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[April 1, the first consul, whose coachman had we not know that the necessary orders general orders to drive as fast as possible, for the punishment of the crime were, in dashed like lightning through the streets the morning of the same day in the hands and overturned the infernal machine. of those who had to forward them to the The chariot had scarcely turned the cor- subordinate agents. By the following ner, when the explosion took place, and morning the number of arrested persons produced effects too well known to need amounted to 1500, and under the pretext being related here.
of preventing a just resentment from The first consul entered his box with- operating to their prejudice, their trials out raising his eyes from the ground, or were deferred, and most of them had so exchanging a word with any individual. much time left for their justification, that His face was pale as death, his lips and their prison was likewise their grave. hands were convulsively contracted, and Very few indeed of these unfortunate in this state he remained during the whole wretches recovered their liberty.* performance. Let me ask any impartial But, above all, Buonaparte now sucperson whether this would be the con- ceeded in exhibiting himself to the public dition of a man who, through the favour as a highly favoured being, and the Rue of heaven, has just escaped the most im- St. Nicaise opened the way to the conmineirt danger. It was the last unavail- sulship for life, as a pretext for which ing effort of the accusing and warning he urged his desire of discouraging his voice of conscience wbich he was endea- enemies, or rather the enemies of France, vouring to stifle. The infernal powers from any new attempt for the purpose which had instigated him to this enormity of assassinating him. now left him for some time to the casti This step nevertheless opened the eyes gation of the inward monitor; but unfor- of many, and made the first breach in the tunately, it was productive of no benefit. affections of the people. In spite of all At the moment when be rose from bis that was known, the people certainly did seat, he said to his secretaries and coun- love bim at the beginning. In his persellors who were about him: Cette rue son, consecrated by the supreme power, fatale, j'en ferai arrucher jusqu'à la der- they cherished their fondest hopes of nière pierre! He then observed the peace and prosperity, and the restoration same silence as before. The very next of religion and order: the First Consul morving the work of demolition, begun had as yet shown no arbitrary disposiby the infernal machine, was set about: tion; every thing seemed to bave hapthe inhabitants of the street
, the people pened of itself; but the consulship for of Paris in general, were filled with con- life deny ted, by the assumption of the sternation at the atrocious attempt. highest authority, without regard to the Small compensations were offered, and two other Consuls,-a stretch of arbievery householder in the whole street was trary power. Such of the French as yet glad to prove, by this sacrifice, that he retained any energy and presence of had no hand in the execution of the in- mind, said, “Why Consul for life? and fernal plan of the English, the partisans why should he alone be so? If he had of the Bourbons, or perhaps even of the devoted the allotted time to the general Jacobins. Adjoining to the Rue St. Nic welfare, should we not be ready enough caise stood the buildings which were so to implore him to continue
to perform offensive to the delicate taste of the First * From an Account of the Comora Islands Consul; the.e too were doomed to de- lately presented by Messrs. Capmartin and struction; in two months the site formed Colin to the Society of Emulation in the Isle an extensive and regular square at the of France, we learn in what manner some of expense of the proprietors, who were the victims of this diabolical plot were distotally ruined; and several years after- posed of. The 24th of December, 1800, was wards, when the plan of forming the the day on which it was executed, and on the Louvre into one vast quadrangle had ar
4th of January an order was issued by the rived at maturity, two other streets, to- Consuls for the transportation of 129 persons, gether with a range of handsome hotels, plicated in the sham attempt. They were
on the alledged suspicion of their being iminhabited by distinguished statesmen, first landed by the Chiffonne frigate on the shared the same fate. Not less successful was the First Con- Isle of France disliking neighbours of such
Seychelles; but the colonial assembly of the sul in his plan of securing many obnoxious bad repute, sent 33 of the principal, in the persons on this oecasion. The very same Belier frigate, to Anjouan, one of the group evening five hundred individuals were of the Comora Islands. Here 20 of them apprehended by the police,-a pronpri- died in 21 days, and of the other 13 not one tude that would appear surprising, did survived in 1804,-Epiter.
1815.] Popular Festivals—Restoration of Religion, fc.
199 the arduous duty of guiding the helm?" It was not like the lightning from Such was the general cry raised, but to heaven directed by the hand of the Alno purpose, throughout all France. Well mighty at the seasonable moment, that aware of the sentiments of the people, Buonaparte all at once appeared in the the crafty ruler contrived so dexterously assembly at St. Cloud: this appearance to involve the interests of the most im- had been six months in preparation, as portant persons in his own, and to oc- well as the scene of which he was to be cupy the multitude with popular festivals, the hero. I have myself spoken with a frivolities, or grund plans, as he styled man, who, travelling at the risk of his them, that the sentiments of just alarm life by night, and in disguise, reached were expressed in vain.
Toulon, where Buonaparte's dispatches The juggle with which he silenced from Egypt were waiting for him, and many, was the formal re-establishment where be delivered those of which he was of religious worship, that had long been the bearer. With the former he then restored without his interference. The returned to Paris, and many of these discharge of cannon, the ringing of bells, journeys to and fro were performed bea solemn Te Deum in the church of Nôtre fore the negociations arrived at inaturity. Dame, which was attended by himself Extreme caution was used to veil this and family with unusual pomp and eti- business in the most profound secrecy, quette, and an illumination at night, pro- and a select few only, at whose head was duced the desired effect. The excellent the celebrated T-d, knew any thing disposition of the citizens of Paris oc- of the matter. This statesman at first casioned even clear-sighted persons to considered Buonaparte as his tool, withbe duped, and this day certainly regained out ever conceiving the idea, that he him the affections of many.
himself was destined to be for a long No one considered how extremely in time a mere instrument in the hands of consistent it was that the illumination, the latter. The other chiels of the party the rejoicings, the pomp of the night of flattered themselves with the same idea the 14th of July, 1801, the celebration of of making Napoleon subservient to their a genuine revolutionary festival, the elevation. They discovered their error storming of the Bastille, should have im- when too late, and then they had no mediately preceded this ceremony; that other alternative than to submit. the same evening, the column erected on A few months after his appointment the spot where Louis, Antoinette, and to the consulship for life, a rumour conElizabeth suffered martyrdom under the cerning an Empire of the Gauls began axe of the executioner should be deco to be circulated, apparently with a view rated and lighted with the utmost splen- to ridicule its absurdity, but in reality dour. The 14th of July, which has not to observe the effect of these sparks been celebrated since 1801, was followed dispersed at random upon the public by the fêtes of the five complementary mind. The result was such as had been days and of the 1st Vendemiaire, which expected from the character of the were also revolutionary. The ingenious French. The people laughed, but in so farce of the exhibition of the productions doing diffused the baneful seed still wider, of industry was devised to amuse the and with greater success than could even manufacturing classes, while this fair in have been hoped for. To flatter the the porticos of the Louvre was calculated vanity of the nation was the same thing to engage, for some time, the attention as to win it; and nothing was more caof the public and of the journals. The pable of flatlering it than the idea of a fête of ihe 18th of Brumaire, in honour new and unprecedented greatness supof the new constitution, founded by him- ported by the vast extent of the empire, self, when on his return from Egypt he and an army to which no other in Eusuddenly appeared at St. Cloud, sur- rope could be compared. I am not passed in extravagance of splendour all acquainted with all the springs which the preceding, among which I forgot to Buonaparte set in motion to accomplish mention the Jeux des Eaux de Versailles. his arduous purpose; only single inThese and many other amusements which stances have come to my knowledge; be look care to provide for the public, but those are so numerous and of such were succeeded by the 18th of Germinal, a nature, that I am almost inclined to. or the Restoration of Religion. He had pity a man who, sacrificing all the plea now had enough of popular festivals; sures of which he might still have been they became every year less frequent and susceptible, has laboured with incessant less magnificent, and entirely ceased, till industry for so many years solely for his he thought fit to renew them in 1810. own destruction. I take not into the
Duke d'Enghien--Moreay.. (April 1, account that he has involved millions of events, and to be almost proved by his inen, (I might say all his contempora- own words on occasion of the murder ries, and the most flourishiog empires, of the Duke d'Enghien. The morning in this ruin,--but merely consider here after this atrocious deed, he observed his own inexpressible misery, for which to one of my friends: les Anglois s'ob, he has to thank vothing but the prodı- stinent encore à persister dans l'erreur gious exertions of his own energies. que je ne suis qu'un fonctionnaire des Buonaparte might have been happy Bourbons ; pour le coup je viens de leur hinself
, and have made others happy, prouver que je travaille pour moi-même. for he was richly endowed by nature I can pledge myself for the truth of this and genius Knowledge of mankind, anecdote. which he abu-ed till he was hiinsel: at It is generally known with what petty length deceived by it; an extraordinary artifices he contrived to interest the intuence over the minds of his follow. French on the score o' his health, when ers; personal bravery; the coup-d'æil he asked his physician how long he was of the experienced commander; a rare likely to live, and received for answer: talent for inflaming the ardour of an “ Perhaps three years, if you continue army; uncommon address and a cau to sacrifice yourself as you have done :" tion which torsook him in the same to which he replied, “ Pliat will be time ratio as he imagined that he had no far- enough for me." By way of contrast, I ther occasion for it; a perseverance to may refer to the well-kı own expression whose power he himself is now obliged when assuming the imperial dignity-he to submit, (for to such a degree is it de- wished to live thirty years longer; though generated that even his reason can no he would before have been satisfied with longer 'set bounds to his obstinacy); un three. Never did truth escape his lips; daunted boldness and presence of mind he was no more in carnest about the in the most imminenų dangers — how thirty years than about the three; but high these and other great qualities might his real mortification was, that he could have raised bim, had not his innate cold- not live for ever, as he acted the god blooded cruelty, his passions wbicb know on earth in every other respect. no bounds, his ambition and thirst of In 180! be asked General Lannes, glory, bis supreme contempt of mankind “ To whom would the French look up and of all rights buman and divine, irre if I were to die?"? -" To whom else but sistibly hurried him away, it is impossible to Moreau?" replied the general, withto calculate It admits not of a doubt, out reserve. Buonaparte turned pale as that a man eridued with those qualities death; and from that moment Moreau's might, by the power of reason, have ob- ruin was decreed. With all his power tained the ascendancy over his baneful this was no very easy matter to accompropensities, if on the one hand the base plish. Moreau enjoyed the respect of slaves who surrounded hiin and found the world, and the love of the army; their advantage in his misdeeds, and on to him France owed the firest portion the other selt-delusion, and the deceitful of her acquisitions; and never had he plantom of earthly greatness and glory, stained the glory of the conqueror by the had not urged him forward to the fatal abuse of power. Though it was impose abyss.
sible for the sneaking villany of Buonas When in Egypt, Buonaparte is said to paite and his creatures to attach any have given the English a solemn promise stigina to a character so pure and unto use his mfluence to restore peace and impeachable, whether considered as a prosperity to the vet unhappy French, man or a hero, yet from that period under the sceptre of their dreply-injured they heaped upon him every kind of and legitimate sovereign. Though I am mortification. No opportunity was negnot sufficiently acquainted with this fact lected to hurt the feelings of his wife, a to be able to assert its authenticity, yet lady equally distinguished for beauty it seems to be confirmed by subsequent and virtue; and as no flaw could be # How 'soon this charm was dispelled
found in her reputation, she was cha. after he had signed the act of his abdication, racterized as proud and ustentatious, appears from one tollowing extract of a let' and his mother-in-law as avaricious and ter, written by one of his former courriers, intriguing; while his friends of both and dated April 6, 1814: Le lache veyt même
sexes had to epcounter, without even qurvivre à sa gloire. Ce dernier trait le suspecting the reason, every possible rend à nos yeux le dernier des hommes. On disappointment, and a thousand obstas'occupe en ce moment de lui assører un sort cles in their plans of promotion and puisqu' enfin il persiste à vivre! EDITOR, prosperity, I doubt much whether all
1815.) Execution of Georges-Lajolais-Josephine.
201 these secret machinations ever came to 1803, that in the following year Buonathe knowledge of Moreau, or if they did, parte would cause himself to be prowhether they ever di-turbed his serenity. claimed and crowned emperor, I asked How far Moreau was implicated in the a person'of very high importance, who last abortive attempt of the French in then bonoured me with his confidence, Vendée to put an end to their calami. what was likely to become of Josephine. ties, in the confederacy of Georges and That person assured me, under the in, Pichegru, I am totally ignorant; this, junction of the most profound secrecy, however, I know, that Buonaparte dared that Josephine would not be empress, or to brand a man of such acknowledged at least not continue so: but I strongly integrity, the benefactor of France, doubted the truth of this assurance, through the medium ut his servile tools when Josephine was afterwards solemnly before the tribunals, with the appella- crowned and anointed as his wife by the tion of brigand=to confiscate his pro- Pope. The French, who never conceived perty—and to doom hinı to exile; but that Buonaparte could act such a profiihe failed in every attempt to take away gate part both towards God and men, bis life. Je suis magnanime, said he very as to cause his wife, the author of his often, je n'aurois qu'a fuire fusiller Mo- prosperity and elevation, the indefatireau au Temple et publier un manifeste, gable coadjutrix in his plans, the silent et tout seroit dit.' But after pausing sufferer under his ill humours, to be some time to observe the eff-ct of these crowned by his Holiness with the intenwords, he would add, Mais je n'en ferai tion of repudiating her as speedily as rien, il vivra. In regard to this one possible, firmly believed that Josephine ipan, whose memory must be ever dear was perin-nently seated on the throne; to France, he learned with fury that and supposed that either the young child there were limits which his will could of Madaine Louis, or Eugene Beauharnot pass; and from the shores of the nois, Josephine's brave and high-spirited New World, Moreau's image often terri- son, who was much beloved by the peo fied him in the midst of the most extra- pli, would succeed to the crown." In vagant dreams of his inordinate ambi- either case they were satisfied with the tion.
prospect of the continuance of internal Every one still recollects from the tranquillity, and of the restoration of public prints the day of horror in the peace with England, which was hinted summer of 1804, when, after the exile to them as possible. They had thrown of Moreau, all the atrocities of the Re a veil over the death of the lamented volution were forcibly recalled to the D'Enghien, and all succeeding atrocimemory of the dejected Parisians by the ties; they strove to forget them, and in public spectacle of the decapitation of dulged in groundless hopes; the more twelve of the conspirators by the guillo- especially as the Emperor, by public line in the Place de Grève. Enghien's spectacles of all kinds, by promotions, death had preceded that day, wben by changes, and by exciting ambitious Georges and his accomplices fell beneath expectations in the minds of individuals, the age of the executioner. The traitor contrived to engage the principal perLajolais, aid-de-camp to Georges, was sons who might have obstructed his ostensibly apprehended and ostensibiy plans, in his interests, at the same time sentenced to die, but afterwards par- that they imagined they were exclusively doned, because Madame Murat and pursuing their own. Madame Livuis unexpectedly brought bis The chimera which Buonaparte foldaughter - St. Cloud, to implore mercy lowed with the greatest ardour was the for her father. Nobody was deceived invasion of England. He was deeply by this farce; but every thing that sensible that England, owing to her form tended to undeceive was now too late, and lofty national spirit, the integrity of Buonaparte had thrown bis net with her principles, and her extensive influcomplete success; all France was enve ence, would never cease to oppose him. loped in it, and all Europe into the bare The brother of a notorious female writer, gain, with the exception of England, and who to all her moral stains contracted those distant in narcbies which were too during the R volution ad hat of havpowersul, or too deeply engaged in founde ing been a spy of Buonaparte's goveraing their own prosperiy to concern mient,' had no s ioner communicated his themselves much about bim and his plan of Aat-bottomed boats, by means plans, or then to foresee in then the of which 400,000 men might be transfuture misery of Europe.
ported in twelve hours, than this mad When I was informed in December, project Hattered the mind of the con
Flotilla for the Invasion of England. [April 1, queror with all the hopes of practicabi- himself find the way out again. He sellity, and he proceeded to its execution. dom sleeps two nights together in the The Bateaur Plats, 25,000 in number, same chamber. He never opens a letter were constructed, as were at a later or a book for fear of an explosion or period the 500 windmills that were to poison; he never goes to any house till accompany the troups to Russia, and to he has had the cellars and lower part secure them effectually from the want searched, and every possible precaution of bread. During the building of the taken to prevent the concourse of peoBáteaur Plats several sculptors were ple. Since February, 1803, he has conemployed in the atteliers of the Louvre, stantly worn strong armour under his withr closed doors, in preparing models clothes, and he causes all his food, both of a medal to commemorate the subju- victuals and drink, to be tasted before gation of the British empire. The model he will touch it. At all the theatres to of Lorenzo Bartolini, a Florentine artist, which he goes there is built a private obtained the approbation of the First walled passage, which is lined with Consul, and a die was taken from it. I guards, to his box. At the Theatre have had in my hand one of these medals Français there is an iron gate at the enin gold, with the likeness of the conque- trance of this passage, through which ror, and on the reverse a representation certainly one may look and fire too, but of liercules strangling the triple-headed to prevent the possibility of such an monster, and I must confess that on more attempt, this gate, which at other times than one account it excited my astonish- is always kept locked, is guarded both ment. This medal was ready in Febru- within and without whenever he intends ary, 1804. In June the pretty, light, to come to the house. All his boxes ingenious vessels were nailed together, bave blinds, which he can pull up to and the troops already organized for the any height, or let down when he pleases. invasion of England. The requisite artil- When he visithe Museum, the Library, lery lined the shore; the boats them- and other places, all persons resident in selves were supplied with provisions of the building receive notice to keep quiet all kinds, linen, and other necessaries; in their apartments. When he appears and about 500 men were posted as sen- abroad police officers are stationed at tinels in and about this fotilla as it lay the corners of all the streets through in the port. A wind, that was indeed which he means to go, to prevent other rather violent for a summer's night, un- carriages from entering till the Emperor expectedly rose, and was so rude as to has passed. Thus, ever since his return separate these Bateaur Plats, and send from Egypt, whence the spirits of his them, sentinels, biscuit, and all, to victims poisoned and massacred at Jata the bottom. The expenses of this pursue him, his whole life hias been an enterprise were estimated at 20,000,000 uninterrupted series of torment; and it francs, to say nothing of the lives of would be an imputation upon divine the men who perished on the occasion. wisdom to doubt that his end, whenever One truly important result of this mis- it comes, will be as memorable and inadventure was that Bartolini's medal structive as his life has been horrible and was not introduced into the numerous atrocious. collection of memorials of that kind which have appeared during Buona MR. EDITOR, parte's reign.
THOUGH the day of metaphysics may While the Bateaur Plats were build- be said to be gone by, yet the body, ing, it was reported that a centinel at spirit, and soul, both here and hereafter, the door of the Museum had found a are still of sufficient importance to be match and a quantity of powder. What considered seriously and rationally, parcould be more natural than the idea that ticularly when an idea occurs that may the English had formed a plan for blow- seem likely to aid the cause of revelation. ing up the Raphael and Apollo Belvi With all those who believe in the imdere ? Ces sceleruts! exclaimed Buo- mortality of the soul, that it will be sepaparte, je les retrouve partout, je veux parated by death from the body, and that les exterminer tous !
the two will be finally reunited at the last The precautions taken by Buonaparte day, with the addition of the spirit, or anifor his personal safety were infinite. The mal life, or at least something analogous most skilful workmen were selected to to it, it is naturally an object of curiosity arrange the interior of his apartments to enquire in what manner those various according tu his particular directions. changes will take place. But as the state Whoever
entered his rooms could not of of things after death must be totally dif