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1815.]
Foreign Intelligence-France.

1,45 cient engravers and their works, from stowed much attention on the Coptic the earliest period to the middle of the language, and has just produced the first sixteenth century; comprising observa- two volumes of a work on the State of tions on some of the first books orna- Egypt under the Pharaohs, which is to mented with wood-cuts, by WilliAW form ten or twelve volumes. Those Young OITLEY, F. A.S. The work will which have appeared are wholly occupied be illustrated by numerous fac-similies of with the ancient geography of Egypt. scarce and interesting specimens of the M. de Guignes, jun. known by his Traart, and will be farther enriched, by vels in China, has compiled a Chinese impressions taken from some of the ori Dictionury, which was published a few ginal blocks engraved by Albert Durer. mouths since in one thick folio volume. Fifty copies, with proof impressions of M. Montucci, another Chinese scholar, the plates, are printing, of the same size attacked M. de Guignes with consideras the large paper copies of Dibdin's able virulence in several of the public edition of Ames and Herbert's Typogra- journals, asserung that he was not acphical Antiquities.

quainted with the Chinese language, and Mr. James Wyld has nearly ready de Guignes has in his turn charged his for publication, a new Map of the World, antagonist with ignorance; but we have exbibiting at one view the population, no person here who is willing to be the civilization, and religion of each coun- umpire in this quarrel. The King's Litry. To be printed on one large sheet brary abounds in oriental MSS. from of columbier.

which a rich harvest might be collected, A singular work on Occult Philosophy and it is certain that several of the pupils will be published in the course of a very of the Special School are assiduously enfew weeks; it will include the Lives of gaged in the examination of them. all the Ancient Alchemystical Philoso The study of the literature of the midphers, a Critical Catalogue of their dle ages, now so much in vogue in Enge Writings, and a Selection of the most land, attracts the attention of very few celebrated Treatises on the Theory and persons in France. The literature of that Practice of the Hermetic Art..

period is here considered as a dunghill in

which there is but a very small quantity We resume the sketch of the present of gold to be found, and from which every state of French literature commenced in thing of value has long since been seour twelfth number:

leciei. Accordingly, works of this kind In the Oriental languages, the scholars have a very limited circulation, unless the of France, cut off from the intercourse ingenuity of the editors finds means 10 with India and China, bave not been impart new interest to them, which howable to distinguish themselves equally ever, is very rare. M. de la Rue, one with those of England; nevertheless, the of those most conversant in matters of Special School, established near the this sort is said to be better known in King's Library, has formed some hopeful England than in France. M. Meon pubpupils, and the professors have even pro- lished, some years since, a Recueil d'anduced some valuable works. M. de ciens Fabliuux, to which M. Roquefort, Sacy has published an edition of Abdolla- author of the Glossaire Roman, intends tif, more correct than the preceding ones, to add a considerable supplement. The and enriched with learned notes. The latter won the prize offered a few years indefatigable Langlès, besides being en ago by the Institute for the best essay on gaged upon the Monuments of Indostan, the state of French poetry in the 12th has published a new edition of Chardin's and 13th century. His Dissertation, Travels, in 10 vols. with notes, and seve which forms a thick 8vo. volume, has ral valuable memoirs. He bas also just appeared : the author enters into edited Savary's Arabic Grummar, and interesting discussions on the poetry and the Voyages of Sindbad the Sailor, in music of our ancestors, and he has subArabic, with a French trapslation : be is joined a letter froin M. Depping on the at present employed upon an edition of romance of Tristan, in which the rethe Tranels of Two Mahometans, of which searches of Walter Scott on this subject we bave hitherto had no other translation are introduced to the French. M. Roquethan the Abbé Renaudot's. Quatremère, fort is preparing a new edition of the jun. has published some excellent Histo- Vie Publique et Privée des Français du rical and Geographical Memoirs on Moyen Age, to the three vols. of which Egypt, in 3 vols. and promises us works he intends to add two entirely new ones. of still greater importance. Champol. He also promises a Recueil des Poesies lion, jun. professor at Grenoble, has be- de Marie' de France. I must not omit

FRANCE,

146
Foreign Intelligence Germany.

[March 1, to mention the Mionumens inedits of the sented with a better edition, together middle ages, publishing by M. Willemin, with a commentary by the young Greek an intelligent engraver: 'sixteen livrai- scholar Letrône, author of an excellent soos bave appearedi : the author has had dissertation on Syracuse. Professor Brethe good sense to avail himself of the dow of Breslaw was here some years ago miniatures in the MSS. belonging to the to make researches respecting the minor king's library. In this collection are to Greek geographers, a new edition of be found also, delineations of the furni- whose works he intended to bring out; ture and decorations of buildings in the but unfortunately be is lately dead. No ages which it embraces.

part of the work is printed, though he Bibliography likewise is an unculti- may possibly have left the whole ready vated field for the French. The only for the press. work of this kind which has met with any The Count de la Bontaye has ansuccess is, the Bibliothèque d'un Homme nounced that he has discovered the de Gout, by M. Barbier, which is pot means of dying unalterable colours, the yet compleie. The same anthor pub- composition of which is perfect : viz. lished, some time since, a learned dis- blue upon wool and silk; green, yellow, sertation on the celebrated performance violet, and nine other colours; to wit, a On the Imitation of Jesus Christ, the yellow upon wool, as strong and more author of which has been the subject of brilliant than the former : two greens, so many conjectures and disputes. I ane of which will resist the action of fire need not mention the bibliographical itself; two fine blacks, one without copworks of Peugnot, Debure, and Renouard, peras, which can neither burn nor harden as they are perhaps better known in silk any more than wool: and another, England than in France. At the govern- which resists sulphuric acid, potash in a ment printing-office the continuation of state of ebullition, as well as the action the catalogue of the great library had long of the sun and air; an unalterable puce been in progress; but a year before bis colour, a crimson on silk, much cheaper fall Buonaparte ordered all the works in and more durable than cochineal; and, hand to be sold, and they were disposed of lastly, a pure pink, completely unalteras waste-paper to the grocers. Fortunately able through all the shades of flesh cothis proscription did not embrace the lour. Add to these twelve new colours, Notices et Ertraits de Manuscrits, which says he, which may be obtained pure in are continued, though slowly; up to the all their shades, a very beautiful wbite, present time 9 volumes of this work, in never liable to turn yellow, which I have 4to. have appeared. A work which succeeded in giving to wool as well as hangs ratber on hand, is the new trans- silk, and which spreads much more than lation of Strabo made by the direction their natural white. If we only add to of the government, and upon which this, the fastest colour of the ancient Messrs. Gosselin, Coray, and Dutheil are dye, or the fine red yielded by Alkeres, engaged. As the translators are well to fill the palette, and the problem will paid during the whole time they are at be solved. Of these twelve unchangeable work, it is supposed that they will not be colours, eight have been subjected to the in any great furry to finish. It is for action of the sun under glass, during the tunate that the government has under- four latter months of last summer,(1813) taken the expense of this translation, as without undergoing the least alteration. well as of that of Archimedes and Pto- Fire has no effect upon the ninth colour, lemy; for the public gives no encourage and the three last are the fruits of my ment to such enterprizes. M. Gail, who industry through the preceding winter is printing a handsome edition of Thucy Louvei, author of the notorious dides and Xenophon, with translations, French novel, Faublas, and one of the commentaries, maps and plans, finds it members of the National Convention, very difficult to reimburse bimself, and died lately, as a bookseller in the Palais will probably be a considerable loser. Royal at Paris. Our philologists therefore are contert

GERMANY. with publishing editions of the classics Germany has for some years possessed for the use of scbools. M. Walckenaer a very important work on the corn trade, intends to print an extensive work on the which may be said almost to exhaust the Geography of Gaul, in which be will no object. It is by Baron Shuckman, now doubt be assisted by the government. minister of state in Prussia. He has also published the Latin Geo Prof. Lampadius, of Freyberg, bas regraphy of Dicuil, who lived in the 10th commended the following composition, century; but the public was lately pre as an effectual preservative of iron

sents.

ITALY.

1815.]
Foreign Intelligence-Italy-Prussia.

147 against rust : one ounce of jet (Kohl- Nitsche, has conscientiously superinblende ) rubbed down to the finest pow- tended the distribution, and letters of der, to which are then to be added, four thanks have been transmitted to Camounces of vitriol of lead, and one ounce bridge. of vitriol of zinc; atterwards mix the The Royal BotanicalGarden at Landswhole in a pound of linseed oil varnish hut in Bavaria now cultivates 5000 and, stirring it up carefully, keep it over plants, being 2000 more than that of a slow fire till it has attained a boiling Münich. Last year it sent 7000 packets heat.

of seeds to other botanical gardens, at Our readers are acquainted with the home and abroad, and received from aquatic experiments of M. Melville at other gardens 2036, besides many preParis. Mr. Matthew Michl, in a paper inserted in the Vaterländische Blätter, The Austrian captain, Vielbeck, who claims for Austria the bonour of an in- has been engaged many years in the survention for travelling under water, but vey of Salzburg, Upper Austria, Tyrol, on a more extensive scale than that of and Vorarlberg, has had opportunities the French artist, whose method he de- of making a series of more than 100 clares to be in contradiction to theory, drawings of subjects in those countries, He proposes on the other hand, a very which are not merely picturesque for simple vessel, constructed on a plan per- their beauty and sublimity, but also refectly according with theory, which is markable in regard to their natural bisdistinguished by its cheapness and its tory. Out of this collection he has lightness from all other contrivances of selected twelve of the most interesting the kind. He fills it with compressed views to be engraved, and intends to air, and thus obviates the inconveni- publish them carefully coloured. One encies to which all preceding diving ves of these is to appear every two months, sels have been exposed. The projected and the subscription price for the whole invasions of the French gave occasion to will be 48 ducats. his idea. He has not the least doubt of the possibility of the existence of sub On the 2d of January, the Duchessmarine voyagers in compressed air. He dowager of Saxe Gotha, with her chamannounces two vesse!s, one for military berlain Baron Zach, the celebrated Gerexpeditions, being so simply and lightly man astronomer, embarked at Genoa for constructed, and procured without dif- Naples, together with the expert artist ficulty in such numbers, that whole corps M. Reichenbach of Münich. The latter may be thus conveyed under the surface takes with him 50 chests of astronomiof the water into an enemy's port; the cal instruments, for the beautiful obserother for scientific expeditions, by which vatory which the King of Naples has we shall be enabled to explore depths erected on the hill called Capo di Monte. which cannot be examined by any other Lucien Buonaparte's epic poem, Charle

The inventor offers to exccute mayne, has been reprinted at Rome, at his plan, which would not be attended the press of the Propaganda; and Father with any considerable expense.

Maurizio, a minorite of Brescia, is enThe celebrated Saxon university of gaged in translating it into Italian verse. Wittenberg seems to have suffered more than any other literary institution of the The celebrated Pallas, who spent the continent from late events. Most of its prime of his life in a remote part of the professors reside together in the village Russian empire, composed during the of Schmiedeberg, where they are encou life-time of the Empress Catherine, both raged by hopes from Dresden and by under her particular patronage as well such succours as circumstances permit. as with her liberal support, the first part The faculty of jurisprudence is most ac- of a splendid botanical work, intituled tive at Schmiedeberg, and several of the Floru Russicu Tomus I. A moderate students are assiduously preparing there number only of this publication were for the approaching examination. The struck off, and the greater part of the professors of Wittenberg were deeply impressions were distributed as presents. affected by the donation of 300l. from This great naturalist having died some the university of Cambridge, procured few years since at Berlin, left behind for them by the interference of Dr. Her bin an extensive “ Herbariurn Vivum," bert Marsh, professor of divinity in that which he had collected with consideruniversity, and well known in the literary able industry, with a view of continuing world as a political and theological writer. his work. Some beautiful and finelyThe present rector of the university, Dr. coloured engravings baving been inade

means.

PRUSSIA.

RUSSIA.

1.18
Foreign Intelligence-Russia.

[March 1, from this collection, twenty-five of them, pretended, but rather, if any particular accompanied by a Latin text from the institution, it is a nursery for future ecpen of an able botanist, have been pub- clesiastics and polemical divines. This lished at Berlin, under the title of Flora monastery also maintains an orphan Russica, Tomus II. Pars I.

asylum, for poor and friendless pupils, a

hospital, and a library of nearly 10,000 A new school has been recently set volumes, most of which are in the Ruson foot at Tiflis, in Georgia, for the sian and Latin languages. Kiof itself young mobility of that province, as well has also a gymnasium, with a director as such childreut its inhabitants as are and six teachers, besides a provincial prepared for instruction. The Emperor school. Alexander has ordered an annual appro In the year 1803 a commission for the priatioy of 10,000 roubles for its main- revisal and improvement of the laws of tenancu, to be reserved from the reve the whole empire, was first appointed at nues derived from the cultivation of silk. St. Petersbury, and in 1809 it was again When the pupils arę sufficiently ad- renewed. In the first years of its esta: vanced, they are to be put, at the ex- bliskment it was under the direction of pense of the state, to St. Petersburg, Prince Lapuchin and Count Nowosilzow, Moscow, or some other Russian univers with fifty coadjutors, and a yearly stisity, where their education is to be com- pend of 100,000 roubles. Their task pleted; after which employrrents will be was to review the general state of juris. assigned to them in their native country. prudence, its application to Russia, and

At no great distance from Kiou, or to ascertain the modifications and exKiof, in the Ukraine, lies the rich and ceptions suitable to particular parts of magnificent monastery Petschersky,which the empire, according to their respective possesses a considerable library, as well localities and circumstances, * This plan as a printing-press, entirely devoted to received the Emperor Alexander's apreligious and scholastic subjects. Un- probation. Uncommon zeal and diliderneath this monastery is found a laby- gence were shewn by those to whom it rinth of subterraneous spacious galleries, was committed ; and by the year 1805 or catacombs, in the sides of which are the commission had completed the first casemates or chapels, containing several portion of the Code of Laws, in five coffins, wherein the bodies of some Rus- parts; a particular Coinmercial Code sian saints still lie in an uncorrupted for Odessa; an Introduction to the gestate. The catacomb of St. Antony con neral application of the principles of tains four, and that of St. Theodosius Jurisprudence; and some chapters on three chapels. The bodies are clad in the forms of process. In 1809 the comsilk stuff, and on boly days are dressed mission received a fresh impulse, and its up with superb garments, which were attention was directed to new vicws, by the gift of the Empress Catheriile. The orders to occupy itself with the compleskin of the bodies is brown, and much tion of a civil code, a criminal code, and shrivelled; but they are without smell, a commercial code, the consideration of nor is any thing of the sort discoverable every part of state economy, and partiin any of the principal catacombs, cularly public law, and the arrangement throughout which the purest and driest of the provincial laws for the recently air prevails, even during the hottest days acquired Polish provinces, and those of of summer. These holy .corpses are Russia Minor. At this time it was under visited by immense numbers of devotees the direction of Prince Peter Wasiljeand inquisitire persons; and from 50 to witsch, and its members consisted of 60,000 credulous pilgrims, from every several senators, and others learned in part of Russia, resort hither in summer the law. The affairs of the chancery to pay their devotions, and implore the were entrusted to Counsellor Speransky; inediation and forgiveness of these saints and the commission contained on the for their sins. Within the precincts of whole some persons of considerable me this monastery is a theological seminary, rit and talents. The first part, writion called the Bratskische Acudemy, which in the Russian tongue, bas been printed, is a noble edifice, adorned with a hand- but is to have no effect until the sole some gallery and portico: it is frequented is completed. The state of political hy about 1,000 students, many of whom affairs has, during the last threc years, are noblemen. Though most branches extremely retarded its progress; but is of human learning, as well as of the arts to be hoped its labours will

be continued and sciences, are taught here, it is by with fresh zeal and vigour, in conseno means an university, as many have quence of the general pacification,

9UXGARY.

ence.

POLAND

1815.] Foreign Intelligence-Hungary, Poland,

149 ture of Poland, for the Annals of the

Society. He also translated Pictet's Professor Rumi, of Oedenburg, has learned work on Fruit Trees into the discovered, in Count Ráday's library at Polish language. Count Luszewski has Peezel near Pest, five important manu- immortalized himself as the pilot of those scripts of the celebrated Matthias Bee who have prosecuted the public education lius, the Strabo of Hunzacy. These are:

of their fellow-citizens with so much zeal. Hydrography of Hungary; a Survey of The “ Diary" of the celebrated Polish the State of Hungarian Husbandry; a

Diet, which he wrote with so much Description of Hungarian Wines; a Dis

verve, and is preserved ainong the inasertation de Re Vestiaria Hungarorum; nuscripts of the society, is venerated by and his extensive literary correspond- them as a precious relic. Prince SaProfessor Rumi purposes both

pieha is the author of the Podroze w committing them to the press, and pub- Kruiuch Sławiuúskich, or Travels in the lishing a German translation of the three Slavonian Countries, which are the fruits first works.

of his own observations; of these, the

first volume only bas issued from the Within a very short time the Royal press; the second is in manoscript, but Society of Arts and Sciences in Warsaw in a finished state. Sapieha's knowledge has been deprised of three of its most and experience in chemistry are of the distinguished members, by the succes highest order. It was he who first equasive deaths of Count Alexander Potocki, lized the Polish weights and measures. minister of police; Count John Luszew- To the library of the society he made a ski, minister of the interior; and Prince present of several thousand volumes; Alexander Sapieha. The first employed and, in order to increase their amount all the leisure that his extensive official and value, appropriated an annual sum engagements allowed him, in arranging of 5,000 forins from the revenue of the aud digesting the essays on the Agricul- starostship of Preny. NEW PUBLICATIONS IN JANUARY AND FEBRUARY,

WITH CRITICAL REMARKS,

St. Catherine, by Parmegiano, los. 6d. A Catalogue, comprising a Selection of Proofs 11. is. Coloured 61 6s. Books connected with Commercial Pursuits, Picturesque Delineation of the Scenery on &c. sold by E. Wilson, Royal Exchange, is. the banks of the Thames, No. II. royal 4to.

A Catalogue of a general Collection of il. 1s. Proofs il. 1os. Books sold by W. Pratt, Chancery Lane, is. The Holy Bible, with engravings by Heath

from drawings by Rich. Westall, R. A, Part The Life of the Duke of Wellington. By IV. imp. svo. al. is. ; sm. folio 21. 2s. Geo, Elliott, esq. & yo. 145.

Illustrations of the Bible, with descriptions The Itinerary of Buonaparte, from the engraved by Isaac Taylor, sen. after drawings period of his residence at Fontainebleau to by Isaac Taylor, jun. Part II. svo. 75. od. his arrival at the Island of Elba, and the royal 4to. 105, 6d.; proofs 1ļ. 1$. History of the Regency at Blois, with anccdotes, 8vo. 55.

Divinity,

An Essay on the Character and Practical Æschyli Persæ ad fidem MSS. emendavit Writings of Saint Paul. By Hannah More, et glossarium adjecit C J. Blomfieid, A. M. ? vols. syo. 125, 8vo. 7$.

We rejoice tc find that the powers and the spirit COMMERCE,

of this accomplished and most valuable writer conWaters's Calculator ; or the Baltic and tinue unabated; ray, age, so far from impairing

her faculties or weakening her zeal, eems to have American Snip-master's Assistant, contain

the contrary effect, by trimming ber latıp and ing Tables for reducing Deals into the stand

causing it to burn with increasing brightness. This ard of any port in Russia, Sweden, Prussią, review of the life and labours, the doctrines atid and America. Corrected and improved by practice of the great apostle of the Gentiles, while . Schofield, svo. 43. od.

iç giyes the death blow to infidelity, exhibits the FINE ARTS.

new creation of Christianity in its principles and Theory of the Classifica:ion of Beauty and operation as a progressive system of moral activitý Deformity and their correspondent Physiog- and not as one of mere speculative beauty. We are pomonic Expression, exemplified in various only sorry that our confined limits withhold us Works of Art and Natural Objects. By M. have felt in the perusal of these volumes by a few

from imparting some of the pleasure which we A. Schimmelpenninck, 4to. 31. 135. 60.

interesting extracts, particularly the admirable pic. The British Gallery of Pictures, No. XI. Eure of Voltaire ; but on reflection, we are pero Bontaining an engraving of the Marriage of suaded that detached passegos, however deliglory!

New MONTULY MAG;-No. 14, Vol. III.

BIBLIOGRAPHY.

BIOGRAPHY.

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CLASSICS.

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