathedrals, and the clergymen, asferring 110 unimportant service on those sisted by the churchwardens of churches, who are interested in such questions. should make a point of seeing the sum At the end of Dr. Goodınan's Penitent properly appropriated, and that the Pardoned, (1683,) the EIKSN is men- members of the choirs do their duty; if tioned as an anonymous publication, re- not, they could be easily changed for printed for R. Royston, by his Majesty's others who would see the propriety of so command, Á Constant Reader. doing; especially as music is

completely the amusement of all ranks, MR. EDITOR,

and very generally disseminated. I AM pleased to see that your highly Secondly, where a sufficient sum is respectable and useful magazine has not allotted for the musical department, been made the vehicle for subjects of to increase it, which may be effected in improvement, as well as amusement, and many ways without falling heavy on inI have no doubt the candor and liberality dividuals. of your condict towards correspondents, This plan is particularly necessary at will be fully rewarded by the increased Wells, in Somersetshire ; where, as T. Q. circulation of your publication. I am justly observes, a very sufficient sum is led to these remarks by the observations allotted to the choral vicars, but where of your correspondents, P. X. in your the organist, if I am correctly informed, number for July, ani T. Q. in that for receives only thirty pounds per annum. November, on the state of music and If this statement be incorrect, I hope psalmody in cathedrals and churches, some of the chapter will inform me; if and am surprized it has not before en- otherwise, I hope they will increase the gaged the attention of the public, espe- sum; especially as I understand one of cially as this may be justly styled the the canonries of that richly endowed caAge of Music, for never has that delight, thedral is always kept vacant, and the ful science been so much the object of income arising from it applied to repairs, general pursuit; it is, therefore, remark- and other incidental expenses. If so able, that, in our established churches small and inadequate a salary be general only, it should be suttered to fall into in our churches, catisedrals especially, such neglect, especially as it has always T. Q. will discover one sufficient cause formed, from the earliest ages to the of the decline and inattention in the mupresent day, a prominent part of the sical department: the organist is expected worship of the Deity. That it forms a himself, or by deputy, to attend twice very great source of attraction, every every day in the week'; how, then, can one will allow who is in the habit of at- he be expected to devote time to the im

now So


108 Holly Hedges-Earldom of Derby - Infinite Series. (March 1, provement of the choir? the wonder is, some one who has had access to the rolls how he can afford so much for so trifling of patents; as I think the greater notoa remuneration. I also understand, such riety of that place was not unlikely to was the salary nearly a century ago, have led him into error. when every article of life was to be ob- I conclude, with recommending the tained at one third, in many instances at publication of a new edition of Heylyn's one quarter, its present price. I hope work above-mentioned to some of your this subject will be taken into serious correspondents who may have leisure for consideration, and that T. Q. in his nex. the undertaking. From the changes ramble, will be pleased by observing con- which the peerage of England has undersiderable improvement in our churches gone since Dr. Paul Wright published as well as cathedrals.

his edition in 1773, such a work is much I do not wonder at his astonishment wanted, and would prove generally inat the compositions he heard at Wells teresting.

T. F. cathedral, which witte propriety, may

Staffordshire, Jan. 9, 1815. boast of one of the finest organs in the kingdom, and, certainly, in Mr. Dod

MR. EDITOR, Perkins, one of the best players out of THE first of the three series proposed London, who, I am very suie, would by Mr. Taylor (see Mag. for Oct. and never have played such pieces by choice; p. 396 of that for Nov.) is, the cause, therefore, must remain to be explained by the Dean who ordered their


2+12 performance. I remain, Sir, wishing

+is+31, &c.=j, instead of ." you the success your miscellany merits, Bath, Jun. 20, 1815.


Now, in deriving the series #+itia, &c. from the quotient $-$+$, &c. the

proposer has combined an imaginary MR. EDITOR,

quotient with the true quotieno; for the I HAVE a fine holly hedge, which is latter is evidently =}, or the first term probably of thirty or forty years growth; in the quotient,' the remainder being when I first became its proprietor, about 5-5+1, or 0. twelve years ago, it was in a very luxu. Thus, 2+1-1) 1

1+1riant state, and appeared to have been

(1 quotient. regularly clipped or pruned. Disliking its then formal appearance, I suffered it

rem. -*+ to escape the shears of the gardener; and consequently to whatever extent the and since that period they have never


may be carried, the sum of all been employed upon it. The consequence be nothing; because, nothing divided hy

the terms in the quotient (after $) will is, that my hedge is become in many places very thin and unsightly, and I any number, must give nothing for the wish to try again the effects of clipping

quotient. it; but, on referring to my gardening If fractions of this kind


when books, no directions are there given as

2+1-1 to the season in which it is proper to expanded into a series, produced absoperforni that business. I shall be happy lule quantity, we might make that quanto have the opinion of some experienced tity of any magnitude : thus, let - 10+10 correspondent of your valuable miscel

2+1-1 lany on this subject.

be the fraction : now this hy division I take this opportunity of requesting becomes --5+73-61+63-0, +631, Sc. one of your antiquarian correspondents —itát*, &c. which is a descending to favour me with correct information, geometrical series, and the sun (when whether, the noble family of Stanley continued ad infin.) =34. Now we takes the title of earl from the town of know that this cannot possibly be true; Derby, which is the capital of the county because

-10+10-0 of that name, or from the hundred of

; it is, there

2+1-1 2+1-1 Derby, in Lancashire, in which latter, I fore, manifest, that an infinite series, believe, the ancient family-seat of resulting from the difierences of the Knowsley is situated? The l'écrages in terms, will not bring out the true quomy possession do not decide this quest tient; but whatever be the number of tion. Dr. Peter lleylyn's useful Tielp terms (less than infinite) the true sum to English History states the title to be may always be found in all cases when derived from the former town; but I the remainder is taken into the account. could wish my query to be answered by If the proposer will attend to the re

1815.] Lighting of the Stage-Disengaging Runaway florses.





mainders when he is performing the divi- the subject admit that there should be sion, he will find that when the renaine more of the latter than the former. It der is positive, it is always greater than we refer to the finest productions of cor the lase term in the quotient, but alway; immortal Reynolds, and other great less when it is negative; but there seenis masters, we shall there find a very small no merbod of determining whether these portion of light in comparison with the remainders become equal when the last shade; and they would, I am persuaded, term of the series becomes =0, because have felt it impossible to make a good we can form no idea of an infinitely picture by giving a faithful representasmall quantity.

tion of any scene as it is now performed,

however excellent. Lest I clionld be In expanding the fraction


misunderstood, you will allow me to say the remainder is always the same

that it is not the quantity, but the qua10-1'

lity of the light that I condemn. If it is as the last found term in the quotient; desirable to see all that can be accomthe remainders and the terms of the plished by our best actors to advantage, series, therefore, converge alike to o, and every thing, as far as can be, in the which is the limit.

order of nature, we cannot be satisfied What is here advanced will apply to with any thing so unnatural as lights the other two series; and indeed to all where there should be shadows, and the series of the kind. It shows that diffe- whole effect inverted and destroyed. If rent results may sometimes be derived I am right in my conjecture, there would from equal expressions; and points out be little difficulty in elevating to a prothe necessity of precaution in the appli- per height the light that now is level with cation of infinitesimals.

the ground, and by that means giving Jan. 23, 1815. PHILOMATI. effect to the whole of the performance,

and particularly to the countenance of MR, EDITOR,

the performers. I am ready to admit THROUGH the medium of your en- that great improvements have been made tertaining magazine I shall beg leave to in many things connected with the stage, express my surprise, that amongst the and I am surprised that so little attennumerous inprovements of the stage so tion should have been paid to that which little attention should be paid to the ef- appears to many to be of the utmoso iect of light on the performers, and in- importance. deed on the whole dramatic representa- Paddington, Jan. 4, 1815. T.F. tion. If to bring every thing as near historical truth as possible, and to carry MR. EDITOR, the illusion to the atmost degree of per- YOUR correspondent I. E. (vol. ii. p. fection, be the object of the managers, 527) will

, on reference to the Transacsurely the order of nature should not be tions of the Society for the Encourareinverted by admitting the light from the ment of Arts, Manufactures and Comground. Those who are in the habit of merce, find accounts of several ingenious contemplating the works of nature are contrivances for disengaging runaway forcibly struck with this urnatural effect, horses from a carriage; and in the soand laineat that so much should be logi ciety's repository he may see the inodels to the performer and to the audience, by of them. the very injudicious arrangement of the I need scarcely add, that pursuant to light. It will I think be admitted that the liberal plan of the society, any perevery thing is best seen in its natural son applying to the secretary or houselight, and that the hunian countenance keeper will be permitied to see the moi in particular, with all its variety of ex- dels, which are marked wid the number pression, is only to be observed with fall of the volume in which they are respec effect when the rays of light descend and tively described. cast shadows. To the performers such Bedford-row, Jan. 4, 1815. T. an opnatural blaze must be painful in the extreme, and it leaves much to be MR. EDITOR, regretted by those who know how much AS antiquity seems so much to be the is lost by a light reflected from below study of the present day, a certain the horizon. The most forcible effects branch of it may not prove unacceptable , are produced by opposition and by a to some of your numerous readers. The judicious mixture of light and shade, and subject that I here propose trenting of, I believe those who have written best on through the medium of your excellent


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